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l Or, I would
+ Heb. Lemech.
Lamech and his two wives.
The birth of Seth and Enos. Mehujael begat Methusael: and Me- | wives, Adah and Zillah, hear my celorst about 3875, thusael begat + Lamech.
voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken about 3875. 19 1 And Lamech took unto him unto my speech: for || I have slain two wives: the name of the one was a man to my wounding, and a young slay a man in
, Adah, and the name of the other man || to
24 "If Cain shall be avenged seven-
25 | And Adam knew his wife
22 And Zillah, she also bare Tu- stead of Abel, whom Cain slew. bal-cain, an + instructor of every arti 26 And to Seth, to him also there ficer in brass and iron : and the sister was born a son; and he called his Heb.Enosh, of Tubal-cain was Naamah.
name + Enos : then began men || to themselves 23 And Lamech said unto his call upon the name of the LORD.
by the name of
tired with his wife, is generally reckoned by the Oriental did,) many times beyond what God shewed to Cain, as geographers to have been the low country of Susiana, appears from ver. 24. He seems from Cain's indemor Chusistan. Dr. Hales.
nity to encourage himself in his violence and wicked19. And Lamech took unto him two wives:) Polygamy ness. Bp. Kidder. was a deviation from the first institution of marriage, The words should be read as a question, Have I slain Gen. ii. 24. It was brought into use by Cain's offspring ; a man? or so much as a boy? that you should be afraid though it was afterwards allowed to the Israelites, as of my life? It seems the use of weapons being found was divorce also in some cases, "for the hardness of out by one of Lamech's sons, and grown common, his their hearts.” Bp. Kidder.
wives apprehended that some body or other might make It is likely that Lamech was the first who ventured to use of them to slay him. But he bids them comfort transgress the original institution, which was observed themselves, for he was not guilty of slaying any body even by the Cainites till this time. Dr. Allix.
himself, and therefore might reasonably hope no body 20.
- he was the father] The Hebrews call him the would hurt him. And then the meaning of the next “Father” of any thing, who was the first inventor of it; verse is easy. “If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, or a most excellent master of that art. Bp. Patrick. truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.” If God hath
It demonstrates the superintendence of the great Cre- guarded Cain so strongly, who was a murderer, as to ator and Conservator of the world, that things of great threaten great and long punishments to those that slay and absolutely necessary use have soon and easily occur- him; He will punish them far more, and pursue them red to the invention of man; but things of little use, or with a longer vengeance, who shall slay me, being a of very dangerous use, are rarely and slowly discovered, guiltless person. Bp. Patrick. or still utterly undiscovered. We have, as early as the It should seem that Lamech endeavours to reason Mosaick history, an account of the inventions of the his family out of fears which were entertained by the more usual crafts and occupations : thus, Gen. iii. 23, descendants of Cain, lest the family of Adam should Adam was sent “forth from the garden of Eden” by revenge Abel's death upon them. Shuckford. God Himself “to till the ground." And in the next 25. — called his name Seth:] The word signifies chapter his two sons, Cain and Abel; the one was of appointed or substituted. Eve gave this son the name the same occupation, "a tiller of the ground,” the other of Seth, because she looked on him as appointed by God “a keeper of sheep.” And the posterity of these are in to be what Cain, she thought, should have been, till the latter end of Gen. iv. recorded; Jabal, to have been God rejected his sacrifice, and he slew Abel. In whose “the father of such as dwell in tents;" that is, he was room she believed God had substituted this son to be the inventor of tents, and of pitching those moveable the seed from whom the Redeemer of the world should houses in the fields, for looking after and depasturing come. Dr. Allix. their cattle in the deserts and uncultivated world. Tu 26. — he called his name Enos:] Signifying the weak bal-Cain was “an instructor of every artificer in brass and miserable condition of mankind, which he seemed, and iron;" or the first that found out the art of melting by giving him this name, to deplore. . Bp. Patrick. and malleating metals, and making them useful for tools then began men to call upon the name of the and other necessary implements. And his sister Naa- Lord.] This does not import, that men did not "call mah, whose name is only mentioned, is by some thought upon the Lord,” which includes all his worship and to have been the inventor of spinning and clothing. service, before this time, but that now they were awaYea, the very art of musick is thus early ascribed to kened to be more serious and frequent in religious Jubal: so indulgent was the Creator, to find means to offices : or rather, they began to hold more publick divert melancholy, to cheer the spirits, and to entertain assemblies; for families being now multiplied, to which and please mankind. Dr. Derham.
