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expose him to the charge of tailed account of the proceedings, having been foiled in the con- published an explanation of the test. He thus wished, either to Theses, which had been canruin Luther in the eyes of the vassed, with an abridgment of Pope and his Conclave, or to the transactions prefixed. In it disgrace him in the estimation he discussed the infallibility of of the learned and discerning the Pope, the authority of the It is unnecessary to detail the Church, and the doctrine of Jus. particular arguments, which tification. His sentiments on each adduced in support of his the last topic were not speculaassertions ; on both sides con- tive only, but produced the most cessions were made, which the important practical effects. By other laid hold of with no little refuting the doctrine of the mertriumph. The sentiments of it of good works, and establishe the audience were not more ing that of justification by faith unanimous concerning the issue without respect to works previ. of the debate. According as ously done, the most fruitful they were attached to Rome, or source of clerical luxury was to the Reformation, they gave threatened with destruction. If the palm to Eckius or to Luther. the most liberal endowment of Both, it was allowed, exhibited churches, donations to convents, proofs of splendid talents, exten- and bounties to monasteries, to sive learning, and vehement elo. friars, and other ecclesiastics, quence. Some thought Luther did not in the least degree avail superior in learning, but Eckius to the justification of sinners, in memory and expression. It but must be even renounced as is certain, however, that this grounds of confidence, it is not disputation was injurious to both difficult to perceive, that the parties. In consequence of Lu- hope of salvation was no longer ther's defence, multitudes began inseparably connected with the to doubt the authority of the support of religious societies and Bishops of Rome, who had never institutions ; and, consequently doubted it before ; and the pube that, in proportion as this doce lication of the proceedings led trine prevailed, the clergy were to inquiry, and in many instances in danger of losing the chief produced conviction ; while Lu part of their revenues. ther was more universally, and Melancthon, already in prie with greater justice, supposed to vate a friend to the Reformas be a heretic, because he had con- tion, was confirmed in his ats demned the decrees of the coun- tachment to it by the disputation cil of Constance, and given his at Leipsic, to which he was a sanction to many of the tenets witness. He saw through the of Huss and Wickliffe.*
Aimsy objections and pompous To render this controversy as sophistry of Eckius ; discerned extensively useful as possible, more impressively the sources Luther, though prevented by a of popish corruption, and the previous agreement of secresy necessity of a reform ; and was from giving to the world a de determined by the solid reason.
ings of Luther, to embark in the • Beausobre, p. 192—205, glorious cause of delivering his countrymen from the chains of Calvin in a similar case,t he ignorance, superstition, and sin. wrote him in the kindest and « Little did Eckius imagine," most soothing terms, and begged says Milner, “ that the public him not to be distressed at the disputation, in which he had recollection of any thing that foreseen nothing but victory and had passed between them. exultation, and the downfal of While the divines were disLutheranism, would give rise to puting at Leipsic, the Electors another theological champion, of the Empire met at Francfort, who should contend for Chris- to choose a successor to Maxitian truth and Christian liberty, milian, who had died in the bewith the primitive spirit of an ginning of the year. This asapostle. At Wittemberg, Me- sembly witnessed an instance of lancthon had probably been well magnanimous generosity scarce. acquainted with Luther's lec- ly paralleled in the annals of any tures in divinity, but it was in country. It saw Frederic dethe citadel of Leipsic that he cline an imperial crown, not in a heard the Romish tenets defend. moment of indeliberation, or an ed by all the arguments, which ebullition of passion ; but beingenuity could devise : there cause conscious of the inadequahis suspicions were strengthened cy of his resources to support respecting the evils of the exist. the dignity of the Empire, and ing hierarchy; and there his to maintain its rights against the righteous spirit was roused to preparations of the Ottoman imitate, in the grand object of court. Neither the voice of amhis future inquiries and exer- bition, which would powerfully tions, the indefatigable endeav- assail him, nor the solicitations ours of his zealous and adven- of his countrymen, who were turous friend."*
anxious to reward his merit and About this time, Tetzel, worn ensure their own happiness, out with tbe effects of his profii. moved him from his purpose. gacy, tormented with reflections To put an end to their indecison his extortions and injustice, ion, he pointed out Charles, king stung with the censures, which of Spain, then a young and heroMiltitz had passed on his con- ic prince, as the person, who, duct, and disgraced in the esti- from his connexions with Germation of all, who were not as many, and the extent of his na. worthless as himself, ended his tive dominions, was the most life, being carried off either in a likely to wield the imperial scepfit of despair, or by an attack of tre with dignity and success; the plague. It should be men- and from the effect of this retioned to the honour of Luther's commendation it may be justly Christian spirit, and to vindicate said, that he in one day had the him from the charge of revenge glory of refusing and of bestowand implacability, that, on hear. ing an empire. Disdaining the ing of Tetzel's anguish, like very imputation of being bribed
• Milner's Ch. Hist. Vol. IV. p. 409.
