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cob wrestled all night, and as a to relieve the sufferings of his prince with God he prevailed; creatures ; that he is not subject so that God turned away from to passions, which can be moved him and his feeble family the in- by our entreaties; that all things veterate and fearful hatred of his are fixed in the counsel of divine brother Esau. In the contest of wisdom ; that the Disposer of Israel with Amalek, when Moses, events will not swerve from his as a signal of prayer, lifted up his course or change his counsels in rod, Israel prevailed; when he let consequence of our supplications. down the rod, Amalek prevailed. To these cavils we may reply; How often did Moses, by his that the moral character and disimportunate prayers, turn away position of creatures are ever taGod's wrath from the rebellious ken into the account to ascertain, Israelites, and prevent their utter what shall be the course of divine destruction. In the same way administration towards them. Joshua removed from the camp Froward and ungrateful men are of Israel the shame and curse, fit only for angry visitations. The which had befallen them before humble and thankful are prepar. the city Ai. By prayer Samuel ed for the reception and right use brought thunder and rain to ter- of mercies. It is the established rify and humble the rebellious course of God's moral governtribes; and, at another time, dis- ment, that while we walk concomfited the mighty hosts of the trary to him in acts of disobedie Philistines, when they were rea- ence, he will walk contrary to us dy to overwhelm the Israelites. in severe rebukes ; but when we « Elijah was a man subject to walk dutifully before him, in like passions as we are ; and he faith and prayer, he will make his prayed earnestly that is might face to shine upon us, and as far not rain, and it rained not for the as shall be profitable, confer upspace of three years and six on us the blessings of the life months. And he prayed again, which now is, and that which is and the heaven gave rain, and to come. Corrections are sent the earth gave forth her fruit." to produce a spirit of repentance We might bring into view many and prayer. When this dispoother worthies, whose great suc- sition is produced, the way is cess in prayer is recorded for prepared either to remove the our instruction and encourage- evils we feel, or to impart to us quent.
countervailing supports and con. But positive as the proofs are solations. The system of provifrom experience and the word of dence is, indeed, fixed ; and God God, that prayer is a fundamen- will not swerve from it. But tal duty, which ever yields the this is an argument for the use of most beneficial effects; yet this prayer ; because prayer is an es. pious exercise is often slighted sential, leading part of this sys. and neglected, and sometimes as- tem. Deliverance and salvation saulted with the language of im- are to be wrought out in answer pious objection. It is alleged to prayer. Prayer is an importe against this duty, that God knows ant link in the chain of events, our wants without the aid of our When omitted, the aspect of petitions ; that he is ever ready providence will be dark and
threatening. When duly per- contrary, it animates them to a formed, there will be a succes- more vigorous performance of sion of gracious interpositions, other duties. An unwavering diffusing light, and peace, and belief that God works for us, and joy through the habitations of will readily interpose in answer bumble suppliants. Prayer is to our prayers, will excite us to the means of obtaining the most joint prayers and labours, as the valuable benefits for those, who instituted way to obtain for ourpiously wait upon God.
selves and others, all necessary How unfounded, then, and im- favours. With all good men inpious are the objections, which dustry and prayer will be insepainfidels make against the holy rably connected, and go hand in ordinance of prayer. The pious hand through the Christian life. soul will abhor objections, which Let us then wisely appreciate would prevent his most delights the importance of prayer, and se. ful exercises, and cut him off riously weigh the arguments we from his best resources. He have to quicken us to the perwill never imagine, that he has formance of this duty. These employed the proper course of arguments should prompt us to means to obtain needed blessings, fervent and incessant prayer in before he has joined to all his our secret retirements, in our other endeavours fervent and un- families, with smaller collections vearied prayer.
