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ing to see him before he should leave his On his landing, he was received by dominions. Columbus at first scrupled all the people in procession, giving to accept of this invitation ; but con- thanks to God for his prosperous sucsidering that the king of Portugal was cess, which, it was hoped, would re. at peace with his fovereigns, and had dound so much to the advantage of treated him with uncommon hospitality Christianity, and the grandeur of their and regard, he resolved to wait on his catholic majesties. By this time Pinzon Portuguese majesty, who then resided had arrived in Galicia, and designed to about nine leagues from Lisbon, at a carry in person the news of the discoveplace called Valparaiso, where the ad- ry to court, when he received orders miral arrived on Saturday night, being forbidding him to come without the ad. the 9th day of March. The king or. miral, under whose command he had dered all the nobility of the court to go been sent on the expedition. --This out and meet him : when he was con- mortifying repulse made such an impreso ducted to the presence, he insisted up. fion upon him, that he fell fick; and on his putting on his cap and fitting returning to his native place, in a few down ; and having with seeming plea- days died with grief and vexation. sure heard the particulars of the voyage, Mean while Columbus set out for Se. offered to supply him with every thing ville, in his way to Barcelona, where he wanted ; tho' he could not help ob- their majesties at that time resided ; and serving, that the conquest of right be the roads were crowded by all sorts of longed to him, in as much as Colum. people, who flocked together to see him bus had once been in the service of Por. and the Indians in his train. About tugal. The admiral modestly gave his the middle of April he arrived, and was reasons for being of a contrary opinion; received in the most solemn manner by to which the king replied, “ It was ve- the whole court and the city : their cary well ; he did not doubt but justice tholic majesties, who sat in publick upwould be done." This conversation on rich chairs, under a canopy of gold, being ended, he ordered the prior of stood up when he approached to kiss Crato to entertain Columbus, who have their hands, caused him to be seated in ing staid all Sunday and part of Mon- their presence, and treated him as a day, took his leave, after having been grandee of the first order, who had done treated by his majesty with great bo. the most important service to his counnour, and tempted by, very considerable try: nay, so highly favoured was he offers to reingage in his service. He for his merit and success, that when was attended in his return by Don Mar- the king rode about Barcelona, Columtin de Noranha, and many other persons bus was always at his fide, an honour of rank; and as he passed by a monafte. which had never been conferred before ry where the queen was, she desired to upon any but the princes of the blood. see liim, and received his visit with great Nor was their regard confined to un. respect. That same night a gentleman substantial forinz ; he was gratified with came from the king, to tell him, that new patents, enlarging, explaining, and it he was inclined to go to Castile by confirming the privileges which he had land, he would accompany and provide before obtained ; and extending his vicehim with accommodations on the road, royalty and admiralship over all the counas far as the frontiers of Portugal. He tries he had discovered, as well as those declined this offer with suitable acknow. he should discover ; for it was resolved ledgments, and setting fail from the ri. he should return to the West Indies with ver of Lisbon on Wednesday March a powerful armament to support the 13th, arrived on Friday following at colony he had settled, and proceed with Saltes, and came to an anchor in the other discoveries ; and in the mean port of Palos, from whence he had de- time they solicited and procured from parted on the 3d day of August in the pope Alexander VI. an exclufive title preceding year.



to all the lands they should find and sub- existence of this tree, answered in the das in that direction, as far as the East. affirmative. Indies.

The author of the history of the discovery and conquest has given us a particular account of it, which I shall here

relate at large. From the BRITISH MAGAZINE. “ The district in which this tree

stands is called Tigulahe, near to which, Fountain Tree

and in the cliff, or steep rocky ascent

that surrounds the whole island, is a HIS ifland Hierro produces bet

narrow gutter, or gulley, which comter grass, herbs and flowers, than

mences at the sea, and continues to the any of the other illands, so that bees (ummit of the cliff, where it joins or thrive and multiply here extremely, and coincides with a valley, which is termimake excellent honey. The wine of Hi- nated by the steep front of a rock. On

erro is poor, weak and bad, inforuch the top of this rock grows a tree, call• that the natives are obliged to diftil the ed in the language of the antient inha.

