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far as to represent Joseph's coat of many faithful and just to Potiphar and to Pharaoh; colours, the distinguishing badge of his fa- Joseph in the form of a servant, and the buther's partial affection, as typical of the body siness and affairs of his master prospering in prepared for Christ, “ curiously wrought in his hand, lead us directly to him of whom it the lower parts of the earth." When ima- is spoken in prophetic vision, “ Behold, my gination, unrestrained by reason, and un servant shall deal prudently, he shall be conducted by scripture, is set to work, any exalted and extolled, and be very high." thing may be made to resemble any thing. Joseph assaulted with temptation, resisting But if the interests of true piety be pro- and overcoming, conducts us with our temptmoted, we must give, as we need and expect, ed Saviour to the top of the exceeding high much allowance; and so long as a metaphor mountain, to the pinnacle of the temple, and presumes not to pass for a text or an argu- shows us all the fiery darts of the wicked ment, let metaphorical language be examin- one falling harmless on the ground, because ed with candour, and the bold flights of an striking on the shield of faith ; and “the honest heart be treated with tenderness and sword of the Spirit, the word of God," like respect. While we thus plead indulgence lightning, penetrating and piercing the arfor others, we are perhaps making an apolo- mour of the adversary. Joseph unjustly acgy that is necessary to ourselves ; and far, cused, condemned, and punished, without very far from this place be the vanity of straining for an allusion, points to Jesus, thinking that “ surely we are the people, “numbered with transgressors," charged and that wisdom shall die with us."

with crimes which he never committed, and We remarked of Joseph, that in making upon a trial, a mockery of all legal proceedhis observations upon, and in giving the re-ing, condemned with the vilest of mankind port of his brothers' conduct, a mixture of to the death of a slave. self-sufficiency, malevolence, and presump But we see Joseph even in prison and distion might possibly insinuate itself; but in graced, preserving dignity, exercising usethe censure and reproof administered by the fulness, disclosing futurity to his fellow-priBrother and Friend of mankind, we always soners, restoring the one to the presence discover unmixed benevolence and gentle and favour of Pharaoh, leaving the other to ness ; severity against the offence, without perish under the weight of the royal disacrimony towards the offender; slowness pleasure. Thus we see Jesus, from the to condemn, readiness to forgive; a disposi- exalted infamy of the cross, dispensing more tion to palliate and excuse the worst of than life and death, opening and shutting the crimes, instead of eagerness and zeal to de- gates of heaven, assuming to himself the tect, magnify, and expose the least. Jacob's right of disposing of seats in the paradise of affectionate embassy to his sons in the wil- | God; carrying the penitent with him to the derness, by the mouth of his beloved Joseph, presence of his father and his God ; leaving in all its circumstances, has already been the impenitent to die in his sins. But there noticed as exactly typical of the message is here this remarkable difference, Joseph borne from the compassionate Father of men, besought the chief butler to remember hiin, to his wandering exile children, by the Son hoping to owe his enlargement to the powerof his love. Who can think of Joseph fol-ful, compassionate, and grateful intercession lowing his brethren from place to place of that officer ; but Jesus, as Lord of the with thoughts of peace, and meeting in re- worlds visible and invisible, as the sovereign turn with hatred and violence, without re- disposer of all things, by his own power exflecting the next moment on the words of alts his fellow-sufferer from the cross to a the evangelist, ** he came to his own, and throne above the skies. Behold Joseph transhis own received him not.” “ Not this man, lated from the dungeon to the palace, from but Barabbas." Away with him, crucify the condition of a prisoner and a slave, to him, crucify him.” “ O Jerusalem, Jeru- that of a mighty prince; and in that, behold salem, thou that killest the prophets, and Jesus emerging from the tomb, ascending stonest them which are sent unto thee, how above all height, exalted to the sovereign often would I have gathered thy children administration of all things in heaven and in together, even as a hen gathereth her chick- earth. “Ought not Christ to have suffered ens under her wings, and ye would not."* these things, and to enter into his glory ?"

