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that most of the Greek names for the orators relate the number of drinking vessels were designated the agents concerned, the cause by names applicable to ships. and issue of the event ; could he Some of them were called Car- see the drinking vessels of the fefchesia from a word signifying the tal board, adorned with emblems illustrious ark; others were call- of national independence, and ed Menes, a name frequently giv- presidents drawn with the far famen to Noah. They were often a- ed declaration in their hands ; dorned with the figure of a dove ; could he see i!lands, mountains, sometimes they were dedicated to cities and countries named in comBacchus or Noah, to Venus or the memoration of the glorious day, ark. The Babylonians called the what would be faid of his undermost ancient Ogyges or Noah, standing, what of his fenfeleis deGallus, and hence from their at- pravity, Mhould he deny there ever tachment to the rites of the del was a declaration of indepen. uge, a nation, who once over dence ? All this is diminutive and spread the greater part of Europe, unimpressive evidence, compared was called Celtæ, Galatæ, Galli, with the evidence of the food? Gauls, or Gaels, all which were Look from pole to pole ; in every from the same original word, Ga- continent, and almost every conlim, the waves of the sea. Hence Giderable nation, in some era of the people in whose country Noah their history we find, for subquitted the ark, called a ship gal. Atance, all these evidences of the lerie, and hence the priests of Cy- general deluge. The temples, bele were called Galli or Arkites. the altars, the priells of religion ; In the rites of Cybele and Ilis, a the names of the islands, mounpine tree was formed into a canoe, tains, cities, and countries of the and in it was placed the image of world, proclaim the truth of a man. In the mysteries of Pro. Noah's flood. Is not the historic. serpine and Ceres, a wooden fig. al information of those, who deny ure of a virgin was bewailed for it, notwithstanding their proud forty days. The ark was some- claims, as contracted as their protimes represented as a virgin, and fellion of religion is hypocritical its fymbol was a beautiful woman. and impious? Is not their acFor forty days the waters of the quaintance with antiquity as suflood increased.

perficial, as their knowledge of reAfter all this evidence, is there ligion is trifling and vain ? a man who denies the 'deluge of

PHILO. Noah, who ridicules it as a fable of the Jews, as a tale repeated by

For the Panoplist. Christians ?

MATTHEW's AND LUKE'S GENECould a traveller on the fourth

ALOGIES. of July glance an eye from Maine The following attempt to show to Georgia ; in the morning could that these genealogies furnish no hear the artillery of every ship and argument against inspiration, but fortress; the bells of every town a ftrong argument against Socin. and village ; could he afrerivards janism, is submitted to the editors see the processions form, the of the Panoplist. churches thronged, and hear ten Matthew plainly gives the gen. thoufand addresses of gratitude ealogy of Joseph, the reputed fa. for independence; could he hear ther of Jesus. At the same time he clearly intimates that Jesus was but under the names of their husnot the real son of Jofeph. For in- bands. And this account was coftead of continuing the phraseolo. pied out, according to the custom gy, which he had used all along, of the Jews, from their authentick and saying, Jofeph begat Jelus, he records, under the husband's says, “ Jofeph, the husband of Ma. name. If, of whom Jesus was born." In Luke iii. 23, the words, fine The same is intimated in Luke iii. of Heli, applied to Joseph, need 23. « Jesus, being, as was suppor- not imply any more, than that Jo. ed, the son of Jofeph.” If we a- feph was Heli's fon in law, or son dopt the opinion of a weliknown by marriage with his daughter critick, the original words, which Mary. we render, as was supposed, rather The apparent difficulty, here fignify, referring to this genealogy considered, constitutes one of the as it was legally settled, or found on objections of deilts against the hirecord.

ble; and this is one of the instanIf it be asked, what purpose ces, in which their 'objections then is answered, while giving the spring from a mind, greatly need. genealogy of Jesus Christ, by in: ing instruction, troducing Jofeph, if Joseph were This genealogy is very impor. not the real father of Jesus? We tant, as it shows that the innumereply; Joseph was the oldest sür- rable prophecies, vihich speak of viving branch of David's posteri- Christ as the feed of the woman, the ty; and it was understood, that by descendant of Abraham, and the off marrying Mary, after he knew the spring of David, are all fulfilled in miraculous conception of Jesus, he Jelus of Nazareth. Crito. adopted Jesus for his son, and so raised him to the dignity and priv

For the Panoplist. ileges of David's heir. Matthew OBSERVATIONS ON MYSTERIES. does not call Joseph the father of It has been justly remarked, Jesus, but the husband of his moth- that“ he, who refuses a mystery, er; and fo proves the title, which because he cannot understand it, Jesus acquired to the kingdom will be as ready to flight a preof Israel through his adoption. cept, because he does not like it."

