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the Tunxis with the Connecti- occasion, and the peculiar charcut, in Windsor, which is five or acter of an auditory, are frequent. six miles above where Good ly overlooked, or not duly regard. Hope stood. This point of his- ed. But the effect of a discourse, tory can admit of no doubt ; for in no inconsiderable degree, of. we have the Dutch records to ten depends on an attention to vouch for the fact, and these per- those circumstances, and to that fectly agree with Winthrop's ac- character. It is remarkable, that count. See Winth. p. 55–78. the discourses of him, who sprake Hist. Col. Vol. ii. 262.
as never man spake, were admiraIn page 366, Dr. Holmes says, bly accommodated to the occa“ the Swedes at the Delaware sions, which gave rise to them, were extirpated by the Dutch." and to the persons, who heard We object only to the single them. The great apostle Paul, word extirpated. Several Swed- in imitation of his divine Master, ish settlements still exist on and became all things to all men, that near the Delaware.
he might by all means save some. On the whole we have rarely. A discourse, that would be intelfound so much accuracy in a ligible and useful to a select and work composed of such a variety refined auditory, might be lost, if of facts, collected from nume- preached to the poor ; and one rous documents and authorities, that would have a melting influwhich are often obsure and some- ence at an alms-house, might times contradictory. The work produce a chilling effect at a uniis a valuable addition to the versity. stock of American Literature, These remarks, if just, may, it and we wait with impatience for is conceived, be advantageously the succeeding volume.
applied to the discourses now under review. The author appears to have possessed, in no
common degree, an aptitude to The Seaman's Preacher; consist- teach, and to have employed that
ing of nine short and plain dis- talent with judgment and effect. courses on Jonah's voyage, ad
an & voyage, ad. Living in a sea-port town, he dressed to mariners. By Rev. doubtless had much intercourse James Ryther, minister at W'ap with seamen ; and from them he ping, England. Designed to be
seems to have learned every put into the hands of sailors and
thing peculiar to their character persons going to sea. With a
and occupation. Their technical preface by the Rev. John New
terms (if we may call them so) ton. Cambridge. W. Hilo are all familiar to him ; and he liard. 1805.
uses their phraseology, as though It was wisely required by an the sea were his own element. apostle, as a qualification for a In this hazardous attempt to adbishop, or minister of the gospel, dress them in their own way, that he be apt to teach. This tal- Mr. Ryther has succeeded, ent, in whatever degree possess- where, through defect of genius ed by ministers, is oftentimes not or judgment, thousands would employed in its full extent. The have failed. We call the attempt circumstances of time, place, and hazardous, because there is pero
haps no description of men, ligion, every good Christian, and whom, as a distinct class, it were every benevolent citizen, will take more difficult to address, especial. pleasure in promoting the distri. ly on the momentous subject of bution of this valuable work. The religion, than seamen. Their following passages furnish a habits of thought, speech, and ac. specimen of the author's manner. tion, are altogether peculiar; and, Sermon I. entitled “ The Terunless they are appropriately ad- rors of the Stormy Ocean,” is on dressed, a discourse, however JONAH, i. 4, 5. After giving well composed, might be worse some account of the prophet Jo. than lost upon them. To come nah, and of the city Nineveh, ac. down to them, without descending companied with brief and useful below them ; to awaken their cu- observations, it proceeds : riosity, without dissipating their seriousness ; to entertain their
In the fourth verse we have God's
displeasure in Jonah's punishment. imagination, without misleading But the Lord sent out a great wind into their understanding; to adopt the sea, and there was a mighty tempest, their language, without savouring 80 that the ship was like to be broken. Oneness: to become,
Observe ; The Lord is the sole in a word, assimilated to them, co
o.them, commander of the sea. The winds do without indecorous familiarity ; not rise accidentally, but they have this, this is the difficulty. For their commission from God. Though midable, however, as the task re- Jonah would not obey God's command, ally is, Mr. Ryther has perform
the winds do. Here the Lord sends
a pursuivant in a storm after a rebell. edit with Skull and abiny. The ious prophet. The winds and seas are interesting story of Jonah's voy- God's servants. O let seamen tremage is agreeably illustrated ; and ble at this. God can cause these his from the several incidents, at
servants to execute his will upon them
when he pleaseth. It is the great sin tending it, the most import
of such persons, that they look no ant and practical truths are de- higher than sec
higher than second causes. Every duced. The duties and dan- storm when you are at sea should gers, the temptations and sins, read you a lecture of God.