+ Religious Monitor, Life of Calvin, Vol. 11. p. 83.
to this generous conduct, he re- tiation ; nor did the fear of bring. jected the offer of 3000 florins, ing it to an abrupt and unfavoura. which Charles' ambassadors ble termination prevent him from pressed on him, as an expres- continuing openly to declare his sion of their master's gratitude; hostility to the doctrines of men, forbade even his servants to ac- and the usurpations of priest. cept of any part of that sum, on craft, though in some instances pain of immediate dismission; it moderated the asperity of his and to prevent farther solicitar language. He explained the tions, left Francfort early the Psalms to the people, and disfollowing day.*
charged with diligence and fidelThe negotiation of Miltitz, ity, every part of his ministeri. which had been interrupted by al and professorial functions. these political affairs of the Em- Though his public discourses pire, was renewed on their ter were chiefly of a practical and exmination, and he returned into perimental tendency, he did not Saxony, to present the Elector conceal his doctrinal sentiments; with the golden consecrated nor even the hesitation which he rose, which the Pontifis used to began to feel respecting the foun. bestow on princes for whom dation and propriety of auricular they professed a peculiar esteem, confession, the number of the and which had been promised to sacraments, the restriction of Frederic as a token of the Pope's the communion to one kind, and favour and approbation. But other tenets of the Romish relig. the time was passed, when such ion. But his principal work, dura present would have been ac. ing 1519, was his commentary on ceptable to Frederic, and though the Galatians, a treasure of theo. he was afraid of irritating the logical and moral truth, contain: papal court, by rejecting it alto- ing his views of justification by gether, he was unwilling, person. faith, the particular place which ally to submit to a ceremony good works hold in the Christian which he now regarded as noth- system, the nature and extent ing else than a solemn farce. of evangelical charity, and the He accordingly ordered his discriminating characters of the counsellor Fabian Feilisch, to law and the gospel. I undergo the usual ceremonies in
(To be continued.) his place. Defeated in this purpose of his mission, Miltitz sought a second interview with Luther, which took place at BRIEF Sketch of MR. THOM. Libenwerde, a small village in
AS BRIGHTMAN. the neighbourhood of Wittemberg, when they again agreed to
To the Editors of the Panoplist. refer the cause to the Archbish I FEEL it my duty to express op of Treves.t
to you the high gratification Luther's zeal was not repress. which I experienced on reading ed by the tardiness of the nego. in your last number the Testiint
* Seckendorf, lib. i. $ 80. p. 122. | Beausobre, tom. i. p. 239-242.
Beausobre, tom. I. p. 244. Sec, endorf, lib. i. p. 133-137.
ny of the venerable HIGGINSON the 11th chapter to the end of the and HUBBARD, to the order of the 12th chapter, written originally Gospel in the Churches in New in Latin.” He also composed a England. The publication of it Latin commentary on the Cantiat this time is seasonable ; and cles, or Song of Solomon, which if read and considered with due his warm imagination prompted attention by the clergy and him to consider as a prophetic churches in Massachusetts, it'description of the state of the cannot fail to do good. I wish it Church from king David's time, may excite some one of compe- till the year 1550. The translatent talents, and information, to tor of the two last works gives display before the public, through him the following character: the medium of the Panoplist, a “He was indeed one of a correct view of the present anar- thousand, great and gracious chical state of our ecclesiastical many ways, both in life and affairs, and to devise and pre- learning, dum ea docuit quæ fecit, scribe some means by which that et ea fecit que docuit, et verba “ Order of the Gospel” might be vertebat in opera. He taught in restored among us, which once that he did practice, did pracexisted, and which these pious tice that he taught, and so turnfathers so earnestly recom- ed words into works. He was a mended. At the present time, great artist, and a great linguist. this subject pre-eminently claims He had good skill in all arts and the attention of Christians, espe- tongues, needful for a complete cially of the Congregational de- divine, even in song also, vocal nomination.
