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once a month. We see a great improvement in the manners of the young people. I believe very strongly in young men and women meeting together. Some of our clubs are of young men separately. In the Shakspere Club there are about forty women and two men. There is a club of mechanics, of about twenty young men, mostly from the electric works. We have a mothers' club. We have a great many dramatic entertainments. We insist that they shall be very carefully done. A great many clubs study plays which are never given, because they do not come up to the standard. The club programmes never sound very substantial, but they are a great help. We have thirty-five classes, and the young people come also to these classes and to the gymnasium.

While I am speaking, I want to modify one thing that I said when I first spoke. I think people in settlements have to be as careful as people outside about giving to those whom we know only slightly. I have to ask for a good deal of money. When I have been asked to a house to dinner, I dislike to go the next week, and ask for money; but, when you are on terms of friendship, you cannot draw this line about material things.

As to transient residents, we do not take any one for less than six months. Miss Lathrop is a stanch defender of charities, and we have always been anxious to avoid that affectation of saying that the settlement is superior to charities.

QUESTION. How is the cost of Hull House met?

Miss ADDAMS. The means to support it are given by the people of Chicago who have come to believe in what it is doing. The residents work without salary mostly, and pay their board. The running costs about $5,000, and is given by the people.

QUESTION.— Does Miss Addams find virtue to be as taking as vice? Because, if she does, there is great hope for all of us.

Miss ADDAMS.— It is rather a favorite topic of mine that virtuous persons do not take as much pains to be attractive as vicious. If they did, I should believe it. Virtue cannot afford to be disagreeable. The old Puritan idea is at the root of a great deal of our trouble. The saloon is not altogether vicious, and it is the most attractive thing that many people have. That is why we have gone in for the things we have, because we have to cope with that attractiveness.

They seem to
Of course, we

QUESTION. Is there any trouble about organizing the clubs? Miss ADDAMS.- Some of the clubs are exclusive. think the fun of having a club is to keep others out. preach against that; and I hope the settlement has none of that spirit.

QUESTION. What is the method that Mr. Ely employs?

Mr. ELY.- Ours is purely educational work. The effort is to bring young men from the university into contact with workingmen. The classes are small. We have lectures once a week, with opportunities for discussion which any man has a chance to take.


school hours?

What does Miss Addams have for children after

Miss ADDAMS. We have a playground where they play in summer and which is flooded in winter. We have between five and six hundred children in clubs.



Tuesday night, July 13.

The Conference was called to order by the President at 8 P.M. A telegram was read from Hon. William R. Stewart, of New York, accepting the Presidency of the Conference for the coming year.

The subject for the evening was the report of the Committee on Care of the Feeble-minded, chairman, Dr. F. M. Powell, Iowa, who read a paper on the "Present Status of the Feebie-minded" (page 289).

A paper on "State Regulation of Marriage," by Mrs. Kate Gannett Wells, of Boston, was read by Dr. Rogers (page 302).

An address on “Child Study as applied to the Defectives" was given by Professor W. O. Krohn, University of Illinois (page 308). Adjourned at 9 P.M.


Wednesday morning, July 14.

The Conference was called to order for the final session at 10 A.M. by the President.

A paper by Miss A. M. Machar, Kingston, Ont., entitled "Outdoor Relief in Canada and its Relation to Tramps" was read (page 239). .

An address on "Moral Reform in Ontario" was given by Hon. J. J. Malaren, Q.C., LL.D. (page 347).

A paper on the "Child-saving Work of the Humane Societies was read by Hon. J. G. Shortall, president of the Illinois Humane Society (page 110).

The Committee on Business reported through Dr. Walk that the only resolution offered for action by the Conference was that with

reference to the aftercare of the insane. He moved that that be referred to the Committee on the Care of the Insane. It was so voted. The following resolution of thanks was read :

Resolved, That the thanks of the Twenty-fourth National Conference of Charities and Correction are cordially returned

(1) To the government of the Province of Ontario and especially to the Hon. G. W. Ross, Minister of Education, for the liberal contribution of one thousand dollars ($1,000) toward the expenses of the session, for the free use of the comfortable and convenient Normal School Building, and for the reception given on the evening of July 13;

(2) To the Honorable City Council of Toronto for the use of the commodious Pavilion for several of the general sessions of the Conference and for their tender of an excursion to the Falls of Niagara;

(3) To the Toronto Street Railway Company for the free use of a private car each day during our meetings; to the Yacht Club for trips to the island;

(4) To the ladies of the city, who have courteously proffered their carriages for many pleasant drives, have thrown open their elegant homes for our entertainment, and have arranged receptions which have afforded us an opportunity for closer acquaintance with those whose kindness we shall hold in remembrance and whose friendship we shall highly prize;

To the railway authorities, especially to the officers of the Grand Trunk and Canadian Pacific Railways, the Central Passenger Association, and the Railway Passenger Association of Michigan, for the most liberal terms ever given to the Conference;

To the papers for the very accurate, the intelligent and discriminating reports of the proceedings.

