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CRITICAL AND PRACTICAL

ELUCIDATION

F THE

BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER,

AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE

SACRAMENTS,

AND OTHER

RITES AND CEREMONIES OF THE CHURCH,

ACCORDING TO THE USE OF THE

United Church of England and Ireland.

BY THE LATE .
JOHN SHEPHERD, M.A.

MINISTER OF PATTISWICK, ESSEX,

VOLUME I.
FIFTH EDITION OF VOL. 1–FOURTH EDITION OF VOL. II. CORRECTED,

WITH A BRIEF MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR.

Turpe est viro id, in quo quotidie versatur, ignorare.— DURAND.
We should be very solicitous rightly to apprehend the sense and fitness of what we

say and do in God's Worship.-ABP. SECKER.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR C. & J. RIVINGTON,

ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD,
AND WATERLOO-PLACE, PALL-MALL.

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TO

GEORGE, LORD BISHOP OF LINCOLN,

WITH A DEEP SENSE OF HIS CONDESCENSION AND KINDNESS

IN PERMITTING THIS DEDICATION;

WITH THE MOST SINCERE RESPECT FOR HIS

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE CHARACTER;

AND WITH THE WARMEST GRATITUDE FOR THE PATRONAGE

WHICH HIS BENEVOLENCE HAS CONFERRED

AND THE LIBERALITY WHICH HIS EXAMPLE HAS EXCITED

IN BEHALF OF THE AUTHOR'S FAMILY;

These Wolumes,

THE WORK OF THEIR LAMENTED FATHER,

ARE ACCORDING TO HIS REPEATED WISH

MOST DUTIFULLY INSCRIBED.

Bromley, 1817.

MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR.

John SHEPHERD was born in 1759 at Goderthwaite in Cumberland, where his father possessed a small estate. He had the misfortune to lose both his parents before he attained his eighth year; a loss, which neither the fostering influence of an elder sister, nor the faithful care of his guardians could adequately supply. Having made a considerable proficiency in classical and mathematical learning under the auspices of the Rev. Dr. James of Arthuret near Longtown, he was admitted Commoner of Queen's College Oxford in the year 1777 ; became Bachelor of Arts in 1781, and Master in 1787.

From his early youth he had shewn a strong and decided preference for the clerical profession; and during his residence at the University, he not only attended the Lectures of Dr. Wheeler the Divinity Professor, but directed his chief attention to those studies which were to qualify him to fill and to adorn the ministerial Office. Amongst these, it may not perhaps be useless to mention, that he took much pains to improve himself in elocution : and to this practice was in a great measure owing the superior excellence which he afterwards attained in the performance of Divine Service. He was ordained Deacon in 1782, and Priest in 1783. At this time he married Frances Benson, niece of his much respected guardian, Mr. John Benson of Egremont in Cumberland ; a lady of personal accomplishments, which neither time nor misfortunes have been able to efface; and of a disposition particularly meek, cheerful, and benevolent.

Early in the year 1785, after various professional engagements in the country, Mr. Shepherd was called upon to un

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