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kiles ; and, as the ark was some- sented in hieroglyphick symbols. times called Libanah, it is proba. In, the history of the Sparti are ble, that mount Libanus received constant allusions to the deluge. its name from the ark. The ar. In China we have the history kite memorials passed from E. of Noah in their Sin Num and gypt and Syria to Phrygia and Sin Noo. He was a husband. Pontus, and thence to Thrace, man, and taught mankind agricul. and the cities of Greece. They ture. His picture is highly eswere received in Europe by the teemed by the Chinese. In JapHetruria, Celtæ, and Suevi. Tac- an are numerous memorials of the itus says this people worshipped food in their religious rites. Isis, an ark or ship, being the The sacred cow or steer is venerchief object of their devotion. ated ; the deity, as in the arkite The arkite rites, it appears from worship of many other nations, is Bryant, prevailed in Britain, in represented on a lotus, and upon the island of Mona, and in the a tortoise, and sometimes proHebrides. Perhaps the ark of the ceeding from a fish. covenant, so sacred among the Is. The whole of these facts, in a raelites, might have a primary new and satisfactory manner, bring reference to the covenant of Noah. evidence from remotest ages and As the stone tables of the law were most distant countries, to which we kept in this ark, so the Chinese have access, to support the Mosakept their books of divination in a ick history of a universal deluge. sacred ark. The Islanders of O. This great event is universally taheite have a sacred ark, pre- known, and though the mcniorials cisely of the same dimensions have been abused, traditions have with the ark of the covenant, in been preserved with great reverwhich is preserved a bundle of ence in all the rites and ceremofeathers, and a sacred Teraphim, nies of the gentile world ; and the without which their chief priest further we go back, the more vivid says he could do nothing

and exact is the history, especialMention has been made of the ly in the countries near the resieight original gods of Egypt, the dence of Noah. Were the story number of persons, saved in the a fable, the reverse of this would ark; they were described in a be the fact : the more ancient our boat. A like remarkable refer- inquiries, and the nearer the ence to the number eight is ex- scene we approached, the less hibited in the history of Mount light we should discover, till enArarat ; it was called Thamanim, tire darkness would terminate the and a town near the foot of the search. Nor could there have mountain was called by the same been such likeness and harmony name. Thaman signified eight, in the traditions of different ages The Cuthites, the posterity ofChus and countries, wide as the world and Ham, worshipped Noah under apart, unless they had been foundthe name of Nusos and Dionu- ed in truth. Certain therefore sos. The worship of the dove it is, that God did bring a flood and other circumstances relating of waters, and all the high hills, to the deluge, interwoven with all that were under the whole heay. the ceremonies of the eastern en, were covered. PHILO. world, were in Babylonia repre

(To be continued.)

For the Panoplist. Greek, as from the ignorance and LETTER II.

cruelty of barbarians? ON THE IMMUTABILITY OF RELIGION. It is fondly imagined by some, Beloved Brother,

that those passages of inspiration, It would be a great omission, which contain the most finished in one, who undertakes to prove description of human depravity, the immutability of evangelical relig. are peculiar to the idolatrous, ion, not to consider the fameness of abandoned heathen, and, with a the buman character. The natur- few lamented exceptions, are inal character of mankind is indeed applicable to the christianized capable of an astonishing variety world. But, my brother, I hope of visible forms. But it is not you will not adopt this construcdifficult to show that all these visi. tion of scripture without much ble forms belong to characters, careful inquiry. What, then, is which are in reality alike. I shall the language which the gospei exemplify this remark in one par- utters to every child of Adam ? ticular instance. Avarice may Repent, and believe. Thus all men be the ruling passion of men, are considered, as on a level; as whose visible conduct is exceeding- finners, needing repentance, and ly various. One may pursue his dependent for salvation on the object by open dishonesty. An- Lord Jesus Christ. With persons other having more discernment, of a different description the gofmay conceal his villany, and pur- pel has no concern. fue his obje&t by secret dishonesty. Attend carefully to the treatAnother, whose heart is equally ment, which the gofpel has recovetous, attending to the max- ceived from mankind. Where im, that honefty is the best policy, has it found the most insurmountmay seek to gratify his criminal able obstacles ? By whom has it passion by fair and honourable been opposed with the greatest vi. means. This example is design- olence, and trampled upon with ed to guard you against fuppof- the most malignant scorn? Has it ing, that the human character not often been by men of science, really varies according to its va- and of decent and polithed exteriried exterior form. To prevail. or ? Have not such evinced by, ing fashion, to popular opinion, at last flighting the gospel, that and to outward culture, in con- they possess the same spirit with nection with the power of the self- the openly vicious ; the fame ith affections, may be ascribed all character with unbelieveing Jews the diversity, which marks the and gentile idolaters ? character of unrenewed men. In But, my dear brother, there is what was the polished Greek re- no need of amplifying. For it is ally better than the rudest barba- to be presumed, that mankind, in rians ? Did all his wisdom, all his all ages and circumstances, have refinement bring him any nearer, the same character, unless there is than they were, to the confines of evidence of the contrary ; unlels true goodness ? Let facts decide. some adequate cause of difference When the gospel, which is the can be assigned. What is that forest test of character, was cause ? Does the blood of corpreached by the apostles, did it rupt human nature become purinot meet as stubborn resistance fied, by palling through the veins from the boasted wisdom of the of many generations? Does the

