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or of places, but especially their a pronunciation, founded neither derivatives. Why should Adam on the court nor the stage, but be inserted, and not Seth and on due regard to etymology, euEnosh? Why should Brasil be phony, and good usage. This inserted, and not Peru ? Why part of the work, therefore, (and should derivatives be inserted, indeed the great body of it) is where their primitives can find entitled to much respect, and no place ? The words Adriatic, will probably receive it from corAfrican, Achean, Alexandrian, rect speakers and critics. From Algerine, Alpine, American, Ap. writers," whose criticisms would renine, Arcadian, Asiatic, Assyr. sink the literature of this counian, Athenian, Austrian, &c. are try even lower than the distorted foreign to the province of a lex- representations of foreign reicographer. All such words, or viewers, whose veneration for rather their primitives, we con- transatlantic authors leads them ceive more properly belong to a to hold American writers in unGazetteer. Many more exam- merited contempt,” the author ples of the same kind might neither expects nor solicits faeasily be selected ; but three vour; but he justly concludes, that or four will give a sufficient spe- the ultimate fate of this performcimen : “ Bostonian, n. [noun] ance will not be decided by men, an inhabitant of Boston;" “ Car- " who take pains to find and to olinian, n. a native of Carolina ;" exhibit to the world proofs of our « Philadelphian, ni a citizen of national inferiority in talents and Philadelphia ;" “ Franklinian, a. acquirements." [adjective] pertaining to Dr. The words sew, thread, inFranklin.”
stead, Mr. Webster writes soe, We think it fair, however, to thred, insted. We prefer the permit Mr. Webster to assign old orthography in these and his own reasons for introducing some other words. these words.
We regret, that the PREFACE, “Adjectives, formed from names of which would not discredit the places and persons, I have ventured to
to learning of Vossius, repeatedly introduce, without the authority of any precedent; for I see no good rea.
breaks the head of Priscian. son why they should be omitted. New. The errors may seem inconsidtonian, Parisian, &c. are words in con. erable; but lawgivers in language , stant use; and even when the name
cannot plead the axiom of civilis foreign, the adjective is formed according to English analogies, and is
ians, De minimis non curat lex. really an English word. Besides,
“ To men who consider language many words of this sort really re. as the instrument of common inquire explanation, as in cases where tercourse in society, and equally the original name is no longer used, the property of every class of or generally known. Instances of which we have in Adriatic, Beleic. men, and who value uniformity Ligurian, &c. In all cases the or- and regular analogies as the thography and pronunciation require prime excellencies of a language, that they should have place in dictio. will reprobate such reasons as naries, for the use of those, who are folce
false and dangerous.” [Pref. p. learning the language.” Pref. p. xxi. The accenting marks, so far as
xv.] The preposition to ought we have examined them, lead to
obviously to be expunged, as
o Vol. I. No. 12.
Y ry spoiling both the grammar and
the sense. The author, when On the whole, we are highly he began the sentence; intended gratified in seeing a literary a different construction ; but, in work, which bears such strong troducing matiy circumstances marks of deep research, extenbefore he came to the principal sive learning, and accurate dise verb, he forgot, that no distinct crimination, produced by one noun preceded it. In-page xvi. of our fellow-citizens ; and, as we are told, that “excessive lovers of philology and, of our refinement in langaage-like met- country, we wish it may find a aphysical subtilties in ethics and place, not on the toilette merely, theology, insted of producing the but in the printing office and desired uniformity of opinions, counting house, for which the tend to awaken doubts, distract copious, accurate and useful taopinions," &c. The observation bles annexed render it particuis just; but every philologist larly adapted. We hope also ought surely to aim at that re- that it will be introduced into our finement, which tends to keep schools, academies, and even oor the language free from inaccu- colleges. dagiving these opinions racies and obscurity. If these of the work before us, we speak precious morceaus, and a few as members of the Republic of others, should once get into the Letters, without primary regard fangs of a critic of the harpy to the circumstances of time, brood (which certainly grow to place, or authority, by which as great size in this country, as alone some persons determine in any other'), the author may the value of books, as accurately, prepare himself to have every without doubt, as it could possiatom of his flesh plucked off in- bly be done by Gunter's scale. stantly to the bone, without mer.
