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of any supernatural power. They
admit nothing in the Bible, that does STATE OF RELIGION IN GER
not accord to the dictates of reason, MANY.
which they represent as the only com
petent tribunal. This party, which EXTRACTED FROM THE ECLECTIC is neither inconsiderable in numbers, REVIEW, A WORK OF MUCH MER nor destitute of able and learned adIT, WHICH COMMENCED WITH vocates, affects what they call a supeTHE YEAR 1805.
rior criticism ; attempting, by a perWe have been favoured, ( say the Edin version of Oriental languages, of his
tors) by a learned and pious Corres. tory and antiquity, of ancient and pondent, with a very interesting ac modern philosophy, to destroy the count of the literary contest which foundation of a Christian's faith and has for a considerable time past, been hope, and to establish their own sysmaintained in Germany, between the tems. In these, however, they widefriends and the opposers of Christian. ly vary; and frequently oppose ity. The importance of the subject, each other in the most severe and and the very imperfect knowledge sarcastic style. There are some, which hitherto has been obtained of it who have even publicly abjured Chrisin our country, induce us to present tianity, and incline toward atheistical this statement to our readers, in the principles. This is evident from a form in which we received it ; pledg. recent work, entitled, What is Reliing our own credit on the general ac gion ? and what alone can it be? . curacy of the representation.
Žerbst, 1803. Another which conI APPREHEND, there has hardly
tains a most shameful attack on all been a period since the first estab.
revealed religion, entitled, “ Cæles. lishment of Christianity, in which
tion, or substance and value of natural such a multitude of different and op.,
religion compared with the revealed posite opinions, on matters of religion
religion of the Bible.” Wolfenbut
tle, 1803 : and Mr. Fichte, one of the in general, and on the Cbristian sys. tem in particular, has existed, as in
most celebrated modern philosophers, this portentous age. It is true, er.
has thus expressed himself: “ Deum rors have prevailed, more or less, in
non esse ipasajevoy aliquod, seu subevery period of the Church ; yet, I stantiam, sed intelligendum esse eo noam inclined to think, that our day ex- mine ordinem mundi mor alem ; cujus ceeds them all. Often I am forcibly non sit, quod rationem aut causam ali. struck by that passage in the cxixth quam quæras, Deumque adeo non esse, Psalm, « It is time for thee, Lord, nisi in conscientia nostra morali ;” i.e. to work, for they have made void thy “That God is not any vpisa flevov, (ex. law.” Though there is a vast differ. istence) or substance, but that the ence among those, who seem to pur- moral order of the world is to be un. sue the same in the main road, yet derstood by that name ; and that no the modern philosophers and divines, reason or cause of this order need be in Germany, and in other parts of the sought for : therefore, that God is Continent, apparently divide into not, except in our moral consciousthree principal classes.
ness.” The same philosopher bas 1. There is a party that rejects all ventured, in his “Appeal to the revelation, and regards the religion of Public," to call the God of the Christhe Bible as a system of ignorance, tians an idol, because he is regarded fanaticism, and 'fraud. Writers of as the Creator and Governor of the this class treat the Prophets, the world. There are even some profes. Apostles, and our blessed Lord him. sors of divinity, who have advanced self, as enthasiasts, or as wilful de pretty far in similar assertions. The ceivers ; they reject all the signs and Rev. D. Paulus, Professor of Theol. wonders of the Old Testament, the ogy, in the newly established protes. miracles of our Saviour, and even the tant university in Wurtzburg, (Bavahistorical facts of his resurrection, rian Electorate,) began a short time ascension, Sic. as mere fables ; or, at since to publish a Commentary on the lcast, they deny then to be the effects New Testament, in which he exerts
Vol. I. No.8. Z 2
himself to the utmost to reduce cre. men, but as it is in truth, the word ry miracle, performed by our Lord of God. Writers of this descrip. and his Apostles, to merely natur: tion consider the Holy Scriptures as circumstances. Another modern veri. the only standard and criterion of ter of this kind is Doctor Thiess, sound doctrine and practice ; and Thcological Professor in the univer: they contend for the faith, as deliver. sity of Kiel, who, while he expresses ed unto thein by the prophets and some respect for the character and apostles, and sealed by the blood of beneficent actions of Christ, openly so many thousand martyrs. They denies all the distinguishing ductrines have written, and continue to write, of Christianity, and endeavours to any excellent works, both learned prove, that Christ did not expire on and popular, in defence of Chris. the cross, but merely fainted, and tianity; and, by a chain of solid therefore could not be raised from and demonstrative arguments, prove the dead ; that neither did he ascend the supreme divinity of our adorable to heaven, but secrctly withdrew Lord and Master. They treat with himself from the sight of his disci.' reverence the great and mysterious ples, and privately died in some rc- work of redemption, wrought by his tired place. Many similar things are perfect obedience, and meritorious brought forward in his famous work, sufferings and death upon the cross. entitled, A levotional Treatise for en. Deeply sensible of the frailty, weak. lightened Christians ! (Leipzig and ness and dcpravity of human nature, Gira, 1797, 2 vols.)
