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common version shall be read in thoughts, as to set them upon 'a such daily portions, as shall fin- proper train of thinking for isb the whole during the first pe- themselves.

. riod of two years : and to render In the fourth year of the the reading thereof more profita- course, the professor shall also ble, the professor of theology deliver critical lectures ; which shall direct the student to suc- are to embrace, not merely the cinct treatises on scriptural sub- philology of the context, but aljects, as they occur.; and shall so. its connexion, scope, and are carefully examine him on these gument. No authority is to be subjects.

admitted in these lectures but Having completed this first that of the originals; the stureading of the scriptures, the dent shall have them before him, student shall commence a second and turn to the parallel texts cit. course of the same nature ; di, ed by the professor. These viding it in such a manner as to texts are to be few, and well sefinish it at the expiration of his lected. in last year. He shall now consult Every student shall prepare in the originals, step by step, as be his third year, two of those disgoes along; and have his course courses commonly called lec. of biblical reading extended un- tures, and two popular sermons ; der the direction of the profes, and in his fourth year, three of sor.

. : each ; neither to exceed half an With his third year the stu- hour when deliberately spoken. dent shall commence the study All the scriptural proofs, cited of systematic theology ; and, as by a student in any exercise of a basis for it, he shall commit to his fourth year, must be referimemory, during the previous ble to the originals. two years, the whole text of the Hours of study must be so disconfession of faith and larger tributed as to leave a suitable catechism. He shall read, on portion to miscellaneous readeach topic, such proper books as ing; such as history, morality, may be digested within the time belles lettres, &c. and to healthallotted, and may give him an ac- ful bodily exercise.”. quaintance with the substance of The professor was to comthe system.

mence his course of instruction The professor shall also lec- on the first Monday in Novemture upon the primary topics of ber, 1805 ; at which time the the system, following the gen- superintendants were to meet in eral order of the confession of New-York, for the purpose of faith. That his students may organizing the seminary. enjoy the benefit of his whole A t the time the foregoing act course of lectures, he must not was established, the Synod. fail to complete it within two “ Resolved, That the different years. And, on the other hand, Presbyteries beforthwith inthat this time may be sufficient, formed of the establishment of his lectures are to be concise a seminary for the instruction of and dense, accommodated to the youth in the knowledge of thes principle, that his work is not so ology, and enjoined to send their much to furnish his pupils with students to the city of New

York, at the time 'appointed for words, brethren, it is because we opening said seminary.

are deeply serious ; and because Resolved, That measures be we are well assured, that if your immediately taken to have all our seminary perish, there is no huministers supplied with the scrip- man expedient to save your tures in the original tongues, churches from desolation. Here, and with proper helps for prose- then, is an object, which, enter cuting the study of them. ing into the essence of your so

Resolved, That every minister cial stability, prefers a claim up: be enjoined to pursue, in so far on your purse, which you cannot as it shall be applicable to his innocently resist. In vain do circumstances and consistent you pray that Satan's kingwith his engagements, a course dom may be destroyed, and the of biblical reading similar to that kingdom of grace advanced," if which is recommended in the re- you will give nothing toward the port on the plan for the semina means to which the Lord has di. ry, to which they are referred.. rected for that end. We repeat ä: Resolved, That every Presby. it, a little from each of you is tery be, and they hereby are di- enough. Who will grudge a few rected, to devote a suitable por miserable shillings once a twelvetion of time, at least once in six month, in an affair of such mage months, to the investigation of nitude ? Who will be the poorer portions of the original scrip. at the year's end ? or venture to tures, previously selected for the insinuate that the Son of God, purpose : That at least one of whose is "the earth and the fultheir number, taken in rotation, ness thereof,” will remain in his shall, at such meeting, deliver a debt for such a donation? The critical dissertation upon some duty is plain, the promise pointscriptural subject to be previous ed. « Honour the Lord with thy ly assigned bim ; and that they substance, and with the first fruits keep a regular journal of their of all thine increase ; so shall literary transactions, and pre- thy barns be filled with plenty, serve the dissertations among and thy presses shall burst out their papers."

with new wine." Do not act,

brethren, as if the word of your The superintendants of the God were unworthy of your seminary are, the Rev., Messrs. trust. Let it never be forgotten ROBERT ANNAN ; John Mc'Jim that he will have a share of our ŞEY; ALEXANDER PROUDFIT; property; and if we defraud him JAMES GRAY, D. D.; and JAMES of our free-will offering of the LAURIE.

