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ly placed on Dr. Priestley's represen- ing, or speaking too loud; to be tations, even in cases of the plain- avoided. Mumbling, or speaking eft fact.”
too much to yourself ; to be cor. To determine whether this fe- rected. The voice to be made vere conclusion be well founded, soft, and agreeable to the ear. let the candid inquirer carefully Never spit or hem while speaking, attend not only to these letters, Of varying the voice. How to but to all which has lately been cure yourself of a monotonoustone. written on the subject ; particu- Rules for varying the voice. Tom larly, to Priestley's history of early great a volubility to be avoided. opinions, and his letters to Dr. Speaking too flow. To vary the Horseley, together with Dr. Horse. voice according to the subject--acley's tracts and disquisitions, and cording to the pallions. Esteem the 2d volume of Jamieson's ex- or admiration, how to express them, cellent vindication.
Contempt, how to express it by the The author concludes his letters voice. A grievance complained by saying, “If I have advanced of, how to be expressed. Exordiwhat is untrue, my ignorance or um, Narration, Confutation, and my wickedness can easily be detect. Peroration, what tone to be used. ed;" and by the following val. FIGURES OF RHETORICK, uable quotation from Dr. Priest. What tone to be used in fpeakley's letters to Dr. Horseley ; ing some of them. Exclamation. .“ Above all, let TRUTH be our great
our great Swearing, Prosopopæia, Apostro
s object. Our readers will easily perceive whether it be fo or not: we shall foon. phe, Epimone, Parrhefiæ, Climax, er deceive ourselves, than them. And Antithelis. Breath, how to manleast of all can we impofe upon that age it ; long breath necessary; how great Being, who is the God of truth, to acquire it. Clauses of a period; who secretly guides all our pursuits, and how to manage them
how to manage them. Short pe
si whose excellent purposes will be an(wered by them, with whatever views
riods ; pauses after them different we may engage in them.”
from those after long ones. SubKeave Oscos to USA doy. Eurip. sequent period lower, than the
close of the preceding one. Period The Principles of Eloquence, contain that requires great force of voice.
ing Hints to Public Speakers, by How to manage the sentences imT. Knox. Also, Jerningham's mediately preceding. PronunciaElay on the Eloquence of the Pul. tion. To keep your voice up to pit in England, printed for B. the end of a sentence. and J. Homans, No. 50, Marl
ACTION. borough street, Boston, 1805. Hints respecting action to thoses David Carlisle, printer, Cam- who wish to speak gracefully in bridge kreet.
publick. How to use the hands in In the first part, or principles of action. Use no action at the beeloquence, are the following par- ginning of your speech. Never ticulars worthy the attention of clap your hands. Action mostly public speakers.
with the right hand : instances OF SPEAKING... where the left alone may be used. How to make yourself heard To place the right hand on the without any difficulty ; how to brealt : if left handed how to strengthen the voice. Faultering; manage. A&tion from the left ta how to get rid of it. Of bellow. the right. When action advisa.
ble, to begin it when you begin to If terror and pity are the throbbing fpeak. Motion of your hands to pulles of christ an oratory, as well as of suit the thing spoken of. Action
the drama, the powers of the former
are certainly in this country feeble, and must fuit the figures used. The
unimprellive. The form of sacred elohands feldom or never higher than quence appears sickly and inactive; the the eyes. Your arms not to be pulse at her heart beats languidly, no ftretched out sideways from your expression flashes from her eye, and body ; but a certain distance.
her pale lip attests, that no Seraph
has touched it with the live coal from Raise your hand in swearing, ex- cho
the altar. clamation, &c. Not to use too
Sentences as just as they are elmuch action. Some actions not to be attempted by the hands.
oquent. The author's idea of
most modern sermons, may be When you talk for another person,
collected from the following quo. what action to use. Person ; how
tations. it ought to be managed. The head ; the face; the eyes, how to Many splendid exceptions may be regulate their motion. How to
adduced, but I should advise (the younge
er clergy) not to adhere to the present draw tears from your own, as well
mode of preaching as your auditor's eyes. Of lift. It is said that when Shakespeare was ing up your eyes, or casting them born nature destroyed the mould in down. How to manage the eye. which his great mind was formed. brows, mouth, lips, shoulders.
