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League has one important advantage, that of serving a very large number of dependent and neglected children in all parts of the country. It has an equally great disadvantage, that it does not deal with children directly, but aims to promote and standardize the work of child-caring organizations and groups.

It is a well-known fact that a large percentage of all the wealth given away in this country is given in the name of children, but to the average person improved methods of caring for socially handicapped children are a relatively unimportant matter. The attempt to secure public interest through newspaper publicity has not brought satisfactory results. I do not believe that the League has ever received definite invitation for service through newspaper publicity. A few individuals have shown interest as a result of articles appearing in such magazines as Success, Collier's, and Pictorial Review. During the five months that I have been connected with the League, in order to secure immediate resources I have found it necessary to appeal only to those people who are connected with some form of work for children in their community; and, because of the many phases of this national work, the spoken word has proved much more satisfactory than any other form of appeal.

Missionary work has to be undertaken before a community can realize what services the national League is prepared to render. Meetings are arranged first in the large cities. These will be followed up later by similar meetings in smaller cities as our field expands. To these meetings are invited members of boards, contributors, and a few other persons interested in the local child caring agencies. A comprehensive report of what the League has accomplished since its organization is presented. Charts have been found to be a most effective way to show these accomplishments. The attention of the audience is aroused by the graphic presentation of the many activities of the League. This preliminary report is very necessary before one can attempt a discussion of the needs and qualifications of higher standards. Among the charts which have been prepared for this purpose are the following: maps which show the exact location of the member organizations and their branches; maps to show in what cities surveys have been made and where consultation services have been rendered. These exhibits show the exact number of institutions and agencies covered by each survey. They also show the location of the regional conferences. Another chart shows the total number of child caring institutions in the country, the proportion which have received consultation services, and those which have been surveyed in detail. The charts never fail to be of great interest to selected and intelligent audiences. After the visualization of the extent of the work it is comparatively easy to keep up the interest through a talk involving standards. The audience learns the meaning and use of a survey. It is also shown the services rendered by the departments of the national League, for example: the Department of Group Movements in Child Care, which gives assistance to civic, business, and fraternal organizations and to churches in setting up practical child welfare programs; the visiting teacher service, which carries the best


technique of case work to staff workers in all parts of the country by visiting for a period of not less than six weeks individual organizations; the Department of Institutional Care, which cooperates with trustees and executives of institutions as they develop modern policies and methods.

If raising of standards is an important and valuable service to community, and even state-wide, projects, it is surely important that the national organizations performing this service should be supported. How can this be done? It is often impossible for the local organizations which need our help to contribute to our support from their budgets. Their own money comes either from the chest, or has been contributed with the understanding that it is to be devoted to the local work of the organization. Unless some provision is made to meet such needs the only recourse of national organizations is to appeal to the generosity of individual givers in the community. There are two objections to this policy: in the first place it meets a strong opposition from those who feel that outside organizations should not intrude into their field; and in the second place, such a method of raising money by a national organization is extremely expensive in proportion to its results. The solution of this problem is of enormous importance to every national organization whose function is the interpretation of professional standards, and also to every community which makes any use of such national interpretations.

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President-Gertrude Vaile, Denver.


First Vice-President-Porter R. Lee, New York. Second Vice-President-Miriam Van Waters, Los Angeles. Third Vice-President-Philip A. Parsons, Portland, Ore. Treasurer-C. M. Bookman, Cincinnati.

General Secretary-William Hammond Parker, Cincinnati.


Ex-officio-Gertrude Vaile, President; Porter R. Lee, First Vice-President; C. M. Bookman, Treasurer. Term expiring 1926-M. Edith Campbell, Cincinnati; Martha P. Falconer, New York; John L. Gillin, Madison; M. C. MacLean, Toronto; Amelia Sears, Chicago. Term expiring 1927-Edith Abbott, Chicago; James F. Jackson, Cleveland; Eugene Kinckle Jones, New York; Julia C. Lathrop, Rockford, Ill. Term expiring 1928-Grace Abbott, Washington; Jane Addams, Chicago; Frank J. Bruno, St. Louis; Owen R. Lovejoy, New York; Helen T. Woolley, Detroit. Chairman of Divisions-Sophonisba P. Breckinridge, Chicago; Richard K. Conant, Boston; Neva R. Deardorff, Bryn Mawr, Pa.; John A. Fitch, New York; George W. Kirchwey, New York; Malcolm S. Nichols, Milwaukee; Wilfred S. Reynolds, Chicago; Ruth Taylor, East View, N.Y.; James A. Tobey, Washington; Ralph P. Truitt, New York.


Gertrude Vaile, Denver, Chairman; Ida M. Cannon, Boston; Mrs. John M. Glenn, New York; Rowland Haynes, Cleveland; J. Prentice Murphy, Philadelphia; William J. Norton, Detroit; William H. Parker, Cincinnati.


George S. Wilson, Washington, Chairman; Rose J. McHugh, Chicago; Harry L. Hopkins, New York.


Frances Taussig, Chairman, New York; Harriet Anderson, New York; Frank J. Bruno, St. Louis; James F. Jackson, Cleveland; Guy T. Justis, Denver; John A. Lapp, Chicago; Howard W. Odum, Chapel Hill, N.C.; Ada E. Sheffield, Boston; Jessie Taft, Philadelphia.


Elwood Street, St. Louis, Chairman; David C. Adie, Buffalo; Boris D. Bogen, Los Angeles; Adaline A. Buffington, Salt Lake City; Winifred Collins, Birmingham, Ala.; James L. Fieser, Washington; Alexander Fleisher, San Francisco; Florence W. Hutsinpillar, Denver; Theo Jacobs, Baltimore; Kate Burr Johnston, Raleigh, N.C.; Rhoda Kaufman, Atlanta; Henrietta Lund, Bismarck, N.D.; Kenneth L. M. Pray, Philadelphia; Ralph D. Reed, Des Moines; Margaret Reeves, Santa Fe; Ross W. Sanderson, Wichita, Kansas; Flora Saylor, Dallas; A. J. Strawson, New York; Harriet E. Vittum, Chicago; Aldred F. Whitman, Boston; W. W. Whitson, Kansas City.


Fred R. Johnson, Detroit, Chairman; Allen T. Burns, New York; C. C. Carstens, New York; Karl de Schweinitz, Philadelphia; L. A. Halbert, Kansas City; D. H. Holbrook, New York; Lena Waters, Chicago. Ex-officio Chairmen of Divisions as follows: Ruth Taylor, East View, N.Y.; George W. Kirchwey, New York; James A. Tobey, Washington, D.C.; Malcolm S. Nichols, Milwaukee; John A. Fitch, New York; Ralph P. Truitt, New York; Wilfred S. Reynolds, Chicago; Richard K. Conant, Boston; Sophonisba P. Breckinridge, Chicago; Neva R. Deardorff, Bryn Mawr, Pa.

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