they rejoice in Him, who is the way, There is a second party, that alloirs and the auth, and the life ; they re. of revealed religion ; often, howerer, ceive Him as of God made unto as taking the term Revelation in a sense wisdom, and righteousness, and sancdifferent froin that, in which it has tification and redemption ; they firmusually been accepted ; representing ly hold the doctrine of justification the Christian system as far preferable by faith, but as strongly insist upon to all other systems, that have made the necessity of good works, as fruits pretensions to Revelation ; speaking and evidences of a living faith ; and, of Clirist in the highest terms of generally speaking, they are cordialpraise, and applauding the moral ex- ly attached to, and acquiesce in, those eellency of his doctrine, and the su. doctrines and articles, laid down and perior worth of his character ; but solemnly professed by the Protestant asserting on the other hand, that Reformers; though they are far from Cbrist, is well as his Apostles, hav. anxiously adhering to every single ing frequently accommodated them- expression or exposition of theirs, selves to the erroneous vicu's and but liberally adopt the real improveopinions of that age and people, their ments, which have been made since doctrine ought to be purified from their time in different branches of sich errors. Of the ground and fun theological learning. damental principles of the Divinity of (After giving the names and works our blessed Lord, his atonement, and of a few very respectable divines of the operations of the Spirit of God; this latter description, our corresponthey either affirm that these are not dent concludes, contained in the Bible, as hitherto I could name many excellent char. has been siipposed ; or, if they allow acters of similar principles ; but let them to be found in the scriptures, these suffice to shew, that though they consider them as notions, which, there be numbers, who oppose the being in contradiction to reason, biblical system, yet it is still embracought not to be approved. Opinions ed, supported, and defended, by men to this effect, and others of a similar of eminent talents, learning and nature, may be met with in many rank. doctrinał and expository writings, as well as in the reviews of the present day.
INTELLIGENCE FROM KARASS · But there remains also a large par. ty, which most conscientiously re- A LETTER from a respectable veres the Bible as a divine Revela. correspondent in Edinburgh, to one tion, receiving it, not as the word of of the Editors, dated Nov. 1, 1805,
says." We had lately sery.comfort number of individuals and families to able accounts from our missionaries whom a Bible is a most welcome at Karass in Russian Tartary. They present, I first put down such charac. were well last August. Beside Eu ters as are most actire in promoting ropeans their family consisted of 19 the Redeemer's kingdom, and in do. natives, old and young. All of them, ing good to the bodies and souls of who are grown up, excepting one old their fellow.inen. man, have renounced Mahommedan. 1. The first. Bible shall be giren 23 ism ; two have been publicly baptiz. a present to Sophia Bernard, who is ed; and some of the young people, one of the most excellent women I beside speaking the Tartar and Ka. know, and indeed, an ornament to my bar dian language, can read and speak parish. While unmarried, she unEnglisb.”
