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few years past they have been Pennsylvania ;) list, (“ a bill of directed immediately to that ob ratable estate," Connecticut) ; ject." The public therefore has lister, (“one who receives and a right to expect improvements makes returns of ratable estate," in this Dictionary; and it will Con.); chirk, (" cheerful," N. not, we presume, be disappoint. England); sampi, succotash, &c. ed. Great improvements, we from the Indian ; apprise, (" to think, may be found in the ve- value by authority”); run, (“ a ry numerous additional words, skein of 20 knots"); bay, (" land not contained in preceding dic- covered with the bay tree," Cartionaries, and in the assistance olina); bluff, (" a steep bank, or given toward a correct pronun- high bold shore," Carolina). ciation. The additional words Many of the additional words of are not mere provincialisms, but Mr. Webster have relation to are collected from authors of rep- the recent improvements in utation, excepting a few, which chymistry, and botany ;t and are well authorized by local use others to the articles of East Inage. Some of those words are dia fabric, which constitute so Names of animals, peculiar to considerable a part of merchanAmerica ; as agoty, armadillo, dise in Europe and America. of1088um, &c. which may as prop- The frequent introduction of erly have place in a dictionary, as new terms in the sciences, and rackoon, which is inserted in the perpetual changes in oral Johnson's. Some of the words, language, require corresponnow introduced by Mr. Web.' dent alterations in the written ster, relate to the natives of A- language. It is the province of merica, and their usages ; as cal. the lexicographer to see that umet, pappoos, moccason, wam- new words are legitimate ; and, tium, &c. Some relate to the ex- when they are, to give them his traction of the colonists, or to sanction.' the mixture of blood, and are in

Ego cur acquirere pauca use in the Southern States, or in Si possum, invideor! cùm lingua Cathe West Indies; as Creole, tonis et Enni Mestee. Ouadroon, Samboo, &c. Sermonem patrium ditaverit, ac no

va rerum Among the words peculiar either Nomina protulerit. to the United States generally,

The insertion of words, falling or to particular Stales, are dutia.

under the abovementioned and ble, locate, indent, (“a certificate

similar heads, is doubtless a very for interest, issued by the gor

valuable improvement. The proernment of the United States");

priety of the introduction of anSurrogate, (“a county officer,

other class is very questionable. who has the probate of wills,"

The class referred to is that of N. York); Constable, (in Eu..

· firoper names, whether of men, rope a governor or commander ; in America a town officer of the Acetite, acidify, aerate, aerify, peace, with the power of an un- aikalize, basalt, phlogisticate, &c. der sheriff"); customable, (laws Acotyledon, adosculation, apbilof Massachusetts) ; doomage,

a lous, asperifoliate, petiole, poliphilCaws of New Ulamnshire): des 20... Poyatorld, A (laws of New Hampshire); de- Buftas, cossah, emertis, gurrahs, cedent, (laws of New Jersey and tuinhum, mamodis, rompuls, &c.

or of places, but especially their a pronunciation, founded neither derivatives. Why should Adam on the court nor the stage, but be inserted, and not Seth and on due regard to etymology, euEnosh? Why should Brasil be phony, and good usage. This inserted, and not Peru ? Why part of the work, therefore, (and should derivatives be inserted, indeed the great body of it) is where their primitives can find entitled to much respect, and no place ? The words Adriatic, will probably receive it from corAfrican, Achean, Alexandrian, rect speakers and critics. From Algerine, Alpine, American, Ap. writers, whose criticisms would penine, Arcadian, Asiatic, Assyr. sink the literature of this counian, Athenian, Austrian, &c. are try even lower than the distorted foreign to the province of a lex- representations of foreign reicographer. All such words, or viewers, whose veneration for rather their primitives, we con- transatlantic authors leads them ceive more properly belong to a to hold American writers in unGazetteer. Many more exam-' merited contempt,” the author ples of the same kind might neither expects nor solicits faeasily be selected; but three vour; but he justly concludes, that or four will give a sufficient spe- the ultimate fate of this performcimen : “ Bostonian, n. (noun) ance will not be decided by men, an inhabitant of Boston ;" “ Car- “who take pains to find and to olinian, n. a native of Carolina ;" exhibit to the world proofs of our " Philadelphian, n. a citizen of national inferiority in talents and Philadelphia ;" “ Franklinian, a. acquirements." (adjective] pertaining to Dr. The words sew, thread, inFranklin."

stead, Mr. Webster writes 80e, We think it fair, however, to thred, insted. We prefer the permit Mr. Webster to assign old orthography in these and his own reasons for introducing some other words. these words.