greatest part of it into brandy. There bitants, Garle, Sacred or Holy Tree, are only three fountains of water in the which, for many years, has been prewhole iland, one of them is called A- ferved sound, entire, and fresh. Its cot, which, in the language of the an leaves constantly distil such a quantity cient inhabitants, fignifies River ; à of water as is sufficient to furnith drink name, however, which does not seem to

to every living creature in Hierro ; nahave been given it on account of its

ture having provided this remedy for the yielding much water, for in that respect drought of the illand. It is situated a. it hardly deserves the name of a foun

bout a league and a half from the lea. sain. More to the northward is another Nobody knows of what species it is, oncalled Hapio; and in the middle of the ly that it is called Til. It is distinct iland is a spring, yielding a stream a from other trees, and stands by itself; bout the thicknefs of a man's finger. the circumference of the trunk is about This last was discovered in the year 1565, twelve spans, the diameter four, and in and is called the fountain of Anton Here height from the ground to the top of nandez. On account of the scarcity of the highest branch, forty spans: the water, the feep, goats and swine here circumference of all the branches togedo not drink in the summer, but are ther is one hurdred and twenty feet. faught to dig up the roots of ferv, and The branches are thick and extended ; chew them to quench their thirst. The the lowest coinmence about the height great cattle are watered at those foun- of an ell from the ground. Its fruit tains, and at a place where water distils reíeinbles the acorn, and tastes somefrom the leaves of a tree. Many wri- thing like the kernel of a pine-apple, ters have made mention of this fa. but is lofter and more aromatic. The mous tree, some in such a manner as to

leaves of this tree resemble those of the make it appear miraculous: others again laurel, but are larger, wider, and more deny the existence of any such tree, ac curved; they come forth in a perpetumong wliom is father Feyjoo, a modern al succellion, so that the tree always reSpanilh author, in his Theatro Critico. mains green. Near to it grows a thorn, But be, and those who agree with him, which faltens on many of its branches, in this matter, are as much mistaken as

and interweaves with them; and at a they who would make appear to be small distance from the Garle are some miraculous. This is the only island of all beech trees, bresos and thorns. On the the Canaries which I have not been in ; north side of the trunk are two large but I have failed with natives of Hic tanks, or cilterns, of roughi Itone, or erro, who, when questioned about the rather one cistern divided, each half be


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ing twenty feet square, and sixteen spans nate Ilands, says, “ In the mountains
in depth. One of these contains water of Ombrion are trees resembling the
for the drinking of the inhabitants, and plant Ferula, from which water may be
the other that which they use for their procured by pressure. What comes from
cattle, washing and such-like purposes. the black kind is bitter, but that which
Every morning, near this part of the i- the white yields is sweet and potable.”
Nand, a cloud, or mist, arises from the Trees yielding water are not peculiar
sea, which the south and easterly winds to the island of Hierro, for travellers
force against the fore-mentioned steep inform us of one of the same kind on
cliff; so that the cloud, having no vent the island of St. Thomas, in the bight,
but by the gutter, gradually ascends it, or guiph of Guiney. In Cockburn's
and from thence advances slowly to the voyages we find the following account
extremity of the valley, where it is of a dropping tree, near the mountains
stopped and checked by the front of the of Vera Paz, in America.
rock, which terminates the valley, and “ On the morning of the fourth day
then rests upon the thick leaves and we came out on a large plain, where
wide-Spreading branches of the tree, were great numbers of fine deer, and
from whence it distils in drops during in the middle stood a tree of unusual
the remainder of the day, until it is at fize, spreading its branches over a vaft
length exhausted, in the same manner compass of ground. Curiosity led us
that we see water drip from the leaves of up to it : we had perceived, at some
trees, after a heavy shower of rain. distance off, the ground about it to be
This distillation is not peculiar to the wet, at which we began to be somewhat
Garse, or Til, for the bresos, which surprised, as well knowing there had no
grow near it, likewise drop water ; but rain fallen for near fix months past, ac-
their leaves being but few, and narrow, cording to the certain course of the sea-
the quantity is so trifling, that though fon in that latitude ; that it was impos-
the natives fave some of it, yet they lible to be occasioned by the fall of dew
make little or no account of any but on the tree, we were convinced by the
what distils from the Til, which, toge- sun's having power to exhale away all
ther with the water of some fountains, moisture of that nature a few minutes
and what is saved in the winter season, after its rising. At last, to our great
is sufficient to serve them and their amazement, as well as joy, we saw water
flocks. This tree yields most water in dropping, or as it were distilling, faft
those years when the Levant, or easter- from the end of every leat of this won:
ly winds, have prevailed for a continu- derful (nor had it been amiss if I had
ance; for by these winds only the clouds said miraculous) tree ; at least it was so
or milts are drawn hither from the sea. with respect to us, who had been labour-
A person lives on the spot, near which ing four days through extreme heat,
this tree grows, wlio is appointed by the without receiving the least moisture, and
council to take care of it and its water, were now almost expiring for the want
and is allowed a house to live in, with of it.
a certain salary. He every day distri “ We could not help looking
butes to each family of the district seven as liquor sent from heaven to comfort
pots, or vessels, full, of water, besides us under great extremity. We catched
what he gives to the principal people of what we could of it in our hands, and
the illand."

