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and began a more commodious church; uals is dressed till after the publick ser: but their indolence again soon prevail. vice: no perions are seen loitering aed. I repeated my declaration, adding bout ; there is but one business, and that in eigbt days I would leave them, that business the service of God. unless they increased their diligence. On the 22d of December, a number A most affecting scene followed. They of christians and heathen arrived from began to weep, and entreat me so impor various parts to be present at a baptif. tunately, that my heart melted within
mal solemnity. On the 24th, the adults me. I gave them my word I would not
to be baptized were examined. They leave them. Their joy was now exces
were four men, and twelve women. five. Many of them clasped their arms
Some questions were put to the children. round my neck, and I was convinced · One little girl between 8 and 9 years of they loved me more than I had imagin
agin, age, spoke for half an hour with great ed." In ten months 1 formed here a regular settlement. Our church will
a propriety. On the 25th, I baptized the
16 adults and 27 children. It was a hold 800 people; we have a good blessed season. On the 15th of Januadwelling house, and garden ; the bap- ry, 1803, I baptized three men, seven cized Hottentots have built them de
en women, and twenty four children. cent dwellings in the farmer's style; the This was two days before I left Zak heathen have small huts. We have a river for Europe. I left 83 baptized yard for our cattle enclosed with a high
people in the settlement; the whole wall, and fields of corn. While we were labouring to civilize these people,
population was about 600. the work of the Lord prospered in our
In the course of the year 1802, I had hands; some obtained a full assurance
a vilit from brother John Kock, who of their adoption. On the 3d of Oct.
with three of his Bootsuannas, and their 1802, I baptized four Hottentot men
families had travelled to Cape Town. and two women. They had the preced
He related to me a curious fact. He ing day, given a satisfactory confession
preached to the Bootsuannas, who are of our calvinistick creed, and that they
more intelligent than the Hottentots ; had found consolation in the truth. In
but for some time without any success. the evening we celebrated the Lord's
One rainy night, a Bootsuanna being in supper. Our new brethren and lifters
the field, and not succeeding in produce from the heathen partook with us, and ing
ing fire in the usual way by rubbing we felt perfectly united with them.
two sticks together, it came into his When leaving the chapel, it was affect
mind that he would pray to Jesus, ing to see how the Hottentots congrat.
whom he had heard could answer the ulated the new brethren, how they en
prayers of his people. To his surcouraged them to live entirely to Christ.
prise, the next attempt was successful. One exclaimed, embracing his new bap
This induced him to be more attentive tized friend, " Ah, my dear brother, let
to the gospel preached. He became a go the world, and its allurements ; they
hopeful convert. One of those, who are crucified to thee by the death of
attended Kock, was a chief, and asked Christ; live and fuffer for him, keeping
me many pertinent questions, as whethin remembrance your vows, and the ho
er the baptismal waters differed from ly Tri-une God will make good his
the rivers of Caffraria ; whether Jesus promise to you ; now you have nothing
was the faviour of Caffers as well as to do, but ask, and he will give you all
of Hottentots; how he could be God you need."
and man. He urged me to visit his At the close of this, and all sacred country, promised to prepare every days, it was affecting to see the whole thing for me, and aflured me it would congregation, immediately after service,
be the happielt day of his life when he dispersed over the fields and hills to
should see me at his Kraal. He even meditate, and pray over what they had
had offered to go with me over the great
outer heard. Wherever I went, I saw persons
water. engaged in solitary meditation, or lying
About the same time I had an agree on the ground, or behind the bushes, or able visit from brother Anderson, who between the clefts of the rocks, pouring informed me that the work of the Lord out their souls to God in prayer. On prospered at Great River. Lord's day no business is done; no vich On the 17th of January, I took lears
of my dear affectionate people at Zak Pecuniary contributions were in the river to take my passage for Europe.t first instance suggested and resorted to
as a means of procuring for the insti
tution sufficient funds to establish and The following “ account of tbe commencement
support it. A number of benevolent and progrefs of an Institution (founded
and respectable individuals adopted this Marib, 1803) for the relief of poor and def
- idea, and subscribed liberally in consetitute children, ibrougbout the Island of St.
Ds. quence of it. The Mount Olive Lodge Cbriftopber," drawn up by Mr. CLEM
of Frecmasons caught the charitable INT CAINES, cannot fail to interest and
and sympathy. Governed by and revealing gratify the best feelings of our readers.
