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but Balaam; besides it was, as we may yet he would go, and so the ass fpakė,
Say, a narrow road, he could but juft &c.
pass; therefore they must all be justled, This, Sir, I think, is a fufficient
together in a strange manner, if we specimen of fo useful a fociety, and
suppose that the rest heard, &c." may serve to convince the world, that

The gass being down, another gen- it cannot be ridiculous to talk about
tleman delivered his opinion in this af- things impoflible to be determined.
fair somewhat in this manner :

« If no body heard the ass but Balaam, how * came Mofes to write this? which way did he come to know it? why then, lie, From the COMPLETE MAGAZINE. must be inspired; or I don't know whe-, ther Moses wrote this or no; I thinks

An Account of the Colossus at Rhodes.

, 'tis scripture, and must be taken on tue, erected at Rhodes, and men. that authority ; 'tis plain watter of fact tioned by many writers of reputation, narration, in literal meaning; to be was always dignified with the first place sure then the ass spoke, but it is won. of this kind. It was designed to reprederful, that's certain; but as to the sent the god Apollo, and dedicated to question, whether any body heard him the sun; in height seventy cubits, or besides the diviner, I can't say; the ser. one hundred and five feet English mea. vants might hear, or they might have sure, and in the span of the legs so wide, left their master, or they might be a that one of its feet stood on one fide of long way behind. We know St. Paul, the harbour's mouth, and the other on in the A&s of the Apostles, where it the opposite fore, in fuch a manner, is faid, they saw the light, but heard that ships under fail could pass between not the voice, and therefore, I think, its legs, and every part was cast in just they might not hear the ass, or, if they proportion : the thunb being so big, did, it was only the braying ; so that that few men could scarce grasp it with they could not distinguish the words." both their arms, and every finger as

Now Mr. Snipabus prepared his. big is an ordinary fized statue. mouth for pronunciation, with a hem! This prodigious ftatue was made of a ha! and a hem! and thus displayed: cast brass, by Chares, a disciple of Ly. his eloquence : “ Why, it can't be fippus, who spent twelve years in makwonderfully for an ass to speak, for you ing it, at the expence of the goverment know Cot-a-meety does many more of Rhodes, for the purposes of a light. greater miracles in fcripture, even he house, to direct the course of the navican do every thing, and leekwise made gation on their coast, and to conduct the dumb to speak, and also that the ships safe into their port. ass did speak is very fartin ; for the a After it had stood in defiance of thunpostles Jay, the dumb ass rebuked the der and lightning, storms of wind, and madness of the prophet; now. Balaam many destroying hurricanes, for 1300 was a wicked man, even fo, that his years, this beautiful and useful ftatue heart was set on the wages of unrighte. was thrown down and demolished by an ousness, he saddled his ass in a hurry to earthquake, and almott destroyed the get his reward, but the angel met him . navigation at the entrance of that harin the way, and would have killed bour where it fell, and laid till the Sahim. Moreover, his sword was drawn, racens, having made themselves masters but even the ass fell down under him, of Rhodes, fold the ruins of this famous and spake unto him; and so leekwile Coloffus to a Jew, who loaded nine though he could not go beyond the hundred camels with the metal that vard of the Lord, though they give remained, and escaped the injuries of him his house zull of feelver or gold, time, and other incidental wallę; fo


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that, allowing 800 weight to each load, founded upon a rock, secured by a claim
besides the loss by ruit and theft, it of right, hedged and fenced about by
weighed, at the time of its sale, the strictest and pointedest legal fanction
720,000 lb. or 360 tons : a prodigious that sovereignty could contrive, volun.
quantity of brass to be employed in tarily descending into a plain, upon an
forming one fingle statue ! Some of the equal level with Jews, Papifts, Socinians,
moderns have doubted whether there Arminians, Anabaptists, and other fec-
ever was such a statue at Rhodes as tbe taries, &c.
Colossus above described, and indeed, I think I fee the noble and honour-
the extravagant dimensions ascribed to able peerage of Scotland, whose valiant
it, would tempt one to doubt the truth predecessors led armies against their e-
of its relation : but being mentioned by Jiemies upon their own proper charges
so many writers of reputation, it is more and expences, now divested of their
than probable, that there was at Rhodes follo:vers and vassalages, and put upon
an image of a prodigious fize, dedica- such an equal foot with their vaffals,
ted to the sun, though the hyperboli- that I think I see a petty English ex-
cal or figurative expressions used by ciseman receivemore homage and respect,
fome writers concerning it, may have than what was formerly paid to their
given occasion to others to magnify its quondam Mackallanmores.
dimensions considerably beyond the

I think I see the present peers of truth.

