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Considering the end of their conversa. divines ; of the writings of those tion, FOLLOW THEIR FAITH. men, from whom our fathers deZUINGLIUS. scended, whose evangelical princi

ples they embraced, and whose To the Editors of the Panoplist.

pious spirit they breathed. The

opinion of Dr. Doddridge will deFrom the first appearance of servedly weigh much in favour of your proposals, I considered your these pious, and many of them object seasonable, and your plan learned, authors. His lectures good ; and the execution of it appear to have been designed onthus far has exceeded my expect- ly as heads, which in the delivery ations. Among the excellent he probably clothed in different productions, which have appeared language, and on which he doubtin the various departments of less enlarged. I have made a few your work, Z, in your last num- verbal alterations from the M. S. ber, “ On the neglect of the old merely to complete elliptical senDivines," has my particular ap- tences, without, in any inftance, probation. No fubject could have changing the sense. been more happily chofen, none more applicable to the present

LECTURE II. times. It is treated with a de. gree of seriousness, perspicuity

Of Practical Writers, in Great

Britain. and judgment, which pleafes me. I wish the writer, who certainly has happy talents for the purpose, 'I would in general recomwould pursue his fubject, and in mend some acquaintance with futare numbers of the Panoplift, them, too often despised. Yet bring up to view, in his engaging there was good sense and learning manner, the characters and writ. in our fathers' days as well, as in ings of the venerable fathers of ours. Our grandmothers had New England, and eminent di- beauty in their odd dresses. vines in other parts of our coun

• Bolton had been a notorious try. These luminaries, could finner reclaimed by a great work they be exalted into view, accord- of terrour ; therefore is excellent ing to their respective merits, both for conviction and consolawould shed a benign influence on tion. His style is rather inclined the principles and morals of your to the bombastick; yet he has mareaders, and be especially falutary ny expressions truly great and to our youth in the forming sea- magnificent. The beauties of son of their lives.

imagination especially appear in In the mean time, feeling a his “ Four last things ;" but his deep interest in the fubject, and most useful treatises are his “ Difinding it comports with your rections for comfortably walking plan to select from “ valuable with God," and his comforting productions," already extant, I distressed consciences ; there we have extracted from the private have the trace of a foul most inti(M. S.)* Lectures of Dr. Dod. mately acquainted with God. DRIDGE, to his theological pupils, • Hall was the most elegant the character he gives of the old and polite writer of his age. He : These Lectures have never been printech titheses and witty turns. In some

abounds rather too much with an. not having been written for the press.





of his writings he feems to have weakens the cause. His « Golderi imitated Austin and Seneca. Remains" and additional tracts, His sermons are the worse for his are all to be read. None shew compliance with the taste of the the man more than his “

Chrifage in which he lived. His Cone tian Omnipotence." templations are incomparably val- NON CONFORMISTS uable for criticism, language and devotion ; next to them are his Owen and Goodwin, are high“ Meditations," Letters," and ly evangelical, but both very obBalm of Gilead."

scure, especially the latter. Ow. • Reynolds, is celebrated for en's Atyle resembles St. Paul's most elaborate, surprising simili- zeal; he displays much knowl. tudes. His style is remarkably edge of human life, especially in laconick; a world of substance his book of apoftacy. That on gently touched upon, which shews the Hebrews is his great work; an extensive acquaintance with the means of understanding the human nature, and much labour. mind of God in the scripture is He has a judicious collection of one of his best ; but communion scriptures.

of God and person of Christ, most • Sibbs. His language is de- celebrated. His treatises on in cent and nervous, his dedications dwelling lin, spiritual mindedness, surprisingly handsome ; he is pa- and mortification, fhew great imthetick and tender, especially in provements in practical religion. The bruised Reed," and "Soul's On the 130th pfalm he is excel. Config."

lent. GOODWIN's pieces publish. • Ward. To be read throughi ed in his life are most valuable ; His language is generally prop. he has many accurate and valuaer, elegant, and nervous ; his ble remarks on scripture. His thoughts well digested and happi- " Child of Light" is useful for ly illustrated. Abundance of the afflicted consciences; and he has bolder figures of speech are to be many uncommon thoughts. found in him, more than in any • Baxter. His style is inaccuother English author ; especially rate, because he had no regular apostrophies, dialogisms, and al- education, and because he wrote legories. A mixture of fancy is continually in the views of eterto be pardoned, especially consid- . nity ; but he is judicious, nery. ering his youth, and that many of ous, fpiritual, and remarkably his fermons were not prepared for evangelical, though often chargthe press, but copied from his ed to the contrary. He discov. mouth while preaching.

ers a manly eloquence, and the • Hales, of Eaton, is remarka- most evident proofs of an amazbly pithy ; has many uncommon ing genius; with respect to which, thoughts; vast learning, and ma- he may not improperly be called ny curious passages, fit for a com- the English Demosthenes. He is mon place book, but in many exceedingly proper for convicplaces he discovers little judg. tion ; fee his “ Saints' Ref;" all ment, nó good order, little true luis treatises on conversion, and efconnection.

