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affirms, difpute, what he deteta bofom of the Father, he hath demines ; appeal from his decisions, clared him.” and, even after God has given ev. When lacob blessed the chilidence, reject all doctrines, that dren of Joseph, these were his are beyond his capacity. Enter words : « God, before whom my into thy nothingness, mortal crea. fathers, Abraham and Isaac did ture! What madnels animates walk, the God, which fed me all thee? How darest thou pretend; my life long unto this day, the Anthou, who art but a point ; thou, gel, which redeemed me from all whose ellence is but an an atom ; evil, bless the lads.” Here the to mealure thyself with the Sun God of Abraham and Ifaac is expreme Being; with him, who fills pressly called the Angel. No one, heaven and earth; with Him, it is prefumed, will ceny, that the whom beaven, the heaven of heavens God, here mentioned, is the same, Cannot contain ? Canft thou by who appeared to lacob, and to searching find out God? Canst thou his anceitors, and who in several find out the Almighty to perfeétion? other places in Genesis is styled High as heaven, whut canst thou do? both God and the Angel (or Mef Deeper than hell, what canst thou senger) of the Lord. To whom kacau ?"
are both these titles applicable ex.
cept Christ, who is called the Mera For the Panoplist.
senger of the covenant ? (Mal. ii. CHRIST, THE ANGEL OF GOD'S PRES. ENCE.
FRES 1.) “ The Lord, whom ye teek * The Angel of his presence faved shall suddenly come to his temple,
them.” Isa. Ixiii. 9. even the meisenger of the coveThese words are part of a paf- nant, whom ye delight in.” sage, in which the prophet recalls When Manoah asked the name to mind the “great goodness of of the Angel of the Lord, who God toward the house of Ifrael," appeared to him, he replied, in their redemption and preserva. “Why askelt thou thus after my tion. They appear to be a key to name, feeing it is secret," or wonthe interpretation of the divine ap- derful ; the word in the original pearances, recorded in the old being the same, that is translated Teltament. From a careful ex- Wonderful and applied to Christ in amination of the passages of fcrip- the remarkable prophecy, (Isa. ix. ture, relative to the subject, it is 6,) “Unto us a child is born, unevident that there was a glorious to us a son is given, and the gove person, here called the angel or ernment shall be upon his shoul. messenger of God's presence, who der, and his name shall be called was the medium of the divine Wonderful,” &c. We may here manifeltations. It is our defign remark, that names in the Old to show, that this glorious person Testament are characteriltick of was CHRIST, by 'whom all the af. the persons, to whom they were fairs of the church were ordered given. The answer of the Angel from the beginning, and by whom therefore implies, that he was a the revelations of God the Father wonderful, or incomprehenfible were made, according to what is person. Of whom can this be implied John i. 18. " No man faid with so much propriety, as of hath feen God at any time ; the our bleited Saviour? only begotten Son, which is in the
In the vii. chap. of Acts, (ver. murmured againt God, and a. 34, 38,) Stephen, speaking of Mo- gainst his fervant Moles; and did des, says, that God sent him “to he not often leverely punish them be a ruler and a deliverer by the for their tranfgreflions ? One inhand of the Angel, which appeared stance of puniihment was, when to him in the bush ;''--and that fiery serpents were sent among " this (i. e. Moles) was he, that them, and “ much people of 11was in the church in the wildernessrael died.” Of this event men. with the Angel, which spake to him tion is thus made by the apostle, in the Mount Sinai.” In Exod. 1 Cor. x. 9. “ Neither let us tempt xiii. 21, it is said, that the Lord, Christ, as some of them allo tempt. (in the original Jehovah) went be- ed and were destroyed of serfore the Israelites “ by day in a pents.” This text certainly im. pillar of a cloud to lead them the plies, that it was Christ whom the way, and by night in a pillar of Israelites tempted in the wilder. fire to give them light.” In the ness. next chapter this fame glorious Light may also be thrown on Being is Ityled “the Angel of God the lubject by considering what is which went before the camp.” added, as a farther reason, why In Exod. xxii. 20-24, it is writ. the children of Israel should beten, “ Behold I send an Angel ware and not provoke the exalted before thee, to keep thee in the person, who conducted them in way, and to bring thee into the their way to the promised land. place, which I have prepared. The reason is this, " for my name Mine Angel shall go before thee.” is in him.” The name of God is If this whole passage be compared no where in scripture said to be with the pailages quoted above, in men, nor in angels ; but his with that in Jothua 5, 13, to 6,3, name is in Christ, in a sense in where the appearance of the glo. which it cannot be in any of his rious person, called the captain of creatures. Christ was called Imthe Lord's hoft, is recorded, and manuel, God with us ; and with the account of the divine ap- there is this prophecy of him, pearances to Mofes in the bush and jer. xxxiii. 5,6,“ Behold the days on mount Sinai ; it must be ac- come, faith the Lord, that I will knowledged, that it was the same raise unto David a righteous glorious Being who is mentioned branch, and a king Thall reign in all those passages, and who is and prosper, and Thall execute called in several places both the judgment and justice in the earth ; Angel of God and JEHOVAH. Who and this is his name, the Lord (in can this exalted person be, but the original Jehovah) out RightCHRIST?
