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molt part treats me with proper civility IM


feared me: and this I can affirm with. out any offence to truth, or derogating from their glorious characters. Admiral Vernon, though he boasted that he From the St. James's MAGAZINE. took Porto-Bello with six ships only, had my assistance besides ; and that he did

A Receipt for a Love-Song. it with my affistance besides, was his

Condisce modos amanda chief glory: as the London Evening Voce


HOR. Poft hath often observed, who for the

MPRIMIS, 'ere you take your and

theme, than a fock or a stone, and yet when a

Chuse for your nymph a proper name ; company has been divided in their opi. Now Chloe, now Dorinda, greet her, nions, the greatest disputants have fire. Or Stella - as it suits your metre. quently brought me to prove their af. Or if, by chance, the muse's will is, fertions : 'tis true, they have often How par to call her Amaryllis, been laughed at for their pains. Iso Then pray to Venus, and her dovė, far excel in the art of physick, that I And stile her am'rous queen of love ; can easily cure the Plague, and the Chuse out a nickname for her fon Hyp, and which is more than every And so the first two staves are done parson of a parish can do, can persuade Next with your nymph begin ; and a quaker to own that he ought to pay tythes, and a jew to eat bacon for his You praise her charms in fimile. dinner : both which have hitherto been Say, are her eyes serenely bright ? Jooked upon as things impossible. I ap. Call 'em two stars, - that shine by night, pear to most old people before they die, Yet, mark, this simile wont do, and am in such cases a certain sign of Unless your mistress' eyes be two; death not far off. If I do the like to Now if (hard fate!) one peeper's gone, the young, as I do sometimes by acci- Call ber remaining eye the siin. dent, it is not upon the same errand. In To roses, iv'ry, vines, compare thort, I am what you seldom think of Her cheeks, her neck, and curling hair. when awake, but when asleep often With coral too be sure to tip dream of. To add hut one particular Her pretty, pouting, ruby lip: more: though all wise men, (as I said Thele mixt, fecundum artem, join before) do in reality set a high value Ab mes!—at least each other line. upon me, and with reason too, yet if a Sigh oft, and tell her, with his quiver man is heard to say he cares for me, he Cupid has shot you thro' the liver ; is generally thought to want his fare of Or if you chuse to name his dart, sense.'

Talk of the hole within your heart. Now, as plain as I may appear to For compliments you ne'er can stand ; Some, it will be difficult for the greatest They're ready cut, and dry , at hand : wits to find me out : and as inconceiv. Her angel mind, seraphic form, able as I may be to others, the greatest Muft luie the coldest bosom warm : fool is likely enough to discover me Her wit's celestial, clear', sublime, first. If you should guess right, you

Or -- any thing that hits your rhime, will yet, and with reason, say, that you with thele sweets words to Arne repair, have lost your labour,

And he'll compose a melting air ;
NOTHING, Such as shall make your fair one dye

With am'rous and exstatic joy ;
Shall make each ravilh'd beau admire
The lady's charms, and poet's fire!



They ground their barley with a handmill, and they plowed their ground with

a wooden instrument not unlike a hoc, From the GentleMAN'S MAGAZINE. with a spur or tooth at the end of it, Historical Account of the Canary Iands.

on which they fixed a goat's horn ; the (Continued from p. 70.)

ground being broken with this imple

ment, they took care to water it if the HE capital punishment in Cana. rain did not come in its proper season,

ria was the same that has been bringing water hy canals from the rivualready described : other .punishments lets for that purpose ; of the corn they were exactly according to the Lex Ta- reaped only the ears, which was the emlionis, An eye for an eye, a tooth for a ployment of the women ; these ears they 'tooth.

thrashed with sticks, or beat with their The trade of a butcher was exerci. feet, and then winnowed with their sed only by the dregs of the people, hands. and was accounted so ignoininious, They had no fruit but vicacorras, that no other Canarian would suffer mocanes, wild dates, and figs. The one of that profession to enter his poor lived on the sea coast, and subfifted house, or touch any thing belonging to chiefly upen fish, which they caught in him ; it was even unlawful for butchers the night, by making a blaze on the wato keep company with any but butch- ter with torches of pitch-pine, ers, and when they wanted any thing When any of their nobles died, they of another person, they were obliged to brought out the corps and placed it in point at it with a long staff, standing at the sun, took out the bowels and ina considerable distance.