religion was before confined, they joined together and 23. And Lamech said unto his wives, &c.] The occa- met in larger societies and communion, for the sosion of this speech of Lamech's not being revealed, it lemn worship of God by sacrifices and other religious cannot be reasonably expected that any man should services. positively determine the full sense of it. Thus much But it being scarce credible, that publick assemseems plain, that they are vaunting words, intimating blies were not held long before this, some men of note his expectation of God's extraordinary regard to him, follow our marginal translation, “then began men (though he had killed, or should kill, a man, as Cain (that is, the children of Seth) to call themselves by the VOL. I.
a 1 Chron. 1. 1.
b Wisd. 2. 22.
cl Chron. 1. 1. &c.
The genealogy, age, and
death of the patriarchs, CHAP. V.
11 And all the days of Enos were
triarchs from Adam unto Noah. 24 The died,
12 | And Cainan lived seventy
tions of Adam. In the day that 13 And Cainan lived after he be- Maleleel.
forty years, and begat sons and
and he died.
15 | And Mahalaleel lived sixty
begat Jared eight hundred and thirty
were eight hundred ninety and five
sixty and two years, and he begat
19 And Jared lived after he begat
8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred sixty and two years :
21 ( And Enoch lived sixty and
22 And Enoch walked with God
+ Heb. Kenan.
name of the Lord;" that is, the servants or worshippers 2. -called their name Adam,] Or, Man. The comof the Lord, in distinction from the Cainites, and such mon name to both sexes ; like Homo in Latin, &c. Bp. profane persons as had forsaken Him. Bp. Patrick. Patrick.
Moses, in this short account of what passed before 3. And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years,] For the flood, takes no notice of the institution of sacrifices, the more speedy propagation of mankind, for the quicker of the observation of the sabbath, of prayer, of the increase of arts and sciences, and that the knowledge of rules of virtue and morality, no doubt given to Adam ; religion might with the greater certainty be established these being received duties, known and practised by all and conveyed down to posterity, it pleased the Divine good men from the beginning. Bp. Wilson.
Providence to prolong the lives of men before the flood
to a much greater age than they have ever since been. Chap. V. ver. 1. This is the book of the generations Pyle. of Adam.] That is, here follows a catalogue of the in his own likeness, after his image:] Not so posterity of Adam. So the word “Book” signifies in perfect as himself, when he was created; but with those Matt. i. 1, an account of those, from whom Christ the imperfections which impaired him, after he had eaten “second Adam" came; as here an account of those the forbidden fruit; that is, inclined to sin, and subject who came from the "first Adam.” Yet not of all; but to death. For “his own likeness and image," wherein of the principal persons, by whom, in a right line, the this son was begotten, seems to be opposed to the succession was continued down to Noah, and Abraham likeness and image of God, wherein Adam was made ; the father of the faithful, and so to the Messiah. As and which, though not quite lost, was lamentably defor the collateral lines, which, no doubt, were very faced. Bp. Patrick. many, by the other sons and daughters of the persons 22. And Enoch walked with God] That is, was a here mentioned, they are omitted : because no more was religious man : he pleased God, and had therefore a pertinent to Moses's purpose. Bp. Patrick.
true faith in Him, (Heb. xi. 5, 6,) and a firm belief of - in the likeness of God] This is again mentioned, future rewards, Jude ver. 14, 15. Bp. Kidder. Enoch to remind men how highly God had honoured them, “walked with God” in the way of his commandments and how shamefully they had requited Him. Bp. and ordinances : such was the effect and evidence of Patrick.
his faith, which“ saw Him," who is otherwise "invi
d Ecclus. 44.
gat + Lamech.
