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Before CHRIST

1760.

Before CHRIST

1753.

1753.

see a son.

Jacob marrieth Leal and Rachel. GENESIS

Leal beareth four sons.
19 And Laban said, It is better 28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled
that I give her to thee, than that I her week : and he gave him Rachel
should give her to another man: his daughter to wife also.
abide with me.

29 And Laban gave to Rachel his
20 And Jacob served seven years daughter Bilhah his handmaid to be
for Rachel; and they seemed unto her maid.
him but a few days, for the love he had 30 And he went in also unto Ra-
to her.

chel, and he loved also Rachel more
21 9 And Jacob said unto Laban, than Leah, and served with him yet
Give me my wife, for my days are seven other years.
fulfilled, that I may go in unto her. 31 | And when the Lord saw that

22 And Laban gathered together Leah was hated, he opened her womb:
all the men of the place, and made a but Rachel was barren.
feast.

32 And Leah conceived and bare about 1752.
23 And it came to pass in the a son, and she called his name || Reu- ! That is,
evening, that he took Leah his daugh- ben: for she said, Surely the Lord
ter, and brought her to him; and he hath looked upon my affiction; now
went in unto her.

therefore

my

husband will love me. 24 And Laban gave unto his daugh 33 And she conceived again, and about 1751. ter Leah Zilpah his maid for an hand- bare a son; and said, Because the maid.

Lord hath heard that I was hated, 25 And it came to pass, that in he hath therefore given me this son the morning, behold, it was Leah : also: and she called his name || Si- That is, and he said to Laban, What is this meon. thou hast done unto me? did not I 34 And she conceived again, and about 1750. serve with thee for Rachel ? where- bare a son; and said, Now this time fore then hast thou beguiled me ? will my husband be joined unto me,

26 And Laban said, It must not because I have born him three sons : + Heb. place. be so done in our + country, to give therefore was his name called || Levi. jombat is, the younger before the firstborn.

35 And she conceived again, and about 1749. 27 Fulfil her week, and we will bare a son: and she said, Now will I give thee this also for the service praise the LORD: therefore she called a Matt. 1.2. which thou shalt serve with me yet his name * || Judah ; and + left bear- praise. seven other years.

ing

from bearing.

hearing.

+ Heb. stood

ture the dowry, in lieu of this portion. Jacob, being service, thou shalt marry Rachel also, and keep her destitute of money, offers his uncle seven years' service, wedding feast seven days. Selden. which must have been equivalent to a large sum. 30. And he went in also unto Rachel,] There was no Biblioth. Bibl.

positive law at this time against such marriages as this ; 22. — Laban gathered together all the men of the place,] and Jacob probably thought there was an unavoidable All such private contracts were completed by the elders necessity for his marrying these two sisters : for Rachel or governours of the place, in the presence of all the was his true wife, Leah being imposed upon him by people. An instance of this occurred before, in Abra- deceit : but having taken her, he concluded he could not ham's purchase of a sepulchre for his family, chap. honestly leave her, any more than he could Rachel, to xxiii. 11, 18. This was a sacred and religious thing, as whom he was first contracted. The example of Jacob well as the rites of marriage ; and therefore both were however in this particular is no rule for Christians. He, parts of the publick care. Bp. Patrick.

who pretends to pronounce on so singular a case as that 23. - and brought her to him ;] The modesty of those of this Patriarch, should consider the different state of times made them bring the bride to her husband's bed things, before the promulgation of the Law, during the vailed, and without lights : so that it was easier for obligation of it, and since the commencement of the Laban to impose on Jacob. Bp. Patrick.

Gospel. The Gospel undoubtedly prohibits both a 25. wherefore then hast thou beguiled me?] This plurality of wives, and consanguinity in marriages; and was a great fraud in Laban, and to Jacob a great afflic- requires of its votaries the strictest chastity, from a contion : but such as might remind him of the guile which sideration and motive, which neither the law of nature, he had used in procuring his father's blessing. Bp. nor the Law of Moses, knew any thing of; “Ye are Kidder.

not your own, for ye are bought with a price : there26. It must not be so done] This was a mere pre- fore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which tence, for we read of no such custom ; had it been true, are God's," i Cor. vi. 19, 20. Bp. Palrick, Stackhe should have told Jacob beforehand. Bp. Patrick. house.

27. Fulfil her week, &c.] That is, marriages are to 31. — Leah was hated,] Loved less than Rachel, as it be celebrated, according to custom, by a seven days' is in the foregoing verse. Hating is, in the Scripture feast: complete this marriage thou hast begun with phrase, sometimes put for loving less. Compare Luke Leah ; and then, upon condition of another seven years' xiv. 26, with Matthew x. 37. Bp. Kidder.

