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Behold, I make All things new. Rev. xxi. 5.

London:
PRINTED FOR THE EDITOR, W. VIDLER,
BY W. BURTON, NO. 82, FETTER LANE, HOLBORX,

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1799,

the fun. As much as reason is decried, yet the most incoħe. rent enthusist will attempt to support his dogmas with what reason he can command. To represent the value and utility of the sacred Scriptures---the work of Christ, and the character of God in him---to promote scriptural tempers and conducto.and to inculcate universal good-will towards men, are our leading views. May the Father of lights continue to bless our attempts to his own glory. · We mean to improve our Miscellany in paper and type in the next year. Are thankful to our correspondents for their favours---hope for the continuance of them---and are happy in announcing to our friends at large that the number of wri. ters for our work is increasing.

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Universalist's Miscellany

For JANÚARÝ, 1799.

NATURAL HISTORY.

(Continued from vol. ii. p. 365.) T now remains that we explain the causes of Volcanoes, or, i to speak more properly, that we mention the opinions of philosophers concerning them ; for the real causes of them are perhaps still unknown, notwithstanding all that has been said upon that subject.

The most elaborate theory that has yet appeared is that of Mr. Houel (see his Voyage Pieturesque). According to him water is necessary for the formation of all volcanoes. He obferves, that volcanoes, in general, are near the sea: that they are even extinguished when the sea retires from them; for we can still perceive the craters of volcanoes in several lofty inland mountains, which discover what they have been formerly. He fupposes that a long series of ages was necessary for the formation of a volcano, and that they were all formed under the furface of the sea: the first explosion which laid open the foundations of the deep would possibly be preceded by an earthquake: the waters would be parted by a vast globe of burning air, which would issue forth with a tremendous noise, opening at the fame time a large and wide vent for the immense flame which was to follow; and which, as it issued from the bottom of the sea, would be spread over its surface by the first gusts of wind which followed. A fire which was to burn through thousands of years could not be faint or feeble when it was firft lighted up; its first eruptions, therefore, would have undoubtedly been very violent, and the ejected matter very copious. For a long series of ages it would continue to discharge VOL. III.

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