We regret, that the PREFACE, “Adjectives, formed from names of which would not discredit the places and persons, I have ventured to learning of Vossius, repeatedly introduce, without the authority of any precedent; for I see no good rea.

breaks the head of Priscian. son why they should be omitted. New. The errors may seem inconsidtonian, Parisian, &c. are words in con- erable; but lawgivers in language, stant use; and even when the name

cannot plead the axiom of civilis foreign, the adjective is formed ac

ians, De minimis non curat lex. cording to English analogies, and is really an English word. Besides, “ To men who consider language many words of this sort really re. as the instrument of common inquire explanation, as in cases where tercourse in society, and equally the original name is no longer used, the property of every class of or generally known. Instances of which we have in Adriatic, Belgic,

men, and who value uniformity Ligurian, &c. In all cases the or. and regular analogies as the thography and pronunciation require prime excellencies of a language, that they should have place in dictio. will reprobate such reasons as naries, for the use of these, who are

false and dangerous.” [Pref. p. learning the language." Pref. p. xxi. The accenting marks, so far as

xv.] The preposition to ought we have examined them, lead to obviously to be expunged, as Vol. I. No. 12.

Y ry spoiling both the grammar and

the sense. The author, when On the whole, we are highly he began the sentence, intended gratified in seeing a literary a different construction ; but, in- work, which bears such strong troducing many circumstances marks of deep research, extenbefore he came to the principal sive learning, and accurate dis. verb, he forgot, that no distinct crimination, produced by one noun preceded it. In page xvi. of our fellow citizens ; and, as we are told, that " excessive lovers of philology and of our refinement in languagelike met- country, we wish it may find a aphysical subtilties in ethics and place, not on the toilette merely, theology, insted of producing the but in the printing office and desired untiformity of opinions, counting house, for which the tend to awaken doubts, distract copious, accurate and useful taopinions,” &c. · The observation bles annexed render it particois just ; but every philologist larly adapted. We hope also ought surely to aim at that re. that it will be introduced into our finement, which tends to keep schools, academies, and even oor the language free from inaccu- colleges. Ingiving these opinions racies and obscurity. If these of the work before us, we speak precious morceaus, and a few as members of the Republic of others, should once get into the Letters, without primary regard fangs of a critic of the harply to the circumstances of time, brood (which certainly grow to place, or authority, by which as great size in this country, as alone some persons determine in any other), the author may the value of books, as accurately, prepare himself to have every without doubt, as it could possiatom of his flesh plucked off in- bly be done by Gunter's scale. stantly to the bone, without mer. Tros Tyriusve mihi millo discrimine cy. Such errors, as the above ;

habetur. mentioned, committed by SO We do not forret, that Lorgi. good a judge of composition, NƯS wrote his admirable Treatise and so correct a writer, as Mr.

on the Sublime more than two Webster,' must be classed with centuries after the Augustan the errors, noticed by Horace, age ; and that PINDAR was born wuas incuria fidit. But authors, in Bæotia. when negligent, will find it hard to obtain absolution. We hope there will be an opportunity for The Holy Bible, containing the several corrections in a second Old and New Testaments, with edition of this valuable work ; original notes, practical obser. and that the next impression will

vations, and copious marginal be on paper worthy of the neat

references. By THOMAS Scott, type of “ Sydney's Press."*

Rector of Aston Sandford,

. In the definitions we perceive that of Calvin. Incapability, "ale. a few inaccuracies ; though in gen- gal qualification." This is sometimes eral they appear to be given with pre. true ; but we hope it is not yet estab. cision. Ex. gr. Presbyterian, a. “suit. lished as a principle. The error is able to Calvin's doctrins,” is an inad. probably typographical. The word, equate definition: for the doctrine of we suppose, was meant to be disqual. the Church of England agrees with ification.

Bucks, and chaplain to the cious change in his character he Lock Hospital. Vol. 1. The was prepared to serve God in first American from the second the kingdom of his Son. He London edition, improved and has now become an author of enlarged. William W. Wood- celebrity in England and in ward. Philadelphia. 1804. America. His usefulness has N. B. The whole Commentary

already been very extensive. consists of four volumes, quarto

? The work now before us, which

must have been the fruit of imIN 1779, the author of this ad- mense labour, will render his mired and useful work published. name beloved, and what is of ina narrative, entitled, tụE FORCE finitely greater importance, will OF TRUTH. In this narrative honour the Redeemer's name, the honest and ingenuous writer and promote his cause, in future gives a very instructive history ages. of his own conscience and heart; ' Mr. Scott is now publishing from whịch the following hints in London a new edition of his are taken.

