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DEFINITIONS.
Solids

are figures that have length, breadth, and thickness.

2. The boundaries of solids are superficies.

3. A solid angle is that which is made by the meeting of more than two plane angles in the same point, and which are not in the same plane.

4. Similar solids are such as have their angles similar, and which are contained by the fame number of similar planes.

5. A cube is a solid contained by six equal squares. Fig. 8;.

6. A parallelopipedon is a solid having fix rectangular fides, every opposite pair of which are equal and parallel each to each.

Fig. 86.

7. A prism is a solid whose sides are parallelograms, and is either triangular, square, pentagonal, &c. according to the figure of its end. Fig. 87.

8. A cylinder is a round folid, whose bafes are equal circles. Fig. 83.

9. A pyramid is a solid, whose base is a plane figure, and its sides triangles, whose vertices meet in a point, called the vertex of the pyramid, and is either triangular, square, pentagonal, hexagonal, &c. according to the figure of its bafe. Fig. 89.

10. A cone is a pyramid, having a circular base, and is described by the revolution of a right-angled triangle about one of its legs. It is either right-angled, acute-angled, or obtuseangled, according as the revolving leg is equal to, greater, or lcis than the other. Fig. 90.

11. The

11. The fixed leg is called the axis of the conè.

12. A sphere, or globe, is described by the revolution of de semicircle about its diameter; the centre and diameter of the sphere are the same as those of the revolving semicircle. Fig. 91.

13. A segment of any folid is a part cut off the top by a plane parallel to the base. The frustum of a solid is that part which remains after the fegment is cut off. Fig. 92.

14. The prismoid is a solid resembling the fruftum of a pyramid, having parallel bases, and these bases both rectangles, but disproportional. Fig. 93.

15. A zone is that part of a sphere between two parallel planes. Fig. 94.

PROBLEM I. Fig. 85.

To.find the fuperficies of a cube

RULE.

Multiply the area of one of its fides by 6, and the product will be the area of the cube.

EXAMPLE 1.

Required the superficies of a cube, whose fide is 14 inches,

14 14

56
14
196 area of one of the sides.

6

1176 Anf.

Ex. 2. How many square yards are in the fuperficies of a cube, whose fide is 5: feet ? Ans. 20 sq. yds. I feeo.

Ex. 3. How many square feet are in the superficies of a cube, whose fide is 18 inches ?

Anf. 137 sq. feet.

PROBLEM II.

To find the solidity of a cube.

RULE.

Multiply the length, breadth, and thickness continually, and the product is the solidity.

EXAMPLE I.

What is the solidity of a cube, whose fide is 8 feet?

8
8

04 8

Anf. 512 folid feet.

Ex. 2. Required the folidity of a cube, the side being 15 feet

Anf. 3375 feet. Ex. 3. Required the folidity of a cube, whose fide is 35 yards.

Anf. 34-328125 cub. yds. Ex. 4. How many yards digging are in a cubical celler 12 feet deep?

A:1f. 64 cub. yds. Ex. 5. How

many solid yards are in a cubical cellar, whose fide is 10 feet?

Arif. 37., cib. udson

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PROBLEM III.

To find the superficies of a parallelopipedon, or prisin, and of the

cylinder.

RULE.

Multiply the perimeter of the end by the length ; to the product add twice the area of the end, and the sum will be the sun perficies.

EXAMPLE I.

2

Required the superficies of a parallelopipedon, whose length is 72 feet, breadth 3 feet, and thickness 2 feet. 2+2=4

3
3+3=6
10 perimeter.

6 area of one end.
72

2 720

12 area of both ends.

12

732 feet.

Ex. 2. Required the surface of a parallelopipedon, whose length is 72 feet, breadth 5, and depth 4 feet.

Anf. 1336 sq. feet. Ex.

3. What is the superficies of a parallelopipedon, whose length is 15, breadth 6, and thickness 4 inches ?

Anf. 2 feet 5 inches. Ex. 4. Required the surface of a triangular prisın, whose length is 10 feet, and fides 3, 4, 5 feet. Ang. 132 feet.

Ex. 5. Required the superficies of a prism, when the length is 32 feet, and the end a pentagon, whose side is 6 feet.

Anf. 1150.037

Ex

Ex. 6. What is the superficies of a hexagonal prism, the fide being 10 inches, and the length 20 feet?

Ans. 103.6084375 /9. feet. · Ex. 7. Required the convex * surface of a cylinder, whose diameter is 10 inches, and length 141 feet.

Anf. 37.961 sq. feet. Ex. 8. Required the superficies of a cylinder, whose length is 291 feet, and diameter of its end 51 feet.

Anf. 378.660975 sq. figt.

PROBLEM IV.

To find the solidity of a parallelopipedon, a prism, or of a cylindera

RULE.

Multiply the area of the end by the length, and the product will be the folidity.

EXAMPLE I.

Required the folidity of a parallelopipedon, whose length is 20 feet, breadth 18 inches, and thickness 8 inches.

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When the convex surface is required, the area of both ends is omitted

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