He is the great pecially his Call to the Ur.conscholar ; but an affectation of di- verted," Divire Life," and vine things to the utmost is too Counsels to Young Men.Few apparent, which by over doing converted more fouls.

. MANTON. Plain, easy, and un- He has some fine words, but no affected. His thoughts generally cadence. He has 100 many well digested, but feldom extraor- heads; his thoughts are often in dinary; his remarks on fcripture disorder ; has no clear and difare judicious ; his chief work is tinet ideas in many of the differthat on the 19th Pfalm. His ences he makes. Yet he has fome many posthumous works are of valuable things, especially on the little value.

attributes, where he is very deep • BATES. His eloquence is and sublime. His work on recharming, yet his style is not per- generation has been much applaudfectly formed, and his sentences ed, yet there are many things on too thort; admirable fimilies, un- that fubject more valuable. less rather too thick ; proper to • Taylor NATHANIEL, the difbe quoted by those whofe genius senting South. He has valt wit, does not lead them this way. and great strength of expreflion, Read his “ Harmony of Attri- yet is apt to aggravate matters. bates," Spiritual Perfections," His language is remai kably propand “ Four last things."

er and beautiful. He wrote but • HOW, seems to have under- little; all deferves to be read.' ftood the gospel as well as any (To be continued.) uninspired writer, and to have im. bibed as much of its spirit. The

For the Panojilist. trueft fublime is to be found in PROOFS OF THE UNIVERSAL DELUGE.

No. 3. his writings, and fome of the

(Continued from page 60 ] strongest pathos ; yet he is often

As we proceed, evidence of obscure, and generally harsh ; he Noah's flood increases.

It was imitated the worst part of Boyle's not merely mentioned by many style ; but has a vast variety of writers of antiquity ; but was a uncommon thoughts ; and on the favourite object of their attention. whole, is one of the most valua. There were not only references to ble writers in our language and this event in the rites and tradiI believe, in the world. His best tions of the first ages; but it forpieces are, “ The blessedness of the nithed the principal obiects of their Righteous," Enmity and Reconfacred traditions and religious ciliation," Redeemer's Tears," worthip. The deluge was conand “ Redeemer's Dominion ;" ftantly celebrated not only in the with some funeral sermons.

annals of their historians ; but in 'Flavel. Not deep, nor remark. the prayers of their devotees, the ably judicious ; but plain, popular, sacrifices of their priests, and the tender, and proper to addrets to songs of their bards. Most of the affiliated cases, and to melt the soul

pagan goddefles were personificain love. His “ Token for Mourn. tions of the earth, rising from the ers,” inimitable. “ Fountain of billows of the food, of the ark, of Life” useful ; most of the sub- the dove, or of the divine Wisdom jects there are proper to be preserving the ark.* preached on sacrament days. Nimrod introduced the worship His allusions to pagan stories are of the heavenly bodies. This useful.

produced opposition from thofe, Charnock, is celebrated for a attached to the arkite idolatry, or polite writer, but chiefly by thofe who are not judges of politeness.

*See Faber on the Cibiri. Vol. 1. No. 3.



the worshippers of the ark. By the day on which Noah embark. degrees, however, the two great ed.* superstitions were blended. Noah We have before observed that and the sun were worshipped to the arkite worship once prevailed gether, and often considered as the in Britain. One of the Scottish same ; fo were the moon and the ifles retains its Egyptian name, ark. Early the Chaldeans were Buto. Another, Arran, fignifies famous for their astronomical ob- the ark. Mona, and Menai its fervations, and they contrived so Frith, are probably variations of to marshal the stars, as to repre- Men-Ai, the land of Menu, or fent on the sphere the principal e. Noah. Probably Argyle in Scotvents of the deluge. Some of land, received its name from Argh these we have mentioned. Others Al, the god of the ark. The Scots

From the brilliant con- have a wild tradition that they are stellation of Orion, Nimrod ftill descended from Erc, the son of overlooks the affairs of mortals, Scota. Scota is the ark. Scuth encountering the arkite bull; that or Scudh, or, when latinized, is, making an attack on the wor- Scota, fignifies in the Celtick dia{hip of Noah, to introduce that of lect, a mip. the heavenly luminaries. The The ruins of a very ancient great constellation of the Dragon temple in Ireland, have the exact was another memorial of the del- form of a galley. The name of uġe, inscribed on the sphere. Ac. the temple lignifies, “ the remains cording to Aratus, the Dragon or of the only thip." A portabic serpent was Jupiter, who was shrine or ark was used by the anNoah. This was not very unlike cient, idolatrous Irith ; it was de. the urbanity of more modern nominated, the ark of the covenant. days in the names of the 14- Ireland was, perhaps, called Erinlium and Georgium Sidus.

