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the principal ingredient in beauty; and Charles Townshend's horse, Trimmer, finplicity is essential to grandeur. ran on the wrong side of the post.

Offensive objects at a proper distance, Mr. Pitt's bay.horle, Guide, was in acquire, even a degree of beauty : for training for this match, and expectinstance, Itubble, fallow ground

ed to enter at the poit, but went off. General A'Court's horse, Major, Col.

Barre's Governor, and General Con

way's Dragcon, paid forfeit. From the LOXDON MAGAZINE. Great expectations from Lord Shel. WESTMINSTER RACES.

burne's Colt, but he ran resty ; and

'tis supposed he will not start any 1762-OCTOBER MEETING.

more. Some knowing ones, who had "Lord Bute's Favourite (the noted Scotch

backed him for a considerable sunı, Stallion) wenthe King's Plate ; beat were taken in deep. ing Mr. Pitt's famous horse Guide Mr. Luther's colty four years old, (who had won several plates in differ weight 8st. 4 lb. beat Mr. Conyer's ent parts of England) and Lord Tem Freebold, aged, weight 9 ft.-'Twas ple's bald-faced mare Mo!!-Guwky. observed at ftar ing, that Freehold Betts before starting-Favourite a

carried too much weight. However, gainst the field.

it is thought he would have won the 1763-SPRING MEETING. heat, had not a perion, belonging Noblemen and Gentlemen's Great Sub to one of the public offices, crossed scription.

the course whilft he was running. Lord Bute's dun-horse, Treasurer ist The Sweepstakes, over the Duke's course, Lord Holland's black-horse, Pay

was won hollow by Lord Albemarle's mafter

2d Havanna from a great many others. Lord Halifax's brown-mare, Falconer 3d But disputes having arisen, whether Sir F. Dashwood's forrel horse, or not Havanna was duly qualified, Redfreak

part of the money is detained in the Duke of Newcastle's grey horse,

hands of the clerk of the course. Smuggler, aged, fell lame in

APRIL running

The second great inatch was decided Marquils of Rockingham's Swiss dr. between the two famous Pertian Lord Amburnham's Ranger

dit. horfes, Mr. Sullivan's Leader, and Lord Kinnoul's Lancaster, distanc Lord Clive's Nabob. Tho' Leader

ed, owing to his being rode in a won at the former meeting, yet lie Pelham-Bit.

barely saved his distance this time.Duke of Devonshire's Old Whig, 'Tis said this remarkable difference ran out of the course.

in his running, was owing to his havHenry Billon Legge's Southamp ing changed his rider. ton paid forfeit.

Odds at itarting--Six to four on Leadit. Mr. Wilkes's horse, Liberty, rode by A true copy of the race lift.

himself, took the lead at farting ; Witness my hand, but being pushed hard by Mr. Bith- [Pub.didv.] HEBER, jun. op's black gelding, Proviege, Tell down at the Devil's Ditch, and was ****


KING'S PLATL. Duke of Bedford's horte, President ift Heroic Composure of the late King of George Grenville's Gentle Sbipherd 2d

Prulia, at bis Death. Lord Sandwich's jeww.y Tzuricher 3d IN G Fredrich Williain died Lord Egmont's King John

with great fires and devotion,

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after frequent conversations on govern- performed there on the night of the ment with his son, and with his chap- 14th of August, 1738, without the lains on the future state, and the duties King his father suspecting any thing of of a christian on his departure out of the matter. the present. At one in the afternoon he sent for M. Euler, his fire phyfician, to know whether his life and pains could still be of any long continuance, and From the UNIVERSAL MUSEUM. whether his agony would be severe ? “ It is already on you, Sire,” anlwered

Remarks on the Riches of King David. M. Euler ; “ I feel the pulse receiling, T is recorded, in the 22d chapter and it beats under your elbow.-- But of the first book of Chronicles, that where does it stop at last ?" The doc. when King David was giving hisait ud. for replying, “ It will totally cease vice to his fon Solomon, he exhortshin beating in about an hour, the blood to build a house for the Lord; and to making its way to the heart :” The show how much he had it ai heart, rells king answered with the most tranquil him that he hiad, out of pis poverty, resignation, “ God's will be done !" laid up for that purpose, one hundred and about three o'clock expired. Bibc thousand talents of gold, and a thouliotheque des Science,