Luke teaches us the natural de. In either case the difficulty exists, scent of Jesus; that is, he gives us not in the object, but in the mind. his genealogy by his mother's side. It is the fruit of human pride and Mary was undoubtedly the duugh- perverieness. It arises from a reter of Heli. Because she is called luctance to pay homage to supce so by the Talmud ; and chiefly rior wisdom and authority, and because we otherwise have no from a disposition to reduce every true genealogy of Christ, but only thing to the level of our own factwo different views of the line of ulties and inclinations. If any Joseph, his reputed father. But truth is clear, it is this, that arethis would not prove that Jesus velation from heaven must be exwas properly of the feed of Abraham pected to contain many things mylo and of the house of David. The o- terious and incomprehensible. miffion of Mary's name in this These attributes are prominent in genealogy is easily accounted for. ail the other productions of the The families of women were not Deity. How natural then, that enrolled under their own names, they thould constitute a principal that most of the Greek names for the orators relate the number of drinking vessels were designated the agents concerned, the cause by names applicable to ships. and issue of the event ; could he Some of them were called Car- see the drinking vessels of the ferchesia from a word signifying the tal board, adorned with emblems illustrious ark; others were call- of national independence, and ed Menes, a name frequently give presidents drawn with the far famen to Noah. They were often a- ed declaration in their hands ; dorned with the figure of a dove ; could he fee islands, mountains, sometimes they were dedicated to cities and countries named incom. Bacchus or Noah, to Venus or the memoration of the glorious day, ark. The Babylonians called the what would be faid of his undermost ancient Ogyges or Noah, standing, what of his senseless deGullus, and hence from their at- pravity, thould he deny there ever tachment to the rites of the del. was a declaration of indepelluge, a nation, who once over dence? All this is diminutive and spread the greater part of Europe, unimpressive evidence, compared was called Celtæ, Galatæ, Galli, with the evidence of the food? Gauls, or Gaels, all which were Look from pole to pole ; in every from the same original word, Ga- continent, and almost every conlim, the waves of the sea. Hence fiderable nation, in some era of the people in whose country Noah their history we find, for subquitted the ark, called a ship gal Atance, all these evidences of the lerie, and hence the priests of Cy- general deluge. The temples, bele were called Galli or Arkites. The altars, the priells of religion ; In the rites of Cybele and Ilis, a the names of the islands, mounpine tree was formed into a canoe, tains, cities, and countries of the and in it was placed the image of world, proclaim the truth of a man. In the mysteries of Pro- Noah's food. Is not the historic. serpine and Ceres, a wooden fig. al information of those, who deny ure of a virgin was bewailed for it, notwithstanding their proud forty days. The ark was some claims, as contracted as their protimes represented as a virgin, and feflion of religion is hypocritical its fymbol was a beautiful woman. and impious ? Is not their acFor forty days the waters of the quaintance with antiquity as fu. flood increased.

perficial, as their knowledge of re. After all this evidence, is there ligion is trilling and vain? a man who denies the 'deluge of Noah, who ridicules it as a table of the Jews, as a tale repeated by

For the Panoplist. Christians ?

MATTHEW'S AND LUKE'S GENECould a traveller on the fourth

ALOGIES. of July glance an eye from Maine The following attempt to show to Georgia ; in the morning could that these genealogies furnish no hear the artillery of every ship and argument againit inspiration, but fortress; the bells of every town a ftrong argument against Socinand village ; could le afcerivards janism, is submitted to the editors see the proceflions form, the of the Panoplist. churches thronged, and hear ten Matthew plainly gives the genthoufand addreises of gratitude ealogy of Joseph, the reputed fafor independence; could he hear ther of Jesus. At the same time

PHILO.

he clearly intimates that Jesus was but under the names of their hur not the real fon of Jofeph. For in- bands. And this account was coAtead of continuing the phrateolo- pied out, according to the custom gy, which he had used all along, of the Jews, from their authentick and saying, Jofeph begat Jefus, he records, under the husband's says, “ Joseph, the husband of Na. name. Ty, of whom Jesus was born.” In Luke ii, 23, the words, ton The same is intimated in Luke iii. of Heli, applied to Joseph, need 23. “ Jesus, being, as was suppof- not imply any more, than that Joed, the son of Joseph.” If we a- feph was Heli's son in law, or son dopt the opinion of a wellknown by marriage with his daughter critick, the original words, which Mary. we render, as was supposed, rather The apparent difficulty, here fignify, referring to this genealogy considered, constitutes one of the as it was legally settled, or found 011 objections of deilts against the bi. record.