Before CHRIST

about 1749.

| That is,
a troop, or,

Rachel giveth Bilhah to Jacob. CHAP. XXX.

Leah beareth Issachar, &c. Before CHAP. XXX.

11 And Leah said, A troop comCHRIST

eth: and she called his name || Gad. about 1749. 1 Rachel, in grief for her barrenness, giveth Bilhah her muid unto Jacob. 5 She bear

12 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare eth Dan and Naphtali. 9 Leah giveth Zil. Jacob a second son. pah her maid, who beareth Gad and Asher. 13 And Leah said, + Happy am I, Heb. In my 14 Reuben findeth mandrakes, with which for the daughters will call me blessed : happiness. Leah buyeth her husband of Rachel.. 17 and she called his name || Asher. | That is, Leah beareth Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah. 22 Rachel beareth Joseph. 25 Jacob de

14 And Reuben went in the days about 1751. sireth to depart. 27 Laban stayeth him on of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes a new covenant. 37 Jacob's policy, whereby in the field, and brought them unto he became rich.

his mother Leah, Then Rachel said

I
bare Jacob no children, Rachel son's mandrakes.
envied her sister; and said unto 15 And she said unto her, Is it a
Jacob, Give me children, or else 1 small matter that thou hast taken my
die.

husband ? and wouldest thou take
2 And Jacob's anger was kindled away my son's mandrakes also ? And
against Rachel: and he said, Am I Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie
in God's stead, who hath withheld with thee to night for thy son's man-
from thee the fruit of the womb ? drakes.

3 And she said, Behold my maid 16 And Jacob came out of the field Bilhah,

go in unto her; and she shall in the evening, and Leah went out to bear upon my knees, that I may also meet him, and said, Thou must come + have children by her.

in unto me; for surely I have hired be built by

4 And she gave him Bilhah her thee with my son's mandrakes. And
handmaid to wife: and Jacob went he lay with her that night.
in unto her.

17 And God hearkened unto Leah,
5 And Bilhah conceived, and bare and she conceived, and bare Jacob about 1750.
Jacob a son.

the fifth son. 6 And Rachel said, God hath

said, God hath | 18 And Leah said, God hath given judged me, and hath also heard my me my hire, because I have given my

voice, and hath given me a son: there- maiden to my husband : and she 1 That is, fore called she his name || Dan. called his name || Issachar.

|| That is, judging.

7 And Bilhah Rachel's maid con 19 And Leah conceived again, and
ceived again, and bare Jacob a second bare Jacob the sixth son.
son.

20 And Leah said, God hath en-
+ Heb. 8 And Rachel said, With † great dued me with a good dowry; now
wrestlings
of God.

wrestlings have I wrestled with my will my husband dwell with me, be

sister, and I have prevailed: and she cause I have born him six sons: and | That is, called his name || á Naphtali. she called his name || Zebulun. my wrestling.

duelling. 9 When Leah saw that she had 21 And afterwards she bare a daugh- b Called, Noticialis left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, ter, and called her name || Dinah,

and
gave
her Jacob to wife.

22 4 And God remembered Rachel, about 1748, 10 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare and God hearkened to her, and open- judgment. Jacob a son.

ed her womb.

+ Heb.

ker.

an hire.

| That is,

a Called,

Matt. 4. 13,
Zabulon.

Chap. XXX. ver. 3. - she shall bear upon my knees,] lieve, that Jacob did not conceal from his wives his Bring me a child, whom I may set upon my knees as advantages and hopes. Dr. Allix. See Dr. Gray's my own. Bp. Patrick.

note on chap. xix. 36. See also note on ver. 23. The bearing upon the knees may denote, that Rachel that I may also have children] She being Rachel's designed her servant to bear a child, as in her presence, servant, the children, that were born of her, were and as it were upon her knees, to the end that her Rachel's children. Bp. Patrick. mistress might be made a mother by her instrumental 14. - mandrakes Supposed to be what the Syrians ity, and might have children whom she might truly call mauz, a fruit, about as big as a small cucumber, call her own, though not born of herself. Stackhouse. that hangs in clusters, sometimes to the number of forty

We see that barren Rachel follows Sarah's example, on the same stalk, and is in figure and taste not unlike and adopts the son of that maid servant, whom she the Indian fig. Stackhouse. gave to Jacob: wherein Leah followed her, and gave 21. — Dinah.] No reason is given for this name; one of her maids to her husband. All this was evidently but it seems to have the same with that of Rachel's firstgrounded upon the same principle, which afterwards born by Bilhah ; for, as if she had now got the better bred those dissensions betwixt Jacob's wives about the of Rachel, she called this child by a name importing having children by them; for it is very natural to be judgment. Bp. Patrick. Vol. I,

G

Before CHRIST

1745.

