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him, to be in the wrong. Nor did In short, his charity was benevohis charity binder him from judg- lence ; benevolence restricted to ing those to be bad men, who gave no particular denomination, or proofs of it by their practice. But country, or even characters ; be. he knew too much of the consti- nevolence without bounds. But tution of the human mind, and his charity had not the same operthe causes of diversity of opinion ; ation toward all. Like the charihe had too much regard to the ty of the blessed NAZARENE, it right of private judgment, and the was cordial complacency in them use of free inquiry ; he was too who loved and obeyed the truth. wise, too modest, and too just to But toward them, whom he saw indulge in himself, or to encour- in the path of errour and impiety age in others a dogmatical, intol- his charity was mingled disapproerant spirit. His candour prevent- bation, compassion, and good will ; ed him from officiously passing a disapprobation of their errours and condemnatory sentence upon per sins, compassion for their miseries, sons or things, without just war. and good will to their souls. His rant. It prevented him from cen- charity as well, as his judgment, suring men without the authority led him to mourn the relaxed oof scripture ; from censuring them pinions of religion, which prevail precipitately, or in the dark, be- at this day. Inspired with the fore he had obtained clear evi spirit of other times, when the dence of facts ; from forming a glory of New England piety shone partial judgment ; from giving forth, he greatly lamented its de way to suspicions and jealousies, cline. The scheme of modern without any proper foundation to liberality, whether in preaching or support them ; from venturing to in books, wounded his benevolent judge of men's state with refer- heart, and excited fearful appreence to divine acceptance, upon hensions concerning the cause of grounds not determined by the the church. In his view it stripexpress rules of the gospel ; from ped the gospel of all its glory. overlooking the excellencies of Socinianism he pronounced to be men, because of some real or sup- a cold, lifeless, chilling system, the posed faults ; from imputing to name without the essence of chrisothers opinions, which they disa. tianity, having nothing to arrest vowed ; and from publishing their the attention and command the failings or sins without just occa- heart. It takes atvay, he often sion. Such was the character, said, the life and soul of religion, and such the influence of his can- He considered it as very near the dour. It was a branch of that confines of infidelity. In the christian love, which suffereth long spread of this and other forms of and is kind ; which thinketh no e antichristian theology, he clearly vil; which beareth all things, be• saw the decay of vital piety, the lieveth all things, hopeth all things, peril of inmortal souls, and the endureth all things. His charity desolation of Zion.. was so far from rendering him in- One instance of his mild and different respecting the senti- candid spirit ought to be particularments and characters of men, that ly noticed. Religious controversy it filled him with pious grief for has generally produced very disatheir errors and crimes, and gave greeable effécis on the feelings of him a lively interest in everything, both parties. We are happy to which concerned their welfare. record an exception. The con

trorersy, in which Doctor Tappan embrace the sentiments of his opwas persuaded to engage, never ponent, ought to be ranked among broke the bands of brotherhood, the best of preachers, and the best which united hiin to his opponent. of men. He continued to entertain a warm How seldom do we set our eyes affection for his person, and to upon a more candid disputant ; hold in very high esteem his abil- upon a more mild and generous ities, fidelity, and usefulness, as a opponent ; upon a more amiable minister of the gospel. Though man, a more pious christian, or a the Doctor never receded from the more affectionate, diligent, and principles, for which he had con- blameless pastor ? tended; he often gave it as his mature opinion, that many, who [To be continued.]

Religious Communications.


chance never fixes men in the A lucky man is a phrase, which dust,pever elevates them to wealth imprudent and inefficacious per- and honour. Chance, or accidunt, sons frequently apply to those, according to the loose, popular who are discreet,enterprising, and sense of the word, may give a successful. When the self indul- man the highest prize in a lottegent and idle see their neighbours ry; but chance will not continue rising above them in wealth or this wealth, will not enable him to reputation, they often ascribe it to use it in a reputable manner. This good luck. This sooths their is the fruit of discretion and induswounded pride, and moderates try. David was a lucky man ; but their rising envy ; for in reaping no man was ever more dependent the fruit of chance or luck there is on his own virtues. It might be neither merit, nor worth. Were called chance, which brought hini they to ascribe the felicity, they to the camp, while Goliah was adcontemplate, to the true cause, dressing his challenge to the arwhich is the providence of God, my ; but it was not chance, which and superior prudence and indus- directed the stone to the giant's fry; it would be a commendation forehead; it was skill, acquired by of their friends, a reflection on laborious practice. It was not themselves, and a wound to their chance, which taught him the erself complacency. The neglect, chantments of musick ; it was icthe contempt, the inconveniences, dustry and genius. It was not which men endure, are doubly chance, which rendered himla favexatious, when considered, as the courite in the court of Saul; it effect of their own conduct. The was his commanding address, and man, who has lost an estate or a pleasing accomplishments. It fair reputation, to lull his con- was not chance, which preserved science to rest, says," I am a very him from the bloody hands of untucky man." Chance is an im- Saul; it was his profound disaginary power, over which mortals cernment, his valour, ard bis straithink they have no control. The agems. It was not chance, which truth is, chance does not exist; raised him to the throne of Israel;