ble; and this is one of the instanIf it be asked, what purpose ces, in which their objections then is answered, while giving the spring from a mind, greatly needgenealogy of Jesus Christ, by in- ing instruction, troducing Joseph, if Joseph were This genealogy is very impor. not the real father of Jesus? We tant, as it shows that the innume. reply ; Jofeph was the oldest sur- rable prophecies, v'hich speak of viving branch of David's pofteris Christ as the lecit of the woman, the ty; and it was understood, that by descendant of Abraham, and the offmarrying Mary, after he knew the spring of David, are all fulfilled in miraculous conception of Jesus, he Jelus of Nazareth. Crito. adopted Jesus for his son, and so raised him to the dignity and priv

For the Panoplist. ileges of David's hcir. Matthew OBSERVATIONS ON MYSTERIES. does not call Joseph the father of It has been juftly remarked, Jefus, but the busband of his moth. that“ he, who refuses a mystery, er; and so proves the title, which because he cannot understand it, Jesus acquired to the kingdom will be as ready to flight a preof Israel through his adoption. cept, because he does not like it."

Luke teaches us the natural de. In either case the difficulty exills, scent of Jesus ; that is, he gives us not in the object, but in the mind. his genealogy by his mother's side. It is the fruit of human pride and Mary was undoubtedly the daugh- pervenieness. It arises from a re

so by the Talmud ; and chiefly rior wisdom and authority, and because we otherwile have no from a disposition to reduce every true genealogy of Christ, but only thing to the level of our own factwo different views of the line of ulties and inclinations. If any Joseph, his reputed father. But truch is clear, it is this, that arethis would not prove that Jesus velation from heaven must be ex. was properly of the feed of Abraham pefted to contain many things myle and of the house of David. The 0- terious and incomprehensible. million of Mary's name in this These attributes are prominent in genealogy is easily accounted for. all the other productions of the The families of women were not Deity. How natural then, that enrolled under their own names, they should constitute a principal characteristick of his writtenword ! it is God himself, who speaks to Especially, when it is confider- me, or any one on his part. Af. ed, that the grand design of reve- ter this, I am no more astonished, lation is to place before our eyes that there are three distinct persons the INCOMPREHENSIBLE JEHOVAH, in one divine essence; one God, and and to relieve apostate, guilty yet a Father, a Son, and a Holy creatures in a case, where all their Ghost. After this, I am no more faculties are confounded, all their astonished, that God foresees all fpeculations unsatisfactory,and ev. without forcing any ; permits fin ery resource fails. Humbly and without forcing the finner ; or. gratefully to receive every discov. dains free and intelligent creatures ery of this kind is one of the high- to such and such ends, yet with eft a&s of reason. Where we are out destroying their intelligence, well assured, that infinite intelli. or their liberty. After this, I am gence addresses us, the most im. no more astonished, that the jufe plicit faith is the most rational. tice of God required a satisfaction, Nor are any more distant from the proportional to his greatness, that character of true philosophers, his own love hath provided that than those who presume to try ev. fatisfaction, and that God, from ery revealed truth by the standard the abundance of his compassion, of their own limited faculties, and designed the mystery of an incar. believe nothing, which they can- nate God; a mystery, which an. not fully comprehend and explain. gels admire, while skepticks opThis subject has been forcibly il. pole ; a mystery, which absorbs lustrated by Saurin in his fermon human reason, but which fills all on the omniprelence of God. It heaven with songs of praise ; a will be to consult at once the rea- mystery, which is the Great MYS. der's profit and delight, to pre- TERY, by excellence, (1 Tim. iii. sent him the remarks of this elo- 16,) but the greatness of which quent writer. To all, who peruse nothing should make us reject, them, the appeal may be safely since religion proposes it, as the made, whether they be not equal. grand effort of the wisdom of the ly the dictates of fober reason and incomprehensible God, and com, fublime piety: equally worthy mards us to receive it on the testiof the philosopher and the Chrif. mony of the incomprehensible God tian.

himself. Either religion must tell “I freely grant,” says he, “that us nothing about God, or what it had I consulted my own reason tells us must be beyond our capaconly, I could not have discovered ities; and, in discovering even the fome mysteries of the gospel. borders of this immense ocean, is Nevertheless, when I think on the must needs exhibit a valt extent, immensity of God, when I calt in which our feeble eyes are lost. my eyes on that valt ocean, when But what surprises me, what ItumI consider that immense All, noth- hles me, what frightens me, is to ing astonishes me, nothing sum- see a diminutive creature, a conbles me, nothing seems to me in. temptible man, a little ray of light admillible, how incomprehensible glimmering through a few feeble foever it may be. When the sub- organs, controvert a point with je&t is divine, I am ready to be the Supreme Being, oppose that lieve all, to admit all, to receive Intelligence, who lits at the helm all; provided I be convinced, that of the world ; question, what he

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