29 And he called his name + Noah. L AND it came to pass, when men rom Adam unto Noah.
CHAP. V, VI.
The wickedness of the world. 23 And all the days of Enoch were 30 And Lamech lived after he CHRIST three hundred sixty and five
begat Noah five hundred ninety and 24 And d Enoch walked with God : five years, and begat sons and daughand he was not; for God took him. ters:
25 And Methuselah lived an hun 31 And all the days of Lamech
dred eighty and seven years, and be were seven hundred seventy and + Heb.
seven years : and he died. Lemech.
26 And Methuselah lived after he 32 And Noah was five hundred
voked God's wrath, and caused the flood.
and end of the ark.
began to multiply on the face of Gr. Noe.
saying, This same shall comfort us the earth, and daughters were born
daughters of men that they were fair ;
sible,” ever present to his soul, and “set the Lord work begun in them by the Spirit of God in this life, always before him," as the inspector of all his ways. renewing and transforming their souls by hearty reBp. Horne.
pentance, lively faith, and fervent charity ; by prayer, 24.— he was not ;) Moses doth not say, that he and fasting, and alms-deeds ; by holy mourning, and died; as he doth of the rest in this chapter, both before pious meditation; by reading, hearing, and communiand after ; but that he “was not” any longer among cating ; thus training them up by the means of grace to men in this world; for “God took him," or translated the hope of glory. Blessed and holy is he, who hath him to another place. Which plainly signifies the dif- part in this first translation” from sin to righteousferent manner of his leaving this world ; insomuch that ness, the sure pledge and earnest of the second from the Apostle saith, He did not see death,” Heb. xi. 5. dust to glory. Bp. Horne. Bp. Patrick
29. -- he called his name Noah,] Which signifies God translated him either in soul or body, or both, rest; or refreshment, which proceeds from rest and to a place and state of happiness :-A most convincing quiet : because, as his father foretold of him, “This argument and proof of a life after this; and sufficient, same shall comfort us.” Some think that his father one would have thought, to have silenced the Sad- expected him to be the promised Seed. In fact, he ducees, who received this book: but they had hardened brought “comfort” and “rest” to mankind, by imtheir hearts. God gave the world this instance, perhaps, proving the art of husbandry, and so easing men as to to convince them, how He would have dealt with Adam, the toil of their hands; by planting a vineyard, and and all his posterity, had they continued in obedience finding out the art of making wine, which cheers the to his command. Bp. Wilson.
heart and revives the spirits of men, that are spent with “ It is appointed unto all men once to die :" this is labour ; and by restoring the world, after it had been the general rule; but we meet with an exception to it dispeopled by the flood, and upon his oblations receivin the case of Enoch; and another in that of Elijah. ing the assurance that "God would not again curse the Thus it pleased God to vouchsafe the world two re- ground any more for man's sake." Bps. Patrick and hearsals of the ascension of the holy Jesus : one for the Kidder, Dr. Wells. building up of those before the law, the other, of those 32. -- and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.] Of under the law, in the faith of that great and important these three sons, the eldest was Japheth, as appears article; and both, that we of these latter days might from chap. x. 21, the second was Shem, from x. 21, and admire the wisdom of God in foresehwing what hath the youngest Ham, from ix. 24. Nevertheless both been accomplished, and adore his mercy and power here, and a little lower, Shem is named first ; whether in the accomplishment of what was foreshewn. Bp. it was that the rights of primogeniture were transferred Horne.