nus in honour of Aran-Nus, the The two faces and four eyes of ark of Noah. The Irish once Janus represented the double view called their principal marine deity, of Noah into the old and new Mann, and hada romantick legend world. According to the poets, of his presiding over the Ine of Venus rose from the sea. She Man. was the ark of Noah : and hence According to Tacitus, the the dove was said to be her fa. Goths were acquainted with the vourite. From her being the ark history of Noah. They venerated personified, Venus was called Ar- Zuifto, or Adam, who, according finoe, and Baris-Noe, that is, the to their traditions, sprang from ark of Noah, and Hippodamia, the the earth; they also venerated arkite mother. *

Mannus, who had three sons. Plutarch relates that Ogris, Through Hindoftan the same perwhich is another name of Noah, fonage was revered under the was a husbandman, a legislator, name of Menu ; in Egypt he was and zealous advocate for the called Menes, and attended by the worship of the gods. Typhon, fymbolical bull. He with seven or the sea, conspired against him, other Menies was supposed to have and compelled him to enter an succeeded " ten lords of created ark on the seventeenth of Athyr, beings, eminent in holinels."

• Strab: Voss : Hesych:

. Faber.

These were probably the ten gen- gypt.

Rhadamanthus fignifies erations in the line of Seth. The the god of the lordly ark. ancient Germans sacrificed to l. The city of Corinth derived its fis; a fhip formed the symbolical name from the worship of Cor, the part of their worship. The two fun. It was founded by the fymbols, the bull and serpent were Aletes, said by Sanchoniathon to equally famihar in the North of be the children of Chronus, the Europe, in Greece, Italy, and E- scriptural Noah, So the two gypt. The Egyptians observed great Rajah families of Hindoof. two annual festivals in honour of tan, styled themselves Surya-Bans Ofiris; one to perpetuate the re. and Chandra-Bans, or children of membrance of his enclosure in the the sun and moon. In Peru, the ark; in the celebration of this, same notion prevailed; the Yncas they placed his statue in an ark. boalted of their descent from the The other was a commemoration sun and moon ; or from Noah and of his deliverance. According to the ark, who were worshipped Pausanius, Osiris with Semole, with the sun and moon. was enclosed in an ark, and thrown In Armenia, according to Ni. into the fea. Another tradition colaus Damafcenus, a tradition represents Perseus, placing his had constantly prevailed that some daughter with her child in an ark, ancient personage had been conand casting them into the sea. veyed in an ark to the summit of Noah was worshipped under the mount Baris or Lubar; a city name of Pan. Herodotus says he there bore the name of Cabira, in was the most ancient of the eight which was a temple of the arkite gods of Egypt. Diodorus Sicu. moon, called Pharnæum, or the lus informs us, he was the same as ark of the ocean. This fuperftiSerapis, Osiris, Dionusus, Pluto, tion flourished in the time of StraAmmon, and Jupiter. By Livy bo. We have the authority of and Macrobius, he is denominated Palephatus, that Pegasus, the Inuus and Junus, from his con- winged horse of Bellerophon was nexion with the dove, Juneh. By an ark or long ship. Bellerothe Egyptians he was worshipped phon, therefore, must have been under the name of Mendes or Noah. The Greeks designated a Men-Deva, the divine Noah. temple and ship by the same word. When in danger from the ocean, At Tarsusa, tradition of the del he is said to have assumed the form uge prevailed. It asserted that of a monster, a goat and a fish ; the Tauric mountains were first hence Pan was eliteemed fynony: visible when the waters subsided, mous with Cetus, a sea monster. at the feet of which stood the city

The three fabulous fates, the Tarsus ; hence it was called Polis three furies, and the three judges Terfia, or the city of dryness; af. of hell, were connected with the terward it was called Tarsuse mysteries of the ark. The furies The river Araxes in this country, were called Erinnues, a word de received its name in honour of Arived from Aron-Nus, the ark of rach, the Ark. The island of Noah. The fates were denomi. Naxus received its name in honnated, P’ Area, the ark. The our of Nuach-Zeus, the god Noah. judges were the three sons of We have remarked that certain Noah Minos was the Menu of cups of the ancients had an alluHindoltan, and the Menes of E. fion to the ark. We now add

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