I cannot help wishing that some superi
or genius would break the general These rules are just, and writ- mould in which religious discourses are ten in a perspicuous and laconick can. ftyle. A single example may be Nothing would sooner raise the defufficient.
pressed geniu, of religion, than the 18Period that requires great force of covery of our preachers from that realvoice. How to manage the sentences oning maludy, which has so generaily inimmediately preceding." " When you
10 have a period to pronounce, that re
I am persuaded that chopping logick quires a great elevation of the tone : you
in the pulpit is not the thing, but that mult moderate and manage your voice with imagination and warmth of expreflion care upon those periods, that just precede it; are in
Orerede it: are in their place there, as much as on left by employing the whole force of it the stage, moderated, however, and upon those, you exhaust yourself, and ex. chastised by the purity and gravity of press tbis languidly, which requires more religion. vigor and vebemence.
The effects produced by the el. An Ejay on the Eloquence of the oquence of Gregory, Nizianzen
Pulpit in England. and others are mentioned ; and This Essay, written in England, several méthods are suggestand adapted to the state of pulpit ed to give variety, and interest, oratory in that kingdom, may per- and effect to a gospel fermon; as haps lose some degree of irs perti. an appropriate text, the introduce nency and force, when read in this tion of a striking anecdote, seizcountry ; but fo fimilar are the de. ing some local circumstance, an fects of christian eloquence in the abrupt diversion of the discourse two countries ; so just are the opin- to another object, clear, concise, ions in the essay, and so persuasive- and forcible reasoning, addresled ly are they exprefied, as to render to the heart, and instances of fortiit valuable to every clergyman in tude, not stamped with the image New England. No man we trust of religion, to mark its spurious can read the first sentences without features. being Arongly impressed.
The author wilhes for one reform, which we fear will by too him into the society of the apostles? many be thought an improper in
Shall I associate him with the army of
the martyrs ? Shall I aflign to him a seat novation. When the text is long,
among the confeffors? Where, where and adapted to rouse the imagin. Ihall I place our tutelary saint? ation he would omit “ the usual As he pronounced these words a man form" of naming the chapter and suddenly cried out, “ Rev Father, as verse. He likewise dilapproves
you appear to be at a lols how to dis.
pose of your saint, you may place him, long introductions, and quotes
if you please, in my seat, for I am goMr. Gilpin.
ing away.” “ This indecorous repriThough a foort opening of a test mand was of more service to the de may often be necessary, there seems no clamatory panegyrist, than the perusal occasion for a long preface. Whatever of Quintilian's institutes. appercain immediately to the discourse bad, perhaps be better introduced into
The style of this essay is not the body of the subject.
without some faults ; but is An Italian monk cured of “in. sprightly and entertaining. The fated language,” is mentioned in lovers of orthodoxy wish it a humorous manner.
more distinguishing ; but it are He began his discourse in a moft er. dently recommends warm and alted strain. Having congratulated the pathetick preaching, which is a temple on the honour of being immedi- valuable part of the Pulpit Ora ately under the patronage ol so great a tor. The volume we doubt not faint, he proceeded with saying, he knew not where to point out the resie
fic will be useful to all publick dence of a saint of such enlarged and speakers, whose habits are not complicated merit! Shall I introduce unconquerably fixed.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. of fifty pounds, or upwards, at one time
At a numerous and respectable meet- Mall be a governor for life. ing, held at the London Tavern, March "Governors shall be entitled to 2, 1804, Granville Sharp, Esq. in the attend, and vote at all the meetings of chair ; a society was formed for the sole the committee. and exclusive purpose of promoting the “5. An executor, paying a bequest of circulation of the Holy Scriptures in the prine fifty pounds, shall be a member for life; sipal living languages. The following is or of one hundred pounds, or more, a an outline of the plan of the society. governor for life.