Sand thousand talents of silver, berides May his present majesty face his difio- brass and iron without weight. And lution with the like magnanimous testi- in the 29th chapter he tells him, that mony of a good conscience! Great is over and above what he had mentioned the difference between a field of battle before, he had provided three thousand and a fick bed!

talents of fine gold, and seven thousand

talents of diver, to overlay the walls of {} but

the house.

Belides all this, his princes and great From the UNIVERSAL MUSEUM. men made a free gift of five thousand

talents of gold, and ten thoutand ta. cccount of the present King of Prusia lents of tilver. being made a Free.maion.

Now all these fums added together EING with his father at Loo, on make 108,000 talents of golul. ks. a visit to the late Prince of

at 50751. 153. 7d. is 548, 244,150 Orange, the table-talk one day fell on

1,017,000 talents of lila masonry ; and the King having spoke ver, at 3531. 115, 10d. is 359,602,725. disadvantageoully of it, Count LippeBuckebourg modestly took on him to

£. 907,846,875 vindicate it, and owned him:elf a Free. [Thus far th: Oljector maíon : after the entertainment, the “ The Kings of Irael, says the auPrince Royal privately fignifier to him thor of the History of the I/raelites, lehis defire of being a member of that vied tribute upon the braelites them. society, and that he should like to be seives; for Saul promises that all the admitted at Brunswick, whithier liis fa. family of the man that would fight Go. ther was going, and from the great re liab should be exempted from it: and sort of strangers at the fair, the coming it appears that Solomon had laid excelof the brother masons for making a five taxes upon them by the complaints lodge would be le's futpected. Count made to Rehot,om. The power of Lippe applied to Baron (berg, to pro. kings was, in other respects, very much cure to the order such a glorious acqui- limitied: they were obliged to keep the fition. Every thing was planned and law as well as private men; they could transacted accordingly at Brunswick, neither add to nor diminish it; and the reception of the Prince Royal being there is no instance of any of thein



making so much as one new law. Their livres, and something more; that is, a. way of living at home was very plain, bout 534,859,784 1. Sterling. Besides as we may see by the description that he caused great treasures to be laid up Samuel

gave of their manners, to put in his sepulchre. Solomon built a great the people out of conceit with them; number of palaces, fortified several cihe allows them only women for the ties, and finished several public works. household affairs. Yet they had a great all the plate and furniture of his attendance when they appeared in pub- house at mount Libanus was of pure lic. Amongst the figns of Absalom's gold; besides 200 golden targets, each robellion, the scripture reckons fifty of which was worth 13,000 livres, that men that ran before him, and the same is, about 596 l. or 119,2001. Iterling is laid of his brother Adonijah. in all ; and 300 bucklers, worth 6000