eousness.” Our blessed Saviour The Ifiaelites were command. has expressly declared the intied to beware of the Angel, who mate, the infeparable union, there was fent before them, to obey his is, between himself and the Favoice, and to provoke him not ; it ther. “I and my Father are one. is added, “ for he will not pardon The Father is in me and I in your tranfgrcflions.” Did not him.” (John x. 30, 38.) the Israelites disobey and provoke It appears from several passagthis glorious person, when they es, that the patriarchs and Mowere guilty of idolatry and forni- fes worshipped the glorious person cation, and when they repeatedly who appeared to them; and we are expressly told that Joshua, subjoin the following pertinent rewhen the captain of the Lord's marks, copied from a manuscript host appeared to him, “ fell on of the late Reverend Dr. JOSEPH his face to the earth and did wor- BELLAMY. * Thip.” Does not this prove, that THE DIVINITY OF CHRIST. he was superangelick ? For an
Gen. xii. 7. gels refuse to receive worship, as “ And the Lord appeared to appears from the following pas- Abraham, and said, Unto thy feed , figes ; (Rev. xix. 10.) I [John] will I give this land : and there fell at his feet to worship him, builded he an altar unto the and he said unto me sec thou do it Lord, who appeared unto him.” not ; worship God.” Again Queft. 1. Who is this Lord that (Rev. xxii. 8, 9.) “ I John saw appeared, &c. ? these things and heard them; and Ans. Some say, it was not God, when I had heard and seen, I fell i. e. the Most High God; for no
down to worship at the feet of the man bath foen God at any time ; · angel, which showed me these John i. 18: But it was another
things; he saith unto me, fee being, inferior to the Most High thou do it not; worship God.” God, who was sent by the Most
If we compare the passages, High, to appear, to speak, to act, where the Angel of the Lord is in the nane of the Most High ; to faid to be worshipped, in the Old personate him ; and who thereTestament with those, where fore is called the Angel of the Lord. Chrift is said to be worshipped in To which it may be objected. the New, we cannot easily avoid Obj. 1. That, in fact, he speaks the conclusion, that Chrilt was in his own naine. “Unto thy feed the glorious person, who appeared will I give this land,” not anoth. ander the title of the Angel or er God; but I, myself, “ I will Meffenger of the Lord. Beside give.” there seems to be the same won Obj. 2. Abram believed him to derful connexion between that glo- be in his own person, the most rious person, who was the medic High God; for he paid that worum of the divine manifestations, ship to him which is peculiar to and God in the Old Testament, the Most High God. “ He build. that there is between Christ and ed an altar unto the Lord who apa the Father in the New. That ex- peared unto him.” But it is write alted Being was frequently called ten, Exodus xxii. 20. “ He that God; so was Christ. He spake with facriliceth to any god, fave unto authority, as God; fo did Christ. the Lord only, he shall be utterly He was worshipped ; and so was deltroyed.” Was Abram an Chrilt. If then thatglorious person idolater? Were not his sacrifices were not Christ, how thall we ac- accepted by the Lord who appeared ? count for this remarkable similarity Obj. 3. This fame Jehovah of character ? On any other suppo- who appeared' uuto Abram, didafn sition what person could he be ? terward appeared unto Mofes, say. If he were simply an angel, would ing, “Go, tell Pharaoh, Thus faith he have received religious wor- the Lord God of the Hebrews, lip, or would he have been called Let my people go, that they may JEHOVAH ?
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serve me;" Exod. ix. 1. And called the God of Abram, Acts iii. on Mount Sinai, Exod. xx. “I 13. ; for according to scripture, am” (I myself am) “the Lord there is but one God, Father, Son, thy God, who brought thce out and Holy Ghost, in whose name of the land of Egypt, out of the all christians are baptized. house of bondage. Thou shalt Exod. xxiv. 9, 10. “ Then have no other Gods before me,” went up Moses and Aaron, NaWas not this expressly to claim to be dab and Abihu, and seventy of the Most High God? even the the elders of Israel : and they law one only true and living God ? the God of Israel.” Was not this claim made exprell- Queft. 4. If it is true, as is afly in his own name ?