Observe further; Guilt cannot flee peculiar in some degree to mar.
from God; he can quickly overtake iners, are strikingly delinea
it. It may be expected that guilt car. ted, and motives to virtue and pi. ried to sea will have a storm after ety are impressively exhibited. it. O tremble, poor seamen, when To all serious and candid readers, you go out, to think of carrying unwhether on land or at sea, it is
pardoned guilt abroad with you.
The text contains a discovery of presumed, these discourses may the effects and consequences of this be highly useful. The class of storm which God sends after Jonah , readers, for which they were Then the mariners were afraid. It is originally composed and for not said the passengers, but the mar.
iners were afraid. They are the har. which this impression of them is
dicst and most undaunted of men ; intended, may read them with
being so frequently in these deaths the highest advantage. In the and dangers, they little regard them. prospect of imparting that advan- And yet these persons, who used to tage to those, who have not the encourage the poor trembling pas.
sengers, are now afraid. They had ordinary means and opportuni
probably been in many storms before. ties for becoming acquainted But there were some things extraorwith the truths and duties of re- dinary in the present case, which caused this fear to fall upon them. fears, which a sense of danger Now their hearts fail them, and their creates, we select the following: magnanimity is daunted. This storm
1. If you would be above fears in made them lower their top sails of storins.
storins, then commit the helm to him, . courage and self-confidence.
· as your pilot, whom the winds and seas The effect was, every one tried to his
obey. Commit yourselves and your all god; which argues the greatness of to him by faith, and seek his direction their fears. It may be, swearing by and protection by praver. The poor their gods had been their practice,
heathen mariners, you are told, when but now it is praying to them. Storms
they were afraid, cried every one to his will change mariners' notes : will
goul; but their gods were vanity and make them serious, and turn their
a lie; idols that could not hear nor swearing into praying. It is said
help them. Whereas yours is the they cried ; which notes the earnest. living and true God wh
living and true God, who has all naness of their spirits, as persons in the
ture at his command, and who is utmost distress. It has been a com
made known as a God that heareth mon saying, “ If you will teach a
prayer. Commit thy way unto the man to pray, send him to sea.” It is
Lord. In all dangers let him steer further said, They cast forth the wares
your course; in all troubles seek to that were in the ship into the sea to
him for relief. . His own word is, Call lighten it; which still spoke the great
upon me in the day of trouble; I will ness of their fears. This is one of
deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me. the last things you do at sea to save It is related, that when a duke of your lives. So did they with the ship Saxony and a good bishop in GermaPaul was in. Here you see all en
ny were at variance, the duke sent deavours are used to prevent ship- Messengers to see what preparations wreck.
the bishop was making, who, on their The observation now to be dis.
return, told him he had made no prep. coursed upon is this ; that storms of arations at all. The duke asked, danger cause storms of fear.