Joseph was sold at the suggestion of Ju- “It became Him, for whom are all things, dah to the Ishmaelites for a few pieces of and by whom are all things, in bringing silver. The counterpart of this forces itself many sons unto glory, to make the Captain upon our imagination. “The Son of Man of their salvation perfect through suffershall be betrayed into the hands of men;" ings."I Joseph revealed to Pharaoh and to “mine own familiar friend, in whom I trust- all Egypt what was the will of heaven coned, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up cerning them for many years to come: thus his heel against me."t “ Judas, betrayest Jesus revealed to a guilty, perishing world thou the Son of Man with a kiss ?” Joseph the will of God for their salvation, and made Psalm xli. 9.

| Luke xxiv. 26. 1 Heb. ii. 10.

Matt. xxiii. 37.

* Isaiah lii. 13.

timely provision, not for the transient and in-| to the Ishmaelites, and carried into Egypt, effectual support of a few fleeting years, but where he served Potiphar ten years, and for the eternal entertainment and felicity of remained in prison three: so that he was men, who were devoted to death, and threat- thirty, when he first stood before Pharaoh, ened with everlasting misery. Joseph em- and was raised immediately to the dignity of ployed the pressure of famine to enslave viceroy. Supposing the seven plenteous Egypt, and to subject a whole people to the years to commence immediately, he was will of the sovereign: but Jesus, armed with thirty-seven when they ended : and the seall power for our destruction, employed it cond year of famine being ended, he being only for our deliverance; and instead of then thirty-nine, Jacob and his family desinking and degrading the subjects of his go- scended into Egypt; and the aged patriarch vernment, such is his love, he raises them all lived there, cherished by his son, seventeen to the dignities, privileges, and possessions years, which brings himself forward to his of the sons of God. He is the true prophet, fifty-sixth year. After his father's death he "the true light which enlighteneth every lived fifty-four years more, in all one hundred man that cometh into the world,” “ in whom and ten. So that Joseph lived in Egypt full the Spirit of God is; none so discreet and ninety-three years: a slave and a prisoner wise as he,” Zaphnathpaaneah, the true re- thirteen; a prince and ruler eighty; under vealer of secrets, who " is worthy to take the several successive monarchs: being justly sealed book,” which contains the secrets of esteemed a necessary minister of state in all the eternal mind, and to open its seven seals. reigns. He died before the birth of Moses The clemency of Joseph to his unkind, un- sixty-four years, and before the departing of natural brothers, is a lively and affecting rc- the children of Israel out of Egypt, one presentation of the patience, gentleness, and hundred and forty-four. And with the acmercy of Christ to his brethren after the count of his death and embalming, ends flesh, in the first instance, and to guilty, un- the book of Genesis, containing the most grateful men in general. " Father, forgive ancient, authentic, interesting, and instructhem,” said he, as he was expiring on the tive history extant; during the space of cross, “ they know not what they do." And two thousand three hundred and sixty-nine not many days after that with wicked hands years: from the deluge, seven hundred and men had crucified and slain him, many thou-thirteen; and before Christ, one thousand sands of these very men were made to taste six hundred and thirty-five. of his grace, were admitted into his family, These things seem as a tale that is told. and exalted to a place with him on his throne. But time is hurrying on a period and an esBut we must not pursue the similitude through tablishment of things, under which Adam and every particular; it would protract our dis- his youngest son shall be contemporaries; in course to an immoderate length. Finally which intervening ages shall be swallowed then, Joseph piously referred every thing up and lost ; and that only remain, which that befel him to the provident, wise, and time, and death, and the grave cannot affect, gracious destination of the Almighty: and when the cave of Machpelah shall surrender what saith Jesus? “I se not mine own up its precious deposit; when Abraham, will, but the will of the Father which hath Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, and all the faithsent me." My meat is to do the will of ful shall live again, and reign for ever and him that sent me, and to finish his work." ever. “ Blessed are they who shall eat bread

my Father, if it be possible, let this cup in the kingdom of God.” “ Blessed are they pass from me: nevertheless, not as I will, who shall come unto Mount Zion, and unto but as thou wilt."

the city of the living God, the heavenly JeAnd thus have we finished the history of rusalem, and to an innumerable company of the patriarch Joseph: the various stages of angels ; to the general assembly and church whose life may be thus calculated. He was of the first-born which are written in heaven, born in Haran, in the year of the world two and to God the judge of all, and to the spithousand two hundred and fifty-nine, where rits of just men made perfect, and to Jesus he lived till six years old. He was then re- the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the moved with the rest of his father's family blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better into Canaan, where he lived eleven'years; things than that of Abel."* at which period he was by his brethren sold



** 0

* Heb. xii. 22-24.