Mr. SAYCE, New York. I am not a member of this Conference, and am not enough of a practical charity worker to have taken an active part in it. I am here as a student; and, as a student, I think I can say a word for Columbia in welcoming you to New York next year.

Columbia reaches the university settlement worker and the charity organization worker both. One of our professors spends part of the year living at a settlement, and in his class work he has devoted special time to the working out of the records of the Charity Organization Society of New York. Our president is a man who is in the broadest sense a man of practical politics and devoted to social welfare. In the discussion of such papers as we have heard pertaining to child-saving, the question comes up: Can we in some way introduce into the child's life those elements that shall make him prepared to deal with the social life that waits him later on? I have been interested in one work that has grown up in connection with the children of the slums of New York, the George Junior Republic. The boy has first to support himself; second, he must enforce social regulations and enforce

order; third, he elects the legislature that makes the regulations. This is one of the best ways of saving the slum boy, the street boy, the boy ambitious to be the leader of a gang. It regulates, and restrains him, and it is securing a degree of civic virtue.

Mr. John Edward Bell thanked the Conference for coming to Toronto, and hoped they would carry away as pleasant remembrances as he had brought from cities in the United States where he had been a guest.

President Johnson thanked the Conference for having been allowed to occupy the honorable place of President; and, in resigning his chair, he called upon Mr. N. S. Rosenau, of New York, to speak a word for the newly elected President, Mr. W. R. Stewart, who was unable to be present.

Mr. ROSENAU.— Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen of the Conference,— I am one of the lesser lights of New York, one little part of the ceaselessly whirling mass of humanity that makes up the metropolis of the New World; and I know that I cannot properly represent my city, and, therefore, I dare not make promises of what New York will do for fear they be not large enough.

I think it singularly appropriate that the Conference should meet next year in New York, for two reasons: first, because it saw its birth in New York, and New York will help to celebrate its Silver Jubilee; second, because, if the union of communities, which will on the 1st of January make the Greater New York, be a mark of progress in civilization, it is eminently appropriate that the progress. which is being made in the purification of civilization shall be signalized in that Greater New York by the meeting of this Conference in the first year of its history.

New York is being civilized. It is working from within out; but it can be helped from without, and not the least of the influences to help in this direction will be the meeting of this Conference next year. We have clean streets. We have a comparatively clean municipal government. We are reforming the tenements. We are caring for the children. We are helping the poor. We are trying to reform criminals. We are laying out the most magnificent system of parks, probably, on the face of the globe. We are building a university which will stand with any; and, finally, we are rearing a cathedral which is to be the grandest tribute of humanity to the Divine that our country shall know. So we are prepared to welcome the Conference. We have enough of the leaven of righteousness in us now to appreciate its spirit and its work.

Mr. President, in behalf of Mr. Stewart, whom I represent without his knowledge, I can say, with the conviction that I am uttering

nothing but the truth, he will do his utmost to make the meeting of the Conference a success, just as for years he has done his utmost to make the work of the State Board of Charities of New York a success. His chief ambition and his chief delight lie in the gradual evolution of the institutions of New York, under the encouragement of the State Board of Charities, where he is admirably filling the place of his eminent predecessors, William P. Letchworth and Oscar Craig.

If, in conducting the work of this Conference, he shall succeed as well as the retiring President, I am sure our meeting in 1898 will not be a failure.

I shall look forward, as will all my fellow-workers, to the pleasure of greeting you in New York; and I can assure you that no effort shall be spared to make your meeting a success.

A few closing remarks were made by Professor Henderson in appreciation of the kindness and hospitality of the people of Toronto and the value of the Conference.

The General Secretary, Rev. H. H. Hart, was called on for the final word. He paid a high tribute to the ready and willing workers in Toronto, who had showed themselves ready to co-operate in everything necessary for the success of the Conference, and to the daily papers for their aid from the inception of the Conference through its whole extent.

The Conference then adjourned without formality.

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