* Tros Tyriusve mihi nullo discrimine cy. Such, errors, as the above
. habetur. mentioned, committed by SO We do not forvet, that Longer good a judge of composition, NUS wrote his adinirable Treatise and so correct a writer, as Mr. on the Sublime more than two Webster, must be classed with
centuries after the Augustan
centuries a the errors, noticed by Horace, age ; and that PINDAR was born yuas incuria fidit. But authors, in Boeotia. when negligent, will find it hard to obtain absolution. We hope there will be an opportunity for The Holy Bible, containing the several corrections in a second Old and New Testaments, with edition of this valuable work ; original notes, practical obserand that the next impression will vations, and copious marginal be on paper worthy of the neat references. By THOMAS SCOTT, type of “ Sydney's Press."*
Rector of Aston Sandford,
• In the definitions we perceive that of Calvin. Incapability, ugle. a few inaccuracies ; though in gen. pal qualification." This is sometimes eral they appear to be given with pre- true; but we hope it is not yet estab. cision. Ex. gr. Presbyterian, a." suit. lished as a principle. The error is able to Calvin's doctrins," is an inad. probably typographical. The world, equate definition: for the doctrine of we suppose, was meant to be disquale the Church of England agrees with ification.
Bucks, and chaplain to the cious change in his character he Lock Hospital. Vol. 1. The was prepared to serve God in first American from the second the kingdom of his Son. He London edition, improved and has now become an author of enlarged. William W. Wood- celebrity in England and in ward. Philadelphia. 1804. America. His usefulness has N. B. The whole Commentary
already been very extensive. consists of four voluines, quarto.
The work now before us, which
must have been the fruit of imIN 1779, the author of this ad- mense labour, will render his mired and useful work published name beloved, and what is of ina narrative, entitled, THE FORCE finitely greater importance, will OF TRUTH. In this narrative honour the Redeemer's name, the honest and ingenuous writer and promote his cause, in future gives a very instructive history ages. of his own conscience and heart; Mr. Scott is now publishing from which the following hints in London a new edition of his are taken.
Commentary, with many imWhen Mr. Scott first sought provements and additions. The admission into holy orders, he American edition will be taken was, according to his own con- wholly from the new and im, fession, filled with the proud no- proved London edition.. tion of man's dignity, particular- The following recommendaly of his own profound under- tion, which accompanied the standing and moral worth ; and, proposals for the American edi. therefore, embraced a system of tion, is entitled to high respect, religion suited to the feelings of “SCOTT'S FAMILY Biple is at a proud heart. He was “ nearly once an instructive, pious, and popu. a Socinian.” But perceiving
lar Commentary of the holy scrip.
5 tures. It has, as far perhaps as such that his Socinian principles were a work can have, the merit of origidisreputable, and being conscious nality. The author, indeed, appears from his own experience, that not only to have studied the sacred they were unfayourable to mo
Hrable to mo. text with great care and diligence, rality, he, in a great measure,
but to have made himself well aca
quainted with the sentiments and concealed them. Being divine opinions of other Commentators. ly designated, as a vessel of mer. But he had well digested his know). cy, and an able and successful edge, had thought much for himself ; defender of the truth, it was $0
and in writing he does not retail the
labours of others, but gives the propordered in the course of provi
er product of his own mind, in his dence, that he became doubtful own language and manner, somerespecting his own sentiments, times suggesting new ideas, and fre. and after a most attentive and se quently presenting old ones in a new rious study of the holy scrip
and striking light. The whole work
is purely evangelical, and the practi. tựres, attended with earnest and
cal observations are generally very constant prayer for the teaching impressive, and often deeply interest. of the divine Spirit, he fully and ing. The pious writer informs us, cordially embraced that scheme that he intended his book for the use
of Christians in general; and happy, of doctrines, which he had view.
indeed, would it be, if every Chris; ed with abhorrence, and treated tian family could possess so rich a with contempt. By this gra- treasure of religious instruction and
entertainment. · But though the His information, whether derivmodest author says in the preface ed from scripture, or any other that he is “ incompetent to instruct the learned,” yet those, who have source, is advantageously used. long investigated the truths of rev. He has not only obtained extenelation, will probably confess that sive information, but arranged it they have not read this Commentary in the best manner. He is so without sensible advantage. We cheerfully recommend the attempt to
t'te happy, as to possess a mind, publish an American edition of this which views divine subjects in valuable book to the patronage of all their proper order, and in their the friends of Christian knowledge own harmonious and powerful and piety. ASHBEL GREEN, WILLIAM
connexions. Some men of great RODGERS, PHILIP MILLE
abilities and acquirements emDOLER, ROBERT ANNAN, ploy their knowledge to very litJACOB J. JANEWAY, JOHN tle purpose. They are in the BLAIR Lixa.”
