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disputed as those propofitions the author endeavours to ftate involve, we can only fay, that some of the absurd consequences, the writer has treated them with which follow upon the denial of perfpicuity, and has been very the doctrine ; such as making the happy in his corroborative quotawill of God dependent on a creations from scripture.
ture, the uncertainty of human Before he enters on the second salvation, and that the salvation head of his subject, he makes a few of every particular man origipra&ical remarks, which tend to nates with himself. . prove that the doctrine of election The discourses are then conclude
is not so discouraging as some ed with thewing the importance would represent it."
of the doctrine, and the place is In the second discourse, the point holds in the scheme of christiani. to be established is this, “ That a ty, with a few practical remarks. certain great and glorious number The extracts, already made from were elected by God, in his eternal the discourses, will serve as a specia counsel and purpose from the rest men of the author's style, which is of fallen mankind, to be in time plain and perspicuous, and forms a effe&ually called and justified, in striking contrast with many of the order to their being finally brought polished sermons of the present day. to eternal life and glory; and this. We must do the author the jufout of his mere good pleasure, and tice to observe, that a spirit of pie. for the praise of his glorious ty, and christian zeal pervades the grace." To confirm this point, whole work; and that his discoursthe author brings many Atriking es are exempt from any severity, or passages from the New Testament, invective against the oppofers of which appear to us strong and for. his sentiments. To use his own cible, and oblige us to conclude words, he appears to have taken with him, that the doctrine treated “this subject in hand, not from a of, - is no scattered, single, or in- love of controversy or fondness to dependent article, but runs along oppose the schemes of others, but with the tream of the bible." from a sincere desire to fulfil the
The object of the third discourse ministry of the Lord Jesus.” N. is to attempt to clear the doctrine of misrepresentations and objec- Sermons : by William JAY, 8vo. tions. The subject of this discourse p p. 478. Boston, printed for must be highly interesting to every B. and J. Homans, by David one ; for where is the mind, which Carlisle. First American, from is at any time employed on ferious the second London Edition. subjects, that is not desirous of hav. 1805. ing its objections removed, and of From the multitude of books, being confirmed with regard to the which are continually issuing from truth or absurdity of the above, the presses in Great Britain, it were mentioned doctrines? How far to be wished, that our American Mr. C. has succeeded in removing booksellers were always as judis objections, or confirming the truth cious in their selections for reprintof his subject, we must refer our ing in this country, as the publisha readers to the work to judge for ers of this volume. With much themselves.
satisfaction we introduce to the A-, In the fourth and last fermon, merican publick, a work in no Vol. I. No. 1.
common degree interesting and in another extreme, and to draw an un-
warrantable conclusion respecting the structive. It consists of twenty
state of religion, and the number of its four sermons on the following sub
adherents ; and even wise men, and jects : Mistakes concerning the num. good men, are liable to this. “Wot ber of the righieous ; The triumphs ye not what the scripture saith of Eliof patience ; Vows called to rememe as ? how he maketh intercession to God
against Israel, saying, Lord, they have brance ; the nature of genuine relig
& killed thy prophets, and digged down ion; The young admonished ; The thine altars; and I am left alone, and golpel demands, and deserves atten. they seek my life. But what saith the tion ; The sufferings of our Saviour answer of God unto him? I have renecessary; The condemnaiion of felf- se
who have not bowed the knee to tho will; The secure alarmed; On prog
rmed; Un prog- image of Baal.”
p. 9, 10. ress in religion ; The privileges of the
Our author then undertakes" to righteous ; The conditions of chrif
examine the opinion that reduces tians in the world ; Concupiscence
the number of the righteous ;" to punished ; Hope ; The.parable of the
“lay open the various sources from two fons ; Christian diligence; The
which it proceeds," that “ by difabuse of divine furbearance ; Allure covering the cause,” he might the ance ; Domestick, happiness ; Happi- more successfully « prescribe tho nefs in death; Service done for God cure." This opinion fometimes rewarded; The disappointments of
ded; the disappointineris grows out of “the peculiar state life ; Neutrality in religion exposed ;; of our own minds," sometimes it. The family of our Lord.
originates from “ observing multiFrom the discourses on these im- plied inltances of false profession,” portant subjects, we shall select such
but more frequently it is “ derived passages as shall at once exhibit a
from the righteous themselves." fair specimen of the sentiments and
Five things, he conceives, “ have manner of the author, and furnish
influence in producing it: The obe rich entertainment to our readers. fcurity of their ftations : the diffi.