Commentary, with many im. " When Mr. Scott first sought provements and additions. The admission into holy orders, he American edition will be taken was, according to his own con- wholly from the new and im; fession, filled with the proud no- proved London edition. tion of man's dignity, particular. The following recommendaly of his own profound under- tion, which accompanied the standing and moral worth ; and, proposals for the American edi, therefore, embraced a system of tion, is entitled to high respect, religion suited to the feelings of “Scott's FAMILY Bible is at a proud heart. He was “ nearly once an instructive, pious, and popu. a Socinian.” But perceiving

lar Commentary of the holy scrip.

5 tures. It has, as far perhaps as such that his Socinian principles were a work can have, the merit of origidisreputable, and being conscious nality. The author, indeed, appears from his own experience, that not only to have studied the sacred they were unfavourable to mo, text with great care and diligence, rality, he, in a great measure,

but to have made himself well ac

quainted with the sentiments and concealed them. Being divine- opinions of other Commentators. ly designated, as a vessel of mer- But he had well digested his knowl. cy, and an able and successful edge, had thought much for himself; defender of the truth, it was so

and in' writing he does not retail the

labours of others, but gives the prop. ordered in the course of provi

er product of his own mind, in bis dence, that he became doubtful

own language and manner, somerespecting his own sentiments, times suggesting new ideas, and fre. and after a most attentive and se

quently presenting old ones in a new rious study of the holy scrip

and striking light. The whole work tures, attended with earnest and

is purely evangelical, and the practi.

cal observations are generally very constant prayer for the teaching impressive, and often deeply interest. of the divine Spirit, he fully and ing. The pious writer informs us, cordially embraced that scheme

that he intended his book for the use

of Christians in general ; and happy, of doctrines, which he had view.

indeed, would it be, if every Chiris ed with abhorrence, and treated

tian family could possess so rich a with contempt. By this gra- treasure of religious instruction and

few years past they have been Pennsylvania ;) list, (“ a bill of directed immediately to that ob- ratable estate," Connecticut) ; ject." The public therefore has lister, ( one who receives and a right to expect improvements makes returns of ratable estate," in this Dictionary; and it will Con.); chirk, (" cheerful,” N. not, we presume, be disappointEngland); samp, succotash, &c. ed. Great improvements, we from the Indian ; apprise, (" to think, may be found in the ve- value by authority"); run, (" a ry numerous additional words, skein of 20 knots"); bay, (" land not contained in preceding dic- covered with the bay tree," Cartionaries, and in the assistance olina); bluff, (" a steep bank, or given toward a correct pronun- high bold shore," Carolina). ciation. The additional words Many of the additional words of are not mere provincialisms, but Mr. Webster have relation to are collected from authors of rep- the recent improvements in utation, excepting a few, which chymistry,* and botany ;t and are well authorized by local use others to the articles of East Inage. Some of those words are dia fabric, which constitute so Names of animals, peculiar to considerable a part of merchanAmerica ; as agoty, armadillo, dise in Europe and America. ufrossum, &c. which may as prop- The frequent introduction of erly have place in a dictionary, as new terms in the sciences, and rackoon, which is inserted in the perpetual changes in oral Johnson's. Some of the words, language, require corresponnow introduced by Mr. Web-' dent alterations in the written ster, relate to the natives of A. language. It is the province of merica, and their usages ; as cal. the lexicographer to see that wmet, pappoos, moccason, wame' new words are legitimate ; and, fum, &c. Some relate to the ex. when they are, to give them his traction of the colonists, or to sanction. the mixture of blood, and are in -Ego cur acquirere pauca use in the Southern States, or in Si possum, invideor! cùm lingua Cathe West Indies; as Creole, tonis et Enni Mestee, Quadroon, Samboo, &c.

Sermonem patrium ditaverit, ac no.

va rerum Among the words peculiar either

Nomina protulerit. to the United States generally,

The insertion of words, falling or to particular States, are dutia.

under the abovementioned and ble, locate, indent, (“a certificate for interest, issued by the gov

similar heads, is doubtless a very

valuable improvement. The proernment of the United States");

priety of the introduction of anSurrogate, (“a county officer,

: other class is very questionable. who has the probate of wills,"

. The class referred to is that of N. York) ; Constable, (in Eu

Le proper names, whether of men, rope a governor or commander ; in America a town officer of the Acetite, acidify, aerate, aerify, peace, with the power of an un- aikalize, basalt, phlogisticate, &c. der sherift”); customiable, (laws † Acotyledon, adosculation, apbil. of Massachusetts) ; doomage,

lous, asperifoliate, petiole, poliphil

"I lous, polyandria, &c. (laws of New Hampshire); de- t Baftas, cossah, emertis, gurrahs, cedent, (laws of New Jersey and buinhum, mamodis, romuls, &c.

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