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S E R M. comprehended likewise those Duties which more particularly respect mens Selves, such as are Sobriety, "Temperance, Humility, and the like. The former Branch, the Duty of loving God with our whole Heart, is by our Saviour expressed in Other words in the Text now read unto you, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God- and' Him only'' Jhalt thou serve. In discoursing upon which important Words, I shall observe the following Method. ijl, I shall consider the Supposition laid down in the Text; that there is One, and One Only, True God or Supreme Lord of all things; The Lord thy God, zdly, I shall shew What That Duty towards, him is, which is expressed in these words, "Thou sixth worship the Lord thy God. And 2dly, it being added, Him only shalt thou serve; I shall thence take occasion to explain distinctly, the nature of the several Species of Idolatry: Which consists, either in setting up Idol-Gods, in opposition to, or in conjunction with, the True God j or in worshipping the True God himself, after an idolatrous manner; either representing him Under visible and corporeal Images, or applying to him through false and Idolmediators, in diminution of the Honour of

the the One True Mediator, whom God him-Seh M. {elf has expressly appointed to be Alone our Advocate, Intercessor, and Judge. The ^"^J

I. iji, T H 1N G to be observed, is the Supposition laid down in the Text; that there is One, and One Only, True God or Supreme Lord of all things; The Lord thy God. One God: That is, One Eternal and Infinite, One Supreme and Independent, One Allpowerful and All-wife, One perfectly Just and Merciful and Good Being. The God who created all things for his Own good pleasure, and on whose Will depends every Moment the continuance of their Being: By the word of the Lord were the Heavens made, and all the Hojl of them by the Breath of his Mouth, Pf. xxxiii. 6. The God by whose Providence every thing is governed, so that without him not a Sparrow falls to the ground, but even the very hairs of our head are all numbred, Matt. x. 29. The God who hath made of one blood, all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the Earth, and hath determined the times beforeappointed, and the bounds of their habitation. Acts xvii. 26. The God who, in times jpast, particularly manifested himself to our ffibers* to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and

S z R M. the Patriarchs: Who brought the children **• o/" ^"w/ out of Egy/*, with an high hand

*^Y>*/ and with an out-stretched Arm: Who delivered the Law to Moses: Who, in a Succession of Ages, instructed his people from time to time by the Prophets: and who, in these last days, hath spoken unto us by his Son. According to That declaration of St Peter; in his discourse to the yews, Actsiii. 13. The God of Abraham, and of -saac, and of Jacob, the God of our Fathers, bath glorified his Son Jesus: And That of St Paul, 2 Cor. i. 3. God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of Mercies, and the God of all comfort; and ch. xi. 31. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is Blessed for evermore.

This Doctrine, of the whole World being under the Government of One God, is the Natural Notion, which the Light of Reason it self has univerfally implanted in the Minds of Men. And had not persons of vain and conceited Imaginations, professing themselves Wise, become Fools: Had not men of corrupt Manners, disliking to retain God in their Knowledge, and having their foolish heart darkned j Deifying the Souls of their deceased Kings, out of Flattery to the S i R M. Living j filled the minds of the ignorant ^^^j and deluded Vulgar, with a superstitious Belief of many Gods having Rule over particular Places and Countries; The True Notion of God, so agreeable to the plain and natural Dictates of unprejudiced Reason, might well have been preserved among the Nations of the Earth. For the plain connexion, and dependence of one thing upon another, through the whole material Universe j through all parts of the Earth, and in the visible Heavens: The Disposition of the Air, and Sea, and Winds; The Motions of the Sun, and Moon, and Stars; and the useful Vicissitudes of Seasons, for the regular production of the various Fruits of the Earth; have always been sufficient to make it evidently appear even to mean Capacities, (had they not been perpetually prejudiced by wrong instruction,) that all things are under the Direction of One Power, under the Dominion of One God, to whom the whole Universe is uniformly subject. And in fact, notwithstanding the strongest Prejudices of long-established Superstitions and inforced Idolatry, yet the wisest and Best Men, in All heathen-nations,

SeRm. have ever seen and in good measure main-* tained this Great Truth; as a Testimony to a degenerate and corrupt World, that God never left himself wholly without Witness, notwithstanding all the provocations o£ Idolaters; but continually manifested himself to all reasonable Understandings, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful Seasons, filling our hearts with Food and Gladness. But 'tis with greater Clearness from all appearance of Doubt, and with greater Assurance of Authority confirming the Dictate of Reason, that the Scripture sets forth to us This First Principle of Religion. Deuf.vu^.. Hear O Israel, 'the Lord our God is One Lord j [ch. iv. 39.] He is God in Heaven above, and upon the Earth beneath; there is none else. Again, Ij. xliv. 6. / am the First, and I am the Last, and besides me there is no God;

[ Is there a God besides me? yea, there is

no God I know not any.] And in the New. Testament, 1 Cor. viii. 4. We knowthat there is none other God but One: For though there b* that are called Gods, whether in Heaven or in Earth (as there be Many Gods;) yet to Us there is bat One God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in Him; and

One

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