of friends, and in public assemThe pious man in sickness blies. We should pray always will employ the prescriptions of with all prayer, and intercession, the physician. But he will con- and thanksgiving; remembering, sider these means, as very defec- “ that praying breath was never tive, without adding his own spent in vain." prayers and the prayers of his Do any despise, or neglect this Christian friends for a divine bles- solemn duty ? Are their closets sing upon the remedies applied, never witnesses to the fervent and, especially, for pardon and breathings of their souls after spiritual healing. The devout God their Saviour ? Are their husbandman will diligently till houses seldom perfumed with the the ground. But the principal sweet incense of the morning and means to secure the reward of evening sacrifice? Are they ofhis labour will be, humble, duti- ten absent from the sanctuary? ful prayer to the Lord of the har. Or do they attend as idle specta. vest. The virtuous citizen will tors of the holy exercises of apply his counsels, his exertions, Christian devotion? Do their afand his property to avert impend- fections take no part in the suping public evils; but be will con- plications and praises offered up sider that only a small part of his to the supreme God and adorable duty is done, until he goes to Redeemer? Do their spirits wanGod, and wrestles with him in der from God, while their bodies prayer, to turn away his anger are present in his house? What from his people.
contempt do they cast upon the · Prayer does not generate best means of safety and happi. sloth, nor lead people idly to wait ness. How do they reproach upon God for favours. On the the word, the providence, and the
grace of their Creator, Preserver, all who believe in God, and love Benefactor, and Redeemer, and our Lord Jesus Christ, unite in cut themselves off from the rich their humble addresses to the est privileges and purest joys. throne of grace, that God would
When publick worship and fami- be pleased to revive his work in ly prayer have most generally pre- the midst of these years; that he vailed; then have the people been would pour out his Spirit upon most distinguished in all moral his people, and his blessing upon virtues and Christian graces, then their offspring ; that he would have they been blessed with do- create in us a new heart and mestic comforts, and with social a new spirit, and thus make us a and national privileges. The people of his praise. Thus saith neglect of prayer is ever accom- the Lord God, I will yet for this panied with the decay of godli- be inquired of by the house of Ise ness, and the prevalence of those racl to do it for them. follies and crimes, which are the
ASAPR. infamy of individuals and the ru. in of the community. When a people cease to pray, God will
For the Panoplist. cease to bless, the glory of the QUACKS IN VARIOUS WALKS Lord will depart from them.
OF LIFE. • The fathers of our country . QUACKERY is generally apwere eminent for their Christian plied to the medical profession; profession and their virtuous a quack is a physician, who praclives. They fled to this land, tises without skill or judgment; that they might pray to God ac- but there are quacks in other cording to his word, without re- professions. Every man may proach or molestation. Here be considered a quack, who prethey planted themselves, and tends to more merit, than he posmade the wilderness vocal with Sesses ; who seeks more praise, their prayers and thanksgiving than he deserves. By prayer they secured the rich - A minister of religion, who est privileges, both civil and re- represents his brethren, who are ligious, to themselves and their equal to hiinself, as materially deposterity. If we would enjoy fective in knowledge; literature, the inheritance received from charity, and talents, is indubitathem, and transmit it down, un- bly a quack. By depressing othimpaired and meliorated, to our ers he intends to be considered offspring ; let us copy the ex- himself, as one eminently disamples of our pious forefathers, tinguished for genius, catholiand become men of prayer. If cism, and goodness. On the we seek him diligently, we shall other hand, the moaning enthufind him. If we forsake him, he siast, who traverses the country, will forsake us. The revival of telling strangers, without any just family religion, the devout at- reason, how dear they are to his tendance of people on public wor- heart, how his eyes weep, and his ship, the due observance of the heart bleeds on their account, Sabbath, and the pure rites of is doubtless a quack. If he be reChristianity are the only sure ally concerned for their welfare, pledges of divine favour. Let let him “ weep for them in secret
places" without boasting of it.
For the Panoplist, If he love them, let him prove it ON THE MANNER IN WHICH by his actions ; if he be doing CHRISTIANS ARE TO TREAT much for them, let them discov AN EXCOMMUNICATED BROer it by their own observation, or THER. by experiencing the benefits. If In the 1st Epist.to Cor.chap, v. he deserve much, let another verses 9, 10, 11, Paul, referring man praise him, and not his own to the case of an incestuous man, Lips.