What says he then? They replied, I begin with handling this, as the “ He says that he will preach the gosfirst part of my intended work is, the pel, visit the sick, and be found in his awakening of the souls of the poor duty; and as for the war, he is reseamen. These mariners were poor, solved to commit the whole of it to blind heathens, as you see by their God.” “Ob then." said the duke, praving to their different gods. Now “if he be of that mind, let the devil if the glimmering of the light of na wage war with him, if he will; for ! ture made them afraid, lest they will not.” So if you commit your at. should perish, well may poor sinners, fairs to God, by faith and prayer, you who have the light of the gospel, be have nothing to fear. afraid when they come into storms, 2. Would ve be above storms and and feel conviction from it in their fears at sea ? Carry not a Jonah ia hearts; knowing that if they suffer the vessel: carry
the vessel ; carry not guilt with you. shipwreck in a storm, uninterested in
Guilt will sooner or later raise à Christ, they shall perish, body and
storm. You see here, that the sea soul, forever. To be sinking at sea,
was never quiet, while Jonah, the and have no bottom for thy poor soul
guilty person, was on board. It was to build its hopes upon ; to be launch.
not the lightening of the ship that ing out into that vast ocean of eterni.
stilled the storm. The sea still tv under a conviction of unpardoned
wrought, and was very tempestuous, till sin, will datint the stoutest mannel, Tonal was cast overboard; and then and terrify the most hardened sinner
ed sinner it calmed. One Achan troubles a in the world. The disciples in a
whole camp; and one Jonah endanstorm eamestly cried out to theirgers the whole ship's company. Not Mitsier, Carest thou not that we per did the prayers of the mariners seish? With how much greater reas c ure them. It is related concerning may profane sinners in storms and
one of the wise men of Greece, when dangers adopt the same cry, lest their
aboard a vessel, on hearing some
aboardves souls perisha!
wicked sailors in a storm, praying to Luder the head of directions, their gods, that he charged them to for preventing or allaying those be silenti for, says hc, " If the gous
know that you are there, they will and it will preserve you safe, and keep drown us all for your sakes." The your vessel stedfast amidst all the moral is easy. Guilt, and guilty per. winds and waves of this tempestuous sons, may endanger others, as well as sea. Heaven is the Cape of Good Hope ; . themselves; and the prayers of such thither let your views ever be directpersons will be of no avail. If I re. ed; there let your faith and hope be gard iniquity in my heart, says the fixed. pealmist, the Lord will not hear me.-. 4. If you would be above fear, in Oh, then, let erery sin be cast out ; times of danger at sea, carry Chris and let your guilt be cast into the sea in the vessel. Secure an interest of Christ's blood; then all will be in him ; seek a discovery of that intercalm and quiet.
est; and habitually exercise faith in 3. Would ye be above fcars in sea him, as your Saviour. When Cæsar dangers ? See then that your anchor be was once on a voyage, and a heavy rightly cast. Hope is the anchor of the storm arose, by which the sailors soul, as the apostle saith, which is sure were much intimidateil, he called out and stedfast, and auhich entereth into that to them, “ Fear not; you carry Cæsar.” within the veil, whither Fesils, the fore. But if you have Christ with you, you ringer, is for us entered. Let hope, may say, “A greater than Cæsar is your best anehor, your sheet anchor, here." be fixed on God and Christ in heaven;
Ixtracts from the Fournal of the Rev. 'told me, they had not ; 'that their
John Sergeant, Missionary to the young men had sometimes proposod New Stocébridge Indians.
to apply for a school master and Ja v. 1, 1804.
teacher; but to this their old Chiefs
had objected. They informed me, This evening a number of the they were a collection of five different Munsee Indians, who came from Up. tribes, who speak nearly the same per Canada, by invitation, made me
language ; that in their town were a visit. After supper I conversed
about sixty fighting men. I told with them upon the importance of re
them, that as soon as they could ligion, inquired of them their nuni
agree to receive an instructor, they bers and the disposition of their tribe
niust apply to some missionary socierespecting civilization and the Chris.
ty, and they would undoubtedly ob. tian religion.
tain one. Their answer was as follows.
