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right hand offend thee, cut it off, and their essential features according cast it from thee. Love not the to the state of science and manners. borld. For the things which are in That the terms of salvation are Ike sorld. Put off the old man, always the same is another proof etich is corrupt according to deceit- of the immutability of religion. Al lusts, and be renewed in the spir. The gospel addresses mankind, as

of your minds, and put on the new being sinners. Christ declares tan, phich after God is created in that his undertaking respects sinrighteousness and true holine88. Be ners only. Therefore he proposes ye bolu, for I am holy.Now, dear salvation to all upon the same conbrother, are men of high birth and ditions. Repentance and faith are education, men of fashion and opu« constantly represented to be ablence released from the obligation solutely necessary to salvation. of these holy precepts? Does the Christ and his apostles gave no inwhole burden lie upon the unlearn- timation, that it could ever be obed, the poor, the retired, the afflict- tained on any lower terms. They ed? Or has time exhausted the made no allowance in favour of force of precepts, which once had men possessed of high literary adpower to bind all, so that they vantages, and distinguished by the must now be considered as laws suavity of their manners, and the repealed, or fallen into disuse ? exterior fairness of theircharacter.

What strange inquiries are Repent, and believe in the Lord Je. these? Yet they are naturally sug- sus Christ, is the solemn language, gested by the fashionable opinions which the gospel addresses to all of the day. Let us remember, men ; or if it makes any distincthen, that the rule of duty is un- tion, it is by declaring the uncomyielding and immutable. Proceed- mon difficulties, which impede the ing from God, it cannot conform salvation of the wealthy, the learnto the taste of the times ; it can- ed, the selfrighteous; and by sugrot be accommodated to the cor- gesting the greater divine power rupt inclinations of the heart. No and mercy, which in their case are raan may add to it, or take from it. needful. And if the rule of duty, the stand What, then, shall we say to and of religion, is always the same, these things? Is not saving religthen religion is always the same, ion the same in all ages ? Are not For two things essentially differ- regeneration, repentance, and faith ent from each other cannot be the same things now, as they were conformed to the same standard. in the first period of christianity,

We are further taught, that re- and in the devout ages of New ligious affection, or conformity of England ? In short, is it not, in all heart to the doctrines and precepts times and circumstances, the same of revelation, is the effect of divine thing to obey the gospel of Jesus efficiency. Hence we infer that it Christ? is, substantially, the same in all You may derive another argu-' ages. It is a supposition inconsist. ment for the immutability of religent with the immutability of him, ion from the sameness of its evia who workethall in all, that he should dence. The evidence of religion in one age produce religious affec- more directly belongs to its doctions essentially different from trines, or those things which are those, which he produces in anoth- the objects of faith. Now the same er ; that virtue and piety, always evidence, which primitive chris. the fruit of his Spirit should vary tians had of the divinity of the gos

pel, and of its particular truths, is, how may it be known whether this in substance, transmitted to us. struggle arises from the checks of Improved reason and philosophy natural conscience in an unrenewhave discovered nothing to invalied mind, or from a principle of date that evidence, which satisfied grace in the soul ?" If the followprimitive believers respecting the ing thoughts on the subject seem peculiar tenets of revelation. If likely to afford any satisfaction to they had sufficient evidence, that by the Querist, they are at his and the offence of Adam his posterity your service. were made sinners; that all are by 1. The struggle which arises nature dead in trespasses and sins, from the checks of natural con. and so the children of wrath ; that science in an unrenewed mind, Christ was set forth as a propitia. will generally be found to be partion for sin ; that none can be re- tial as to its object, having respect ceived into heaven without regener- only to some particular sin or ation; that they, who are called, are sins, which may appear more heicalled of God according to his etere nous in their nature, or more dannal purpose ; that they who repent gerous in their consequences, than and believe, owe their repentance, others. The conflict, in this case, their faith, and their consequent sale is not with what the scriptures vation to grace ; if they had suffi. term the body of sin : whereas the cient evidence of these positions, struggle that originates in a prinso have we. If they had such evi- ciple of grace is against sin unidence of Christ's divinity, as ren- versally : its object is that the old dered it proper for them to consid- man (i.e. the old nature altogether him, as God, and to address er) may be put off with his deeds. him as the suitable object of divine It is far from being a mere strug. worship; then we have such evi- gle against prominent vices ; it is dence, as renders the same proper an opposition which prompts the for us. There was no considera- true christian to search out and tion to justify Thomas in calling pursue the foe, and wherein the Jesus, his Lord, and his God, and severest conflicts are with the ladying Stephen in offering prayer tent evils of the heart, such as to the ascended Saviour, which does pride, unbelief, selfrighteousness, not warrant and require believers want of submission to the divine now to honour him with the same will, &c. There is no hypocrisy, religious worship. The same allowed deceit, or indulgence of might be said of every christian any sin whatever, in the true spirdoctrine. As truth is unchangea. itual warfare. ble in its nature, its evidence re- . 2. The struggle between pasmains the same. To ancient be- sion and conscience in the breast lievers sufficient evidence was sal- of a natural man is generally unisfactory. It ought to be so to us. steady and variable. At certain I am your ever affectionate broth

seasons it is vigorous and strong ; CONSTANS. at other times faint and

at other times faint and feeble ; [To be continued.]