drank very plentifully of it, and liked
Whether the tree which yields water it so well, that we could hardly prevail
at this present time be the lane as that with ourselves to give over. A matter
mentioned in the above description, I of this nature could not but excite us
cannot preiend to determine, but it is to make the strictest observations con:
probable there has been a fucceffion of cerning it, and accordingly
them; for Pliny, describing the Fortu- under the tree near three hours, and

on this

we staid



found we could not fathom its body in ing drank and danced till such time a. five times. We observed the soil u here they are able to stand no longer, they it grew to be very stoney; and, apon fall down on the floor, and sleep all the nicest enquiry we could afterwards together, like so many swine. make, both of the natives of the coun Their opinion of eternal life. try and the Spanish inhabitants, we They believe there is another life af. could not learn there was any such tree ter this ; but their imaginations of it known throughout New Spain, nor per. are very extravagant. A Livonian haps all America over ; but I do not re woman, being present at her husband's late this as a prodigy in nature, because burial, put a needie and thread into I am not philosopher enough to ascribe the grave, giving this reason for it, that any natural cause for it; the learned her husband being to meet in tlie other may, perhaps, give fubftantial reasons world, with persons of good rank, the in nature, for what appeared to us a was alhamed he thould be seen with his a great and marvellous fecret.”

cloaths rent. Nay, they so little mind what is to happen in the next world, that in the oath they take to decide any dif.

ference at law, instead of interesting the From the LADY'S MAGAZINE. salvation of their souls therein, they are

obliged to consider their present and The Ceremonies of Marriage in Livonia. temporal advantages, and so they are

HEN a country fellow mar. fworn, as followeth :

ries a lass out of another vil I, N. N. am here present before thee i lage, he goes a horseback to fetch her, since thou, O judge, desirest to know, sets her behind him, and makes her and askelt me, whether this land, on embrace him with the right hand. He which I now am, is God's and mine hath in his hand a stick cleft at the top, with a just title, I swear to God and where he puts a piece of brass money, his saints, and accordingly God judge which he gives to him who opens the me at the last day, that this land belongs wicket, through which he is to pass. to me of right, that it is God's and mine, Before, rides a man that plays upon and that my father hath been possessed the bag pipe, as also two of his friends, of it, and hath enjoyed it a long time. who, having naked (words in their And if the oath I take prove to be falle, hands, give two strokes therewith, cross I consent, that the curse of God fall the door of the house, where the mar- upon my body and soul, upon my chilriage is to be consummated, and then dren, upon whatsoever appertains to me, they thrurft the point of one of the even to the ninth generation. Swords into a beain, over the bride

Their Sorcery. groom's head, which is done to prevent They have such an inclination to foco charms, which, they say, are ordinary cery, and think it so necessary for the in that country.