to him, though the sacred historian says nothing of it; God took him.] At the time appointed by the or that God was minded thus early to shew that He Father for the accomplishment of Enoch's prophecy, would not be confined to the order of nature in the when the Lord shall come to judgment with ten thou- disposal of his favours, which He frequently bestowed sand of his saints, Jude ver. 14;
that which was fore- upon the younger children; or, what I think the most shewn by the translation of Enoch, and fulfilled in the likely, because the nation of the Jews were to descend ascension of the natural body of Christ, shall be brought from him; and he and his posterity were to be the to pass likewise in his mystical body, the Church, and principal subject of this whole history. Stackhouse. thereof. They shall not be foundin
have “ translated” them to an inheritance incorruptible, and famous interpretations of these words, besides that of undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven some of the ancients, who took them to mean angels. for them. This is but the completion of that great | Some understand by “the sons of God,” the great
The wickedness of the world.
of renown. 3 And the Lord said, My spirit 5 1 And God saw that the wickedshall not always strive with man, for ness of man was great in the earth, that he also is flesh: yet his days and that || every imagination of the whole thing shall be an hundred and twenty thoughts of his a heart was only evil gination. The years. + continually.
signifieth not 4 There were giants in the earth 6 And it repented the Lord that only the ima. in those days; and also after that, he had made man on the earth, and it also hace mura when the sons of God came in unto grieved him at his heart. the daughters of men, and they bare 7 And the LORD said, I will des- Matt. 15. 19. children to them, the same became troy man whom I have created from daweb. every
men, nobles, rulers, and judges ; who being captivated will it be also in the days of the Son of Man, and so with the beauty of the daughters of men,” that is, of is it in the present days with nations and individuals. the meaner sort, took by force and violence as many as They have their times and their seasons of trial and they pleased.
probation, and they have their warnings: after which But there are other ancient interpreters, and most of the axe is laid to the root of the tree, and nothing in the later, who by “the sons of God” understand the heaven or in earth can stay for one moment the uplifted posterity of Seth, who were worshippers of the true hand of Justice from striking the fatal stroke. "Open God, chap. iv. 26, and who now “saw," or conversed then, blessed Lord, our eyes, that we may see the with, “the daughters of men,” that is, the daughters of things which belong unto our peace, before they are the ungodly race of Cain. Bps. Patrick and Kidder. hid for ever from our sight!
Bp. Horne. of all which they chose.] Whomsoever they liked, 4. There were giants in the earth in those days;] It is without regard to any thing else but their beauty. It is not agreed upon by interpreters, whether Moses insupposed, that the Cainites spent their time in feasting, tended, by this phrase, to express the uncommon stamusick, dancing, and sports: this allured the children ture and Þulkiness of these men ; or the cruelty, rapine, of Seth to come down from the mountainous country, and violence of their dispositions and practices, dewhich under a solemn injunction from their godly fore- scribing them as thieves, robbers, and oppressors. Pyle. fathers they inhabited; and marry with the descendants They were giants, of the property of giants : not that of Cain. The consequence was all manner of impurity, they were greater men of stature and strength of body, impiety, idolatry, rapine, and violence. For “evil com- than other men were ; but they were “ giants” for their munications” naturally "corrupt good manners." And cruelty, violence, and covetous oppression. Bp. Latimer. so the example of the wicked prevailed, and by degrees From the marriages of the sons of Seth with the consumed, with few exceptions, all remains of religion daughters of Cain sprang a race of men, who, whatever in the posterity of Seth. Moses takes notice of these they were as to stature, became overgrown monsters of things, that he may give the reason why the descend postacy, impiety, and iniquity : so that in process of ants of Seth, even those who sprung from that holy time the earth was totally overspread with “corruption man Enoch, except Noah and his family, were over- and “violence” of all kinds. Bp. Horne. whelmed with the deluge, as well as the family of Cain. 5. And God saw] That is, when the merciful space Stackhouse.