Before CHRIST

1745,

|| That is, adding.

to-morrow.

Joseph born.
GENESIS.

Jacob's policy.
23 And she conceived, and bare a flock to-day, removing from thence
son; and said, God hath taken away all the speckled and spotted cattle,
my reproach:

and all the brown cattle among the 24 And she called his name || Jo- sheep, and the spotted and speckled seph ; and said, The Lord shall add among the goats: and of such shall to me another son.

be my hire.
25 9 And it came to pass, when 33 So shall my righteousness an-
Rachel had born Joseph, that Jacob swer for me t in time to come, when + Heb.
said unto Laban, Send me away, that it shall come for my hire before thy
I may go unto mine own place, and face : every one that is not speckled
to my country.

and spotted among the goats, and
26 Give me my wives and my brown among the sheep, that shall be
children, for whom I have served counted stolen with me.
thee, and let me go: for thou know- 34 And Laban said, Behold, I
est my service which I have done would it might be according to thy
thee.

word.
27 And Laban said unto him, I, 35 And he removed that day the
pray thee, if I have found favour in he goats that were ringstraked and
thine eyes, tarry: for I have learned spotted, and all the she goats that
by experience that the Lord hath were speckled and spotted, and every
blessed me for thy sake.

one that had some white in it, and all
28 And he said, Appoint me thy the brown among the sheep, and gave
wages, and I will give it.

them into the hand of his sons.
29 And he said unto him, Thou 36 And he set three days' journey
knowest how I have served thee, and betwixt himself and Jacob : and Ja-
how thy cattle was with me.

cob fed the rest of Laban's flocks.
30 for it was little which thou 37 | And Jacob took him rods of
hadst before I came, and it is now green poplar, and of the hazel and

tincreased unto a multitude; and the chesnut-tree; and pilled white strakes broken forth, Lord hath blessed thee + since my in them, and made the white appear

coming: and now when shall I pro- which was in the rods.
vide for mine own house also ?

38 And he set the rods which he
31 And he said, What shall I give had pilled before the flocks in the
thee? And Jacob said, Thou shalt gutters in the watering troughs when
not give me any thing: if thou wilt the flocks came to drink, that they
do this thing for me, I will again feed should conceive when they came to
and keep thy flock:

drink.
32 I will pass through all thy 39 And the flocks conceived be-

+ Heb.

.

oot.

23. taken away my reproach:] Be fruitful and to it by itself only, but we must remember, that there multiply" was the blessing of God. Barrenness there was a much superiour Agent, even the great Proprietor fore was reckoned peculiarly a reproach in those days. of the world, by whose direction it was done. God AlBp. Wilson.

mighty determined to punish Laban for his injustice, 25. unto mine own place, &c.] To my father's house and to reward Jacob for his fidelity. He revealed to in Canaan, where I was born. Bp. Patrick.

Jacob the manner, in which He designed to bless him, 26. thou knowest my service which I have done thee.] and ordered him to do an action, as a token of reliance How faithful and successful it has been, so that I now on Him for the performance of his promise, chap. xxxi. well deserve to be dismissed. Dr. Wells.

10. Jacob faithfully observed the orders that were 32. I will pass through all thy flock to-day,] The given him, and the event proved accordingly. meaning was, that Laban should drive away all the brown Were it lawful for any private person to make reprisals, or speckled, that were at present in the Hock, and give the injurious treatment Jacob had received from Laban, them to his sons to keep three days' journey off: and both in imposing a wife upon him, and prolonging his that Jacob should have only the white sheep and the servitude without wages, was enough to give him both uniformly-coloured goats of Laban's, to keep; and that the provocation and the privilege to do so. God Alhe should have for his hire for keeping them, only such mighty however was pleased to take the determination of the breed of that flock, as should hereafter be black of of the whole matter into his own hands : and therefore the sheep or speckled of the goats. Dr. Wall. the true conclusion is, what Jacob himself expresses in

33. So shall my righteousness &c.] This separation his speech to his two wives, “ Ye know that with all my being made, it would appear that if he had any spotted, power I have served your father. And your father hath they were not taken from Laban's flock; but given to deceived me; but God suffered him not to hurt me. If him by God out of them as a reward of his honest dili- he said thus, The speckled shall be thy wages; then all gence. . Bp. Patrick.

the cattle bare speckled : and if he said thus, The ringIn considering this action of Jacob, we must not look straked shall be thy hire; then bare all the cattle ring

Before CHRIST

1739.