it was his own great character, her, seldom acquaints her with his and the providence of Heaven. business, and never asks her ad

Negotio is the son of a country vice. She has the mortification clergyman ; he was early placed to be denied many of her wishes, an apprentice to an enterprising to see her plans rejected, her adand intelligent merchant. Nrge vice disregarded, and herself a tio has always been in the habit of dead weight in the family. She is reflecting, before he acted. When an indiscreet, unpleasant, mascupreparing a ship for sea, he exam. line and imperious woman. She ines where the vessels from the wonders, that she cannot have the port are gone or going. He care. good luck of her neighbour Fidelia. fully considers, what commodities Benevolus is a clergyman, his will probably arrive from different theological opinions are puritanick countries. He ascertains, what and unpopular. The neigbourwill be scantily furnished? or, if hood, when he settled, was agitatany profitable branch of traffick ed by the fury of polemick divini. have been neglected, with an eagle ty ; the people had taken sides. eye he makes the discovery, and Two thirds of the society called his vessels supply the deficiency. and settled Benevolus ; the rest Hence it is often said, if any com with more than a proportionate modity be remarkably dear, “Ne- share of wealth and influence were gotio's ship will soon arrive deep- as hostile, as wounded pride and Jy laden.” It seems chance to the party violence could make them. undiscerning multitude, and they Benevolus is a very lucky man. all cry out, Negotio is the most. He never offended his opponents; lucky man in the world. It was he was really concerned for them, really his forethought, his enter and treated them with uniform prise, and genius. By his probi- kindness. They see the faithfulty, industry, and intelligence, Ne ness of his ministerial duties ; gotio has become immensely rich. their opposition is extinguished ; His old companions, while gazing and his people are as harmonious, at his ships and country seats, as any in the country. exclaim, what a lucky creature! The conclusion is, what many

Fidelia is the most lucky wom- persons call luck, is only prudence an in the world according to and faithfulness, accompanied with vulgar estimation ; but according the blessing of God. PAROS. to truth she is a most meritorious character. She married judiciously, and has a happy influence ON THE NEGLECT OF THE OLD

DIVINES. over her husband. He consults her in all his affairs, listens to her The present age seems strong. opinion, and is influenced by her ly characterized by an ardent advice. She leads him with a silk- thirst for what is new, and a prefen thread, invisible to himself and erence of the ornamental to the the world. The fact is, she is an substantial and useful. This per industrious, economical, intelli- version of the publick taste has efgent, and pleasant companion, fected much evil in every departançl has merited the confidence of ment of science and literature : her humband.

but on no subject has it shed a Clytemnestra is a most unlucky more baleful influence, than relig woman. Her husband, though an ion). Here, if in any case, the ainiable man, is reserved toward simplicity and purityoftruth should

be its capital and sufficient recom- salvation. They thought it bemendation. Human mixtures do came them to“ preach a crucified but deprave. Artificial embellish- Christ, in a crucified style." They ments do but incumber. Novel spoke from the fulness of their ties are apt rather to mislead, own hearts : they spoke a lanthan instruct.

guage, which went to the conThe liveliest veneration and sciences and hearts of those whom gratitude are due to a host of mode they addressed : and thus to ern divines, who have ably main. speak, was all the eloquence at tained and illustrated the truths of which they aimed. the gospel. Their writings fre- In those things which are of the quently exhibit a most pleasing u. greatest solidity and importance, nion of talents, literature, piety, it must be confessed that they exand zeal. They are especially to celled. Their writings display a be prized for that flood of light, familiar acquaintance with the sawhich, in many instances, they cred oracles, just and discriminat. pour on the truth and inspiration ing views of the doctrines they of the scriptures.