“ The kings live sparingly as well as livres, or 2751. a piece : which amounts, private people: the difference was, they to about 82,500l. sterling. had more land and herds. When Da. His revenue too was great. Commerce vid's riches are reckoned up indeed, his alone brought him in every year 666 treasures of gold and silver are put into talents of gold; which make above the account; but so are his tillage, and 43,000,000 of livres, or 1,970,834 1. vineyards, his stores of wine and oil, Sterling. He made the Israelites pay his plantations of olive and fig-trees, tribute, and all foreigners that were unhis herds, and kine, camels, alles, and der his dominions, the Hivites, the ASheep. Thus Homer describes the morites, and all the other ancient inriches of Ulysses ; he says he had twelve habitants of the land of Israel, the ldu. great herds of each sort of cattle upon means, great part of Arabia, and all the continent, besides what he had in Syria : for his empire extended from bis iland. They took out of this great the borders of Egypt to the Euphrates : fock what was necessary to maintain and all the countries that were so rich, their household. Tliere were, in Solo. sent him every year vessels of gold and mon's time, twelve overseers distributed silver, cloth, arms, perfumes, horses, through the land of Israel, who, each and mules. These reflexions may serve in their turn, sent monthly provisions to make one underland how Crosus for the table, which for one day were came by his riches in a kingdom about « Thirty measures of fine flour, and the fame bigness as Solomon's. Silver threescore measures of meal, ten fat and gold were not yet dispersed through oxen, and twenty out of the pastures, the world. There was but little in and a hundred theep, besides harts and Greece, none in Italy and the rest of roebucks, and fallow deer, and fatted Europe, except in Spain, where they fowl," enough to feed at least five thou. had some mines. fand people. As this provision was To this may be added, from the his. the product of the country itself, there tory of the life of King David, that was no need to buy any thing, nor any “ Besides the perfonal ornaments worn want of purveyors, treasurers, or comp. by those who went to battle, in the trollers, nor that vast number of offi. Eastern nations, it was customary to cers, which eat up great Lords; fo that adorn their weapons and utensils of war gold and silver continued laid up, or with the richest metals. We learn from ferved for its most natural use, to make the history of David, that the Syrians plate and furniture of.

whom he subdued and flew in valt num. From thence came the vast rishes of bers, wore shields of gold, and therefore David and Solomon. David prepared we need not doubt, but that their qui. all that was necessary for building the vers, the handles of their swords, &c. temple, the value of which came to were of the lamę metal. He was vic108,000 talents of gold, and 1,100,000

torious in about twenty battles, over talents of diver; which is 11,669,668,000 the sicheit enemies in the world ; and


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therefore their personal spoils, rich most apparent of her lovers, were compéarms, military chefts, and gods of gold titors for the honour of a paternity, that and silver (always carried to battle with perhaps, on a strict examination, would them) could not but amount to an im have come out to belong to neither. mense sum; and in all probability, the Madam Pojffon, however had, it Spoils of their cities to a much greater.” seems, her reasons for preferring Monf.

le Normant to the other. She persuaded him, that he was actually the father of

the child. As a proof that he was perFrom the UNIVERSAL MULEUM. suaded, he took a father's care of it.

Being bred under his eye, and particular Memoirs of Madam de Pompadour ; direction, there was no accomplishment Late Mistress to the French King.

omitted for her education. Nothing HE public having ranked amongst could be more amiable than her perfon,

its objects of curiosity, the history or the sprightliness of her temper. Had of a personage who has long acted lo not Monsieur le Normant been preposa distinguished a part in the world, as sessed with the opinion of her being his Madam de Pompadour, it is presumed own natural, daughter, her beauty, and the following account of her life will even the pains he had taken to form her, be agreeable to our readers.

and the success of those pains, could not This lady's father, or reputed father's have failed to endear her to him. His name was Poisson, butcher to the inva- fondness for her grew to fuch a height; lids. Some time after he was married, that he began to think of providing for he fell under the cognizance of the law, marrying her, in a manner that should and was hanged in efrigy for a rape ; show he confidered her in not a less light having, by flying the kingdom, escaped than that of a legitimate daughter. personal execution. There he stayed Amongst a number of conquests her till he obtained his pardon, at the inter- growing beauty had made, was that of cession of Madam de Pompadour, or at the young Monsieur le Normant d'Estileast on her account.