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moral disease of man exhaust its Now who would suppose, that a own force and cure itself by the vi. moral disease can be cured by an olence of its efforts? Or do men intellectual application ? Who learn to be good from the increas. would suppose that the distemper ing multitude of bad examples of sin can find any remedy in the This, surely, is not the lesson of extensive discoveries made of the experience. What, then is the secret virtues of plants and minerprecife cause of the meliorated als, or the many successful research, temper of the unrenewed heart? es into the regions of antiquity ? What is the reason, that mankind : Why, then, is it imagined, at this day are supposed to be less that mankind, in these scientifick depraved, and to need a less ex. and polished ages, need a less contentive renovation, than in former fiderable change, than they did and more uncultivated ages ? in all the times of Christ and his You speak of improvements in apoftles ? Then it was deemed philosophy in all the arts and sci. necessary for a man to be born ences in the state of society, in again in order to enter into the the sensibilities and manners of kingdom of heaven. Then it people. But what efficacy have might be said of believers, that fuch improvements to mend the they were what they were, by the heart? The cause afsigned must grace of God; that in them old be adequate to the supposed effect. things had passed away, and all The reinedy mult be adapted to things become new. The same lanthe nature of the disease.

guage was common among the It is granted, that the improve. faithful race, who first peopled ments of these last ages are very val. New England. But by many it uable. But let it be remembered is now esteemed unmeaning cant, they are not improvements in Ipirit- the obsolete dialect of superstition, ual things; they are not improve ignorance, and enthusiasm. It is ments in the religious temper and confidently believed and asserted, practice of men. How can it be that men may become virtuous conceived that the refinements of and religious without such a great science and talte haie power to and remarkable change, and that eradicate evil passions, or purify there is not at this day such an the soul from the detested leprosy immediate and entire dependence of fin ? Intellectual improvements on the efficacious Spirit and grace have an influence on our intel- of God, as was felt at the first eflectual character, but not on our tablishment of christianity. Men moral state. To understand bet. are now less indebted to God for ter than the unconverted Corin- falvation, and more indebted to thians, did, the law of gravitation, the power of reason and correct and the principles of chymistry taste, in short, more indebted to and electricity does not render themselves, than the faints were our fpiritual condition less crim- anciently. Accordingly, it is inal and hazardous, than theirs with less propriety and emphasis, was ; unless it can be made to that they can now adopt fcripture appear, that some chymical pro- phraseology, and literally ascribe cels or electrical experiment can conversion and falvation to God, reform the depraved heart, and God had a great harvest of glory render men obedient and pious. in the salvation of those, who were taken from the regions of idolatry I live by the faith of the Son of and ignorance. But now the af. God, who loved me, and gave fairs of religion proceed more achimself for me." This, my dear cording to the principles of hu- brother, was the spirit of primitive man nature, and the common chrillianity. This is the spirit of laws, which regulate the moral true christianity now, and at all world. This, my brother, is the times. {pirit of modern liberality. But Dear brother, I use this unre. if, upon impartial examination, served freedom, because I wish to it appear, that the natural char- shield you from danger, and to acter of men is at all times the promote your endless felicity. fame, that finners are as deprav. Your everlasting intereft lies near ed, as criminal, as helpless in these my heart. No earthly pleasure ages of literary improvement, as can be compared with the tena they were in times of former igno. der, grateful, exulting joy I rance; we must conclude they need Thould feel in your falvation. a moral change of the same great. For this, my hope is in God. ness and extent. The foundation This fub, ect is of the firit imporof saving religion must till be laid tance to you and to me. Let in regeneration by divine power. me then requelt you to take a Sinners how fair foever their visi. careful survey of primitive chris. ble character, must be created in tianity. Behold its dilinguih. Christ Jesus unto good works ; ing, its celeltial features. Then mult be washed, must be justified, survey the prevailing, fashionable must be fanctified in the name of religion of nominal christians at the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit this day of boalted improvement. of their God. By the same kind Beside the empty name, what reof repentance, as primitive con- semblance do you find ? Have verts exercised, they must turn not the bulk of those, who proteís from sin to God. With the same to believe the Bible, loft fight of humility, felf abhorrence and sub- their pattern and guide, and turtimiffion they must come to Christ, ed to follow the God of this and with the same love and con- world. If apoftolick religion is the fidence receive him in all his of- standard ; did not our beloved fices. After conversion, they parents, cid not our forefathers, mult maintain the same holy can. though not to be accounted per. test with the inveterate corrup- fect, far excel the latitudinarians tions of the heart. They must be of the age ? And is not our led by the same fpirit ; and wide departure from the puritan through that Spirit they must religion of New England a las mortify unholy affections, and mentable and hazardous expuris gain a vidory over fin. In short, ment? they must be able to adopt the Hoping, my dear brother, foon modest, selfabafing, and yet trium- lo hear from you, I bid you adieu. phant language of apoftolick piety, Receive in kindness what was "I am crucified with Christ ; prompted by the tender and faithnevertheless I live ; yet not I, sul affection of your brother, but Christ liveth in me ; and the

