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spirit, which appeared in Christ, hibiting the whitened bones of and is necessary to the comfort the slain, have but too frequentand usefulness of his followers?. ly strengthened the delusion, by Let these thoughts rouse you. displaying the diadem of the Shake off sloth and dulness. conqueror. Amid this splen“Awake, thou that sleepest, and dour of worship, it comes to call upon the name of Christ, and pass, that the youth, who has he shall give thee light.” And any pretensions to eminence, to prevent your ever indulging even in his own view, looks foragain in needless sleep, solemnly ward, half entranced, to the peconsider, how precious time will riod when his brow shall be appear when your last day ar- crowned with laurels, and his rives, and how earnestly you will name become deathless in song. then desire those hours and days, To specify all the ways in which have been wasted in guilty which a desire of applause exslumber.
hibits itself, would be to mention every action which has been admired, every possession which
has been coveted, not by the FAME,
proud alone, or any other single
class of men, but by the humble, in unworthy Object of Pursuit.
as well as the exalted, the sottish, On many subjects the opinion as well as the intelligent. It is of the world is at absolute vari- not requisite that a thing should ance with reason, and the plain- be of any use to mankind, either est dictates of common sense ; present or future, real or apparand, perhaps, in few instances is ent, that it may become an obthis variance more observable, ject of the most ardent pursuit. than in the estimate which is Far from it. Things insignificommonly formed of the impor- cant, things despicable, things tance and value of worldly ap- abominable, have been thought plause. It has been coveted, by their possessors, and by macourted, admired, and extolled in ny others like them, to be enevery age and country, by the titled to high respect, and distinpeasant and the clown, as well as guished honour. A few pages the prince and the sage. It has of the Panoplist may be usefulbeen an idol, pron:ising to the ly employed, in examining some myriads of its followers every of the most common paths thing, which could gratify the of ambition ; for if those heart of man, but bestowing which are most trodden, should nothing; and, in reality, served be proved to lead to disappointwith the costliest offerings of ment and disgust, the rest, bepeace, health, contentment, and vond controversy, cannot boast a constantly demanding hecatombs beiter character. of human victims. Poetry, and The female part of our spethe other fine arts, have obsequi- cies seem chiefly to aim at ceously become its high priests : lebrity from the beauty and dress even history and biography, in- of their persons. For proof of stead of deterring men from a this, were any proof necessary, service so unreasonable by ex- I should point your attention in
general to places of resort for ed, the folly remains. She peramusement, and other purpo- sonates not now the idiot with a ses. In every public assembly, party-coloured robe, but rather the profusion of female decora the busy lunatic with his haste, tions, and the eagerness with and bustle, and stupendous prowhich the beauties of the per- jects. Still, multa petentibus de. son are protruded upon the spec- sunt mulia, is unquestionably the tators, irresistibly evince that motto of the whole tribe, and this many, in this way, aim at disalone is sufficient to overthrow all tinction. It might be an un- their pretensions to enjoyment, grateful, but could not be an un, in the object of their pursuit. friendly task to show the folly There is one species of repuof indulging this passion. To tation aimed at by some of the say that beauty is a possession rich, which is pre-eminently worthy of no regard, would per worthy of animadversion. It is haps be more than the most that of the spendthrift. His chief rigid moralist would be willing gratification must be presumed to assert. But that a being of to be in exciting admiration and immortal powers should take envy; for no man would ever more pleasure in admiring that hurry through the tediousness of corruptible part of itself, which a dissipated life, were he not enfades even while it is gazed at; couraged by the thought that the which is constantly exposed to world around him imagined him accident, disease, and decay ; happy. How contemptibly imwhich must soon become one of potent in mind must he appear, the most loathsome objects in then, how miserably incapable of creation, and mingle with the carrying his own plans into execu. common dust, than in contem. tion, frivolous and unworthy as plating and enlarging the capa. they are, who pursues such a cities of the soul; that those course of conduct as must inevit. things should be the chief ob- ably plunge him from his imagin. jects of our exultation, which ary height to the depths of real most proclaim our weakness, neglect, scorn and misery. Withseems a truth not at all calculat- out penetration to discover the ed to flatter our penetration or obvious evils that await him, withour wisdom.