Scotland, whose nobile ancestors con

quered provinces, over-run countries, குறைதறைறன எனை

reduced and subjected towns and forti.

fied places, exacted tribute through From the COMPLETE Magazine, great part of England, now walking

in the court of requests like so many Lord Beilhaven's first Speech on the U- English attornies, laying aside their nion between Scotland und England. walking-swords, when in company with

the English peers, least their self-defence i My lord chancellor,

Mould be found murder.
HEN I consider this affair of I think I see the honourable estates'

an Union betwixt the two" na- of barons, the bold'affertors of the na.
tions, as it is expressed in the several tion's rights and liberties in the worst
articles thereof, and now the subject of of times, now setting a watch upon
our deliberation; I find my mind their lips, and a guard upon their
crowded with variety of very melancho. tongues, left they be found guilty of
ly thoughts, and I think it my duty to scandalum magnatum.
difburthen myself of fome of them, by I think I fee the royal state of boo'
laying them before, and exposing them roughs walking their defolate ftreets,
to the serious confideration of this ho- lianging down their heads under difap.
nourable house.

pointments; wormed out of all tire I think I see a free and independent branches of their old trade, uncertain kingdom čelivering up that, which all what hand to turn to, necessitate to bethe world have been fighting for, since come apprentices to their unkind neigi. the days of Nimrod ; yea- that, for bours ; and yei after all, finding their which most of the empires, kingdoms, trade so fortified by companies, and itates, principalities and dukedoms of secured by prescriptions, that' they de. Europe, are at this very time engaged pair of any fucceis therein: in the moft bloody and cruel wars that I think I see our learned judges lay. ever were, viz. a power to manage their ing aside the practiques and decisions, own affairs by themselves, without the studying the common law of England, affiftance and counsel of any other. graveiled with certiorari's, nifi prius's,

I think I fee a national church, writz of error, verdicts indovas, ejecti



one firmæ, injunctions, demurs, &c. far into the English cabbage-stock and and frighted with appeals and advoca- cauliflowers, that we should Thew the tions, because of the new regulations least inclination that way? are our eyes and rectifications they may meet with. so blinded ? ase our ears so deafened?

I think I see the valiant and gallant are our hearts fo hardened ? are our soldiery either sent to learn the planta. tongues so flattered ? are our hands tion trade abroad; or at home petition. fo fettered, that in this our day, I ing for a small subsistence as the reward say, my lord, that in this our day, of their honourable exploits, while their we should not mind the things that conold cores are broken, the common sol- cern the very being and well-being of diers left to beg, and the youngest our ancient kingdom, before they be English cores kept standing.

hid from our eyes ! I think I see the honest industrious No, my lord, God forbid : Man's tradesman loaded with new taxes and extremity is God's opportunity : He impositions, disappointed of the equiva- is a present help in time of need, and a lents, drinking water in place of ale, deliverer, and that right early. Some eating his faltless pottage, petitioning unforeseen providence will fall out, that for encouragement to his manufactories, may cast the ballance. Some Joseph and answered by counter-petitions. or other will say, Why do you strive

In short, I think I see the laborious together, since you are brethren ? None ploughman, with his corn spoiling up- can destroy Scotland, save Scotland's on his hands, for want of fale ; curling self; hold your hands from the pen, you the day of his birth, dreading the ex are secure. Some Judah or other will pence of his burial, and uncertain whé. say, Let not our hands be upon the ther to marry or do worse.

lad, he is our brother. There will I think I see the incurable difficulties be a Jehovah -jireh, and some ram will of the landed men, fettered under the be caught in the thicket, when the golden chain of equivalents; their bloody knife is at our mother's throat. pretty daughters petitioning for want Let us up then, my lord, and let our of husbands, and their sons for want of noble patriots behave themselves like employments.

know not how soon a bler.' I think I see our mariners delivering ling may come. up their fhips to their Dutch partners ; My lord, I wille from my heart, that and what through presses and necessity, this my vision prove not as true, as my earning their bread as underlings in the reasons for it are probable; I design royal English navy.

not at this time to enter into the merits But above all, my lord, I think I fee of any one particular article ; I intend our ancient mother Caledonia, like Cæ. this discourse as an introduction to what far sitting in the midst of our Senate, I may afterwards say upon the whole ruefully looking round about her,-co- debate, as it fails in before this honour vering herself with her royal garment, able house ; and therefore in the further attending the fatal blow, and breathing prosecution of what I have to say, I out her last, with an Et tu quoque mi lhall insist upon some few particulars fili Squadrone.

very necessary to be underfood, before Are not these, my

afflict. we enter into the detail of fo-important ing thoughts.? and yet they are but the a natter. least part suggested to me by thele dif. My lord chancellor, the greatest hoz honourable articles. Should not the nour that was done unto a Roman, was consideration oi these things vivify these to allow him the glory of a triumph dry bones of ours ? Tould not the me the greatest and most dishonourable pumory of our noble predecessors valour nishment was that of parricide. He and constancy rouse up drooping spirits ? that was guilty of parricide was beaten Are our noble predecesors souls got so with rods upon his naked body, till the

men, and

Jord, very

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blood gushed out of all the veins' of his if it shall tend to the entire deitruction body; then he was fowed up in a leac and abolition of our nation; and that thern fack called a Calcus, with a cock, we the nation's trustees shall go into it; a viper, and an ape, and thrown head then I must say, that a whip and a bell, long into the sea.

a cock, a viper, and an ape, are but My lord, patricide is a greater crime too Imall punishments for any such bold than parricide all the world over.

unnatural undertakingand complaisance. In a triumph, my lord, when the con That I may pase a way, my lord, to queror was riding in his triumphal cha- . a full, calm, and free reasoning upon this ,' riot, crowned with laurels, adorned affair, which is of the last consequence with trophies, and applauded with huz- unto this nation ; I shall mind this hoza's, there was a monitor appointed to nourable house, that we are the succes. stand behind him, to warn him, “not sors of our noble predecessors, who to be bigh-minded, nor puffed up with founded our monarchy, framed ourlaws, over weening thoughts of himfelf;" and amended, altered and corrected them, to his chariot were tied a whip and a from time to time, as the affairs and cirbell, to mind him, “ that for all his cumstances of the nation did require, glory and grandeur, he was accounta. without the assistance or advice of any ble to the people for his adıniniftration, foreign power or potentate, and who, and would be punished as other men, if during the time of two thousand years, found guilty,"

have handed them down to us, a free inThe greatest honour amongst us, my dependent nation, with the hazard of lord, is to represent the fovereign's ta- their lives and fortunes: hall we not cred perlon in parliament; and in one then argue for that which our progeniparticular it appears to be greater than tors have purchased for us at so dear a that of a triumph, because the whole rate, and with so much immortal honour legislative power leems to be wholly in- and glory? God forbid. Shall the hazard truited with him : if he give the royal of a father unbind the ligaments of a asient to an act of the estates, it becomes dumb fon's congue, and Thall we hold a law obligatory upon the subject, tho' our peace when our patria is in danger ? contrary or without any instructions froin I speak this, my lord, that I may encouthe sovereign : if he refuse the royal rage every individual member of this ailent to a vote in parliament, it cannot boule, to speak their mind freely. There be a law, tho he has the tovereign's Are many wife and prudent men amongst particular and positive instructions for it. us, who think it not worth their while

