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the wide waves of the ocean, a piercing cry for more missionaries—more teachers—more books. And while this is the condition of a part of the heathen world, of which we, as a society, have taken solemn charge as our own peculiar field of labor, shall we be contented with what has already been done? How can we be at ease, or suffer this subject of powerful interest to pass away from our thoughts, for a single hour ! An individual cannot do much, but the combined efforts of many can accomplish all that is wanted, so far as relates to funds. Now is the time for the wealthy to invest their money to the best advantage. Now, they have a precious opportunity of making to themselves friends, by means of the unrighteous mammon. Now, the man whose heart deviseth liberal things, may make such an appropriation of his riches as will produce a blessed gain to many and to himself through eternity. Why have we not at least a hundred missionaries in the Sandwich islands ! Are they not needed ? No one can dispute it. Are there no more pious men and women, who are willing to devote themselves to this service 2 Doubtless there are hundreds, willing to go, who might be useful in that field; if not as public preachers, yet as teachers of youth. What then is the obstacle? I am ashamed to mention it. It is the want of adequate funds. Will future generations credit the account 2 Will it be believed that one thousandth part of the sum spent by serious Christians in acknowledged superfluities, was sufficient to support all the missions in the world: and yet that it was found impossible to induce them to conseerate this small portion of the goods which God gave them, to the honor of his name, for the advancement of the Redeemer's kingdom, and for the salvation of immortal souls' How they who owe themselves to the Lord Jesus, and who have been bought with the price of his invaluable blood, can withhold any thing which his cause needs, we cannot understand. Dear brethern, if you ever mean to act with zeal and energy in this work, now is your time. The night is far spent, the day is at hand; it is, therefore, high time to awake out of sleep. Some of us will soon have made an end to all our earthly labors. Perhaps before another meeting of this Board, some of its present members will have been called to give up the account of their stewardship. If we have any remaining duty to perform, in aid of foreign missions, let us address ourselves to the work without delay. Since our last annual meeting, this Board has been deprived by death of three of its venerated members;* one of whom was among the youngest of our number; and it deserves to be remembered, that we are now met in the house in which our amiable, enterprising, and accomplished brother, was wont to lift up his voice in the compassionate warning of sinners, and in preaching the unsearchable riches of Christ. May each of us who survive, be ready to welcome our summons to another world, if we should be called away before the expiration of another year. But, my beloved brethren, while we live, let us be found diligently and faithfully engaged in our Master’s work. Let us gird up our loins, and be found watching and laboring, when our Lord shall come. And those of you who have wealth to account for when you stand before the judgment-seat of

* The Hon. John Jav. Hon. John Hooker, and the Rev. John Chester, D.I)

Jesus Christ, make, I beseech you, that disposal of it, which you have reason to believe to be pleasing in his sight. If any of you are meditating in your hearts, to offer something to the Lord, in a way in which it may be beneficial to the cause of Christ, remember, I entreat you, the hundreds of millions of heathen, who are perishing for want of the bread of life. Deser not the execution of your pious and benevolent purpose, until you shall be under the necessity of resigning every thing into other hands. Testamentary charities are useful; but they are often suspicious as to their motive. It is giving when we can enjoy our property no longer, and when it can scarcely be called our own. What proportion of their property or their income Christians should devote to the peculiar service of God, we presume not to prescribe. Let every one consult the suggestions and promptings of his own benevolent feelings, “and as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; for the Lord loveth a cheerful giver.” The temple of God was reared of old, only by free-will offerings, and the spiritual temple must now rise in the same way. We present to you no motives to provoke you to liberality, but such as are truly Christian. But we will say, that they will be blessed, indeed, to whom shall be granted such love to Christ, and such benevolence to men, that they will cheerfully offer, not merely a part, but the whole of what they possess, for the furtherance of the Redeemer's kingdom, and the conversion of the world. And this would not be a new thing under the sun; for, in primitive times, many, out of love to Christ, gave up all their possessions, that they might serve him more entirely. And let those of us who have neither silver nor gold to give, be careful to bestow such things as we have ; and which may be much more precious than worldly treasure. Especially, let us be mindful to pray for the prosperity of Zion and the peace of Jerusalem; and give no rest to our covenant-keeping God, until he has fully given to his Son, the heathen for his inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession. The fervent, inwrought, united, persevering prayers of the true Israel of God, shall at last be the effectual means of accomplishing the great object which we seek to promote, and which Jehovah has so repeatedly promised to his church in the latter days.