dertook, with the consent of her par. ents, the support and education of
three helpless boy's, whom their wick. In our last number wo gate some very ed father had often trampled under interesting extracts from the appendix his feet, and treated in a manner too to the report of the British and For. shocking to relate, when nearly start, eign Bible Society, taken from the ing with hunger they dared to cry CHRISTIAN OBSERVER. Since our out for food. Soon afterwards, she last, we have received from our cor. proved the happy means of saving respondent in London a copy of this the lives of four Roman Catholic report, and we are happy in gratifying children, who, without her assistance, olir readers with further extracts from would have fallen a prey to want and this rich publication.
famine. Thus she had the manage
ment of seven children, to whom ser: The following is a translation of a let. eral more were added, belonging to
ter, to the Society, from a respectable members of three several denom: clergyman in Alsace, dated Nov. 3; inations : she now hired a house and á 1804.
servant girl, and supported the whole
of the family entirely with her own ACCEPT, my dearest friend, our work, and the little money she got most unfeigned thanks for the sum of from the industry of the children, 301. which you have transmitted to us, whom she taught to spin cotton. At ás a kind present from some English the same time, she proved the greatfriends, for the purpose of purchas. est blessing to the whole village where ing and distributing French and Ger. she lived. For it is impossible to be man Bibles among the poor inhabi. more industrious, frugal, clean, cheer. tants of our and the neighbouring ful, edifving by her whole walk and
illages, where four different relig. conversation ; more ready for every jous denominations are to be met good word and work; more mild and with, namely, Roman Catholics, Luis affectionate, more firm and resolute therans, Reformed, and Baptists. in dangers, than she was : Satan so May God, for Christ's sake, impart enraged some of her enemies, that his blessing to this act of Christian they threatened to destroy her old benevolence, in order that his name fottering cottage, but God was gra, may be glorified, and his kingdom ciously pleased to preserve her. A come.
fine vouth, of a noble mind, made You will be glad to learn some par. her an offer of his hand. She first ticulars, respecting the use which I refused, but he declared he would intend to make of this money.
wait for her eyen ten years. When I have ordered, and soon expect to she replicd, that she could nerer conget 50 copies of the French Protest. sent to part her poor orphans, he no! ant Bible, printed at Basil. Though bly answered, “Whoever takes the the type is rather too small for coun- mother, takes the children too.” So try people, yet we have infinite rea. he did--and all these children were son to bless God for being enabled to brought up by them in the most careprocure even these. In the meani. ful and excellent manner. Lately, while, I have made a list of such they have taken in some other or: persons as I consider most deserving phans, whom they are training up in of such a present. Among the large the fear and lore of God. Thoug!
these excellent people pass rather for ger of having it taken away by some rich, yet their income is so limited, blind popish priests ; but if it is only and their benevolence so extensive, lent to them, they generally are per. that sometimes they hardly know how mitted to return it. to furnish a new suit of necessary Finally, farewel! May God be with clothes. To them I intend to give a you, with your congregation, and Bible, considering that their own is with all those kind friends who have very often lent out in different Roman so nobly come forward to our assist. Catholic villages.
2. A second Bible I intend to give to an excellent woman, Maria Schepler, who lives at the opposite end of Extract of a letter from the Society my extensive parish, where the cold « Pro Fide et Christianismo," at is more severe, and the ground un. Stockholm, addressed to the Rev. G. fruitful, so that nearly all the house.
BRUNMARK, Chaplain to the Swee holders are poor people, who must dish Embassy at the Court of Si. lend their clothes to each other when James's. Dated Stockholm, May they intend to go to the Lord's sup.
31, 1804. per. This poor woman is also à very distinguished character, in REV. SIR, whose praise I could say much were
In answer to your question, made I to enter into particulars. Though in behalf of the British and Foreign distressed and afflicted in her own Bible Society, “ Whether the inhabi. person and circumstances, yet she is
tants of Sweden in general, and the a mother, benefactress, and teacher
ler Laplanders in particular, are suffi. to the whole village where she lives,
ciently well provided with Bibles," and to some neighbouring districts
we do with heartfelt satisfaction in. too. She takes the most lively inter.
form you, that, owing to the gracious est in all which relates to the Re.
and paternal care of the government deemer's kingdom upon earth, and
of our country, as well as from the often groans under a sense of all the
gospel light and zeal which have inroads made by the powers of dark:
generally spread among individuals, ness. She also has brought up sev.