and then again, for perhaps a long

season, altogether suspended : From the Christian Observer.

whereas the conflict between na.

ture and grace, between the flesh Question.

and the Spirit, is more steady, " When there is a struggle in regular, and uniform. The true the mind between right and wrong, scliever, communing daily with

his own heart, and discover- and the grief of a fincere christianis ing with pain the secret work, to find in himself so many wayward ings of evil, gains increasing con- tempers and dispositions not duly vičtion of the importance of perse- subjected to its righteous and falu. vering opposition in patience, vig- tary control. Against these he ilance, faith, and prayer. His ap- maintains an habitual and serious plications to the Throne of Grace conflict, and not merely to avoid are daily renewed, and thus, the condemnation, but also the pol. strengthened with power and lution of fin ; Ao simply wishing might from above, he is enabled to secure future happiness, but lato maintain the good fight, not bouring to perfect holiness in the preluming to lay down his arms fear of God. In the ordinary till the days of his warfare (Job struggle, when the better principle riv. 14.) are ended.

seems for the moment to prevail, 3. The ordinary struggle in an and the duty pressed upon the conucrenewed mind originates chiefly science is performed, the obedience in fear, and is stronger in propor. is only like that of Saul, when he tion as the apprehension of danger forced himself to offer aburnt offer. is excited. It is, in fact, a strug. ing. When the solicitation to sin is gle between the judgment and the denied, it is but like the refusal of inclination, the one pointing out Balaam to go with the messengers the consequences; while the other of Balak, when he gladly would covers the pleasures, of fin ; the have accompanied them had he one prefting the importance and dared to do it. In short, to borrow neceffity, while the other shrinks a comparison, which I have fomefrom the performance of acknowl. where seen, whatever struggles an edged duties. There is nothing unrenewed man may have, fin is to in chis struggle, which shews either him like precious wares in the ship, hatred of lin, or love of the divine which are only thrown over board law. The truth is, the heart is not (and that as sparingly as possible) divorced from evil habits and at- in a storm : but to one of a spiritutachments, and is therefore secrets al mind it is as the stagnantand of. ly offended at the strictness, spirit. fensive water in the vessel, which uality, and extent of that law, the good mariner is affiduous to which condemns them : there is a pump out and clear away daily. latent displeasure in the soul, be. 4. Where the struggle between caufe fin and happiness are not right and wrong arifes only from made compatible. Now the con- the checks of natural conscience, it flia in a spifitual mind is ever at. is conducted, or carried on, by the tended with a hatred of sin, as a mere exertion of natural power thing evil in its nature, as well as the subject of it opposes solicitapernicious in its consequences. tions to evil, with purposes and refNot only the judgment condemns, olutions formed entirely in his own but the will opposes, and the af. strength : whereas, in the conflict fe&tions are withdrawn from it. between the flesh and the spirit, in The law of God, which in the oth- a renewed mind, the combatant is er case is matter of offence, is here strong in the grace that is in Christ not only acknowledged as holy Jesus. By the acting of faith, from and just, but approved as good : time to time renewed, on the Sait is the delight of the inward man: viour to whom he is by that vita! principle united, he derives renew. dially hated, and its opposition to ed supplies of that spirit of power the new man more acutely and and might, whereby alone he can painfully felt. It is not therefore effe&tually be strengthened in the à fair inference from the cominner man, to fight the good fight, plaints alluded to, that sin is not and to crucify the flesh with its af. mortified or weakened. The befections and lusts.

liever may expect the opposition of Lastly. From the struggles oc- the enemy, and count upon the concasioned by the merechecksof nat- tinuance of the conflict, till the hap. uralconscience no extensive or per- py period shall arrive when he will manent good effects ensue, How- receive the end of his faith, even the ever temptation may occasionally falvation of his soul. M. T. H. be resisted with effect, the power of the enemy is not broken or sub From the Religious Monitor.* dued ; nor is there produced in the mind any habitual vigilance,

There are many in the chriscircumspection, godly

tian world, who confine their re


jenlousy, fear, or abhorrence of evil. Sin,

flections on religion almost entire.