an hundred and twenty years," allowed for man's These daughters of Cain proved to the sons of Seth repentance, was expired. Pyle. what the Moabitish women were afterwards to the every imagination &c.] All the secret thoughts children of Israel, and what women of bad principles and purposes of his mind were always bent upon evil
. always have been, and always will be, to men of good Not only the practices of men were evil, (as it is said, ones, who are no wiser than to contract alliances with “God saw that the wickedness of man was great,”) but them in their state of error and delusion. Bp. Horne. the principles, from whence those actions flowed, were
3. My spirit] Either speaking by his prophets, such generally corrupted also. Bp. Kidder. as Enoch had and Noah was; or, working in While principles remain, practices may be altered and wardly in all men's hearts. “Shall not always strive amended: but those once gone, there remains no with man,” chide and reprove them, and thereby en- farther hope of a reformation, because there is then deavour to bring them to repentance; but proceed to nothing to ground one upon. Let this be a warning to punish them. “For that he also is flesh ;" for that, all, who would avert the judgments of God, that they besides his wicked actions, he is grown wholly fleshly spare no time or pains in fixing Christian principles in in his inclinations and affections. He savours nothing the hearts of those for whom they are concerned. Bp. but carnal things, and consequently is incurable. “Yet Horne. his days shall be an hundred and twenty years ;" yet I This is a description of an extraordinary degeneracy will not destroy mankind presently ; but have patience of men, signifying that the world was then extremely with them so long, that it may appear I would willingly bad, and depraved to the highest degree. God gives have saved them. Bp. Patrick.
this as a reason, why He was resolved to drown the The time of the primary denunciation of this sad world, and to “ destroy man from the face of the earth,” judgment was no less than 120 years before it came. because their wickedness was grown to so great an
suppose, the time that “the long-suffer- height. Abp. Tillotson. ing of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark 6. And it repented the Lord &c.] God can properly was a preparing,” i Pet. iii. 20; and while Noah him- neither repent, nor be grieved. But such expressions self, the great preacher of righteousness,” warned signify He resolved to do, as men do; who, when they them of the certainty and greatness of this impending repent of any thing, endeavour to undo it. Bp. Patrick. calamity. Whiston.
As the conversion of a sinner is said to cause “joy in As it was with the world in the days of Noah, so heaven," so here, to shew the exceeding love of God
Noah findeth grace,
CHA P. VI.
being just and upright. the face of the earth; + both man, 9 4 These are the generations of CHRIST
and beast, and the creeping thing, Noah: Noah was a just man and
10 And Noah begat three sons, i Or, upright. eyes of the LORD.
Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
+ Heb. from man unto beast.
b Ecclus. 44.
towards us, and his unwillingness that any should who by their occupations in the world, are incapable of perish, He is represented as " repenting that He had those more just ideas, whịch men of thought know to made man, and being grieved at his heart.” Thus an belong to that Being, would perhaps think Him incapaall-merciful God is pleased to represent Himself as ble of taking cognizance of their actions. And therefeeling for us, what we, alas ! do not feel for ourselves, fore to make a revelation useful and credible in itself, it or for one another. Bp. Horne.
must consist of words whose literal meaning is false, It is manifest, that this is only an emphatical way of but whose real meaning is consistent with the justest expression, to signify God's just displeasure at the great notions of reason and philosophy." and universal wickedness of mankind, and at their 8. But Noah found grace] The phrase here means, having so far fallen from the noble end of their creation : obtained favour. Compare Heb. xi. 7. Bp. Kidder. and that therefore, after having tried the methods of This single person God resolved to spare, because (as it indulgence towards them, He saw fit to send a de- follows) he continued_untainted, in the midst of an structive deluge, for exterminating that incorrigible race. universal contagion, Bp. Patrick. And it is plain, that according to the doctrine of the 9. These are the generations of Noah :] This is an sacred writings, which every where represent God as account of his family: or these are the things which foreknowing the actions of men, this corruption of befel him and his family. Bp. Patrick. Inankind was what He foresaw from the beginning : · Noah was a just man &c.] Had not the same and the punishing of them in this manner made a Spirit by St. Peter, 2 Pet. ii. 5, told us that he was par tof the original scheme of Divine Providence, though preacher of righteousness,” we should not have known it did not actually take effect till the proper time came it. This shews that a great many things in this short for executing it. Dr. Leland.