No. 7. ' ' '. New York, DECEMBER, 1830. - Wor... v: , so sERMON xCIII. {} ,

Preached at Boston, Oct. 7, 1830, before the American Board of Foreign Missions,
BY THOMAS DE WITT, D.D.
New-Yonk.

THE gosper. HARVEST, AND oriars'TIAN's DUTY.

MATT. ix. 37, 38. Then saith he unto his disciples, The harvest truly is great, but the laborers are few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest. .

The history of the world in all ages exhibits the extended prevalence of ignorance and error, of sin and misery. The mind of the philanthropist feels oppressed with the contemplation, and naturally inquires, Shall this state of things always continue? Will the time never arrive when truth, and holiness, and peace shall pervade the earth? Philosophy, falsely so called, has speculated on the perfectibility of human nature, while in infidel rejection of truths the most simple and sacred, she has ministered by her spirit and by her instructions to the pride and corruption of our nature. The legitimate fruit of her theories and of her practical influence, appeared in that harvest of pollution and wo, which is still vivid in the remembrance. of many. The humble Christian, whatever may be for the present his griefs and disappointments, cherishes the confidence that a bfighter scene will yet be unfolded through the world; a scene of blissful reality, succeed-: ing the darkness and depravity which now abound. He believes that this will be accomplished through the word of divine truth. He believes this, because this truth is precisely adapted to the state and wants of human nature, as it unfolds the true character of God and man, reveals the way of salvation, prescribes a perfect rule of duty, and is accompanied by an influence adequate to subdue the heart and life to holy obedience. He believes this, because numerous instances are presented of its efficacy in renovating the heart and character, and thus becoming the “wisdom and power of God unto salvation.” He believes this, in view of the numerous and emphatic promises of Him who is infinitely true and faithful. Promises like the following remain to be fulfilled, and claim and deserve the Christian's faith and hope :—“And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established on the tops of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills, and all nations shall flow unto it.” “The glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together, for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.” “For from the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same, my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering.” “And the seventh angel sounded, and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign for ever and ever.” The Christian believes this, because the Redeemer, for his obedience unto death, is promised “the heathen for his inheritance, and

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the fittermost parts of the earth for his possession.” Jesus now sees of the travail of his soul in the victories of his grace among men ; and the full fruit of that travail will be enjoyed when the earth shall be rendered tributary to his glory, and filled with his salvation. For this purpose, exalted as Mediator, he has authority in heaven and on earth, and rules in the kingdom of providence, as well as grace, rendering all events subservient to the fulfilment of his counsels, and to the final and universal diffusion of his kingdom, which is “righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.” The ministry of the Gospel is the great instrument for accomplishing these results. “Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power.” “The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion; rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.” “When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. And he gave some apostles, and some prophets, and some evangelists, and some pastors and teachers.” In organizing his church, he has committed (if we may so speak) into her own bosom the principle of her perpetuity and universal triumph. From the faithful discharge of the trust committed to her, under the blessing of God, stability and enlargement will assuredly result. The words of our text were spoken by Jesus to his disciples as he contemplated the multitudes destitute of the means of religious instruction. “He was moved with compassion on them because they fainted, and were as sheep without a shepherd.” The compassion that dwelt in the heart of Jesus is not foreign to the hearts of his people, for they are of one spirit with him. The text,

I. PREsents AN ARGUMENT For MissionARY EFForts. “The harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few.” II. URGEs A Duty IN REFERENCE to them. “Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth laborers into his harvest.” L. An argument for missionary efforts. “The harvest truly is plenteous, but the laborers are few.” This harvest will be gathered when the Christian religion shall universally prevail. It is well denominated great in view of,