CONSTANS. life which I now live in the flella,

To the Editors of the Panoplist. God loveth a cheerful giver.” A. DR. AUGUSTUS HERMANNUS FRANK. bout a quarter of a year, after this FORMERLY PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF HALIE, IN box was set up, a person put in SAXONY

185. 6d. When the Professor When this celebrated Profes- took this trise from the box, he sor was first settled as a minister said, in full assurance of faith, at Glaucha, in conformity to the “ This is now a considerable fund, custom of persons of wealth and worthy to be laid out in some imbenevolence in that part of Ger- portant undertaking ; I will many, he appointed a day in eve- therefore take this for the foundary week to dispense alms to the tion of a charity school.” He poor, at his own house. Their immediately with eight shillings miseries, but especially their gross of it purchased some suitable jgnorance and wickedness, very books, and hired a poor student sensibly touched his heart. He to teach the children two hours in was above all, affected to see such a day. When his stock was nearnumbers of children, growing up ly expended, some friends conin that dissolute way of life. He tributed more. He resolved io resolved to make an attempt for choose twelve of the most hopeful their spiritual, as well as bodily of the children, and to venture uprelief. Accordingly every Thurse on their maintenance and educaday, which was his day for dis tion. When this little beginning tributing alms, he invited the was known abroad, contributions poor, old and young, who came were sent, to aid in prosecuting so into his house ; and there, beside good a design. One person gave a giving them money, instructed the thousand crowns; two others children, in the presence of the el contributed four hundred. Upon der persons, in the principles of this a house was purchased, and religion, and concluded with converted into a hospital for poor prayer. This exercise commenc- orphans. This was in the year ed in the beginning of the year 1696. His funds increasing, he 1694. The number of the poor, built a commodious hospital. He who attended on these occasions, now formed the design of mak(many of them, probably for the ing indigent scholars a part of his sake of the alms) soon increased, care. This enlargement of his and the charges also increasing, o- design, rendered necessary a buildbliged the Professor to seek as- ing that would accommodate at sistance in carrying on this good least 200 persons : yet his stock work. For this purpose he place of money was not sufficient to ened an alms box in his parlour, able him to build even a small with these words written over it: cottage. His faith, however, 66 Whoso hath this world's goods, raised him above all discourageand seeth his brother have need, ments. The foundation of a spaand shutteth up his bowels of cious hospital was laid July 13, compassion from himn; how 1698, IN THE NAME OF GOD, wiihdwelleth the love of God in out any settled fund, or so much him?" And under it,"" Every as a promise of assistance in conman according as he purposeth in pleting it, from any individual. his heart, so let him give, not Such was the support he received, grudgingly, nor of necessity; for that in 1702, the hospital was fin.

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