trails, which they washed, and then The houses were built of stone, with- buried in the earth; the body they out cement, covered with rafters and dried and swathed round with bandages earth, but so neat and regular, that they of goat-skins, and then fixed it upright made a beautiful appearance; their in a cave cloathed with the same garbeds and bedding were goat-skins curi- ments that had covered it alive: if no ously dressed in the hair ; their other

cave was at hand they enclosed it within furniture consisted of baskets and inats loose stones, fo laid as not to touch it, of palm-leaves and rushes, very curi- and covered it with a large stone at the qully wrought: the women in general top. The lower class were buried in were employed in painting and dying, pits, and covered with dry stones ; those and they were very careful to gather bodies that were not placed upright, the flowers and shrubs from which they were laid with their heads towards the extracted the colours at the proper sea. North. fon. Their lewing thread was like Theinhabitants of Canaria were more what we call cat gui, made of the ten- polished than those of other islands, and dons of Weep. goats, or swine ; there at the time of the conquest were governtendons they first anointed with butter, ed by two princes who did not rain and then drying then by the wre, they jointly, but one was sovereign of the split them into fine ilireads; their nee district called Teide, the other of the dles were of bone, and their fith-books diftri&r called Galdar, which were dividof horn ; all tbe vesels used in cookeryed from cach other by a line drawn 'were of clay, baked in the sun. Their from the village of Tamarazeyte to that wealth consisted wholly of goats and of St. Nicholas. It had formerly been fheep, with a few hogs; their common ruled by chiets or heads of tribes, who food was barley. meal roasted, and eaten presided over small circles like parishes, with milk, or goat's fleth ; but when but this form of government was chang. they made a feft they drefied their ed by the following accident: guat's feln with hog's lard, or butter.


In the district of Galdar, which was which they referred to their fords, and the most fertile part of the island, there their lords agreed to determine the diflived a virgin lady, whose name was ference by a wrestling match. ArdagoAntidamana, of great worth and me. ma was much stronger than Guarinayrit, whose wisdom was held in such e- ga, but, on the other hand, Guarinaydeem by the natives, that they applied ga was superior in activity and kill, so to her to determine their differences, that the islure of the contest was for a and never appealed from her decisions. time doubtful. · Skill, however, at last After some years, the chiefs envying prevailed over force, and Ardagoma this distinction paid to a woman, pre was thrown to the ground, but availing vailed upon the people to refer their himself of his great strength, he grasped causes to her decision no longer. Anti. Guarinayga with such violence, that damana, when she found herself desert- finding his breath just gone, he cried ed, having devoted her lite to the sere out, Do not kill me, I acknowl dge myvice of the public, was itong with relent- felf vanquifsed; Ardagoma immediment and indignation; but her under- ately released him, and they afterwards' Itanding being equal to her fenfibility, determined the matter in dispute'in an she did not indulge herself in idle com. amicable manner. Such was the geneplaints, nor render herself cheap by im- rous magnanimity of these heroes, that potent anger; but she went to the molt when Ardagoma was asked the event of valiant and prudent of all the chiefs of the combat, he said that Guarinayga Canaria, whose name was Gumidat, and was the victor; and when Guarinayga having related her grievances, the of. was asked the same quition, he answer.' fered him marriage ; Gumidale gladly ed that he had been vanquished by Ar. consented, and the marriage immedi dagoma. ately took place : the residence of this In the fatal battle that put an end chief was a cave, which is now known to the liberty of this island, Ardagoma by the name of the House of the Knight was desperately wounded in the thigh of Facáracus. Froin this place he dispens- with a lance, as he was bravely fighting ed his laws, and had a great and exten at the head of a cholen body of veteran five influence over the people. Soon af- troops, who, till then, had pushed the ter his marriage with Antidamana, he Spaniards from their ground, and were found various pretences to make wir on the brink of throwing them into irupon the other chiefs, and succellively recoverable confusion : on the fall of subdued thein all, so that lie became thcir champion they made one violent king of the whole illand. He had by crer, which, like the agony of a dying his illuftrious wife a ton, named Arte mail, exhauited all their ttrength, and mis, who succeeded his parents as fole they then Hed with precipitation, leavking of Canaria, who was reigning ing their champion on the ground bewhen John de Betancour invadied the hind them. The Spaniards into whose iland, and who fell in battle. Artemis hands he tell, cured him of his wounds, bad two sons, who, upon liis death, di- made him a convert to their religion, vided the island between them, and were taught him the Catalian language, and, Sovereigns of the two diftricts when it loon after, fent liim into Spain. was subdued. Each of thele princes During his ietidence there, his fame had a council of fix, called Gayres, who as an extraordinary wreitler: was spread administered the affairs of government: through the country, and being one day the most powerful Gayre of the district at the palace of the archbishop at Seof Galdar was Ardagoma, and Guari. ville, a peasant of La Mancha, who nayga was the principal Gayre of Tel was aliù a famous writer, being move de, both having very lige Hocks of ed witi emulation, collenged him to theep and goats. It happened that their a trial of skill. Ardurad.ccepted ihe Shepherds had a dispute about pature, chalicose, but, c.dicivido ut his iuperio.


