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h Neh. 9. 7.
Acts 7. 4.
Acts 3. 25.
Terah goeth to Haran.
God calleth Abram. CHRIST son, and Sarai his daughter in law, Fear maketh him feign his wife to be his about 1923. his son Abram's wife ; and they went
sister. 14 Phuraoh, having taken her from forth with them from h Ur of the
him, by plagues is compelled to restore her. Chald.ees, to the into the land of Ca- N AWrathe Chet Fathekad said unto a Acts 7. 3. and dwelt there.
country, and from thy kindred, and
2 And I will make of thee a great
nation, and I will bless thee, and make CHAP. XII.
thy name great; and thou shalt be a
promise of Christ. 4 He departeth with Lot thee, and curse him that curseth
b Chap. 18. naan, 7 which is promised him in a vision.
10 He is driven by a famine into Egypt. 11 of the earth be blessed. 31. they went forth -- from Ur of the Chaldees,] the privileged ancestor of Christ, “in whom all the Terah removed from his own country with Abram, who nations of the earth are blessed.” Dr. Hales. had received a command from God to come out of it, Ver. 1. Now the Lord had said unto Abram,] Before Gen. xii
. 1; xv. 7; Acts vii. 3. It may be concluded he came to Haran, and while he lived in Ur of the from this obedience to the Divine direction, that Terah, Chaldees. Bp. Patrick. who is supposed to have been an idolater, perhaps an unto a land] Which was 400 miles off. The idolatrous priest, was become a worshipper of the true father of the faithful was sent out of his own country, God. Bps. Kidder and Patrick.
to intimate to his children, that they are but sojourand they came unto Haran,] Or Charran, as ners and pilgrims here, and therefore must wean their St. Stephen calls it; a place in Mesopotamia. Bp. affections from this present world. Bp. Wilson. Patrick
that I will shew thee:] This was probably done and dwelt there.] He intended to go to Canaan, by some appearance of the Shechinah going before him : and not to settle here: but being arrested by sickness, as his posterity were afterwards conducted to the same could proceed no further. On his death, Abram went country. Biblioth. Bibl. forward into Canaan. Bps. Patrick and Kidder.
It argued, as the Apostle observes, great faith in God, 32. And the days of Terah were two hundred and fire that he would follow Him, “not knowing whither” he years :) By this time a striking change had been ex- should be led, Heb. xi. 8. Bp. Patrick. perienced in the duration of human life. Adam lived 3. in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.] 930 years. His posterity before the flood appear to have “In thee,” that is, in thy Seed, chap. xxii. 18. “ And passed, upon an average, nearly as large a portion of time, that Seed is Christ.” Gal. iii. 16; Acts iii. 25. Bp. and some individuals even a longer period, upon earth. Kidder. Noah lived to the age of 950 years. His son Shem fell It seems plain from hence, that Abram, as our Lord far short of the age of man before the flood: and in the observes, John viii. 56, “ saw his day, and was glad;": days of Peleg, man appears to have attained not to one that is, he saw, and it was made known to him, that the half of the original measure of his existence. In suc Messiah was to come out of his family. ceeding generations a rapid diminution continued to take It is plain also that in this and the foregoing verse place; until at length, by the time when the children of are two distinct covenants or blessings : the first temIsrael came out of Egypt, the continuance of the pil- poral, which respects only Abram and his family ; the grimage of man upon earth was reduced nearly within second spiritual, which has regard to Christ and the its present span.
whole world. And all future prophecies have a regard The cause of this change is known to God, but im to these two covenants. Ishmael and Esau, and all the material to us. Our concern is to draw from the fact family of Abram, had a right to the blessings of the the moral and religious instruction, which it is so well first; and all the world to the blessings of the second. adapted to suggest that our lives are in the hand of The Jews indeed expect, by virtue of the last, to bear God, and depend for their continuance, moment after rule over the whole world ; but surely this would be no moment, solely on his will. Gishorne.
great blessing to the rest of the nations of the world,
whatever it might be to them, Therefore saith St. Chap. XII. One great design of Moses being to lead Paul, with respect to this promise, Gal. iii. 28, “ There the Jews to understand the genealogy of Abraham, their is neither Jew nor Greek, for ye are all one in Christ noble ancestor, he hastens to it: relating other matters Jesus,” the promised Seed, in which all the families of briefly, but spending many pages about him. For in the earth were to be happy. stance, he comprises the history of the world from the The terrible judgment of God upon the wicked world creation to the flood, containing 1656 years, in six chap- by the flood was now almost forgotten, and the greatest ters: but bestows on the history of Abraham nineteen part of the world fallen into idolatry; when God, to chapters, though it contains no more time than 175 preserve all the well-disposed from being infected, years. Bp. Pairick.
appeared to Abram, and by him kept up and preserved With this period the Mosaical history properly com the knowledge of the true God in his family and pos
All the preceding part of Genesis is only in- terity. From this time a particular providence attended troductory to the birth of Abraham, the illustrious the people of Israel, his posterity by his sons Isaac and ancestor of the Israelites, and of the Jews : the father Jacob: correcting, trying, punishing, redeeming them of the faithful, and by the highest of all titles, “the out of the hands of their enemies, until the promised friend of God," and "å blessing” to the world, as being Seed came. Bp. Wilson.