music being the best, till his But the chief object I had in more weighty studies called him view, when I took up my pen, from the Maidens to Divinity was to furnish for the Panoplist their mistress, wherein he exthe following biographical sketch celled and shined above many of of the c6 famous BRIGHTMAN,” his fellows : all that then lived mentioned by Messrs. HIGGIN- with him in Queen's College in SON and HUBBARD, in their Cambridge, whereof he was a “ Testimony” just alluded to, fellow, do very well know. He with so much respect. This shined every way, and was a sketch is taken from a note in BRIGHT MAN indeed in his life ; Walton's life of Dr. ROBERT shining to all that heard his cateSANDERSON, late Bishop of Lin- chizing, and common places and
lectures in the college, or his “Mr. THOMAS BRIGHTMAN was sermons in the country, in Bedborn at Nottingham, educated at fordshire. He is said to have Queen's College in Cambridge, always prayed for a sudden and was afterwards Rector of death. His prayer was granted. Hawnes in Bedfordshire. He As he was reading a book and was the author of “ The Revela- travelling in a coach with his tion of St. John illustrated, with friend and patron, Sir John Osan Analysis and Scholions,” &c. born, he was seized with a faintand of “ A most comfortable Ex- ing fit, and being taken out of the position of the last and most dif- carriage for the benefit of the air, ficult part of the prophecies of he instantly expired, August 24, Daniel, from the 26th verse of 1607.”
ON THE EXAMINATION OF car on no man, to set him apart for DIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY.* that sacred trust, before his quali. Ar the present day there is
is fications have been fully examine as much licentiousness in reli
ed and thoroughly approved. gion, as in politics; and as much
Neither make thyself partaker in perhaps in the ministry, as a. "
" the sins of others ; as thou wilt mong the people. Were not certainly do, if thou art the many, who bear the name of
means of bringing those into the gospel ministers, plotting against
ministry, whom thou mightest the ancient faith, and using all
have discovered to be unworthy their influence to introduce a
men." The apostle here cau. new form of Christianity, it
tions ministers not only against would not be so necessary as it
introducing into the sacred office how is to contend for a practice,
men who are not qualified, but which is sanctioned by scripture
against introducing even those and reason. The examination of
who are qualified, without suitcandidates previously to ordinas
able inquiry respecting their tion, has, of late, been not only
qualifications. What the requi. neglected, but violently oppos
site qualifications are we learn ed; not only treated as a matter
from the same apostle. A bishop of indifference, but decried, as a
must be blameless, vigilant, sober, destructive evil. It is, there.
of good behaviour, apt to teache fore, thought conducive to the holding Jast the faithful word. interest of Zion, to give a brief
F This description of a bishop is statement of the principal rea
a designed not only as a standard, sons which occur in favour of to which every minister ought examinations.
to be conformed, but as a direcó In the first place, it is evidentory for thos
tory for those who are concerned that examinations are supported
in ordaining others. That this by scripture. Paul says to Tim
was the special design of the deothy, Lay hands suddenly on no
scription appears beyond all man, neither be partaker of other
her doubt from the connexion. For men's sins. The true meaning
this cause, says Paul to Titus, of this caution is undoubtedly
I left thee in Crete, that thou contained in the following para
shouldst set in order the things phrase of Doddridge. “ As it is
which are wanting, and ordain
elders in every city, as I appointa matter of so great importance in the Christian Church, what
ed thee. Immediately upon this persons are admitted to minister
he gives Titus the description of in it; I charge thee, that thou
a bishop ; which is nothing less "lay hands suddenly and rashly
than giving him instruction what
characters to ordain. And this is .....
virtually directing him not to or* This essay has been inserted in another religious publication. It is
dain any man, without satis. now, though with many alterations,
factory evidence, that he pos. offered to the Panoplist.
sesses the character described.