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less this be the source of our charity to others, our beneficence may be profitable to them, but cannot avail ourselves. And if once this principle be deeply rooted in our hearts, then it will become easy, and delightful to us, to communicate good to our fellow-men, in obedience to the command of God, and in imitation of his example. Let us always bear in mind “ the “ grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, " though he was rich, yet for our fakes be- ; "came poor, that we, through his poverty, có might be rich.” Let us consider the uncertainty of all earthly things, and this will dispose us to employ them with greater . cheerfulness for the relief and comfort of our needy brethren, before they be taken from us, or we by death be divorced from them. Above all, let us beg of God the influences of his Spirit, which alone can vanquish that selfishness which is the great opposer of charity, and inclines our hearts, to all thofe acts of compassion and kindness which adorn our Christian profession, and by their beauty and usefulness engage others to glorify our heavenly Father.
S E R MON XIV.
JOHN X. II.
I am the good slepherd: the good shepherd gia
veth his life for the sheep.
THOUGH Christ is in every view pre
1 cious to them that believe, yet some of the characters which he sustains, present him to us in a milder light than others, and render him comparatively more lovely and estimable. And amidst the variety of titles given him, in Scripture, there is perhaps none more expressive of condescension and grace, than that which he is pleased to asfume in my text.
As many of the Jews were shepherds by occupation, the language of this description would be obvious to them all. And they who were enlightened by the Spirit of God, would not only perceive the propriety,
but likewise relish all the sweetness of this endearing designation : : To us, indeed, an allusion to the pastoral life can hardly appear with equal beauty and strength. Many circumstances of resemblance would strike those who were acquainted with rural affairs, which must necessarily be supposed to escape our obfervation. But though we cannot trace them all with a critical exactness, yet by the light which the Scriptures afford us, I hope I shall be able to bring as many proofs of our Lord's care and tenderness, as may fuffice to illustrate the propriety of the allufiơn, and show. with what justice this title of the Good Shepherd is claimed by our Redeemer:
· I begin with that to which our Lord himfelf appeals in the text.“ I,” says he, “am “ the good Shepherd : the good Shepherd “ giveth his life for the sheep."
It was a signal proof that David gave of his care and tenderness, when he ventured his life for the sake of his sheep, and encountered a bear and a lion in their defence.
but though the attempt was hazardous, it was not altogether desperate : he had hope of fuccefs, and actually prevailed. Besides, the charge committed to him was his father's property, part of which would one day fall to his own share : so that his perfonal interest was connected with the prefervation of it; for if the flock decreased, his part of the inheritance would have been diminished in proportion.
But our blessed Lord had no inducement of this natnre. His interest was in no shape connected with our welfare ; his glory and happiness were independent of us. He could neither be enriched by our homage, nor impoverished by the want of it. Besides, we had forfeited all title to his protection, and by the most wicked and unprovoked rebellion had rendered ourselves the objects of his just displeasure. Yet such was his free and unmerited goodness, that he not only hazarded his life in our behalf, but voluntarily resigned it, that we might live through him. “ All we like sheep had gone “ astray,” says the evangelical Prophet, “ we * had turned every one to his own way.”
But “ he was wounded for our transgrefs fions, he was bruised for our iniquities ;" or, in the language of the New Testament, “ He who knew no fin" became a fin-offering for us : the just One suffered for the unjust, “ that he might bring us to God.”
Had our case been merely unfortunate, like that of a weak and harmless lamb seized by a lion, whom it could neither resist nor avoid, pity might have inclined a generous heart to attempt something for our deliverance. But our misery was the effect, not of weakness, but of voluntary wickedness. We chose it in its cause. We sinned, though we were forewarned that death would be the issue. We were not caught by surprise, but deliberately surrendered, or rather sold, ourselves to the adversary. Yet in this situation, when we had nothing to invite, far less to deferve, his regard and affection, did the blessed Jesus fly to our relief; and descending from the throne, put on the form of a fervant, that in our place he might suffer and die on this carth which he had made. Besides, the fatal deeds which forfeited 1 X 2