Abram journeyeth through Canaan. GENESIS.
He feigneth his wife 4 So Abram departed, as the LORD 8 And he removed from thence had spoken unto him; and Lot went unto a mountain on the east of Bethwith him: and Abram was seventy el, and pitched his tent, having Bethand five years old when he departed el on the west, and Hai on the east : out of Haran.
and there he builded an altar unto 5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, the LORD, and called upon the name and Lot his brother's son, and all of the Lord. their substance that they had gather 9 And Abram journeyed, † going + Heb. in ed, and the souls that they had gotten on still toward the south.
into Egypt to sojourn there; for the
7 And the Lord appeared unto hold now, I know that thou art a fair
I give this land: and there builded 12 Therefore it shall come to pass, a Chap. 13. 4. he an d altar unto the Lord, who ap- when the Egyptians shall see thee, peared unto him.
that they shall say, This is his wife:
c Chap. 13. 15.
4. So Abram departed, as the Lord had spoken &c.] In ruptly Palestines; who inhabited the sea coasts, and were the foregoing benediction of Abram, we observe the first known to them :-the Land of Promise, from God's special privileges and advantage of the second, or Chris- promise to Abram of giving it to him :-the Land of Istian, covenant. In this noble pattern of his ready rael, from the Israelites who afterwards possessed it :obedience, we may as plainly see the obligations which the Land of Judah or Judea, from the tribe of Judah, every Christian takes upon him, when he enters into the most considerable of the twelve tribes, and the only this covenant of grace. Abram “departed,” and for- one that remained after the captivity :-and lastly, the sook all to follow his Lord and Master : so must we. Holy Land, from being the scene of the birth, miracles, He believed, “ as the Lord had spoken unto him:” so death, and resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ. Stackmust we believe “all the articles of our Christian faith.” house, Bp. Wilson. “He went forth to go, &c.” he actually set about and 6 unto the place of Sichem,] That is, the place where performed what he was commanded and undertook to Sichem, Sechem, or Sychar, afterwards was.
It was a do : so must we fulfil our solemn engagement of “ keep- town of Samaria, in the borders of Ephraim. Stacking God's holy will and commandments, and walking in house. the same all the days of our life,” never stopping, much unto the plain of Moreh.] Or, oak of Moreh. It less turning back again to those things we have re was under this oak, that Jacob hid the strange gods, nounced, till we arrive, as he did, in Canaan, the pro- (chap. xxxv. 4;) and that Rebekah's nurse was buried, mised land, and lot of our inheritance. Wogan. (ver. 8.) It was here Joshua set up a great stone, (Josh.
Here begin the 430 years, mentioned Exod. xii. 40, xxiv. 26;) and here Abimelech was made king, (Judg. 41; Gal. iii. 17. Bp. Kidder.
ix. 6;) and here the sons of the old Prophet found the 5. -- and the souls that they had gotten] That is, all man of God, (1 Kings xiii. 14.) Bp. Wilson. the slaves born in their house, or bought with their the Canaanite was then in the land.] This may money. Bp. Patrick.
relate, not to the whole country, but to the part of it They were “the little ones of their household,” which where Sichem was. By the Canaanite is meant, not all formed part of the riches of the primitive patriarchal the posterity of Canaan, or all the Canaanitish tribes, times. See Job xxi. 11; and compare Gen. xiv. 14. but only one particular tribe of them. Biblioth. Bibl. Dr. Hales.
The Canaanite tribe, as distinguished from the rest; the the land of Canaan ;] It lies between the Medi- Hivites, Perizzites, &c. Dr. Hales. See note on chap. terranean sea and the mountains of Arabia, and extends xii. 7. from Egypt to Phenicia. It is bounded to the east by 7. And the Lord appeared unto Abram,] Abram had the mountains of Arabia ; to the south by the wilderness entirely resigned himself to the disposal of heaven, not of Paran, Idumea, and Egypt; to the west by the Medi- knowing whither he was to go. When he was come terranean, called in Hebrew the Great Sea ; and to the into Canaan, his faith was rewarded with a farther revenorth by the mountains of Libanus. Its length from lation of God's will, and he was told that this was the the city of Dan, since called Cesarea Philippi, which land given to him and to his seed. Bp. Warturton. stands at the foot of these mountains, to Beer-sheba, is 8. -- unto a mountain] Mount Ephraim, which lay beabout 70 leagues, or 210 miles ; and its breadth from the tween Beth-el, a town not far from Jerusalem, northMediterranean sea to the eastern border, in some places wards, and Hai, which is situated toward the west of 30 leagues or 90 miles. This country, though small, Beth-el. Dr. Wells. lying in the very middle of the then known world, was Beth-el,] The name of a place called Luz; and chosen by God wherein to work the redemption of man- after this Beth-el, which signifies the House of God, chap. kind. It was first called the land of Canaan, from Ca- xxviii. 19. Bp. Kidder. naan, the son of Ham, whose posterity possessed it : - pitched his tent,] He did not build an house, afterwards Palestine, from the people whom the He- being but a sojourner in a strange land, Heb. xi. 9. Bp. brews called Philistines, and the Greeks and Romans cor- | Kidder.
to be his sister.