out courage to change his colle That riches should be the duct, or perseverance to continue means by which many hope to be in a right course, were it changeminent, is not quite so strange. ed; without magnanimity to nieet The immediate importance his fall, or patience to endure it, which they give, the force which he files from his duns, or seeks Horace declares to be potentius refuge in a prison ; proceeds ictu fulmines, the distresses from from squandering to villany; and which they appear to rescue, and dies, scoffed at by his companthe flattering comparison which ions, unlamented by his friends, is made between the possessor and unpitied by the world. and those who surround him, af. Courage demands a high place ford some pretext for the acqui- among those qualities, which so sition. Yet when sought as the confidently promise to elevate way to fame, the mode is chang- those, who possess them, above
the level of mankind. As fear and so faithfully exposed, and so has been the common enemy of fraught with iniquity, could nevhuman happiness, it was easy to er have held up its head amonr foresee, that the man who could a civilized people. boast an exemption from its It is the opinion of many, power, would be esteemed a however, that although the qualsuperior being. The great ities, which have been mentioned evil of seeking for honour are of small value, yet the honfrom this source, is its extreme our which is derived from high liability to abuse. Were real
mental endowinents, is worthy courage the thing sought in eve- of the most arduous labours. ry instance, however the votary To have the reputation of a vi praise might lose his expect wit, is esteemed by some an obed reward, the pursuit wouid atject of sufficient magnitude to enleast claim to be considered, as
gross the labours of a life. Yet an innocent delusion. But in
whoever considers how unprofitpractice to be courageous, is to able, how apt to create enemies, Le inhuman, insolent, madly ad- and how feeble to answer any of venturous, exposing one's self to the great purposes of living, this unprofitable perils, and useless much envied talent is, and how jeopardy. it is found inuch
short & uncertain are its triumphs, more natural to affect the petu will find little reason to desire it lance of the mastiff, or the iero- himself, or envy it in others. city of the tiger, than to assume But it will still be urged, that to the spirit of a man, or the firni- have rank among the first poets in ness of a Christian. Among the world, to be famed for irresistmany absurd practices, which ible eloquence, to be consulted as this restive principle perpetuates, an oracle of wisdom, to be versed that of duelling is pecuhariy dis- in all the learning of the ancients, graceful to human nature. The or to rival Newton in the sublimume will not be taken up in ity of science, is an attainment, showing the unlawfulness of a which may well demand the most custom, which the meanest ca- intense struggle in the pursuit, pacity may at once see to be op- and give ample room for conposed to the plainest dictates of gratulation in the enjoyinent. reason, and the most express de. But let not our conclusion be too clarations of scripture. But hasty. After their powers and there is one profitable lesson, talents have been spent, and their which the adherence of the po- lives have been devoted to thc lite world to this custom, may cause of learning, men feel emoteach all those, who place the tions quite different from those least confidence in its decisions. of the youthful and ardent. This It is, that though a thing be prac- can be gathered from their almost tised by the great, the polished, unanimous testimony. Many a and the honourable, this is no favourite of literary renown, stels proof, nor does it afford the disposed at the close of life, to slightest suspicion, that it is not unite with Grotius in his melanmean, dastardly, unreasonable, choly complaint: Heu, vitam fitra and unlawful ; otherwise, con didi nihil operose agendo. Divine vyet so indefensible, so of.en inspiration las declared that
“ much study is a weariness to the desires of nearly the whole the flesh.” And it seems not a human race, that we almost invollittle disheartening to the student, untarily conclude those who poswho is in pursuit of fame, that sess them to be happy. Yet the the further progress he makes in suffrages of them, who best learning, the more he feels his ig- know, are against the conclusion. norance; the greater his knowl. Those of each description have edge, the more clearly he sees their peculiar cares, all equally how little falls to the lot of man to incompatible with that uninterknow. And when, with a far- rupted enjoyment, which is earnreaching eye, he surveys the im- estly sought. If we regard the measurable field before him, he anxiety, which incessantly hovers observes scarcely a difference be around the head of the statesman tween him, who has laboriously or the warrior; if we consider the advanced a few paces into it, and unknown dangers among which him, who lingers on its borders, or he is obliged to tread, the unstands without its enclosure. yielding obstacles, which he has
There is one kind of honour to surmount, the unfortunate is. which has appropriated to itself sue of his sanguine calculations, the name of ambition, and which is and the unexpected enemies to be found among those whom the which he is forced to repel, we world has emphatically called the must be convinced, that he holds Great. To lead in the senate, a " painful pre-eminence.” to control in the cabinet, to sit These are some of the princihigh in the seat of judgment, to pal methods in which the love of command the armies or the na- praise exerts itself, and though vies of a mighty kingdom, to fill the particular evils which attend a throne, and to sway an empire, them have been adverted to, yet are things so apt to excite admi- in a future number some grand ration, so inebriating, so irresisti- defects which are incident to bly powerful with the young and them all shall be mentioned. ardent, and so ready to engross
(To be continued.)