serted in Joh. i. 18. “ No man Obj. 4. This very fame God, hath feen God at any time ;" who appeared to Abram, was in what meaneth these words, “ And fact worlhipped as the Most High they saw the God of Israel ?" God, by Abram's posterity in all Anf. The only begotten Son fucceeding generations, as is evi- appeared, exhibited the invisible dent from the gth chapter of Ne- Godhead, which no eye hath seen. hemiah, throughout, as well as He appeared then as God, affrom a thousand other texts. terward in the likeness of man,
Quest. 2. Who was the Angel Phil. ii. 6, 7. of the Lord that appeared to Mo. N. B. The God who (Gen. ses in the burning buth ? Exod. i. 1.) in the beginning created the iii. 3.
heaven and the earth (a careful Anf. The very fame God who reading of the following chapters had before appeared to Abram, will convince any candid man,) is to Isaac, and to Jacob, as is ac- the same God who appeared to knowledged by all ; and even Adam, before the fall, and after the Angel of the Lord ex. the fall ; to Cain, before he New pressly declares it to be so ; Ex- his brother, and after he flew his od. iii. 6-18. See also, Gen. brother ; to Noah, before the xxviii. 13---22, and xxxi. 13. food, and after the food ; to A.
Quest. 3. If the Angel of the bram, before he came into the Lord was the Most High God, land of Canaan, and after he came who was the Lord of the Angel ? into the land of Canaan ; and
Anf. The Mol High God; who appeared at all other times to for it is written, Deut. vi. 4. Isaac, to Jacob, to Moses, to Jolh. “ Hear, O Israel, the Lord our ua, &c. ; and who was known as God is one Lord. Joh. x. 30. the God and King of Ifrael ; for,
"I and my Father are one.” by the only begotten Son of God Joh. xiv. 9. “ He that hath seen were all things made that were me, hath seen the Father.” And made ; and by him hath the in-. because the Father feni the Son, visible Godhead been revealed to therefore he is called the Angel of mankind, in all the divine works, the Lord; and because God the 'since the creation ; and perhaps Son is God, even one God with for this reason he is called, the the Father, therefore he said, Il'ord of God. " No man hath Tbou shalt have no other Gods before seen God at any time ; the only me ; and because God the Father begotten Son, who is in the bor is God, even one God with the om of the Father, he hath revealSon, therefore God the Father is ed him.”
1 805.] The evil of attaching ludicrous ideas to passages of Scripture. 115
Gen. xiv. 22. Abram said, I ing to him texts out of the Oid have lift up mine hand unto the Testament, which were originally Lards the Mof High God, the pos- meant of the God of Israel. Com. sellor of heaven and earth. pare Gen. i. 1. with Joh. i. 1, 2,
Queft. 5. Was not this Jeho. 3, 10.; and Pfal. Ixviii. 17, 18, vah, the fame Jehovah who ap- with Eph, iv. 8, 9, 10. ; and Pfal. peared to Abram Gen. xii. 7. xcvii. 1-7, with Heb. i. 6.; and where we read, that he builded an Pfal. cii. 26, with Heb. i. 10. ; altar unto the Lord who appeared un- and Isai. vi. 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, with io bim? Or, did he build an altar Joh. xii. 40, 41. ; and If. xl. 3, to one Jehovah (an inferior God,) with Luke i. 76. Luke iii, 4. &c. and fware by another Jehovah, &c. who was the MOST HIGH God ? Queft. 6. May I lawfully deny
N. B. If God the Son was he the OMNIPRESENCE of God, bewho appeared to Abram, and who cause I can neither understand was in fact the God and King of nor explain it, nor solve difficul. Israel, the Evangelists and other ties relative to it? inspired writers of the New Ter. Ans. By no means. The ap. tament, may be justified in apply. plication is easy."
From the Christian Observer. granted, that a serious and a ludiWHATEVER is injurious to pie. crous impression cannot be made ty, must be a proper subject of an at the same time. This being the imadversion. Those, indeed, who case, we can hardly imagine that aft in open hoftility to christianity, the greatest enemy to religion are not likely to be checked by could have hit upon a better exany observation, which may come pedient to promote his designs, from such a quarter ; but the than the practice here alluded to. fiend of christianity will surely not In order to perceive its full efbe offended if it is suggested to fect, we have only to suppose that him, that he may posibly have in all the most striking parts of fcripjured the cause, which it is his ear. ture, had some ridiculous story nest desire to support, by counte. connected with them, nancing a practice which, though I was lately in a large company highly injurious, is not uncom- at a friend's house, when the conmon : I mean the pra&ice of tell. versation took the turn in quering anecdotes of mistakes which tion. Several clergymen were have been made in reading the present of great learning and pie. fcriptures at church. The most ty, between whom much useful folemn parts of the word of God conversation had previously pasl. are, by these means, connected ed. One of them happening to with some ludicrous idea ; an idea tell a story of a strange blunder which, perhaps can never be eraf- made by a parish clerk, it was imed from the mind, and which ef- mediately followed by another, tectually prevents the impreslion till the whole company catching that these pallages are calculated the contagion, almost every one ļo make ; for I suppose it will be had fome 13013 hable Nory of the