75. their principles, which' fcorn the narWe are bappy in exhibiting /o valuable a row selfish policy of associations and document ; an example fo wortby tbe imie orders, they set an example of general tation of tbe friends of piety ond bumanity. benevolence, nolefs honourable to them.
A Train of affecting incidents about felves, than important to the institution, five months ago directed the attention "The Parochial Veltries of the colony of the community to the helplessness recognized the same impulse, and applia and suffering of children, who were ed to the relief of poor and destitute left by the death of their parents with children a part of the sums, which were out support or friends.
levied for indigence, whatever might be Their destitute and wretched condi- its claims upon charity or its abuse of tion became the subject of general con her benefactions. Loid Lavington, the versation and general pity. The com- governour of the leeward islands, being paffion, which it excited, influenced the apprised of the plan, which was in age publications of the day, and in conse- rarion to relieve the poorest and most quence of hints communicated in the helpless description of subjects to be papers, a meeting was proposed, at which met with in his government, manifested the humane and charitable might con- his respect for their claims by the libertribute their affistance, and digelt a plan ality of his donation. Actuated by for the relief of indigent children fimilar sentiments the Council and Althroughout the island.
sembly of the inland of Saint ChristoDear are the offices of humanity. pher voted for the furtherance of the Every person, who undertakes their dir
leesheir dis establishment the sum of three hundred
uds. charge, and every incident, which furthers their completion, it is delightful The plastick hand of charily moulds to notice. The signature, which con- every thing to its purposes. Not pecuvened the friends of infancy and indi- niary contributions alone but whateva gence, was that of William Thomson. er it possefles, whatever it can procure, The house at which they first assembled becomes a lund for the furtherance of was that of Doctor Armstrong. There its views and the accomplishment of its the benevolent difpofitions of the in- darling object. The phyfician's ikill, habitants of St. Christopher became man- the mechanick's labour, the confolations ifest, and to this source may be traced of the divine, are mixed and multiplied the numerous streams of charity, which bleilings, of which the avails herself to have spread themselves over the isand; mitigate the sufferings of the distreffed. which promise to diffuse relief and hap- in aid of the institution for relieving piness in all the directions they have af. poor and destitute children, their coinsumed, and through the whole extent, cidence was no less striking, than imover which they flow.
portant and praiseworthy. Although
it has been said, that to relinquish our erer's parting was very aff-sting; expe&ations is more painful than to The poor people wept bitterly. They laid hold
bestow, what we have acquired; yet of his hands, and said they could not let hiin
n. They said they would pray to God to bring This sacrifice was made by the profefhimn back soon; they thought they mus' dle if fion of phyfick for the furtherance of he did not r torn. They apprehendeıl their sins in not prizing his ministry occasioned his
charity. The characters most eminent departure. ' A gentlem in who saw them after in their profetlion, engaged gratuitously Mr. Kicherer's departnre, said that no person must mention his name to them, and it any
and in rotation to prescribe and furnith did, they wonld be affected and woep much. medicine for any of the children, who He promised then to return if possible. He left
might be afflicted with fickness. Nor London, Dec. 21. for Holland, expecting a page sage thence to the Cape very soon.
was the more important object, the Vol. I. No.4.
souls of the poor infants neglected, would offer itself fufficient to relieve all while their bodies were fhielded against their wants, calculated to provide cheap the consequences of disease. Scarce a and wholesome necessaries for the richi, clergyman in the island omitted to add and to obviate the fatal practices of to his pecuniary fu fcriprions the more those who deal in articles of indispensavaluable donation of his time, his anxie- ble neceflity. ty, and his personal exertions. Several From the bakers of every institution, tradesmen of note made a tender of similar to that established in St. Christotheir ikill and services. A master car- pher,might be obtained bread of the best penter offered to superintend, without quality, at a reduced price, that would any charge to the institution, the build- outweigh the established allize. From its ings, that might be necessary to furnith butchers might be obtained meat with the children with a commodious dwell. an equal superiority in quantity and ing, and appendant offices. A worthy goodness. From its woollen and linen and benevolent mason took upon him. drapers clothing recommended by the self the trouble of erecting their oven. same advantages. A correspondent And the printer of the Saint Christo saving would be the condition upon pher Advertiser requested, that the a- which they gave their custom to every mount of his charge for publications on other class of their tradesmen. And account of the establishment would be a participation in the profits of their accepted as his mite toward its sup- business would be stipulated for and port.