CHARACTER OF HUME's WRITINGS. THERE has lately been pub- and internal evidence inclines us lished in England, a work, en: to credit the assertion." titled “ Hints towards forming We extract from this valuable the character of a young prin- work, for the benefit of our readcess," in two vols. 8vo. Of this ers, the following just and admiwork the reviewers speak in rable criticism on the writings of terins of high praise. They the celebrated David Hume. say, that“ Rumour ascribes these “ His finely painted characters volumes to a literary lady of ce- of Alfred and Elizabeth should lebrity, (Mrs. llannah More) be engraved on the heart of ev.
ery sovereign. His political the distinctions between intoleprejudices do not strikingly ap- rant phrensy and heroic zeal so pear, till the establishment of the melted into each other, that House of Stuart, nor his relig. though he contrives to make the ious antipathies till about the dis- reader, feel some indignation at tant dawn of the reformation the tyrant, he never leads him under Henry V. From that pe to feel any reverence for the riod to its full establishment, he sufferer... He ascribes such a is perhaps more dangerous, be- slender superiority to one religcause less ostensibly daring than ious system above another, that some other infidel historians, It the young reader, who does not is a serpent under a bed of roses. come to the perusal with his He does not in his history at principles formed, will be in least). so much ridicule religion danger of thinking that the rehimself, as invite others to ridi. formation was really not worth cale it. .
contending for. . ! Lilla “There is a sedateness in his “But, in nothing is the skill of manner, which imposes ;, a sly this accomplished sophist more gravity in his scepticism, which apparent, than in the artful way, puts the reader more off his in which he piques his readers guard, than the vehemence of into a conformity with his own censure, or the levity of wit ; views concerning religion, Hus for we are always less disposed man pride, he knew, naturally, to suspect a man who is too wise likes to range itself on the side to appear angry. That same of ability. He, therefore, skil, wisdom makes him too correct to fully works on this passion, by. invent calumnies, but it does not treating with a sort of contemppreserve him from doing what is tuous superiority, as weak and scarcely less disingenuous. He credulous men, all whom he implicitly adopts, the injurjous represents as being under the relations of those annalists, who religious delusion.' were most hostile to the reform, ed faith ; though he must have JOHNSON AND ADDISON COM.. known their accounts to be ag- PARED.---FROM THE SAME gravated and discoloured, if not ." It is less from Johnson than absolutely invented. He thus from Addison, that we derive, makes others responsible for the the interesting lessons of life Worst things he asserts, and and manners ; that we learn to spreads the mischiefs, without trace, the exact delineations of avowing the malignity. When character, and to catch the vivid he speaks from himself, the hues, and varied tints of nasneer is so cool, the irony so ture. It is true, that every sensober, the contempt so dis- tence of the more recent moralcreet, the moderation, so insidi- ist is an aphorism, every pa." Qus, the difference between po- ragraph a chain of maxims pish bigotry and protestant firm for guiding the understanding" Ness, between the fury of the and guarding the heart. But persecutor and the resolution of when Johnson describes characthe martyr, so little marked; ters, he rather exhibits vịce and Vol. I. No. 8...:. XX