« first fruits of all our increase,”

he will wrest from our hands A letter, addressed to the mem that abused wealth for which we bers of the Associate Reformed do not make him an acknowl. Church, relative to a theological edgment in kind. Many a delinseminary, follows the foregoing quency of this sort has been Act. This letter, which is a punished with a bad debt, or a. fine specimen of Christian elo-, bad crop; and no man ever quence, concludes as follows. gains by the commutation. The . “ If we use not flattering winds of heaven, the devouring

insect, or a famishing drought, which soweth sparingly, shall often takes away more at a blow, . reap also sparingly; and he than would be demanded for sa- which soweth bountifully, shall cred uses in twenty years. reap also bountifully.” Do you Come, then, brethren, and let believe his truth ? Let the proof us join our tribute to the tem- appear in your next, and the sucple of God. Follow up with ceeding, annual returns. Not your public spirit the token for one of you will repent as having good, which we already see. done too much, when he comes Gladden the hearts of those no- to the bed of death, and conble youth who are very jealous trasts things carnal and tempofor the Lord God of hosts ; and ral, with things spiritual and who look to you as patrons and eternal. Refresh our bowels, benefactors. As the Lord hath brethren. And may the Lord prospered you, is the rule. Let himself “ open the windows of the rich man rise up with his heaven, and pour you out a blesgold ; and let not the widow sing till there be not room to reblush for her mite. The Lord ceive it!” . will see, and will graciously re- .. By order of the General Synod, ward : for “ he loveth a cheerful

J. M. MASON, giver,” It is, moreover, a stat.

A. PROUDFIT. ute of his kingdom, that “he New-York, 1805.

Review of new publications.

American Annals ; or a chrono- public will be, in no respect, dis

logical history of America from appointed, in regard to the merit its discovery in 1492 to 1806. of the performance. We think In two volumes. By ABIEL the author hus availed himself of HOLMES, D.D. A.A.S. S.H,s. the best materials, and has selectMinister of the first church in ed and arranged the facts with Cambridge. Vol. I. Compri- judgment. An adherence to sing a period of two hundred strict chronological order, often ycare. Cambridge. W. Hil- interrupts a narrative, which liard. 1805.

would be more agreeable to a This work had been for some reader, as well as more perspi. time expected by the American cuous, in a connected form ; but public, with a solicitude, which with this disadvantage, which every proposal for elucidating every annalist must encounter, the history of our native coun- Dr. H. has rendered his work try must naturally excite. The very interesting, by selecting the first volume, now published, has most important facts for narranot failed to be read with interest tion, and presenting them to his by the lovers of their country, readers, in a lucid order, and a and its true interests ; and we neat, perspicuous style. The believe the expectations of the marginal notes and references Vol. I. No.8.


will be found useful to those who in 1496.” Here the author eviare fond of antiquarian research- dently mistakes the mode of es, and who are pleased to see, reckoning the years of a king's not merely the outlines, but the reign, which is not according to minute traits of character, which our calendar, from January to * distinguished the first adventur- January, but from the day of the ers to America.

king's accession to regal power: So far as we are able to judge And this is not from the coronafrom comparing the facts related tion, but from the day when the in this work, with authorities, throne becomes vacant by the the work is executed with great death of the predecessor. . See regard to correctness. This cir- Blackstone and other law writcumstance, with the concisenessers. Henry VII. began his reign of the work, and the numerous on the 22d of August ; the day references to authorities, will, in of the battle of Bosworth, when

our opinion, recommend it to Richard was killed. See Stowe, - general notice. Indeed we see p. 470, and other historians. no reason why it ought not to be The year of his reign then beput into the hands of students in gan August 22, 1485; ten years our universities and colleges, as complete must end August 22, a classical book. We know of 1495; and on that day began the no work upon this subject, which eleventh year of Henry VII. Of appears so suitable for the initi- course this eleventh year exation of our young men in 'tended to Aug. 22, 1496. Now American history.

the grant to Cabot is dated Having expressed this gene. March 5, in this year, 1496, in ral opinion of the work, the au- which Rymer and Chalmers have thor will excuse us for calling his correctly placed it. attention to one point, which. But there is a mistake on this perhaps is as interesting, as any subject, which is found in most in the history of this country, writers, and evidently from their and the more worthy of remark, not closely examining the words as it appears to be unsettled of this commission to Cabot ; This is the time of Cabot's first for they suppose Cabot's first and second voyages to America. voyage was made under the au.