thus writes ; “I wrote unto you A professor of religion, who in an epistle, not to company makes mournful faces, who tells with fornicators. Yet not altohow much he has improved in gether with the fornicators of grace by afflictions and other in this world,” i. e. of the heathen structions, it may be presumed is world, “ or with the covetous, or a quack. He, that often pro- extortioners, or idolaters; for claims how bad he was, and how then ye must needs go out of the good he is; how impious he world. But now I have written once was, and how devout and unto you not to keep company, if godly he now is, may be suspect any man that is called a brother ed of a design to pass now for be a sornicator, or covetous, or an more, than he is worth ; he is a idolater, or a railer, or an extorspiritual quack. Such also are tioner, with such an one no not those, who, while they overreach to eat.” in their bargains, neglect the pay. The question here is, What is ment of just debts, and omit ma- that eating with an excommuniny duties of religion and human- cated brother, which the apostle ity, are yet incessantly talking of disallows ? ministers, and sermons, and or First ; It cannot be eating at thodoxy, and faith.
the Lord's table, for the excomA friend, who makes profes, munication itself is an exclusion sion of entire devotion to your from this. And besides ; the service, who often inquires, what eating intended is such as heahe can do for your benefit, but thens may be adroitted to ; but never takes a step in your service, these, however moral in their who inquires, what is necessary lives, cannot, while they remain to your comfort, but never be- unbelievers, be admitted to eat stows a cent, though in many in- with Christians at the Lord's stances he must know your pres- table. sing wants, evidently designs to Secondly; It cannot be eating obtain credit for more, than he at a common table, for then, as performs, more applause than he the apostle observes concerning actually deserves. He intends a refusal to company with heathat professions shall be reckon- thens,“ we must needs go out of ed as genuine friendship, and the world.” As the case might empty words, as useful actions. happen, the wife must not eat
All these are quacks in differ- with her husband, nor the chile ent forms.
dren with their parent. The BETA. laws of Christ were never intend
ed to interfere with domestick orVol. I. No. 6.
der or with common civility and in those ancient times it was hospitality. Our Lord has told common for people to make sous, that the offending brother, cial feasts, to which they invited who cannot be reclaimed by the their special friends, that they discipline of the church, is to be might eat and converse together to us as a hecthen man and a pub- in testimony of mutual regard lican. And. He never refused to and confidence. To such feasts sit down at a common meal with antong the Jews our Saviour ofpublicans and sinners. He con- ten alludes. Such convivialities demned the rigour of the Jews in among the heathens the apostle excluding such persons froin often mentions. And on such their tables. And he would not festivities made by heathens be prescribe to his church a rule of allows Christians to attend. He conduct, which he disapproved says to the Corinthians, “ If any in the Jews, and refused to adopt of them, who believe not, bid you in his own practice. The reason to a feast, and ye be disposed to why he ate with publicans and go, whatsoever is set Before you, sinners was, that by his courteous eat, asking no question for conmanners and instructive conver- science' sake. But if any man sation he might bring them to say to you, this is offered in sacrepentance. They were sick, rifice to idols," and thus intiand needed a physician. The mates a scruple, whether you apostle directs the Thessalonian ought to eat it, “ cat not for his Christians, “to note the disor- sake that shewed it, and for conderly brother, and have no com• science'sake. Conscience, I say, pany with him, that he may be not thine own, but the other's," ashamed.” But he cautions for though I know, that an idol them not to carry this matter too is nothing, and makes the meat far ; “ Count him not as an ene- neither better nor worse, and my, but admonish him as a therefore on my own accourt brother." This does not import have no scruple to eat, yet all a denial of common courtesy and men have not this knowledge and civility.
discernment ; " and why is my What then is the eating for. liberty judged of another man's bidden in the passage under con- conscience ?" i.e. why is my libsideration ?
erty so used, as to be judged and · Let it be remarked, that what condemned by the conscience of is principally forbidden is keeping my scrupulous brother? company, commixing, associa- With respect to eating in an ting, maintaining special and par- idol's temple, the apostle disalticular intiinacy with such a per- lows it generally ; for though an son ; for so the Greek word, idol is nothing, yet such a pubDurgavautiyruebas, used here, and in lick act might give general ofthe 2d Epist. to the Thessalonians fence to Christians, as carrying properly signifies. On this word too great an appearance of a rithe force of the prohibition lies ; lapse to idolatry. But with re. and the eating disallowed is such spect to the private festivities of a kind of eating, as implies this heathens, Christians need not intimate mixing, associating and scruple to attend them, except keeping coinpany.
where they found, that their at