Sarai is restored to him.
done unto me? why didst thou not about 1920. 13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my tell me that she was thy wife? sister: that it may be well with me 19 Why saidst thou, She is my for thy sake; and" my soul shall live sister ? so I might have taken her to because of thee.
me to wife: now therefore behold thy about 1920. 14 4 And it came to pass, that, wife, take her, and go thy way. when Abram was come into Egypt,
20 And Pharaoh commanded his
him away, and his wife, and all that
1 Abram and Lot return out of Egypt. 7
By disagreement they part asunder. 10 Lot 16 And he entreated Abram well
goeth to wicked Sodom. 14 God reneweth for her sake: and he had sheep, and the promise to Abram. 18 He removeth to oxen, and he-asses, and men-servants,
Hebron, and there buildeth an altar.
out of about 1918.
2 And Abram was very rich in
and maid-servants, and she-asses, and A Egypt, "Fe, and his wife
, and all
13. Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister :] He explains “oxen,” has also an extended signification, and implies in what sense she was so, chap. xx. 12. Bp. Patrick. sometimes a herd of cattle. Script. illust. In those early ages of the world, the rules about marry 17.— his house] Pharaoh's courtiers partake of the ing with their kindred were not so strict, neither was punishment, because they were partners in the intended there any reason that they should be. The prohibited sin. Bp. Patrick. degrees came not to be minutely laid down, till the Le 19. Why saidst thou, She is my sister ?] Notwithstandvitical law commenced; which has been the standard ing the piety and worth of Abram, it must be acknowever since to those that admit Divine Revelation. Dr. ledged, that in this instance of denying his wife Sarai, Waterland.
he was guilty of a manifest dissimulation. This may be If this conduct of Abram was weakness and defect said in extenuation of his fault, that it proceeded from a in faith, (as who is perfect and sinneth not ?) let teach weakness of faith, and a prevalency of fear, which are us to fear for ourselves, to "watch and to pray, lest we incident to the best of men. He considered himself as a also enter into temptation.” And if at any time, through stranger, among a licentious sort of people, and exposed frailty of the flesh, we happen to fall, let it also be an to the power of an arbitrary government; and from a prinencouragement to us, that we shall not perhaps be cast ciple of worldly caution, both to preserve his own life, away; that God is gracious, and may overlook our in- and his wife's virtue, he concluded, that this would be firmities. But be it considered likewise, that, at this the best expedient; but much more wisely had he done, time, Abram was, as it were, in the state of natural re- had he committed the whole matter to God's manageligion : he was not yet circumcised, nor yet professedly ment, in reliance on his promises, and in confidence of entered into covenant with God, as we are. His fail his protection. “The most celebrated saints of God,” therefore, if it was a fall, is no excuse for ours, when says St. Austin, "are not secure from sinning: and from in any article of danger we shall happen to betray an their faults there is no arguing to the prejudice of the unworthy fear, or use unlawful means for our escape. Book, in which as we find them recorded as matter of Wogan.
history, so we find them condemned as matter of mo15. — Pharaoh] This name was very ancient, and con- rality. God has informed us of what passed, but not tinued to be the name of all the kings of Egypt till the authorized it; and set the example before us, not for a captivity of Babylon, perhaps longer : as Ptolemy was pattern, but for a warning.” Stackhouse. their name after the times of Alexander; and Cesar Augustus the names of the Roman Emperours; and Can Chap. XIII. ver. 1.-into the south.) Not southward ; dace the name of the queens of Ethiopia. Pharaoh is for Canaan was north of Egypt; but into the southern supposed to mean Father of the country. Bp. Patrick. part of Canaan. This part of the land is called the south,
The name signified “the king,” in the Egyptian Josh. x. 40; and the south country, Josh. xi. 16. Bp. tongue. Dr. Hales.
Kidder. 16. And he entreated Abram well &c.] The valuable 2. — Abram was very rich &c.] His riches being inacquisitions, made by Abram in Egypt, were not a con- creased, since he went into Egypt, by the bounty of sideration paid by Pharaoh, for permission to espouse one
Pharaoh. Dr. Wells. Abram lived with all the elegance that was taken for Abram's sister; for a brother appears of a modern Arab emir, or prince; or at least with no not to have had such a right: but they are to be under- other abatement than what arose from his great antistood as a gift of generosity, like that made to Laban, quity. He was very rich in silver and in gold, as well as mentioned in Gen. xxiv. Harmer.
in cattle; and consequently he was able to procure the - sheep, and oxen,] The word, rendered "sheep,” ancient elegancies of his way of life, as well as the moincludes both the goat kind and the sheep kind. It de- dern Arab princes are theirs. notes also a flock of either kind; as the word rendered Authors have sufficiently explained how these ac