The frit dilcourte, is on, the dence of their disponions; the man“ Milakes concerning the number of meron
wer of ner of their conversion ; the diversity ibe righteous ;” which is thus hap- of their opinions and the imperfec: pily introduced.
tions of their character.” We se. Who can understand his errours ? lect his illustration of the fourth of How numerous, how various, how op- .
these topicks, as a specimen of the posite to each other, ure the mistakes " of mankind! The livesend the language christian candour of our author. of many seem to implya full persuasion, The difference of opinion which prethat there is very little evilia sin ; that Fails among christians, has frequently the difficulties of religion are by no occasioned a diminution of their nummcans great ; that it is an easy thing ber. Indeed, the readiest way in the to be a christian ; that if there be a world to thin heaven, and replenish the hell, few are wicked enough to be turn. regions of hell, is to call in the spirit of ed into it; and that the generality of bigotry. This will immediately ar. our fellow creatures are in a fair way raign, and condemn, and execute all for heaven. This persuasion is as false tbat do not bow down and worship the as it is fatal. "Enter ye in at the image of our idolatry. Possessing exstrait gate : for wide is the gate, and clusive prerogative, it rejects every broad is the way which leadeth to de- other claim; o stand by, I am ‘sound. struction, and many there be which go er' than thou.” “The temple of the in thereat: because strait is the gate, Lord, the temple of the Lord, the tema and narrow is the way that leadeth ple of the Lord are we!" How mann utolife, and few there be that find it.” of the dead has this intolerance sens
It is possible, however, to fall into tenced to eternal misery, who will
Shine forever as stars in the kingdom of and putting on the new man, which af our Father! How many living charac. ter God is created in righteousness and ters does it reprobate as enemies to the true holiness ;” it is walking “even as cross of Christ, who are placing in it he walked.” “If any man have not all their glory. No wonder if under the spirit of Christ, he is none of his." the influence of this consuming zeal, And to pass to the opposite side, we we forin lessening views of the number should also remember, that men do not of the saved. " I only am left." Yes, always live according to the naturaltenthey are few indeed, if none belong to dency and consequences of their creed. them that do not belong to your party ; Some hold sentiments very injurious to that do not see with your eyes ; that holiness, who are not wicked men; do not believe election with you, or u. their hearts are better than their opinniversal redemption with you; that do ions; their principles give their connot worship under a steeple with you, sciences a liberty to sin, which they er in a meeting with you ; that are not refuse to take ; and their practice is dipped with you, or sprinkled with you. adorned with good works, which their But hereafter we shall find that the system by no means requires. No one nghteous were not so circumscribed, can imagine that I mention this with when we shall see, “ many coming a view to countenance or palliate the from the east, and from the west, from adoption of such sentiments. They the north, and from the south, to sit blaspheme every line in the bible, and down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, are always injurious in a degree ; but in the kingdom of heaven." Do I plead where they happen to fall in with a love for an excessive candour? The candour of sin, the effect is dreadful ; where which regards all sentiments alike, such a poisonous infusion is imbibed, and considers no errour as destructive, and not counteracted by a singular pois no virtue. It is the offspring of ig- tency of constitution, the consequence porance, of insensibility, and of cold in- is certain death. p. 19, 20, 21. difference. The blind do not perceive The following observations, in the difference of colours ; the dead his application of the discourse, are derer dispute ; ice, as it congeals, aggregates all bodies within its reach,
at no time unseasonable, in no however heterogeneous their quality. chriltian community inapplicable. Every virtue has certain bounds, and “My brethren, the best evidence when it exceeds them, it becomes you can give of your integrity, is free. a vice ; for the last step of a virtue, and dom from the prevailing, fashionable the first step of a vice, are contiguous. vices and follies of the times and plac