1745.

goats.

now thine

Jacob is commanded by God CHAP. XXX, XXXI. to return to his own country.

Before fore the rods, and brought forth cattle | me, and changed my wages ten times;
CHRIST

ringstraked, speckled, and spotted. but God suffered him not to hurt

40 And Jacob did separate the me.
lambs, and set the faces of the flocks 8 If he said thus, The speckled
toward the ringstraked, and all the shall be thy wages; then all the cat-
brown in the flock of Laban; and he tle bare speckled: and if he said
put his own flocks by themselves, and thus, The ringstraked shall be thy
put them not unto Laban's cattle. hire; then bare all the cattle ring-

41 And it came to pass, whenso- straked.
ever the stronger cattle did conceive, 9 Thus God hath taken away

the
that Jacob laid the rods before the cattle of your father, and given them
eyes of the cattle in the gutters, that to me.
they might conceive among the rods. 10 And it came to pass at the time

42 But when the cattle were feeble, that the cattle conceived, that I lifted
he put them not in: so the feebler up mine eyes, and saw in a dream,
were Laban's, and the stronger Ja- and, behold, the || rams which leaped 10r, ke
cob's.

upon the cattle were ringstraked,
43 And the man increased ex- speckled, and grisled.
ceedingly, and had much cattle, and 11 And the angel of God spake
maidservants, and menservants, and unto me in a dream, saying, Jacob:
camels, and asses.

And I said, Here am I.

12 And he said, Lift CHAP. XXXI.

up

eyes, and see, all the rams which
1 Jacob upon displeasure departeth secretly: leap upon the cattle are ringstraked,

Laban pursueth after him, 26 and complain- speckled, and grisled: for I have seen
eth of the wrong. 34 Rachel's policy to
hide the images. 36 Jacob's complaint of 13 I am the God of Beth-el, a where a Chap. 28.
Laban. 43 The covenant of Laban and thou anointedst the pillar, and where
Jacob at Galeed.

thou vowedst a vow unto me: now
ND he heard the words of La- arise, get thee out from this land, and

ban’s sons, saying, Jacob hath return unto the land of thy kindred. taken away all that was our father's; 14 And Rachel and Leah answerand of that which was our father's ed and said unto him, Is there yet any hath he gotten all this glory.

portion or inheritance for us in our 2 And Jacob beheld the counten- father's house ?

ance of Laban, and, behold, it was 15 Are we not counted of him 1 Heb. not toward him tas before.

strangers ? for he hath sold us, and
3 And the LORD said unto Jacob, hath quite devoured also our money.
and the day
before. Return unto the land of thy fathers, 16 For all the riches which God

and to thy kindred; and I will be hath taken from our father, that is
with thee.

ours, and our children's: now then,
4 And Jacob sent and called Ra- whatsoever God hath said unto thee,
chel and Leah to the field unto his do.
flock,

17 9 Then Jacob rose up, and set
5 And said unto them, I see his sons and his wives upon camels;
your father's countenance, that it is 18 And he carried away all his
not toward me as before; but the cattle, and all his goods which he had
God of my father hath been with me. gotten, the cattle of his getting, which

6 And ye know that with all my he had gotten in Padan-aram, for to power I have served your father. go to Isaac his father in the land of

7 And your father hath deceived Canaan.

18.

1739.

A

as yesterday

1739.

straked. Thus God hath taken away the cattle of your his bargain, but seeing his son-in-law thrive exceedingfather, and given them to me,” chap. xxxi. 6-9. Siack-ly, altered the form of it in the next, and so continued house.

to do every half year, till the sixth year when Jacob left

him, the times of his changing his wages will be exactly Chap. XXXI. ver. 7. - changed my wages ten times ;] ten. There is no occasion however for so exact a calculaThe cattle in Mesopotamia bred twice every year. Sup- tion, as it is usual to put a certain for an uncertain numposing therefore that for the first year Laban stood to ber. Stackhouse.

Before CHRIST

1739.

Before CHRIST

1739.

+ Heb. teraphim. + Heb.

Laban.

your

Laban pursueth after him,

GENESIS

and complaineth of the wrong. 19 And Laban went to shear his and with songs, with tabret, and with sheep; and Rachel had stolen the harp ? + images that were her father's.