'Tis to the same end preservation of their cattle, that fathers. that the bride scatters little pieces of and mothere teach it their children, so cloath or red serge by the way, espe. that there is scarce any peasant but is a cially where cross ways meet, near cros- sorcerer. They all observe certain sules, and upon the graves of little chil- perftitious ceremonies, by which they dren dead without baptism, whom they think to elude the effects of it, upbury in the high-ways. She hath a veil on which account it is, that they never over her face while ike is at the table, kill any beast, but they caft somewhat of which is not long; for, as soon almost it away, nor never make a breuing, as the guests are let down, the married but they spill some part of it, that the couple rise, and go to bed. About Sorcery may fall upon that. They have two hours afier they get up, and are also a custom of rebaptizing their chile brought to sit down at the table. Hav. dren, when, during ike firit fix weeks VOL. III,




after their birth, they chance to be fick blood comes of all sides ; especially when
or troubled with fits, whereof they think the master says, Selcke nack maha pex-
the cause to be, that the name, given ema, Beat him till the skin falls from
them at their baptilin, is not proper for the flesh.
them. Wherefore they give them ano Nor are they suffered to have any mo-
ther ; but in regard this is not only a ney ; for as soon as it is known they
sin, but a crime which the magistrate have any, the gentlemen and their offi-
feverely punishes in that country, they cers, who are paid by the peasantry,
conceal it.

take it from them. Which cruelty of Their obftinacy.

the masters puts these poor people many As they are stubborn in their super. times into despair, whereof there hapftitions, so are they no less in the exact pened a fad example. A peasant prellobservation of their customs. To which ed by his officer to pay what he neither purpose we have a very pleasant story, had, nor ought, and being deprived of concerning anold country fellow. Being the means whereby he should maintain condemned, for faults enormous enough, his family, strangled his wife and chilto lie along upon the ground, to receive dren, and when he had done hung him. his punishment, and madam de la Bar- self up by them. The officer coming re, pitying his almost decrepid age, have the next day to the house, thinking to ing fo far interceded for him, as that receive the money, struck his head ahis corporal punishment should be gainst the man's feet that was hanging, changed into a pecuniary mulet of about and so perceived the miserable execution, fifteen or sixteen pence, he thanked her whereof he was the cause. for her kindness, and said, that, for his part, being an old man, he would not ************ introduce any novelty, nor suffer the customs of the country to be altered, but

From the PUBLIC LEDGER. was ready to receive the chastisement which his predecessors had not thought Account of the principal Performers in much to undergo, put off his cloaths,

Midas, the Burletta, at Covent laid himself upon the ground, and re

Garden Theatre. And those in the ceived the blows according to his con

serious English Opera, called the demnation.

ROYAL SHEPHERD, in Drury Lane. This is accounted no punishment, but N the infancy of Arts and Sciences, an ordinary chastisement in Livonia.

while Luxury was yet unhatched, For the people, being of an incorri- and Genius in a go-cart ; when each gible nature, must be treated with that face was illumined with the smiles of finseverity, which would elsewhere be in. cerity, and men and women chose hapfupportable. They are not perinitted piness before honours; that æra was to make any purchase, and to prevent remarked as the Golden Age ; next their fo doing, they have only so much came the Silver one, third the Brazer, ground to manage, as will afford them fourth the Iron, fifth the Copper, fixthly a subsistence. Yet will they venture to and lastly this present one, which is the cut down wood in fome places of the Musical Age. forests, and, having ordered the ground, There are now exhibiting at the fow wheat in it, which they hide in pits Theatres, two pieces of composition, under ground,'to be secretly fold. When which, I will venture to say, all admithey are taken in this, or any other fault, rers and judges of harmony may be enthey make them strip themselves naked tertained with. down to the hips, and to lye down up. The Burletta called Midas, is a speon the ground, or are tied to a post, cies of composition the town is not yet while one of their comrades beats them familiarized to ; but what is capable of with a switch, or holly.wand, till the affording infinite satisfaction to the au

dience i

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