“ 1. A society thall be formed, 'with “6. Each member shall be entitled, this designation : THE BRITISH AND under the direction of the committee, FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY ; of which to purchase bibles and testaments for the the role olject shall be to encourage a purpose of gratuitous distribution at the wider dispersion of the Holy Scriptures. society's prices, which shall be as low as
“ 2. This society shall add its endeav. poffible ; but no English bibles or testa. ours to those employed by other socie. ments shall be given away in Great Brities for circulating the scriptures through tain by the society itself." the British dominions ; and shall also, We have great pleasure in introduc. according to its ability, extend its influ ing this society to the knowledge of our .ence to other countries, whether chris- readers. And we think it must prove tian, mohammedan, or pagan.
highly confolatory to every reflecting " 3. Each subscriber of one guinea mind to perceive, that while the eneannually, shall be a member.
mies of Great Britain are menacing ber " 4. Each subscriber of twenty pounds, with destruction, such varied and stren. at one time, thall be a member for life. A uous exertions are making by mafubscriber of five guineas per annum, ny of her inhabitants to diffuse over the hall be a governor ; and a subscriber earth the pure light of christian truth
In the object proposed by this society, cers except the treasurer; have power every fincere christian of every name, to call special general meetings; and may cordially and consistently unite. A mhall be charged with procuring for the liberal subscription has already begun, society suitable patronage, both Britisha which amounted in a few days to about and foreign. (Signed) one thousand pounds.
G. SHARP, Chairman.” It gives us much pleasure, say the ed President, Right Hon. John Lord itors of the Cbriftian Obferver, (Jan. 1805) Teignmouth. tostate, that a gentleman well known in Treasurer, Henry Thornton Efq. the republick of letters, and who has M. P. etie acially ferved the cause of religion Secretaries, Rev. John Owen, M. A. by his writings, has presented, to "The Rev. Joseph Hughes, M.A. Rev. Charles Britifa and foreign Bible Socieiy, a very val. Frederick Steinkoffpt, M.A. uable collection of the Holy Scriptures Allistant Secretaries, Mr. Joseph Tarn, in foreign languages, which he has been Mr. Thomas Smith. employed for many years in forming. A committee of 36 respectable genWe trust that his example will stimulate tlemen were appointed to affist in manother gentlemen who may be poffefl'ed aging the affairs of the society, among of copies of the bible in foreign lan- whom we observe the name of WM. guages to make similar dispositions ; & WILBER FORCE, M. P. circumstance, which would tend great Extract of a letter from a Cleygyman in Irely to facilitate the benevolent designs of
land. this important institution.
“I am sorry to mention that there is At a subsequent general meeting, no partofthe United Kingdom in greater held at the London Tavern, May 2d, want of bibles, than the southern part of 1804, a report of the committee was Ireland. Not more than one third of the read, pur porting that they had been oc- protestant families have bibles ; and the cupied in opening communications with papist families, which are at least eight to various persons of influence in dif- one, have scarce a bible among them, ferent parts of the United Kingdom and
perhaps not one in 500 families; and no of the Continent, for the purpose of obe exertions making to distribute them, extaining important intelligence, of aug. cept by a few clergymen, who do not menting the funds of the society, and go beyond their own parishes." otherwise promoting its interelts. A plan of the society was then unanimous
BOCIETY FOR MISSIONS TO AFRICA AND ly adopted. The chief resolutions, dif
THE EAST. fering from those given above, were the
This fociety was instituted in the following:
year 1800, by members of the establish“ The committee Thall conlist of thir
ed church, and is conducted in (trict ty fix laymen ; of whom twenty four conformity to her doctrines and disciwho shall have most frequently attend- pline. It was instituted not with the ed, shall be eligible for reelection for the delign of interfering with other socieensuing year. Six of the committee ties, embarked in the same cause, but of Thall be foreigners resident in London cooperating with them. While, thereor its vicinity ; half the remainder shall fore, the society for promoting chriflian be members of the church of England; knowledye has confined its missionary and the other half members of other des exertions to a part of the eastern donominations of christians.
minions, where they now employ seveho Every clergyman and dissenting ral excellent Lutheran ministers ; and minister who is a member of the society, while tbe fociety for the propagation of the Mall be entitled to attend and vote at gfpel in foreign parts has extended its all meetings of the committee.
labours chiesly to the British plantations “ The treasurer and secretaries for in North Ainerica, it appeared, that the time being, thall be considered as there was abundant room for the presmembers of the committee.
ent institution, the precise object of “ No person deriving any emolument which is expressed in the title. or profit from the society, shall be en- No English clergymen having engag. titled to fit or vote in the committee. ed themselves to the society as missiona.