Dr: H. p. 15, has arranged the thority of this commission, still date of the commission to John extant; and this being dated in Cabot and sons, under the year 1496, they usually place his first 1495 ; with a note, in which he voyage in the year 1497. But says, “It is dated Marcb 5, in the nothing can be farther from the eleventh year of Henry VII. Hen: truth. In this commission or Ty was crowned Oct. 30, 1485. If grant, the king gives Cabot and that year be reckoned the first of his sons à license to set up his reign, this coninission is his banners and ensigns "in ‘rightly placed by Hackluyt, Ro- quacunque villa, oppido, caso bertson and others in 1495; but if tro, insula seu terra firma, a the first year of his reign be reck se 7oviter inventis," in any oned from 1486, the commission place by them lately discovered; & nrust be placed, where Rymer similar expressions are employ. and some others have placed it, ed in two subsequent passages.

Had the words, a se, been omit- idently had not seen, are both ted, we might have a shadow of made to John Cabot ; the first doubt, whether noviter inventis' to the father and his three sons, might not have referred to the and the last to John Cabot, the discoreries of Columbus. But father only. He errs also in these words remore all doubts placing this second voyage in on the subject. It is demon- 1497 : misled doubtless, like, strated therefore that Cabot's other writers, by mistaking the first voyage was anterior to this' date of the commission. Mavor. commission : and as it was after however mentions, that Cabot the first voyage of Columbus, it sailed on the 4th of May ; and if must have been in 1494 or 1495. So, the time from May 4, to June

It is not improbable, that the 11, is the usual time required to first voyage might have been un- perform the voyage. dertaken with some secresy, with Dr. H. in page 230, copies the a view to secure to the crown of account of Smith, who, in his England the benefit of a prior history of New York, mentions discovery of an unknown coun- the building of fort Good Hope try, by anticipating the Dutch or on the Connecticut in 1623. It French.

is true he gives other authorities, The license for Cabot to take which contradict this account. six vessels in any port of Eng. But we cannot justify the inserland, is dated February 3, in the tion of Smith's account. It is 13th of Henry; therefore was probably an error of the press, in 1498 ; and this is the year in as Smith, in the next sentence, which Stowe has placed Cabot's states that the land on the Convoyage, p. 480. This was his necticut was not purchased by. second voyage, in which he dis- the Dutch till 1632. But how. covered the Continent on the ever this may be, the full and Coast of Labrador, and as Stowe explicit account of the settlerelates, on the Ilth of June, ments of the Dutch and English which must be the 22d new on that river, in Winthrop's style. Now Colunibus, it is a journal, leave not a particle of greed, did not discover the main doubt as to the fact. Fort Good land of South America till the Hope was not erected till the first of August, 1498. Sebastian spring of 1633, and a little before Cabot, therefore (or John, his the arrival of the Plymouth father, if with him) was the traders. The Dutch purchasfirst discoverer of the American ed the land January 8, 1633, Continent. These conclusions and proceeded to establish themfrom authentic documents seem selves at that place. The Ply: to admit of no question.

mouth people under William Mavor, vol. I. p. 106, Am. ed. Holmes arrived in October, has mentioned the first voyage of of the same year, and dis Cabot in 1494 ; but errs in sup. regarding the menaces of the posing John Cabot, the father, to Dutch, built a trading house be dead, and the new Commission above, as Winthrop says, about a to be granted to the sons ; for mile; as Stuyvesant says, a good the Commission in 1496 and the shot distance. But tradition fixes license in 1498, which Mavor ev. the place near the confluence of

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