rity, said to him, Brother, since we are which he drank in despight of the pea-
to wrefle, let us first, as a token of fant of La Mancha. He was of a mid-
friendsip, drink tagether : the peasant dle stature, but very broad lhoulder'd ;
readily consented, and Ardagoma tak- his name, Ardagoma, fignifies in the
ing a glass of wine, said to the peasant, Canarian language, fooulders of rock.
If you can, by your utmost ftrength, pre. There were also in Canaria two other
vent me from carrying this glass of wint famous wrestlers named Huaneben and
to my mouth and drinking it, or cause Caylafaya. It happened upon some
me to spill one drop of it by the .zw.y, public occafion that they challened eacha
then I will w.effle with you; but if other, and wrestled in the presence of
net, I would advise you to return home. their countrymen, who were assembled
The peasant iinmediately assailed him, froin all parts as Spectators. Having
but with no more effect than he would wreitled a great while without either's
have affailed a rock; Andagoma with gaining any advantage over the other,
one hand repressed all his efforts, and the people at length parted them; but
continuing at the lame time inınove. Hyaneben perceiving that Caylafaie
able, drank off his wine; upon which strength was not lellened by the content,
the peasant, astonithed at his amazing and feeling that his own was not suffi-
strength, prudently took his advice and cient to engage him a second time, cried
freaked off This happened in the out, Are you able to perform wbat I am
presence of many witnesses, and he was going to do? Caylafa answered, I am;
famous for this among many other won upon which Huaneben immediately ran
derful feats in his own country, there to the brow of a precipice, and threw
being no man in all Canaria that could himself down headlong; Caylafa, dis-
have prevented his drinking the wine, daining to be outdone, instantly fol.

• An incident something like this happened benveen Thomas Topham, commonly call-
ed, The strong Mün, and a famous boxer, remarkable also for his dexterity and strength.
Topham then kept the sign of the Strong Man at Iflingcon, where he exhibited his uncom-
mon prowess in a great variety of fears, of which Dri Delaguliers has given an account in
a paper which he communicated !o the Royal Society, and which is published in their Me-
moirs. The athletic hero fat some time among his spe&acors with a kind of fullen dif-
content, and then broke out in a ftrain of cloquence peculiar to his class : What fignifics this .
fellow's playing his legerdemain tricks; it's all artifice; there's nany a better man than he is that
walks she farcers every hour in the day; l'Ufhow you prefintly what he's made of. Upon which he
goes down to Topham, and gives him a formal challenge to box him before the company :
Topham survered him with some surprize and much contempt, but yet without any malig-
nity, Boxing, says he, is nt my trade, and I have no quarril with you, nor you with me, why then
pould we fight? The champion now became more vociferous than before ; he miftook Top-
ham's phlegm for cowardice, and intiiting upon his accepting the challenge not without
fome terms of reproach. Topham, at length, Teemed to consent ; bui, Cocky, says he, as we
figha for honour, let us be friends, come, give me your paw ; the hero condescended to ftretch ous
his hand, which Topham taking hold of griped it harder and harder, till after making many
wry faces and contortions, the fellow roared out like a bull; upon which Topham imme-
diately le ting him go, he went quietly back to his feat without speaking a word, to the no
1mall diversion of the company, from which he was foon expelled by haots of derifion and
contempt, and the clamorous applause that was bestowed on the man he had insulted.