no want exists at present of this Ho. eral orphans without receiving the
ly Book, which contains in it the smallest reward, keeps a free school
fountain of all knowledge, bringing for females, and makes it a practice salvation, and producing good-will to lend her Bible to such as are en.
among men ; and moreover, that Bi. tirely deprived of it.
bles in the Finland and Lapland lan. 3.' A third Bible-present I intend
guages are now currently printed at to make to an excellent widow woman,
this place, and distributed either gra, C:tharine Scheiddegger, who is like
tis, or at very reduced prices, by so:
the the former, a mother to'orphans, and cieties formed for that benevolent keeps a free-school ; as also does
purpose. another young woman, who instructs
You will be pleased, Rev. Sir, to little children in a neighbouring vil.
communicate this intelligence to that lage, in such knowledge as may ren.
most noble British Institution; and at der them useful members of human
the same time, express to them the and Christian society.
intimate share which the Society, Pro I might easily enumerate many
Fide ct Christianismo, take in senti. more characters of a similar descrip.
ments and operations so honourable tion, whose eyes will overflow with
and useful. Wishing sincerely that grateful tears if they are favoured
the Lord God may bless and give fur. with the present of a Bible. Let me, therance to their benevolent views however, only add this one remark, and labours, which tend so eminently that it is necessary in our parts, to to give the light of salvation to be, have a number of Bibles in readiness nighted or heathen nations, to lend them out in the neighbouring districts, where all the people are R. We remain, &c. man Catholics. For if they possess a Bible of their own, they are in care [Signed] O. LINDERHOLX,
Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Mr. a possibility of obtaining learned na.
Carey, chief Minister of the Bap- tives of all these countries a suffitist Mission in the East Indies, con- ciency of worldly good things, (with municated by the Secretary of that a moderate degree of annual assist. Mission. Dated Calcutta, Feb. 27, ance from England) to carry us thro' 1804.
it; a printing office; a good library
of critical writings; a habit of trans. We have engaged in a translation Jating; and a disposition to do it. of the sacred scriptures into the Hin. We shall, however, need about 10001. dostannee, Persian, Maharashta, Oot. per annum for some years, to enable tul languages; and intend to engage us to print them; and with this it in more. Perhaps so many advan. may be done in about fifteen years, tages for translating the Bible into all if the Lord preserve our lives and the languages of the East, will never health. meet in any one situation again, viz.
The following Statement of the number In the metropolis there are
of Places of Public Worship in London, is from Mr. Colquhoun's treatisa 16 Inns of Court and Chancery, on the Police of that city.
62 Public Seminaries, ESTABLISHMENT.
237 Parish Schools, .
3730 Private Schools, 1 Cathedral dedicated to St. Paul.
122 Alms Houses and Asylums for 1 Abbey Church, St. Peter, West
the Indigent and Helpless, minster.
17 Hospitals for Sick, Lame, and 120 Parish Churches.
Diseased, and for Pregnant 120 Chapels and Chapels of Ease.
13 Dispensaries, 242
704 Friendly Societies and other In,
stitutions for charitable and MEETINGS POR DISSENTERS.
humane purposes. Besides a Consisting of Chapels for Meth
number of Societies for the odists, Nonconformists, Presby, purpose of promoting the in1503 terians, Independents, Anabap
terests of Religion and Mo; tists, Quakers, and English Ro
rality. (man Catholics. CHAPELS AND MEETING-HOUSES FOR
Out of a population of 8,872,980, in FOREIGNERS.
England, there are relieved by parish Consisting of Chapels for
charity, 1,039,716, or one eighth part French, German, Dutch, Swe
of the whole inhabitants of the kingdish, Danish, and Helvetic
dom. [Rose's Observations on the Poor Protestants, for foreign Roman
Laws. Catholics, and for those of the ( Russian, or Greek Church.
• The University of Cambridge, SYNAGOGUES.
(Eng.) have lately published a new 6 For the Jewish Religion. edition of the learned Dr. Waterland's
Treatise on the importance of the doo, 428 Places of Public Worship in all. trine of the Trinity: