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rough convert to your correspondent's particular person in that memorable en bints ; and I desire to publish it for the vent, or remarkably active therein, benefit of my sisterhood. Delia's are nay, Burnet's words are these. - “ The znost certainly grown very scarce ; for earl of D. was spoke to, and be my own part, by endeavouring to me. went into it.” That the Cavendish fa. rit a Sir Charles Grandilon, I do not mily have been attached to the interest despair to render myselt a suitable mate of their country, no honeft man will for a man who may at least emulate his deny ; but as to ascribing the life, ar.d character. Should I fail, of fuch an cause, and fupport of the revolution, to one, I determine, hence forward, at that family alone, it is a mere partial all events, to carry my virtue and virgi- cram : let this memorialift look over the ty along with me to the grave, rather history of his country again, if he is an than match with a buck, blood, or Englishman, and there fee bow active fribble.

Herbert, Ruffel, Sidney, Dunblaine,

the bishop of London, the duke of XXXHDH Norfolk, the marquis of Halifax, the

earls of Dorset, Noetingham, and Dan. From the London MAGAZINE. by, the lords Lovelace, Delamere, Pau.

let and Eland were, and how many gene Remarks on Memoirs of the Devonshire tlemen of interest and fortune united in Family

an application to the prince of Orange, N reading a monthly publication intreating his affistance for the recove

for October -latt, among other ry of their liberties ; but to impute the things, I met with what is there enti- example, or influence, of the earl of tled, “ Memoirs of his grace the late D-, as the great and chief procurduke of D" Sonie parts of it ing cause of this, shews either plain par. may be true for me ; but one paffage I tiality, or that this memorialist wrote to hope you will take the trouble to infert please a m-ny. He says, he, viz. the following remarks upon. The pal. the el, had the courage to avow bis fage runs thus :

disapprobation of James's government, “ When James, meaning James II. but takes care not to instance one partihad well nigh destroyed the constituti- cular action of that difapprobation, onon of England, in order to establish his ly“ he raised all Derbyshire, &c." a own doctrine of popery, flavery, and mighty rise! but avoids mentioning any passive obedience, his lordthip invited thing of the Derbyshironians rising in over the prince of Orange to rescue these rebellion against Edward the sixth, when kingdoms from his arbitrary defigns, defeated by Lord Ruffel, a time equal. and was the firdt who had virtue and ly important, and the cause the fame. courage enough publickly to avow it, N. B. These were not Scotch rebels. while James was yet upon the throne. But do you think he raised the half: This

gave life to the publick cause, and if he raised the third, these were more his great example was its chief support. than were of any use; and these he did He raised all Derbyshire, &c. cherished not attempt to raise, tilt he heard most the princess Anne, when the food most of the army had declared in favour of in need of a friend, and was the foun- the prince of Orange, and particularly tain of his country's deliverance." Lord Churchill (afterwards duke of

Now, Sir, where the writer has met Marlborough) whole example had by with all this I really cannot tell, as he far more influence than that of the earl has not quoted his author. Smollet, of D. He further says, “ he cheRider, Rapin, Burnet, &c. only men- rished the princess Anne," How this tion him amongst those, with whom could be, when he, viz. the earl, was the noblemen and gentlemen that went in Derbyshire, and the princess retired io Holland corresponded ; but not as a to Oxford, he has not informed us ;


nor does it appear that the earl was at ing always the same (or nearly the same). any of the meetings among the nobility', 'Side to the earth, if The does not revolve at or near London, tilt the fray was upon her axis in the same time in which mostly over. The laft paragraphi i fall the revolves röönd the earth ? 1191.. take any notice of, is that, where he 5. P: 145

59'you write, sehat

the adds, « He was the fountain of his moon is 'Tupposed to be 45 times Tmallcountry's deliverance," aridt having er than the earth.'* Qu. Why you athewu the impropriety of what he said a. gain use the word fuppofe, when the bove, it in a great measure inval.dates ràtio of the moon s balk to that of the that. But the tra'h of the matter is, earth is nicely known ? when a person has done a popular action,

6. At the bottom of p. 145 you say, gained applause, as the late D. of D that “Jupiter is supposed to be iwen did, by bis adhering to Mr. P-t, he ty-five times larger thau' the earth," would have been extolled by some, if and in next page, that “his diameter he had died in France with Mr. Wilkes, is supposed to be 130655 miles, and thier as much avoiding the laws of his king earth's 7967 miles." ou, li so, wheand country, provided he had cried out ther Jove must not be (instead of 25 with his last breath, Liberty ! liberty! times, the cube of 16 at least, that is) tho' licentiousness were the principle. 4096 times larger than the earth ?

7. You inform us, that “ even a good eye feldom sees more than an hune'

dred stars at a time :" Qu. Whether From the LONDON MAGAZINE, by a time, you mean one look, or that

field of view, which the human eye is To Mr. Join WESLEY,

capable of taking in at one look, or Rev. Sir,

view? if not, you contradict what you AVING ever been desirous of say in p. 133, where you tell us, “that

true, weful knowledge, I hope the number of fixed stars, visible to the you will excuse the freedom used in the naked eye

is 2200.' fubfequent remarks; and that you will

8. P. 148 you say, even with regive a solution to my queries consequent spect to the distance of the sun" (which thereupon.

fome demonstrate to be ninety millions 1. In' your compendium of natural of miles, others, to be not three milliphilosoplsy, vol. II. p. 140, you say, ons of miles from the earth) that it is that "the fun revolves upon his axis wiseft to confess our ignorance, and to once in 24 hours." Qu. If this should acknowledge we have nothing to rest* have been once in 27 days nearly ? on here, but mere, uncertain conjecture.".

4. Lower, in the same page, you in- In p. 189 you tell us, Dr. Rogers makes form us, that “ he is funpo ed io be a. the sun's diftance 2,910,164 miles : but hundantly larger than the earth.” Qu. that no credit is due to his affertion Why you cautiously say supposed, when shall be fhewn before I conclude, and it is demonstrable that he is really fo? then bis opinion will no more bring an

3. P. 142, you tell us that “ tlie opprobrium upon true'astronomy, than moon always turns the faine side to the herely upon true religion. The knowearth.". Qu. If you should not have ledge of the fun's distance from the said nearly the same side ? 'I have a map earth depends upon finding its parallax, or representation of nativa lunie plenie that is, the angle that the Temidiameter facies, nec non ejusdem libratio, juxta of the earth appears under at the sun

i obfervationes Cl. Hevei:. t..

which (angle) is so very minute that 4. And a little lower you-acquaint an error, of but a 'lingle fecond only, us, that: “ it does not appear that he will give the distance very conliderably moves at all round her own axis... Qu.' greater, or less than the true distance. How then do you, account tor her turn- To obtain this angle many nice obfer

Y yy 2


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Vations must be made with most exqui- at least from me, for I confefs, I do not site instruments, by observators equal to understand him. And in p. 143, you the task. As very confiderable improve- . tell us, “ you doubt we shall never ments have been made in Science and prove that the primary (planets) are (in. astronomical instruments, the astrono. habited) and fo (you lay) the whole ig. mer is thereby enabled to approximate genious hypothesis of innumerable suns nearer and nearer to truth; just as by. and worlds moving round them vanishes. improvements in time-pieces we are en. into air.” Not lo indeed, the hypoabled to determine the time of the day thelis, having much more to be said in more and more exactly. By various its favour than againit it, is more likely methods, explained by Keil in his zist to be permanent than evanelcent. That astronomic lecture, made use of to each of the itar's called fixed stars are of obtain the fun's parallax, we are assur-, the same kind, nature, and magnitude, ed, he says, that his distance from us is with our own fun, and lerves for much more than 7000 lemidiameters of the the same purposes, is, to me, evident ; earth, that is, about 28 millions of miles. when we consider, 1. That it is found, But this not being fufficiently fatisfaç. by ob ervations made for getting the tary, the parallax of Mars (he fays) parallax of the earth's orbit, that a fix. has been molt accurately observed by ed far cannot be less than ten thoutand two of the most eminent astronomers times farther from the sun than we are, of our age ; who have determined and fo z. They appear fo fall, and thereby the sun's parallax to be scarce fubiend fuch'unperceivable angles at the eleven seconds; and his distance to be eye, that except they were fiery bodies, about nineteen thousand semidiameters they could not be seen by us. Thus of the earth; that is, about seventy-fix the flame of The candle may be perceiv. millions of miles. Now, Sir, if these, ed in the niglit, at two miles dittance, things be true, if the least distance pof- whereas, in the stay-time, an opake obe fibly is (as has been observed) absolutely ject, tho' strongly illustrated by the fun, deter mined ; and approximations are and fix times bigger than the flame of a making toward getting the true distance, candle, is not to be perceived by the how can it be wilęft to confess our ig* naked eye at that distance. 3. It is norance, and to acknowledge we have demonstrable, that the fixed ftar called nothing to rest on here, but mere, un- Sirius is about the bignets of our own certain conjecture? I, from certain da- sun. Hience 4. Seeing the fixed llars are ta, may determine that the distance of not, cannot be illustrated by, nor shine two places (London and Canton for ex., withi, the borrowed light of the sun, ample) must be more than a certain but that each is a fiery body thining number of miles ; but ill the latitude (like the fun with its own native light, and difference of longitude are very and not much bigger nor lets than the nicely known, I can't be certain as to fun is, they threrciore are to be elieemthe absolute distance: but yet the for- ed as so many suns. By their different mer knowledge cannot be called mere. apparent diameters they, it is probable, uncertain conjecture.

are fixed every where thro' the vast in. 9. P. 244, you ask, “ to what end definite space of the univerle ; fo that do they (the fixed fars) serve ? To il : there may be as great distance between Jumine worlds ? To impart light and, any two next to one another, as there heat to their several choirs of planets ? is between our sun and the nearest fixed Or (as the ingenious Mr. Hutchinson, star. A spectator who is near one of so you call him, supposes) to gild the them (even yourself) would look upon extremities of the solar sphere? which, that to which he is nearest as a real according to him, is the only inhabited fun, and all the rest, our own fun inpart of the universe." That gentleman cluded, as fo many

small shining stars, Is so ingenious as to hide his meaning, fixed in his own heavenor firman.ent. You

fee, Sir, that the hypothesis of innume 10. It is of prodigious
rable suns, is so far from vanishing into Jove and Saturn ane each much greater t
air, that it is almost altogether founded 31!. It has one moon, or, can comie,
on demonstration, dednced from obsern tant, of lignal service to her, in causing
vation. But the hypothesis of the in the tides, reflecting light, fixing the lon
genious Hutchinson is founded only on gitude of places, &c.177 Jupiter has four
luppofition, and highly improbable. For moons, and Saturn five, each of which
whether by the extremities of the folar is larger than the earth's attendant, and
sphere he means the periphery of she ng doubt as
orbit of the earth, or of Saturn, yet ei 12. It is eclipsed by its moon.$
ther of thele obits, viewed at the dif- Jove and Suurp by each of their megnon
tance of tlie nearest fixed star, is so small, 13: It eclipses its moon. So do
that it cannot be reasonably supposed to jove and Saturn each of their moonsex
have had that star created to gild its Add, to all this that. Saturn hangs
extremity : and much less can we rea, within a ring na fupendous arch.oft
fonably suppore the far greater number many thousand miles in diameter, which
of fixed stars made for that purpote. (1 coattantly reflects the light of the fung
mean the telescopical) fince very little down upon · Saturn himself, and 10 rin
gilding can be had from bodies which, fome measure fupplies the loss of light:
except they are magnified very many to Saturn, occasioned by the sun's greats,
times, cannot be seen, nor, without the distance from him. Now, sir, as it
alliitance of a telescope, could by us probable that God Almighty (who al-
jave been known to exist. Whether ways acts with infinite wildom and does
the primary planets are inhabited or not, nothing in vain) fhould have created
let the impartial reader judge, when he planets fo inuch like our own, and fur.:
shall have considered the mutual rela. nished them withluch amazing apparatusgi
tion and likeness there is between our so very necesary to make the life of an
earth and them.

intelligent being happy, and yet not tal 1. The earth is a sphere, or nearly: have placed inhabitants in those planeta fo.-So is each planet.

to partake of the benefit of such ample. 2. It is opake. So is cach planet. provision ? To fuppofe the wife of all

It caits a mhadow opposite to the, beings to have created Saturn's, ring, 4. It is illustrated by the light of ilie, only to reflect the fun's light stronglyi sun.-So is each planet.

down upon the body of Satu'n, and at fum.-So does each planet.

the same time no inhabitants, there to. 5. It constantiy is revolving upon its enjoy the benefit of that light, is to: own axis.

- So is Jupiter, Mars, and suppose his power, wisdom and goodpels. probably the rest.

exerted to little or no purpose. 6. It has a regular succession of day They wlio affirm," says Mr. Keil, and night. -So have Jove, Mars, and that God created those great bodies,. probably the relt,

(the fixed stars) only to give us a small, 7. And of summer and winter.--- So, dim light, muft have a very mean opia, has each planet, the axes of whose orb, nion of the divine wisdom. It is morer and equinoctial do not coinçide. l'easonable to suppose that in the indefi..

8, It is always reyolving round the nitely great space of the universe, are: sun.- So is each primary planet, placed innumerable. fups, which (aba's

9. The square of the time of its re- they appear to us like so many fmall: volving round the sun, is to the cube of stars, yet) are bodies not behind our its distance from him ; as the square of own fun, either in bignels, light, or the time of any other primary planet's glary; and each of them constantly revolution round the sun, is to the cube attended, with. a number of planets, of that planet's distance from him. which dance round him, and conititute The fame proportion holds with respect fo many particular fyftems : Exery fun; to any two of the primary planets.


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doing the same office to his proper pla, the sun's parallax is found not to exceed net, in illustrating and cherithing them, 11 seconds,

11 seconds, and Dr. Rogers's non-inge. which our fun performs in the fyftem nious hypothefis makes it above s ini. to which we belong." . Hence, we are nutes : Qu. Whether you ought not to to confider the whole univerfe as a give up that hypothesis as absurd and glorious palace for an infinitely great ridiculous ? and every where present God; and Lord ! not to earth's contracted span, that alh the worlds, or fyfeins of Thy goodness let me boand. worldsaneas lo' many theatres, in Or think thee Lord alone of man, which she displays his divine power;

When thousand worlds are round! wisdom and goodness. How mean are

PHILOSOPHASTER. the Hutchinsonians' idea of creation,

************* when compared to this !

30. Let'us fuppose the earth viewed From the GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. from one of the planets (not from Observations on the late Improvements Saturn, for at that planet our mighty

in Husbandry. globe cannot be seen, but as a very HERE certainly never was : small spot transiting the fun's disk now time when the study of Agriculand then) some intelligent beings there, fure was so universally attended to as who were,

the present, Societies in all civilised, Slaves to no sect, who fought no pri- countries are formed, or forming, for vate road,

its improvement; and the Jalours of But look'd through nature up to na the most ingenious and learned men in ture's God,

Europe are at this time directed to the would argue that our earth must be in- cultivation of an art, which was formerhabited in much the same manner that ly abandoned to the rude practice of the we argue that the other planets are in- inost illiterate class among the people. habited: but the superstitious would op Indeed the practice is fill too niucii pose this doctrine and call it mere, un in the hands of a set of men who are certain conjecture.

not eatily persuaded to try any new 11. In p. 189, you quote Dr. Rogers, experiments, and who think theinfelves who says “ the diameter of the fun is interested in disappointing as far as but 23373. miles," I admire, Sir, how their infuence can reach the expectari. you could give place in your book to

on of those who do. The writings such an atfertion, except to explode therefore of learned men, unaccompa. it. If this be true, tie tarth would nied by suitable practice, tend only to appear at the sun under an angle of a.

clear the way to the improvement of bove ten minutes (f of what the fun the art, but do not advance one step himself appears under at the earth) and the art itself. half as big again as the sun appears at The few experiments that are made above Jupiter ! Amazing ! That the in small and narrow lpots, with a view parallax of the fun, which Meff: Caffi..

to confirm the philosophic enquirer in. ni, Flamstead, Huygens, Halley, and the principles he is endeavouring to eall our belt and most affiduous oblerva- stablimh, when they come to be extended tors, could

never find to be above .10“ into larger practice by those wbo have or 11 seconds, should now be half as been persuaded of their utility by the many minutes... Why, doctor, if this evident effects they have produced, fel.. be que, our earth has approximated dom have been found to answer the ex. thirty times nearer to the sun, though pectation of the undertaker; and what his apparent diameter has ngt increated is remarkable, most of thofe gentlemen at all: wonderful indeed 11: To cone who have ventured out of the common clude, since there is no arguing a road of husbandry in large concerns gaink facta,, and unce it is true that after a few fruitless endeavours to intro


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