This Topham had been a failor before the mast on board of a man of war, and was not conscious of his own fuperior ftrengih till one day getting drunk, and quarrelling with the cook, be pulled out the iron bars of the grate by laying hold of them in the middlc, and bending thesp violently forward, so as to force off the rivettings at each end. After this the ship's company was continually folliciting him to. Shew some feat of his frength ; and when they came to Portsmouth, the peo; le that came with liquor in a bomb-boat, having heard of his fame, was very follicitous to see some of his performances, particularly an oid Irish woman, who had handed him up some beer in a large filver tankard ; when the Cankard was empty, Topham held it over the fide of the veffel to be filled again, upon which the old woman cried out, Tommy, do, God love you, let's see what you can do ! “ Weii, says Top. h:10, take your tankard ihen ;” and reaching it down, he pressed it between his finger and thob with such force, that when the old woman received it, it was as flat as a pancake. Tuk 19w, laid she old woman, and by Jefus, my dear, why could not you squeeze it without spoiling the hape?



lowed him, and thus both perished to. to which the other replied, “ Give to gether.

it and it will not fall;" they then threw Of Palma.

down the meat and both went away, This island was called by the natives leaving it to be devoured by the ravens Bena-hoare ; whence it derives its pre. which hover'd about the rock. sent name is not certainly known. The natives held the sun and moon When the Europeans first landed upon in great veneration, and kept an exact it, it produced no corn, nor any eata account of time to know when the moon ble roots except fern, of which the na was new or at the full. They also actives made meal; they made meal also knowledged one fupreme deity, whoin of the feed of a shrub called amazante; they called Abora, and believed to reside both these forts of meal they eat mixed in the Heavens. They had a superstiwith milk or broth; their other food tious notion that the Devil, whom they was the flesh of goats, sheep, or hogs, called Irvene, frequently appeared in either roasted or boiled: The skins of the form of a fhock dog. When any the goats and the sheep served them for one of them was taken ill, he sent for cloathing, and of the hog's-skins they his relations and friends, and said to made shoes,

them, I want to die, upon which they This isand, like Canaria, was divid. carried him into a cave, where they ed into districts, of which there were laid him down upon a bed of goat12, and each was governed by its own skins, put a pitcher of milk by him, chief. Their police, however, was not and then closing up the mouth of the So good as that of the other inanıls, for cave, left him to expire by himself. he was thought the cleverest fellow who They buried their dead in caves, and could steal with such address as not to always spread the skins of goats under be discovered, and if any one was de. the:n, saying, it was not proper that tected, no other punishment was infict a dead body thould touch the ground. ed upon him than the restoration of the

Of TENERIF. thing stolen. If a man received an in This island was by the natives called sult from any of his own district, he Chineche; and Tenerife or White thought it mean to complain to his chief, Mountain, by the natives of Palma ; he therefore gathered his friends and re the Spaniards have continued the Palo lations together, and retaliated the at: marine name of the place, but the front, after which they all removed, and natives they call Guanches, but for wliat took up their refidence in another district. realon is not kuown. The irhabiiants

Their manner of worship was as sin of this island were generally of a midgular as their policy. In each district dling ftature ; those who duelt on the there was a great pillar or pyramid of North side were fairer than chofe on the loole stones ; at this pillar the natives South : a few years before the conquest assembled at itat:d times, singing and it was governed by a Sovereign who dancing round it, wrestling, and per- left nine fons, and they fared the illud forming other feats of activity. In cne ainong them, so that it became divided of the districts there was a natural pyra- into nine kingdoms. mid upwards of 100 fathoms high, The natives acknowleriged 3 god, where the natives worshipped their god whom they called Achaman, the tur. Idafe, whose name the rock itill retains. tainer or heaven and earth. They where in perpetual apprehenfion When they were in great distress for of its tumbling down, and therefore, want of rain, they asembled in certain whenever they killed a sheep or a goat, places fet apart for that purpose, with they roasted a piece of it, which they sent children and flocks, where they by two persons as a present to the rock. Sut in a circle on the ground, weeping As they went along, he who carried the and making a mourniul noise, their offering fang, “ It will tall, Idate ;” flocks bleating at the same tine or YOL. III.



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