On the 7th the same strangers “ Father, we thank you much for made me another visit with their old these good words, you have spoken to Chief. After I had addressed them us. We have also attended to the on the subject of religion, the old instruction, we have heard in the Chief anguered: “Father, it is by the house of worship, and so far as we goodness of the great, good Spirit, understand, we are well pleased with that we have been brought on our religion. It is true we must feel journey to this place. We feel very thankful to the great and good Spirit thankful that we have been brought for his goodness to us the year past. to your place of abode. We thank We present are all young men ; we you for all the good words, you have are sorry our old Chief could not at now put into our minds. It'e neve tend this evening. If he bad we heard ary thing about religion until might hare given you a more partic- note. We will duly consider these ular and better answer.”
great things, and if we are wine and I inquired of them whether they good, we may be happy bosh here bad ever heard any minister. They and hereafter,"
caused this fear to fall upon them. fears, which me Now their hearts fail them, and their
ears, which come and see your fire
creates, v nis town, and if I should inagnanimity is daunted. This storm 1. i you would take me by the made them lower their top sails of
storins and all my women and chil. courage and self-confidence. The effect was, every one tried to his
as yo , and lead me with all my sub. obt unce to this place ; accordingly we
of god; which argues the greatness of their fears. It may be, swearing by
t ame up and viewed it; and it pleas. their gods had been their practice,
ed us well; the more so because the but now it is praying to them. Storm
*, gospel was preached here, and a will change mariners' notes ; "
school kept for the instruction of make them serious, and turn t oca
ock. children; so that all might come to swearing into praving. It is them the knowledge of the Saviour ; but they cried ; which notes the end
das and by reason of some difficulties we did ness of their spirits, as perse DC
be pre not arrive till of late. Now accord. utmost distress. It has be
ing to your promise you have receir. mon saying, “ If you v Stock
stockbridge ed us your own grandfather, and we man to pray, send him togeldas in the
baeidas in the have all the privileges you enjoy further said, They cas others, when I equal with you. Now I thank the that were in the showrou are weeping great, good Spirit, that he has put it lighierit. which friends, whom you in your heart to have compassion on ness of their fer Wirou (meaning the your old grandfather, and receiye the last things
propose moving to him cordially to partake of all the your lives. S
l your tears are good things contained in your dish." Paul was in
o ur cheeks. Now I Here a belt of wampum was de. deavours
and wipe your tears, livered. The speaker marked with wreck.
see clear, and unstop two persons standing and a tree be. The con set your hearts right as tween them, to represent the council
fire place established by the Mahbu. course rings of wampum were de- kunnuk tribe.
Nov. 27. On this day about 12 made this the Delaware speaker Christian women by invitation made od the Stockbridge Indians as us a visit, as we commonly practise
« Grandchildren attend, I every year. They, in broken Eng. tihe great Spirit, that through lish, spent a few hours in conversation
odness we are allowed to meet with Mrs. Sergeant and the children. his day in order to brighten our A supper was prepared for them, thodship, that subsisted between our after which an elderly woman in the Krefathers and you.
Indian language addressed Mrs. Ser. di When I look upon you I see your geant in the following manner, and head is hanging down, and your tears desired me to communicate the same. running down, and your heart upset ; « We are very thankful for the no. therefore remembering the custom of tice you have taken of us to invite us our forefathers, I stretch my hand, and to come and see you. You have wipe your eyes, `that you may see been very kind to us poor Indians. your grandfather clearly, and unstop We are very sensible you have been your ears, that you may hear, and set very kind to us in times of sickness your tongue and heart right that you and distress ; at all times ready to may understand right, and make your administer advice and medicine for bed good, that you may rest yourself. the relief of the sick. We rejoice I sweep clean the path before your that you have such courage to live face.”
among such a poor people. It is our Six strings of wampum were then earnest prayer to God that the health delivered the Mahhukunnuk nation. and happiness of yourself and chil
“Grandchildren attend, a few years dren may be continued for many ago I saw you at Kawaupehtutquokan days, and at last spend a happy eter. Indian town in New Jersey] you in- nity with our cominon Redeemer,"
After this allowed to