established in consideration of the patUpon the second meeting of : le con
ronage, and in return for being set up tributors to this benevolent and lauda
by the funds of the institution. ble institution a house for the reception All the baleful practices of trades, of the children became a subject of con- which prey upon and poison whom fideration; and the hiring of it, as well they feed, would be abolished. The as the procuing of proper instructors fraudulent baker, with his loaves of aland suitable attendants, was undertaken Jum finely groundíand, lime and poundby Mr. Hobfon the chairman.
ed beans, would forfit the custom, To the same benevolent character which he had duped and rendered the inftitution was indebted for the deadly. The butcher with his chalk scheme of a publick oven, from which fed blown up veal, would see his unthe children would be provided with natural aliment grow putrid in his bread of an increased weight and im- Thambles. While the moderate hard proved quality without any addition to working tradesman would insure a subthe price. The saving to the institu- fistence for his family during his life tion upon this article was considerable, and an asyluin for them at his death, and it was augmented by oiher profits, by dividing the profit, of his business which equally resulted from the senfi. with an institution, that had enabled ble and benevolent contrivance of Mr. him to undertake it with advantage and Hobson. A baker was set up in his profecute it with success. business with the funds of the establith
Ortentatioully to display the seducment, and recommended to customers
tive patronage of elevated characters is by the patronage of its friends. In return for their countenance and support,
the common artifice of trade to attract he dividid with the children of the in
custom. And yet the protegee is often ftitution the gains of his calling. This
so worthless, that to realize his hopes
is an encouragement to imposition and fource of income, added to the reduc
dilhonesty. And the patron is often fo tion of the price upon the article of bread, was confidered as tantamount to
bad a judge of merit, that to imitate his
example is an affront to discernment a fimple donation of three hundred
and taste. But the man, who gives his pounds per annum.
custom to the baker of a charitable inWhat a scene to refleeting and de- ftitution half the profits of whole bulighted bumaniy does this judicious ind finessis allotted to the support of poor and lucrative schemic unfold It presents destitute children, this benevolent purto her the hope, that out of a provision chaler confecrates an offering to charity made for the hungry, the niked, the withevery farthing he lays out, and stabAbel:erless and the deititute, an income lithes a claim to the bleiling of heaven
with every morsel he puts into his own fare of the children, every subscriber to mouth, or provides for the mouths of the establishment became a member of bis family.
it by the mere act of contribution. If pompous titles are to be adopted
However trifling what he beltowed; as baits for custom, let the fplendid
yet his donation was received as an ear. character, which points out an alliance
nest of good will, that gave him a right with virtue, be allumed by the tradef
to interfere in the concerns of the insti
tution. Although his pecuniary aid men who are connected with charita
was inconsiderable, his zeal and activi. ble institutions and can boast of their patronage. Could it be inferred from
ty might be of importance; or his talthe inscription over his shop, that a
ents might suggest to the liberality and bakcr contributed to the support of poor
opulence of others, what the narrowand destitute children three hundred
ness of his own income forbid him to
attempt. pounds a year out of the profits of his bufiness in a small and not very populous
All the branches of the insular egifWest Indian Wand, every passenger as
lature were particularly nominated he went by would blets the man and
members of the institution, and many of invoke b'eilings on his trade. The
them, individually a well as collective.
ly, afforded it the molt esential service. heart of every purchaser while he con
The commander in chief of the leetemplated the loaf which he had bought would overflow with virtuous fenfibili.
ward islands shed a lustre on the estabty. "I, even l,” the poor widow would
lithinent by accep ing the office of its an hundred times repeat to herself, as
president. But the brilliant acquisition the surveved her daily bread, “ have
of a governour's name and rank was contributed to the feeding of a multi
foon forgot in the private patronage and tude of little ones, whose parents left
personal feelings of Lord Lavington.
To there a debt is owing that acknowlthem as deftitute as mine would be were I to die tomorrow As mine would be,
edgments can never pay nor humanity if this humane establishment were not
While rank was solicited, and patronopen for their reception, when deprived of the stay, which my feeble age and
age obtained, the important and fingu
lar service, which could be rendered to triling earnings afford them.”