But surely it is no wildness of can- es in which you live. A dead fish can dour, that leads us to give the liberty ewiin with the stream, but a live one we take; that suffers a man to think only can swim against it. The influfor luimself unawed ; and that con- ence of one man over another, is truly cludes he may be a follower of God, wonderful; the individual is upright; tough he follow not with us. Why his connections give him all his wrong stould we hesitate to consider a man bias. Alone, he forms good resolu. a christian, when we see him abhor. tions; when he enters the world they ring and forsaking sin; hungering and are broken, “like as a thread of tow is thirsting after righteousness; diligent broken when it toucheth the fire.” It in approaching unto God; walking“ in is not ignorance, but a cowardly shame, newness of life ;” and discovering a that kecps many in a state of indecis. spirituality of temper, a disposition for ion, “halting between two opinions." devotion, a deadnese to the world, a They know what is right, and would benevolence, a liberdity, such as we gladly partake of the believer's safety; seldom find in those high toned doc. but they have not fortitude enough to trmalists, who regard themselves as encounter the reproach, which in one the only advocates for free grace ?, And form oranother,always attends an adheby the way, it is not a system of notions, rence to the cause of Jesus Christ. Othhowever good, or a judgment in divine ers, who had made some pleasing prothings, however clear, that will consti- gress, have been easily deprived by a tute a christian. It is a transformation laugh, or a sneer, of all their religion. by the renewing of the mind; it is a Not to " bow the knee to Baal,” when Putting syftbe old man with his deeds, all adore himn : to step forth with our
June, family behind us, and say to our neigh- ciples in the minds of his audience, and bours, and our relations, “ Choose you peculiarly of his pupils; and not at all this day whom ye will serve, but as for to attack, or characterize personis.” me and my house, we will serve the Taking the following appropriate Lord;" to withstand in a pious cause, text, “ Å man that doth violence to the the influence of example ; to keep our blood of any person, shall free to the pit ; way when we see an adverse multitude let no man slay him :" the preacher exapproaching us ; to pass through the hibits to view, in a manner that would midst, unshrinking, as we feel the seemingly overpower any mind with scourge of the tongue, this is no easy conviction, the folly, the guilt, and the thing; thisis principle in triumph; and mischiefs of duelling. this christian heroism is not only com. Before the stern and awful majesty mendable, but necessary. Do not say, of truth, the duellist stands appalled therefore, if we do this, we shall be and confounded; the blood stained lausingular. If you are christians, you rels are torn from his brow : his pleas MUST be singular ; it is the grand de- and excuses vanish like vapours from sign, the unavoidable consequence of the presence of the sun ; his egregious the gospel. Read the character of its folly is made manifest; the rankness of followers : “ Ye are not of the world, his offence against God and man, is seen even as I am not of the world." Ex. in the strong colours of reason and aramine its commands i “Be not con- gument, aided by sublime eloquence. formed to this world, but be ve trans. In the mind of the reader, the alter. formed by the renewing of the mind.” nate emotions of indignation and hor. Weigh the condition of its dignities for, suddenly give place to the angaish and privileges : “Come ye out from a- of unavailing grief and compassion. mong them, and be ye separate, and The “uncovered coffin” appears to touch not the unclean thing; and I will view; the bloody corpse is plainly seen. receive you, and be a father unto you, There is beheld a train of bereaved and and ye shall be my sons and daughters, broken hearted relatives ; the father saith the Lord almighty.” My dear of the wretched victim of false honour, hearers, the language is too plain to be “fixed in motionless sorrow;" the momisunderstood; the meaning too awful ther, “ wrung with agony.” A group to be trified with. Decide, and decide still more affecting is presented; the immediately. “ Withdraw yourselves reader wets the page with tears. from these men,” before a common per “Turn thine eyes, next,” solemnly dition involves you all. If with them exclaims the preacher to the bloody you will sin, with them you must suffer. victor, « on the miserable form, surThey who followed the multitude rath. rounded by a cluster of helpless and er than Noah, were drowned in the wretched children, see her eyes roll flood. They who followed the multi. with phrenzy, and her frame quivering tude rather than Lot, were destroyed with terrour. Thy hand has made her in the cities of the plain. They who a widow, and her children orphans. followed the multitude rather than At thee, though unseen, is directed Joshua and Caleb, perished in the wil. that bewildered stare of agony. At derness ; and as it was then, so it is thee she trembles ; for thee she lis. now; “as for such as turn aside to tens ; lest the murderer of her hus. their crooked ways, the Lord will lead band should be now approaching to them forth with the workers of ini. murder her children also. quity." . (To be continued.) “She, and they, have lost their all.