ly to its moral precepts ; while its in some form or other, still reigns in the mortal body, and is obeyed

doctrines are disregarded, as comin the lults thereof. But in the

paratively of little consequence,

By fome, these are entirely over. conflict, which arises from a prin

looked, as if they had been intend... ciple of grace in the soul, fubftan

ed only for the Itudy of the profefftial advantage is gained over the

ed Theologian ; and as if the beadversary: the malignity and de

lief of them had no connection with ceitfulness of lin are, in an increaf

the happiness of a future state. By ing degree, discovered, its secret

others, discussions concerning the motions are more clearly traced, and its subtle workings more effect

real import of particular paffages ually frustrated. The foul learns

of scripture, and the nature of the

do&rines deducible from them,are! more fully the importance of faith

little attended to ; these being con and prayer, of the continual use of

fidered as points, in the decifion of the christian armour, and of "look

which, the private christian is not ing unto Jesus.” By these means

materially interested. According. they that are Christ's are enabled

ly, if these men form for themto crucify the flesh with its affections and lults, so that all things

selves any system of opinions con

cerning the meaning of the doo-, belonging to the old man do grad. ually die in them, while all things

trines of scripture, they profefs to ♡

have no desire to convert others to bilonging to the new man live and grow in them.

the belief of their peculiar sentiThis statement is

ments. They leave every man to not to be considered as invalidated by the complaints of eminent chrif

be guided by the conviction of his

own mind ; and despife, as the big. : tians concerning the power of fin within them, by reason whereof

ots of a party, thofe who maintain

the necessity of believing, as the they yet groan being burdened.

only true doctrines, one class of It is to be considered that, in pro

- religious tenets. portion to a man's real growth in grace and holiness, fin not only will

It is hardly necessary to say any be more clearly seen, but more cor.

* A Periodical Work published at Edinburgh,

thing in refutation of the first of there are some things, which God these opinions. He, who can deny hath seen fil to reveal to us only in man’sobligation to believe the doc part. But we shall endeavour to tribes of the gospel ; who can re- prove that all, who allow christianject, as useless, those truths, which ity to be a divine revelation, mud conititute the very essence of christo acknowledge that the grand chara janity; and who can deprive its acteristick doctrines of the gospel, morals of their only pure and effi- original fin, the divinity and atonecient motives, deserves not the mentof Christ,justification through name of cbriftian. He despises the faith, and the other essential points, authority of God, andrefuses, with connected with these, in as far as dating ingratitude, the best bleff- they are necessary for enabling us ingsofrevelation; thecomforts and to apprehend them, are promulgat. hopes, which its doctrines inspire, ed in clear and unequivocal terms:

The second opinion however, in Before the gospel was preached, which it is maintained, that every mankind were involved in the most man may safely adopt his own deplorable darkness and uncertainviews of the doctrines of scripture, ty with regard to every particular; whether they actually accord with which concerned their present hopes its real intention or not, deserves and future happiness. Every thing our mare ferious consideration. was obscure, and much was entire This is an opinion, common to ly concealed. The placability of many professors of christianity. It God, the efficacy of repentance, has the appearance of much liberal and the existence of a future state, ity and candour ; and will certain were all doubted, even by the wif. ly be approved of by every one, who est and most enlightened heathens. takes only a superficial view of the Compassionating men , in this subject ; when attentively examin- wretched condition, God was ed, however, it will appear to be pleased to bring life and immorfounded on the following supposi- tality to light by the gospel ; to tion also. That the language of Niew them in a manner which fcripture on many of the essential could not be misunderstood, the doctrines of christianity is ambigu. sources of confolation, and the rule ous, that its import cannot be posi- of duty ; to point out the way of tively ascertained by the candid in- access to him, and to direct their quirer, and that nointerpretation of views to an eternal inheritance be. it, and no explanation of the mean- yond the grave. If, however, these ing of its doctrinescan be regarded, essential truths were not plainly as exclusively true. If, therefore, discovered ; if the language, in we can shew that this supposition is which they are expressed, even afunsupported, the opinion, built up- ter all the inveltigations of the on it, muft fall to the ground. learned, be full of ambiguity ;

Bş denying such assertions, how- where are the advantages of reve. ever, we must not be understood to lation? What light hath it shed on affirm, that the meaning of every a benighted world? What sure part of scripture is plain and obvi- consolation, what good hope hath ous. Many passages are necessari- it given to the fearful mind of ly obscure, from our imperfect guilty man? It hath declared to knowledge of the language and us indeed God's willingness to manners of the period, in which the pardon ; but hath left us, as be{acred books were written ; and fore, in total uncertainty about

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