contain, with an accurate attention Still it is a serious question, to their dependencies and bearings whether the comparative, and per on each other. Equally unambihaps increasing neglect, with tious of the parade of learning, the which divines of an earlier period abstrusities of metaphysical disare treated, be not a great evil. quisition, and the charms of rhetMany a reader perhaps may smile, orick, they convey the sublimest at being turned back to the seven- ideas in the simplest expressions. teenth century, for instruction in Unfettered by human systems, divinity. But it is the writer's and resorting to the pure "founconfident opinion, that a consider- tain of inspiration, they present able portion of the most judicious us with scriptural sentiments, susas well, as pious christians of our ported by scriptural evidence, and time, are in the habit of selecting clothed in scriptural language. many of their favourite authors They neither defraud us of those from this early period. And were rich stores of various instruction their worth more generally known, contained in the bible, nor affect and more justly appreciated, they to be more communicative than would doubtless receive a much its munificent Author. Where greater share of attention.

it speaks, they faithfully echo its When we look into the writings language. Where it is most emof those excellent men, we shall phatical, they are so too. Where sometimes be struck with their it is silent, they are silent with it. inattention to the graces and em. Hence their writings will be found bellishments of composition. This eminently calculated to promote is no proof that they were defi. the life and power of religion. cient in literature. It is to be al. Replete with alarming descriptions tributed in part to the comparative- of human depravity, guilt and ly rude state of the language ; wretchedness ; with striking ex. and perhaps still more, to their hibitions of the riches of redeemfeeling a noble indifference to ev. ing grace , with accurate discrimi:ery thing not directly subservient inations between the saint and sin. to their main object. They wish- ner ; with faithful expostulatior, ed, not for the applause of their and pungent reproof; with sohearers, or readers ; but for their emn warning, and melding'entreaty ; with balm for the wounded, exhibit not only strong marks of comfort for the dejected, and di- genius, but an intimate knowledge rection for the inquiring ; they of the deceitfulness of the heart, afford the best materials to con- and of the distinguishing nature vince, to humble, and to edisy. and characteristicks of real religion. In a word, such is their solid and Our own country was by no various excellence, that, like the means deficient, even at the early best of the ancient classicks, they period mentioned, in divines of the never tire ; but on reiterated pe same general character. Among a rusals, disclose new beauties, and variety of others we may distinimpart fresh delight.

guish Willard, who has illustrated It were easy to confirm these all the capital topicks of theology, remarks by examples. The works with a degree of sagacity, judg." of Owen are a mine of theological ment, and learning, which entitles knowledge, which the most inde- lis name and writings to affecfatigable reader will not easily ex- tionate and lasting veneration. haust. He was "mighty in the It is painful to see such precious scriptures :" and though possess- treasures undervalued and neglecting strong reasoning powers, ed. The present age, it is true, seems to have sought the mind of has made great advances in natuGod, as expressed in his word, ral philosophy, and general sciwith all the simplicity of a child. ence. But to suppose that our Hence in all the great points of progress in theology is propordivinity, whether doctrinal, con- tionate, would be an instance of troversial, or experimental, he is mistake and self flattery. Imsingularly luminous and correct. provement here is the result, not The practical writings of Baxter so much of learned speculation, as abound with interesting and weigh- of abstraction from the world, close ty instruction. No mai seems to attention to the scriptures, and have written under deeper im- humble prayer to the Father of pressions of the reality of things lights. In these respects, those eternal, or the inestimable worth holy men to whom we have refer. of souls. In his description, the red, are our example, and, alas! in beauty of holiness, the baseness of too many instances our reprovers. sin, the glories of heaven, and the Should it please the gracious God horrors of hell, present themselves to correct the carelessness of the not merely to the understanding, times, and revive a spirit of seri. but almost to the senses of the de- ous religion, their writings, it may lighted or astonished reader. The be safely predicted, will receive good sense, profound knowledge, that attention to which they are and natural eloquence of Leighton, justly entitled. In the mean time, is equalled only by the piety of his we do not hesitate to recommend heart, and a spirit of devotion, them to the frequent and familiar which animates every part of his perusal of all who are secking rewritings. In Flavci, we find a ligious knowledge and improvevariety of matter, a copiousness ment; and especially of those who of illustration, and tender earnests are preparing to be instructors of ness of address,furnishing the most others. They will find them the ample materials for instruction, best means, under the blessing of pleasure, and edification. Even God, of enlightening their minds, the writings of Bunyan, simple as warming their hearts, and guide in some respects they may appear, ing their conduci.


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