olles, nephew to the person who had Her mother, who was one of the most thus acted the father's part by her. His beautiful women in France, did not, in access to the house, his familiarity on the the absence of her husband, deliver her. foot of so near a relation, had procured self up to a vain affiction. That he him repeatedly the light of the young might not want contolation, she pitched Poilon. Nor could he fee her with imupon two declared gallants at once, pub- punity. After some difficulties on the licly, known to be her keepers, Monsieur part of his father, the young pair were Paris de Montmartel, and Monsieur le married, and Mademoiselle Poiflon was Normant de Tourneau, both in great now Madam d'Eftioiles. employments in the revenue. A woman It does not however appear, that her capable of having thus two men at her heart had been greatly confulient in this fervice at the same time, is not supposed match. Monsieur le Normant d'Eftiolles too fcrupulous to have more, tho lets had not the molt engaging person, being openly. It is certain, however, that rather diminutive, ill-favoured, and upMadam Poisson was supposed extremely on the whole, a very mean ordinary fi. free of her favours. Whilst her hus- gure. Yet if any thing could atone for band was absent, she was brought to bed the want of personal merit to touch the of a daughter, the late famous Madain heart of a lady, he must have been mafde Pompadour. Chronology could scarce. ter of hier's. The lover did not firk with be tortured into affording the least reason him into tie husband. As he was very to imagine that this rare production was ealy in his fortune, there were no exthe work of her absent husband. Mel- pences in drels or diversions spared, that fieurs Paris and le Normant being the might prove his paflion for her. Tho' Vol. III,


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the had charms enough to make a lover, and sighed in vain. For, tho' the world and especially a husband-lover with his has far from spared her character, fince figure, jealous; he indulged her in all her success with the French King, it is. the liberty she could with. He assembled generally agreed, that before that the and entertained at his house the belt and had gore no farther than mere coquetry, molt agreeable company that Paris af- to the prejudice of the faith do to her forded, and of which hesleli was the lite, husband. It is true, the gave no lovers from her gaiety, and not the least orna- that offered absolute repulles ; but she ment, from her beauty.

granted no particular favours to any of Amongit the numbersthat resorted to them. The most presting the put off her houle, many were drawn there by with saying, “ That if the ever wronged designs upon her; and as they had the her husbind, it should not be with any double-facility of declaring themselves, one but the King." All of them laughed from the manners of the French, far at this, and perhaps at that time had from being unfavourable to gallantừy, realon to imagine, that the jest would and tiom her sprightlinels, which was never be realized into an earnest that far from discouraging, they did not long does so much honour to the Italian prosefule themselves the tale of acquainting verb: “ It you will be pope, take it her with their sentiments.

strongly into your head that you shall be Amongst there was the abbot of Ber- pope." nis, since minister of state and cardinal. Though this declaration of her's had The first fuundations of bis fortune were nothing more than an air of gaiety, the then undoubtedly laid by his passion for dispositions the made were not the less this lady, who, tho' she did not think fit serious. She had designed the conquest to gratity it in the way he defired, pre- of the King, and was determined to served a grateful remembrance of it when omit nothing conducible to the archieveThe came into power. It was by her in- ment of it. One of the King's favourite tercellion he was firit named amballador diversions was known to bethat of hunt. to Venice, and, by rapid degrees, her ing. She pretended to her husband a patronage procured him his present ad. fondness for it herself, to which he was vancement. Yet he was originally no far from having the least objection. more than of an obscure family in Pont Having then procured a riding-habit, St. l'Elprit, a little town in Languedoc, the most exquisitely imagined, for workon the borders of ihe Venaisiin. Nor was ing the designed effect, and striking the himself known at first, but by some little blow the meditated, the managed to as verses, most of them in praise of his fair to attend the King constantly in his Madain d'Eftiolles; and in which, tho' hunting parties, not as one of his court they did not want for a certain eadness indeed, but as fimply a spectatress of of composition, there was too little merit the sport. to have got him a place in the Royal Thus the contrived to throw herself in Academy, if his patroness had not made his way, as often as possible; but all a point of it. But if his genius for poe. would not do. She had the mortification try was not held a very superior one, to find herself at the expence in vain of his talents for politicks were still less fo. lo many attractions and advances. The Nor has the public hitherto entirely ap. King, however, could not pass totally proved of Madam de Pompadour's pro- unobserved to beautifully conspicuous a moting this old Celadon of her's ; poffi- figure, and accidentally had asked who bly from its thinking it much easier to the was. make him a minister than a statesman. She did not less escape the piercing But be that as it may, he and a number eyes of a rival, and a rival so much in of others lighed for this lady, who, by policflion of the King's heart, that it was the indulgence of her husband, was de at that time shut up against the imprese livered up, as it were, to their courtship, fions of any other fair. This was Ma



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