28 And hast not suffered me to 20 And Jacob stole away + un- kiss my sons and my daughters ? thou the heart of awares to Laban the Syrian, in that hast now done foolishly in so doing. he told him not that he fled.

29 It is in the power of my hand
21 So he fled with all that he had; to do you hurt: but the God of
and he rose up, and passed over the father spake unto me yesternight,
river, and set his face toward the saying, Take thou heed that thou
mount Gilead.

speak not to Jacob either good or
22 And it was told Laban on the bad.
third day that Jacob was fled.

30 And now, though thou wouldest
23 And he took his brethren with needs be gone, because thou sore
him, and pursued after him seven longedst after thy father's house; yet
days' journey; and they overtook wherefore hast thou stolen my gods ?
him in the mount Gilead.

31 And Jacob answered and said 24 And God came to Laban the to Laban, Because I was afraid : for Syrian in a dream by night, and said I said, Peradventure thou wouldest

unto him, Take heed that thou speak take by force thy daughters from me. + Heb. from not to Jacob either good or bad. 32 With whomsoever thou findest

25 9 Then Laban overtook Jacob. thy gods, let him not live: before
Now Jacob had pitched his tent in our brethren discern thou what is
the mount : and Laban with his thine with me, and take it to thee.
brethren pitched in the mount of For Jacob knew not that Rachel had
Gilead.

stolen them.
26 And Laban said to Jacob, What 33 And Laban went into Jacob's
hast thou done, that thou hast stolen tent, and into Leah's tent, and into
away unawares to me, and carried the two maidservants' tents; but he
away my daughters, as captives taken found them not. Then went he out
with the sword ?

of Leah's tent, and entered into Ra-
27 Wherefore didst thou flee away chel's tent.
+ Heb. hast secretly, and + steal away from me; 34 Now Rachel had taken the

and didst not tell me, that I might images, and put them in the camel's
have sent thee away with mirth, furniture, and sat upon them. And

good to bad.

stolen me.

19.

the images] In the Hebrew" teraphim :" used Lebanon southward on the east of the Holy Land, and as objects of worship, or instruments of divination. It is includes the mountainous region, called in the New supposed that Rachel stole them; either because, having Testament Trachonitis. Dr. Wells. still a tincture of superstition, she feared Laban should 27. - I might have sent thee away with mirth, &c.] inquire of them which way Jacob was gone; or because, When the prefetto of Egypt was preparing for his having been brought off by Jacob from the false notions journey, he complains of his being incommoded by the and bad customs of her country, she desired to convince sonnets of his Eastern friends, who took leave in this her father of his superstition, by letting him see, that his manner of their relations and acquaintance before their gods (as he called them) could not preserve themselves, setting out. These valedictory songs, however, are not much less be of any service to him; or because she in- to be supposed to be a prelude to all their journeys, tended to give herself some portion of his goods which but only to those of the most solemn kind. There is she thought justly belonged to her, and of which he had therefore an energy in those words of Laban, which deprived her. It is supposed the images were made of ought to be remarked, Why didst not thou tell me, gold, or silver, or some other valuable substance. Bp. that I might have sent thee away, and taken my leave of Patrick, Stackhouse.

my daughters, going such a journey, with all due The teraphim were probably the pictures or statues of solemnity, according to the custom of my country? some of Rachel's ancestors, and taken by her for the Harmer. preservation of their memory, when she was about never 33. And Laban went into Jacob's tent, &c.] Men and to see her country and father's house again. Laban women had their distinct tents, apart by themselves, had abused them to idolatry. Dr. Lightfoot.

chap. xxiv. 67. Bp. Patrick. 21. - the river,] The Euphrates; frequently called The Arabs are not so scrupulous as the Turks about in Scripture the river, by way of eminence. Bp. Patrick. their women ; and though they have the harem, or

the mount Gilead. So called by anticipation. women's part of the tent, yet such, as they are acThe heap of stones, which Laban and Jacob raised in quainted with, come into it; but no strangers ever dare memory of their agreement and covenant, was called to come into the women's apartment, unless they are Gilead, that is, an heap of witnesses : and in after-ages introduced. Bp. Pococke. gave the name to the whole neighbouring country, 34. put them in the camel's furniture,] Rachel prowhich lies on the east of the sea of Galilee : being part bably rode after the Arab mode, upon an hiran, which is of that ridge of mountains, which runs from mount a piece of serge, about six ells long, laid upon the

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