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x Instead oY "being intimidated by their question, our Lord retorted their accusation, vindicating the honour of his Father, and clearly proving, that they themselves were transgressors against the law; and as a proof of this charge, he observed, that God had commanded them to Honour"their father and mother, which implied, that children should relieve the wants of their parents, and contribute as much as possible to their comfort and happiness; whereas, their tradition was, that a man ought rather to'give his superfluities to the service of the temple :. so that, if a parent's necessities called for the assistance of his child, the latter might refuse it, provided he could urge in excuse, that what was required. qf him had been dedicated to religious uses..
Our ~L6 R», to whom all hearts were open, knew that the great zeal the Pharisees pretended to have for th« law of Moses was hot sincere, but af suraeci, to obtain an influence over the consciences of men; therefore, he openly accused them of hypocrisy, applying to them what. Isaiah had addressed to the superstitious Jews of Jiis generation. This part of our Saviour's discourse appears to have passed with the Scribes and Pharisees in private; but, as the substance of it was of importance for all persons to be acquainted with, he called the multitude' to him, and told them, that their teachers gave *hem false doctrine.
'. His disciples having some apprehension that the displeasure of the Pharisees. might lead to disagreeable consequences, hinted their fears to their Master, who desired that they would not concern themselves about these men ; for since they were proud and wilfully ignorant, they deserved to be rooted out, and also their adherent's. . It seems, the disciples did not yet fully comprehend the spiritual nature of the divine law; in - "" respect respect to defilement: Jesus, therefore, explained it n them by a familiar comparison, which they could not mistake; signifying that what we eat and drink is no part of the body, much less of the soul, and that sin is the only thing that can defile the heart. Those who under the Mosaic dispensation ate of such meats as were forbidden by the Law, were defiled and polluted in the sight of God; not indeed by the meats, but by the sin of disobedience, which had its place in the heart, before the forbidden food entered into the mouth, and remained there after it was digested and cast out of the - , body. ,
The custom of washing hands was no farther commendable than as it related to cleanliness, which could not require such frequent washings, neither could it be necessary to be continually washing their furniture and utensils; but this tradition was calculated to give the populace a high opinion of the holiness of their elders; for the rule was, that if they washed their hands well in the morning, it was sufficient for the whole day, provided they kept alone; but if they went into company they must wash the;r hands, to cleanse themselves from the pollution they were supposed to have contracted by touching others. x
From our Lord's discourse, Christians are instructed not to place righteousness. in the mere performance of religious ceremonies, nor in the injunctions and inventions of men, but in obedience.to the commandments of God, and purity of heart. They also learn, that their heavenly Father requires them to shew their obedience to him, ty a tender and affectionate care of their earthly parents, since no excuse will be sufficient for neglecting those to whom they are so greatly indebted.
We are ia no danger of being deluded by the fabe
tenets of the Scribes and Pharisees: but there are men ,who call themselves Christians, pretending to be the true church, who greatly resemble them in many particulars; these are the Roman Catholics. If, therefore, we should be at any time exposed to their delusions, let us recollect this discourse of our Lord's, and resist the false arguments of those who teach for doctrine the com. mandments of men; making the -word of God of no effeci by their traditions^ and assuming a power over the consciences of men. . .x
1 ' , .. ,'" t . .
JESUS CURES THE DAUGHTER OF A CANAANITISH WOMAN; ALSO ONE WHO WAS DEAF AND HAD AN IMPEDIMENT IN HIS SPEECH J WITH MANY OTHER MIRACLES.
From Mark, Chap. vii.—Matthew, XV.
And from thence Jesus arose and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it; but he could not be hid.
For.behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him. saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. - • t , • J
(The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation) and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter. .u
But he answered not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away, for she crieth after us. - .. :'• . .
.. .. But But he answered and said, I am not sent, but unto
the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me. . t .
• But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is riot meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the dogs.
And she said, Truth, Lord; yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their master's table.
Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.
And when she was come to her house, she found the devil gone out,. and her"daughter laid upon the bed.
And again, departing from' the coast of Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coast of Decapolis. And he went up into a mountain, and sat down there.
Arid they bring unto him one that was deaf and had an impediment in his speech: aud they beseech him to put his hdnd upon him.
And he took him aside.from the multitude, arid put bis fingers into his ears, and he spit, and touched hi» 'tongue, and looking up to heaven, he sighed, arid said unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened.
And straightway his ears were opened, and the strirjg 'of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plain.." ''. ' *. '7 .And.he charged them that they should 'tell no man t but the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal they published it;
And were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath done all things well; he maketh both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak.
And great multitudes came unto him, having w^th
V.': . •' -"His M them them thoie that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus's feet, and he healed them:
Insomuch that the multitude wondered when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel.
ANNOTATIONS And REFLECTIONS.
Our Lord did not immediately appear as a public teacher, when he arrived on the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, but retired to a private house. His reason for doing so probably was, that he might be sought by the Gentiles, as his fame had reached these parts; and he could not long be concealed.
The poor woman who applied to him, being a stranger to the commonwealth of Israel, had no share in the covenant-promise made to Abraham; yet she had a true Faith, for she believed that Christ was able to effect what no one without divine powcr could perform. Oar Lord seems to have at first disregarded her; but it is plain, from his subsequent behaviour, that he approved her application, and intended to reward her, and delayed his kindness only to prove her faith, and instruct the 'Jews, that the GentiJes should be partakers with them of the benefit of his coming into the world. His answer, Let the children first be filled," implied, that there was mercy in store for the Gentiles; though, according to the plan of divine Providence, it was first to be offered 'to the Jews: the latter, proud of the distinction they 'enjoyed as the descendants of Abraham, regarded all other nations with contempt, and deemed them no better than dogt'i it was in allusion to this pride, that our