the institution by the female part o' the Etablishments, upon the plan of the community, was not neglected. The inftitution for the relief of poor and def- ladies of the island were requested to titute children, often moulder away direct toward it their attention, and to from the indifference and neglect of bestow on it a portion of the animated Those, who undertake or are appointed perseverance, with which they proseto their superintendence. Officious in- cure whatever they undertake. This terineddling is little to be apprehended. has been granted.' And to the ladies Malignant interference less. Caution of Saint Christopher the children of the therefore in the nomination of regula. institution are indebted for a number of tors is as superfluous in fact as specious conveniences, which the coarser talents in opinion. It is an imposing term that of men are little adapted to contrive or Dever applies to the subject. The ma procure. terial consideration is to ensure a sufficient number of zealous, active mem- Although the number of persons enbers, who will invariably devote to its titled to take a part in transacting the lupport their time and their anxiety business of an institution, that has for its To accomplish this object every barrier object the support and education of to allistance or even advice tould be re- children, cannot be too studioully enmored, and the certainty of obtaining a larged: yet it is necessary that particuTulficient number of lienevolent coop- lar superintendants and instructors erators ought to be ensured by the ac- should be carefully selected. In conceptance, nay invitation of all. If some forinity with this principle, twenty four abfeat themselves others will attend. If superintendants were appointed to infome are negligent nthers will be allid. spect the treatment and tuition of the vous.
children. This task they performed in That no one who had the ability or rotation and for a stated period. Six inclination to be useful might be ex- undertook it for the first month. The duded from taking a part in tbe wel- fame number succeeded ihein for the fame time, until the whole twenty four peals it was in great measure owing that had discharged their duty in turn the attention of the publick became atThere was in this manner kept up a reg. tracted toward the objects of the charular series of select guardians, who with ity. In the progress of the establishout interruption watched over and pro. ment, his attendance and assiduity were vided for the welfare and instruction of unremitting. His communications and the children.
hints frequent and valuable. But upon In all cases where business is to be the reception of the children into the transacted, the object of which is per. house provided for their relidence, the manent, it will be found neceilary to interelt, which he took in their wel. fix upon ftited periods for its confidere fare, consummated the humane and wire ation and arrangement. To meet this tuous talk in which he had engaged. necessity it was laid down as a rule by He assumed the office of a guardian, the institution, that the subscribers to and submitted to the duties of a schoolits support should assemble on the first master. While he watched over the Monday of every month to suggest and morals and trained the hearts of the establith wild rever changes, or addition- children to virtue, he instructed them al regulations 'e lapse of time or an in the humblest rudiments of science ; alieration of circumstances might have taught them their letters and their almade requisite. And as occasional bu- phabet ; and fingularly contrived to finels, not admitting of delay, might oc- render the art of writing an amusing cur during the course of the month, it preliminary and neceffary vehicle 10 was on emergencies per visible for any the art of reading. No less than thirty three of the subscriters tu convoke a pupils are at this instant reaping the general meeting, by inserting for that fruit of his benevolence and instruction. purpose a nctice in the publick paper Such is the number of destitute chilfour days before the meeting asembled. dren, who are already admitted to eve
The grand defideratum in this and ry privilege that humanity could desire every similar institution remained how. for her favourites, or wisdom suggest in ever fill to be sought for. No person conformity with her views. They are had yet presented himself, who would all of them lodged and clothed, fed, be answerable for the general, constant, taught and creaied, with greater atten. and uninterrupted care of the children. tion to health, comfort, lafety, morals The superintendants were occasional and learning, than falls to the lot of most visitors and inspectors ; but there was of those, whore parents pay dearest for required a fixed, residentiary guardian the education of their offspring. Conand instructor, who would dedicate to tent and happiness appear in every then the whole of his time, rendered face. Docility and obedience are allied more precious by his anxiety. Who with cheerfulness and pleasure. A few would consecrate his talents and solici. days have wrought a visible improve tude to their improvement in virtue, ment in the manners, seemingly in the knowledge and behaviour. This was difpofitions, of the children. The foupan obstacle to the completion of the dations of morality are already laid. plan that se med infurmcuntable. Nor A proficiency in useful literature and in would it have be n surmounted, but for the habiis of useful industry is begun, the boundless philanthropy of Doctor and promises soon to complete every Bly h. He devored hinself to the task. object of a plan, equally judicious and Here therefore perhaps occurs the fit. charitable. Of a plan that has been test occasion for recapitulating and ac- instituted for the relief of the destitute knowledging the multiplied services, and helpless, the information of the igwhich Dr. Blyth has rendered the initi- norant, and the amendment of the diffotution.
lute and mischievous..! Tohisliterary communications and ap. (To be concluded in cur next.)
for the purpose of announcing the ar. A LINE of TelEGRAPAS, it is said, rival of thips bound to Liverpool, and will be established, at the expense of in- of procuring pilots. Another line has dividuals, from Liverpool to Holyhead, been suggested from Liverpool to Hull,