account which Moses gives are omitted. Noah, having The following observations from Stackhouse apply to been convinced of God's hatred to sin by his own a variety of passages in the sacred volume, and are well deliverance, and the punishment of the former world, worthy of the attention of the reader : “When the no doubt took all imaginable pains, and became a great holy Scriptures speak of God, they ascribe hands, and “preacher of righteousness” to the new world as well eyes, and feet to Him; not that He has any of these as to the old. Bp. Wilson. members, according to the literal signification; but the - perfect in his generations,] He was an upright meaning is, that He has a power to execute all those and sincere man, and unblamable in the midst of a acts, to the effecting of which these parts in us are in- wicked and ungodly world. Bp. Kidder. strumental : that is, He can converse with men, as well “ Perfect,” not as the holy Jesus was perfect, or as as if He had a tongue or mouth ; can discern all that we the spirits of just men” are to be made perfect in do or say, as perfectly as if He had eyes and ears; and heaven; but with such perfection as man can attain can reach us as well as if He had hands or feet, &c. unto in this his state of pilgrimage. Bp. Horne. In like manner, the Scripture frequently represents Sincerity, or integrity of heart, is that which God is Him as affected with such passions as we perceive in pleased to accept of in the new covenant, instead of ourselves; namely, as angry and pleased, loving and perfection, and is frequently called by that name: as hating, repenting and grieving, &c. and yet upon re- where Noah is said to be a just man and perfect,” flection we cannot suppose, that any of these passions Gen. vi. 9, and Job to be a “perfect and upright” man, can literally affect the Divine Nature : and therefore chap. i. 1; that is, they were cordial and sincere in all the meaning is, that He will as certainly punish the their duties to God, serving Him in holiness and rightwicked, as if He were inflamed with the passion of anger eousness before Him or in his sight all their days, against them; as infallibly reward the good, as we will Luke i. 75. Thus God Himself seems to explain the those for whom we have a particular affection: and word, when He ratified and confirmed the new covenant that, when He finds any alteration in his creatures, with Abram, saying, “Walk before me, and be thou either for the better or the worse, He will as surely perfect,” Gen. xvii. 1. As if He had said, “Walk change His dispensations towards them, as if He really always as in my sight, so as to keep thy heart right repented or changed his mind. It is by way of analogy and sincere before me, and then by the covenant, which and comparison therefore, that the nature and passions I now establish with thee, thou shalt be perfect, for I of men are ascribed to God: so that when He is said to will accept of thee as such.” Bp. Beveridge. repent or grieve, the meaning must be, not that He and Noah walked with God.] It is of unspeakperceived any thing that He was ignorant of before, to able advantage to possess our minds with an habitual give Him any uneasiness ; (for “known unto God are good intention, and to aim all our thoughts, words, and all his works from the beginning ;'') but only that He actions at some laudable end, whether it be the glory of altered his conduct with regard to men, as they varied our Maker, the good of mankind, or the benefit of our in their behaviour towards tim, just as we are wont to own souls. A person who is possessed with such an do, when we are moved by any of these passions and habitual good intention, enters upon no single circumchanges of affection."
stance of life, without considering it as well-pleasing to Dr. Leland has noticed upon this subject the obser- the Author of his being, conformable to the dictates of vation of a deistical writer, that, we must speak of reason, suitable to human nature in general, or to that God after the manner of men :” and the remarkable particular station in which Providence has placed him. concession of another, that “was not God to be repre- | He lives in a perpetual sense of the Divine Presence, sented by expressions which, literally understood, regards himself as acting, in the whole course of his attribute to Him human passions and actions, they, I existence, under the observation and inspection of that