unfortunate condition of a genAn extract of a letter from the eral at the head of a vast army, Rev. Dr. Keith of Charleston, who, through his own unskil. S. C. published in connexion fulness and the want of disci. with the preceding recommen- pline among his troops, can do dation, may be added. He says, nothing to weaken the enemy, or that he finds Scott's Family Bible protect his country. But Mr. fully deserving the commendation, Scott's acquirements are under which has been given it ; that the the direction of a judicious, regmore he has examined it, the bet, ular mind. He is not more reter he is pleased with it, and that markable for the copiousness of he has no hesitation in pronounce his ideas, than for their due aring it the best exposition and im. rangement, provement of the scriptures, for The Commentary is evangelical general use, that he has ever in point of sentiment. The auseen.
thor understandingly and thoBut as it is our most earnest roughly embraces the doctrines wish to recommend this work to of the reformation, or the Cal. general attention, it is necessary vinistic doctrines, as the truths of to be more particular in pointing God contained in the scriptures. out its excellencies. The fol. He receives that system, not as lowing observations will, it is being taught by man, but on the thought, be found just by all en authority of inspiration, In illightened and impartial judges. lustrating and defending the
The work displays deep and ex- scheme of evangelical truth, he tensive knowledge of the holy has this peculiar advantage, that · scriptures. The author must have he has been on the list of its
been a most diligent, profound, most learned and active oppos and persevering student. Be- ers. He knows the strength of sides a large acquaintance with their arguments. He can enter human writings, he has an abun- into their views. He under. dance and correctness of scrip- stands their objections and their tural knowledge, scarcely equal, evasions. led once in an age. The word The system, to which he fiof God dwells in him richly in all nally acceded, and for which be wisdom.
earnestly contends, as the faith
once delivered to the saints, is the which is, to bring God constantly system, which reveres divine au- into view, to make his true chara thority, which regards the Lord acter known, and to produce in Jesus, as all in all, and allows to mankind a rational, sublime, and the word of God its obvious fervent piety. meaning and full energy. The The work has, as far as any commentator, who embraces the work of the kind can have, the latitudinarian scheme, must un- merit of originality. The mar. happily find himself in a state of ginal references are in a conopposition against the spirit of siderable measure new. The inspiration ; must acknowledge notes show the author to be a that a considerable portion of man of extensive reading ; yet scripture is unwelcome to his they are at the greatest disfeelings and contrary to his taste. tance from a mere compilation. Under his artful management, Though he has evidently taken those things become trivial, sufficient pains to furnish himwhich the inspired writers con- self with the best information, sider as most important; the which can be obtained from auplainest parts of the Bible thors on every subject ; still he are obscured, and the most does not retail their labours, but impressive parts weakened, by brings out of his own treasure distant and figurative construc- things new and old. We are tions ; the sacred warmth of supplied and enriched from the evangelical fervour is chilled, fulness of his own mind. the harmony of truth broken, and We must notice the singular its majesty dwindles to nothing excellence of the marginal refer. But Mr. Scott, who embraces ences. In this part, our author the pure doctrines of the gospel, observes," he has availed himself is carried along by the current of of the pious labours of his prescripture, falls in with its clear decessors ; especially of the laand solemn import, exhibits it in ter editors of the Oxford Bible its own connexion and force, is in quarto, of Mr. Brown's Bible, raised by its sublimity, and hum and Mr. Cann's. Yet he has by bly bows to its mysteries. no means taken their references
The work before us is very as such. On the contrary he has practical. The author appears omitted many, especially of the deeply impressed with the idea, two latter, which did not appear that all the doctrines of revela, to bear on the subject, or to eluci, tion, however mysterious, as date it. On some parts the refer. well as the great variety of exam ences are almost entirely original. ples which it exhibits, are of a Every reference in this work is practical tendency. He aims to again examined in the proof give them their proper influence sheet. on the affections and life. He “ In the original references represents their genuine fruit, the author has sometimes pro. as consisting in universal good ceeded by way of contrast, that ness.
the reader, by comparing the The commentary is highly de- opposite characters, or conduct votional. It happily corresponds of the persons mentioned, may with the scope of inspiration, more clearly perceive the excel