1. The field which it will corer.

2. The blessings it conveys.

3. The instrumentality it requires.

4. The means and prospects now furnished by Providence.

1. It is GREAT in view of the field which it will cover. “The field is the world.” As yet Christianity has extended its influence to but a small part of the earth; and where that influence has been found, it has been partial in its character. Here and there a spot has appeared in some degree verdant, amid a surrounding, wide-spread, arid desert. But this desert in all its extent will be cultivated and rendered fruitful. All obstacles will be overcome, and the whole earth exhibit the triumphs of truth. Benighted, degraded, and oppressed Africa shall become enlightened, elevated, and disenthralled;—the wall of China (like that of Jericho) shall fall at the sound of the Gospel; —the castes of the Hindoos shall be broken, and one bond in the faith and service of Christ shall unite them ;—the Heathen shall every where cast their idols to the moles and to the bats, and worship the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom he hath sent;-the worship of the false prophet shall cease, and the pure light and peaceful influence of Christianity shall spread over the regions where now Mohammedism exerts its sway;-the isles shall receive the law of the Lord;—all the perversions of the religion of Jesus shall be removed, and the truth shall be received in love, and exhibit its fruits wherever professed Then shall 2. The harvest is great in view of its many blessings. The religion of Christ blesses the life which now is, and prepares for happiness in the life to come. It exalts the intellectual character of man. It restores that balance and harmony in the intellectual and moral powers of man, which are so important in the proper cultivation of both. It corrects those prejudices, and subdues those corruptions which prevent the investigation and reception of truth. Its truths, when rightly viewed, come home to the duty, interest, and affections of all; and claim among the many proofs of their divine origin, their wonderful adaptation to the character and wants of men. It was at first a peculiar distinction of the Gospel that it was “preached to the poor,” and it will ever remain so; while it is the only source of spiritual instruction, and can alone instil that influence which will lead to mental cultivation in the mass of the people. Where the Gospel is not known or embraced, whatever intellectual culture may exist among a privileged few, the multitude will be found in ignorance and degradation. The spirit of Christianity has wrought itself into the frame of civil government, and in connection with the diffusion of its light and power, we trace the existence, growth, and stability of civil and religious liberty. The religion of the Gospel refines and purifies the social affections, hallows the domestic scene, and while it dries up the sources of defilement and bitterness, it opens springs of pure and refreshing peace and joy in the various relations of life. Take the map of the world, and select those countries where Paganism, Mohammedism, and Popery bear sway, and let the following inquiries receive an answer. Are knowledge and intellectual cultivation generally diffused? Are civil and religious liberty enjoyed ? Is the female character elevated and respected? Are the duties of domestic life discharged, and its delights mutually participated : Do purity and peace pervade the community ? The negative to these inquiries appears in full view. As we take the contrast, and mark the countries where the Bible has shed its influence, we discover the blessings adverted to all following in the train.

But the religion of Christ sustains its distinguishing and commanding value as a revelation of truth and grace, and as the great instrument of our deliverance from everlasting death. The truths peculiar to it respect man's fallen and ruined state; redemption through the atoning merits of the divine Savior; the regenerating and sanctifying influence of the Holy Spirit in restoring to that holiness “without which no man shall see the Lord.” These truths, and others immediately connected with them, constitute the vitality of the religion of the Gospel. Without them its glory departs, its influence ceases, and spiritual death continues to prevail. Under their influence the sinner, awakened and renewed, returns in penitence to his God; gratefully embraces the salvation which is in Christ Jesus; takes up feebly yet sweetly the song of redeeming love; cultivates purity of heart and life, and devotes himself, in reliance upon divine strength, to active exertions for the promotion of the divine glory, and the best interests of his fellow-men. These are the truths which give life to benevolent effort in seeking the spiritual and eternal welfare of men. When they are not cordially embraced, the wants of men as sinners, and the value of the remedy provided, cannot be duly estimated, and an awakened interest and cordial and efficient co-operation in the cause of missions cannot be expected. The history of the church clearly shows, that whenever they have been denied or kept out of sight, there has been an indifference to the spiritual

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