Thou hast robbed them of theirsupport, LITERARY NOTICE.
their protector, their guide, their so.
lace, their hope. In the grave all these Doctor Dwight's sermon on Duelling: blessings have been buried by thy
This sermon, though very lately hand.” printed, was preached last September, The superior elegance of its lanin the College Chapel at New-Haven. guage, is but the smallest part of the " It was no part of the design of any merit which this discourse possesses. observ:tions made in it to refer to any While it enchains attention, it informs particular events or persons.” “ The the understanding; while it awakens sole object” of the preacher (as by him the indignant, and sympathetick pas. Helfexpressed) “ was to establish prin- sions, it convinces the judgment and
corrects the heart. In the clear and tions. Did this happen by chance, or awful light of the sacred oracles, it dis. is it not a manifest, as well as an ad. plays the horrible turpitude, as well am mirable, indication o: a divine super. the direful consequences, of the crime, intendence ? Derham i. 310. which, in some parts of even this chris. tian country, has been “ vindicated,
RELIGION. bonoured, and rewarded, by common consent, and undisguised suffrage,"
RELIGION, viewed at a proper "among those who filled the superior
point of sight, hath a very beautiful ranks of society." Connect. Courant.
face. It is innocent and very careful not to hurt any body, or, doing it inad.
vertently, is uneasy till it hath made FRAGMENTS.
him amends. It always means well, PROVIDENCE.
and does as well as ever it can. If it Ix what extreme confusion must
offends, it wants to be reconciled; the world for ever have been, but for
confesses its faults ; prays to be for the variety, which we find to obtain in
given ; is desirous to be informed ; is the faces, the voices, and the hand
less adventurous ; more circumspect ; writings of men ! No security of per
sensible of its own frailty ; forgives Bon, no certainty of possession, no jus
every body; abounds in good will; tice between man and man, no distinc
delights in good offices; keeps itself tion between good and bad, friends and
clean ; is pleased with itself; looks foes, father and child, husband and
cheerful ; 'is cheerful! Why, then, wife, male and female. All would
will any one be so indiscreet, as to have been exposed to malice, fraud,
dress this lovely form in such a frightforgery, and lust. But now, man's
ful manner, as to terrify the beholder, face can distinguish him in the light,
instead of inviting him to embrace it. his voice in the dark, and his hand
(Dr. Newton's Sermon on the Ministe writing can speak for him, though ab. rial Duty.) sent, and be his witness to all genera
FOREIGN From the mass of information before prayer. The Hottentots inquiring the bis, we select for this number the fol. meaning of such an action, were inform. towing articles.
ed, it was done to obtain the blessing MISSIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA.
of Almighty God, that their neglect of Tuz London Missionary Society this God was the cause of theirwretchwas established in 1795. The ninth edness. This so forcibly impressed number of their Transactions, contains these poor heathen, that they immedia fery interesting narrative of the Rev. ately sent to the government of the Mr. Kicherer's mission to the Hotten- Cape for gospel instructors. There tots, which has already appeared in they met several missionaries, just arsome American periodical works.
rived from Europe. So remarkable a From this we learn that Mr. Kicherer. coincidence of circumstances left no with Messrs. Vanderkemp, Edwards,
doubt in the minds of the missionaries and Edmonds, embarked in Dec. 1798. respecting their duty. On the 22d of for the Cape of Good Hope, where May several of them left Cape Town. they arrised the March following. A At Rodezand they rested several days, few days previous to their arrival, where Mr. Voss presides over a flour. three Boschemen had come thither ishing congregation. Thence they from Zak river, 400 or 500 miles N. E. visited Bavian's Kloof, where the Mo. of the Cape, with a view to solicit the ravians have a congregation of “ Tame government to send teachers into their Hottentots.” From Bavian's Kloof, country. They came in the capacity they proceeded a fortnight's journey, of publick ambassadors. At the con through a vast tract of land, so dry as closion of a peace between these hea. generally not to afford a blade of grass; then and the Farmers of the back set- yet the surrounding inhabitants, hearHennents, some of the latter offered a ing of their journcy came to them to