And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wise a daughter of Levi. And the woman con

ceived, and bare a son; and when she saw him that he was a goully child, she hid him three months. And when she could no longer hide him she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein: and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink. And his sister stood afar off to wit what would be done to him. And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash her. self at the river, and her maidens walked along by the river's side: and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her inaid to fetch it. And when she had opened it, she saw the child; and behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children. Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, shall I go, and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee? And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Go. And the maid went, and called the child's mother. And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages: and the woman took the child, and nursed it. And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son : and she called his name Moses, and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.—Exodus ii. 1-10.

If the ingenious fictions of ancient bards, force, described the characters and lives of afford an innocent and rational amusement, the patriarchs from Adam to Joseph, is now and be therefore held in high estimation; entering on his own wonderful and interestwhat superior obligation is the world under, ing story. The man who henceforth acts, is to that divine Spirit who has vouchsafed to the same who writes: the events which he is draw into light the most remote antiquity, about to record, come not from the informaand preserve from oblivion the venerable men tion of others, but from his own immediate who first cultivated and peopled the earth ; knowledge; and the simplicity and candour and, in the language, not of fiction, but of of his narration are sufficient vouchers of its truth, has delineated the ways of Providence, truth and faithfulness. and unfolded the deep and intricate recesses Sixty-four years bad now elapsed from the of the human heart? Were it not for the death of Joseph, and one hundred and thirtysacred pages of divine revelation, we should four from the descent of Jacob into Egypt: have been entirely ignorant of what hap- and what surprising changes have taken pened in the world for at least one half of its place! A little band of seventy persons is duration. But borne on the wings of inspi- multiplied into a great nation: the mild and ration, we fly back to the very birth of nature, gracious prince who took pleasure in cherishwe behold the first dawning of light scatter- ing and protecting the father and brethren, ing the gloom, and converse with the first of Joseph, is exchanged for a jealous and man whom God created upon the earth. And sanguinary tyrant, determined to depress and how much more pleasant, as well as profit- extirpate their descendants: the country able, is it, to expatiate in the field of real which once gave them support and shelter, history, than to wander and lose ourselves in is now moistened with their tears, and with the idle regions of romance! If we owe much the blood of their infant offspring; and fato the illustrious poet of Greece, for his amus- voured guests, made to dwell in the best of ing pictures of early life and manners, how the land, are turned into odious slaves cordeeply are we indebted to the more illustrious demned to the furnace. Such are the alter. Jewish historian and poet, who has furnished ations which time is continually producing us with so much juster and more exalted ideas in human affairs, such the impotency of man of Deity, more faithful and instructive pic- to secure blessings to his posterity, such the tures of human life; and who has so success- misery of a people subjected to the will of a fully interwoven the history of redemption despotic sovereign. with that of mankind.

In vain do men dream of national geneThe sacred book which has afforded us rosity and gratitude-they exist not: in vain during the year past, so much pleasing in-do the claims of humanity and justice oppose struction, is altogether extraordinary in its themselves to the interest, the ambition, or kind, whether we consider the beauty of the caprice of princes. Joseph had very unwisely composition, the importance of the informa- contributed to the aggrandizement of the tion which it contains, the internal marks of Egyptian monarchs, and his own family is authenticity which it bears, or the noble pur- the first to feel the rod of that power which poses to which it has been, and may be made he had helped to raise. Injustice in princes subservient. Moses, its inspired author, who is always bad policy. A nation so certainly has with so much accuracy, elegance, and I favoured of Heaven as Israel was, must have

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