" The committee shall conduct the ries, the committee opened a corresponbusiness of the society ; appoint all offi- dence with the continent, where they
Vol. I. No. 3.
procuied two young men, who, after a vine authority. This important service course of previous training, having re- bas been achieved in the most fatis. ceived ordination in the Lutheranchurch factory manner, by one of their highly were accepted as mislionaries by the fo- refpected members. ciety. Their names are Melchior Ben- The treaty of peace between the two nier, 2 German, and Peter Hartwig, a countries having renewed the means of Prullian.
perfonal intercourse, it was concluded, These millionaries resided some time that a deputation to France was of great in England, with a view of perfecting importance, not only in determining. oa themselves in the English language ; and the best mode of printing and circulaiacquiring alto, by means of sume Afri- ing the New Testament and the ele can youths, educating in England, the fay, but also in procuring such informarudiments of the Sootoo language, which tion on the state of rel gion in that counis fpoken over a considerable portion try, as would enable the fociety to form of the continent of Africa ; and in a judgment on the best means of prowhich, by the exertions of the Rev. Mr. moting the interests of true religion Brunton, the soc ety has already been there. The result of this visit is genere enabled to print fome ułeful tracis. ally known, and has produced a hope This last mentioned circumstance, to- that the protestant cause may soon rile gether with the vicinity of the Soosoo from its ruins. The directors have country to Sierra Leone, determined now the pleasure to announce, that the the society to appoint the Nation of New Testament, the eflay, the allemthese millionaries among the Suoroos : bly's catechism, and some tracts, are in April, 1804, after a suitable address printed, and now in circulation in had been delivered to them, they em- France, and will shortly be fo in Italy barked on board a vesel for Sierra Le The neceflity of publishing the scripone, one of them, (Mr. Hartwig) having tures in those countries is proved from previously married with the consent of the great difficulty which the deputathe society.
tion found in procuring a single copy of The society has likewise under its them at Paris ; and they are informed protection, fuur other students, who are that this is equally the cafe in Italy. supported and educated at the expense The deputation having fully ascer. of the society, in the millionary semina tained that an energetickand evangelical ry at Berlin, where they are now attend ministry would be likely to be well ating to the study of the English, Arabick, tended and well support d in France, and Soosoo languages, and to such other they conceived that the establiment objects as may qualify them for con of a protestant church at Paris would ducting missions.
be productive of the most beneficial el
fects. The Rev. Mr. Tracy, who was LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY. thien there, was requested to continue In the report of th London Million on the spot, to superintend the publicaary Society, for, 1803, we find the fol- tions, and to make inquiries, respecting lowing interesting article of intelligence, a suitable church. Information has which wil probably be uew to soine of been obtained, which proves the almoft our readers, and which is worthy to be unlinited extent in which the scriprecorded in this pubication. . tures and protestant writings may be
During the two past ycars the society circulated." At Besencon, in the south, has manifested the commendable desire and at Arras, in the north, where till of endeavouring to build, on the ruins lately, no protestants were to be found, of the papacy in France, the divine ed applications for protestant ministers and ifice of pure christianity; and as the churches have been made, and ligned most powerful mean for that purpose, by 12,000 persons at the former place, within their reach, was the circulation and nearly as many at the latter; of the Holy Scriptures, they derermined and although many churches have alto consecrate a part of their funds to ready been given to the protestants, this object. Reflecting allo on the aw. 9co congregations are still dettitute, ful effects of infidelity, they judged it both of churches and pastors. Even in might be of great ute to connect with Belgium, the same difpofition appears. the scriptures a vindication of their di