His grace the duke of Queensberry, to open their mouths; there are others, who now represents her majesty in this who can speak very well and to good session of parliament, hath had the ho. purpose, who Melter themselves under nour of that great trust as often, if not the shameful cloak of filence, from a more than any Scotsman ever had; he fear of the frowns of great men and parhath been the favourite of two succes- ties. I have observed, my lord, by my five sovereigns; and I cannot but com- experience, the greatest number of mend his constancy and perseverance, speakers in the most trivial affairs; and that, notwithstanding his former diffi. it will always prove so, while we come culties and unsuccessiul attempts, and not to the right understanding of our maugre some other specialities, not yet de- oath de fideli, whereby we are bound, termined, that his grace has yet had the not only to give our vote, but our faithrelolution to undertake the most unpo- ful advice in parliament as we should pular measures last. If his grace succeed answer to God; and in our ancient in this affair of an Union, and that it laws, the representatives of the honouprove for the happiness and welfare of rable barons, and the royal boroughs, the nation, then he justly merits to have are termed spokesınen : it lies upon your a ftatue of gold erected for himself : but lordhip therefore, particularly to take


notice of such, whose modesty makes 3. A less degree of sensibility or aptithem balhful to speak. Therefore I tude for motion in the heart itself. shall leave it upon you, and conclude 1. When any one has eat or drank this point, with a very memorable say, a great deal before sleep, his pulse will ing of an honest private gentleman, to be, not flow, but quick and full; ben a great queen, upon the occasion of a cause the stimulating power of the blood state project, contrived by an able states. is increased by a large quantity of chyle man, and the favourite to a great king, received into it. Much the same thing against a peaceable obedient people, be. Inay happen from sleeping in too hot an cause of the diversity of their laws and air, or under too great a weight of constitutions. “ If at this time, thou cloaihs; for we know, that heat quickens hold thy peace, falvation shall come to the circulation of Auids in all animals. the people from another place, but thou On the other hand, when one has fafted and thy house fhall perish." I leave the long before fleep, and lies very cool, application to every particular member bis pulle will, in time of it, be unulu. of this house.

ally now.

But, when the blood is neither loadRented with new chyle, nor altogether de.

stitute of it; neither too much heated From the COURT MAGAZINE, by cloaths, or the external air, nor too

cool throughi want of proper covering; Elay on the Difference between Respira. its stimulating quality will neither be

tion and the Motion of the Heart in augmented nor diminished by sleep, but sleeping and waking Persons. will continue the same as in a person

F all the parts of the human bo, who is awake in the same circumstances.

is more subtile, and whose several func- of the heart's motion, in time of deep, tions and uses are less known than thole must be owing either to the lower re. of the brain. It is little to be wonder. turn of the venous blood to it, or to ed at, therefore, if authors have failed fome diminution of its sensibility. of giving a satisfactory account of this 2. Every one knows, that the affecorgan. But, as respiration and the mo- tions of the mind disturb the motion of tion of the heart fuffer fome change in the heart; that the pulse, is quicker, time of Deep (i. e. become then flower, when we sit or stand, than when we lie ; fuller, and more equable, than when and that the action of the muscles of we are awake) it may be worth while to voluntarily motion not only promotes enquire a little into the reason of this the return of the blood to the heart, but phænomenon.

determines it thither, with much greater It has been shewn, that, as the dila- force than is usual.. In sleep, therefore, tation of the ventricle of the heart is where the horizontal posture of the boowing to the force of the refluent venous dy, the quiescence of the voluntary blood, so their contraction is produced muscles, and composure of the mind, by the same blood acting upon them as all concur to render the return of the a stimulus; and that the heart can only venous blood to the heart more equable, be affected by stimuli, in so far as it is and now, the contraction of ihis muscle a sentient organ, i. e, endued with must be renewed with greater intervals, feeling. Whence it must follow, that and with more regularity, than when the flownels of the pulle in sleep, and in, we are awake, and the circulation is deed in every other case, can only arise quickened or disturbed by some, or all, from one or more of the following ge of the above-mentioned causes. But, neral causes, viz. i. A diminution of if no farther circumstance tending to re: the stimulating quality of the blood. tard the heart's motion, were found in 2. Its power return to the heart; or, Deep, ihe pulse should be equally love


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