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| Heb. fall.
Rachel's policy to hide the images,
CHAP. XXXI. The covenant of Jacob and Laban. Laban + searched all the tent, but 42 Except the God of my father, found them not.
the God of Abraham, and the fear of 35 And she said to her father, Let Isaac, had been with me, surely thou it not displease my lord that I can- hadst sent me away now empty. God not rise up before thee; for the cus- hath seen mine affliction and the latom of women is upon me. And he bour of my hands, and rebuked thee searched, but found not the images. yesternight.
36 | And Jacob was wroth, and 43 And Laban answered and said chode with Laban : and Jacob an- unto Jacob, These daughters are my swered and said to Laban, What is daughters, and these children are my my trespass ? what is my sin, that children, and these cattle are my cat
thou hast so hotly pursued after me? tle, and all that thou seest is mine: + Heb. felt. 37 Whereas thou hast + searched and what can I do this day unto these
all my stuff, what hast thou found of my daughters, or unto their children
38 This twenty years have I been let it be for a witness between me
46 And Jacob said unto his bre-
I brought not unto thee; I bare the stones, and made an heap: and they b Exod. 22. loss of it; of b my hand didst thou re- did eat there upon the heap.
quire it, whether stolen by day, or 47 And Laban called it || Jegar- That is, stolen by night.
sahadutha : but Jacob called it Ga- witness. 40 Thus I was; in the day the leed. drought consumed me, and the frost 48 And Laban said, This heap is by night; and my sleep departed a witness between me and thee this from mine eyes.
day. Therefore was the name of it 41 Thus have I been twenty years called Galeed ; in thy house; I served thee four 49 And || Mizpah; for he said, ! That is, teen years for thy two daughters, and The LORD watch between me and watchtower. six years for thy cattle: and thou hast thee, when we are absent one from changed my wages ten times.
saddle, which is of wood, in order to make the sitting of March. I have travelled in Arabia and in Mesopomore easy. This hiran is made use of as a mattress, tamia, the theatre of the adventures of Jacob, both in when they stop for a night in a place; and it serves winter and in summer; and have found the truth of them to lodge on, as their wallets serve for cushions, what the Patriarch said, That he was scorched with or a bolster. It was probably the hiran, part of the heat in the day, and stiffened with cold in the night. camel's furniture, under which she hid her father's This contrariety in the qualities of the air in twentyteraphim; and on which she sat, according to their four hours is extremely great in some places, and customs, in her tent, and therefore unsuspected. not conceivable by those that have not felt it: one Harmer.
would imagine he had passed in a moment from the In the East, aged and infirm persons travel in double violent heats of summer to the depth of winter. Thus wickerwork seats, placed on the back of a camel, one on it hath pleased God to temper the heat of the sun by each side of the animal; they are formed something the coolness of the nights; without which the greatest like a cradle; and have a back, head, and sides, like part of the East would be barren and a desert : the a great chair. Under the seat are store-hampers, or earth could not produce any thing., Sir J. Chardin. baskets, containing those personal necessaries, which 42. — the fear of Isaac,] The God whom Isaac feared, may be needed by the traveller on the journey. Under that is, worshipped. Bp. Patrick. the saddle of each camel is a coarse carpet, to cover 45. - set it up for a pillar.] Or monument. This them by night. This coarse carpet is the hiran men monument must not be supposed to have been a heap tioned by Harmer. It is probable that the camel's of loose stones, for then it could not have continued furniture, on which Rachel was seated, was the vehicle long in the same position, nor have given a name to above described. Script. illust.
the country around it. It was doubtless a regular and 40. — in the day the drought consumed me, &c.] In permanent building ; probably in the figure of a table Europe the days and nights resemble each other, with as they used it the next morning to eat and sacrific respect to the qualities of heat and cold; but it is quite upon. Biblioth. Bibl. otherwise in the East. In the lower Asia, in particular, 47. - Laban called it &c.] The one is a Syriack, the day is always hot : on the contrary, in the height of the other a Hebrew name; both having the same signisummer the nights are as cold as at Paris in the month fication. Bp. Patrick..
|| That is, two hosts, or, camps.
us; see, God is witness betwixt me hanaim. The covenant of Jacob and Laban. GENESIS.
50 If thou shalt afflict my daugh 2 And when Jacob saw them, he ters, or if thou shalt take other wives said, This is God's host: and he beside my daughters, no man is with called the name of that place || Maand thee.
3 And Jacob sent messengers
ing, Thus shall ye speak unto my
flocks, and menservants, and women-
And Jacob sight.
54 Then Jacob || offered sacrifice to Jacob, saying, We came to thy
7 Then Jacob was greatly afraid
8 And said, If Esau come to the
one company, and smite it, then the
other company which is left shall 1 Jacob's vision at Mahanaim. 3 His mes
9° And Jacob said, O God of my
unto me, a Return unto thy country, a Chap. 31.
| Or, killed beasts.
55. And–Laban rose up, &c.] There is something “ the hearts of all the sons of men, as the rivers of or other that restraineth men from doing some evils, waters ;” and can wind and turn them at his pleasure, to which they have not only a natural proneness, but inclining them which way soever He will. Bp. Sanperhaps withal an actual desire and purpose. When derson. we behold Laban, who had pursued seven days after Jacob in an hostile manner, upon overtaking him, do Chap. XXXII. ver. 2. — Mahanaim.] That is, two no more than expostulate with him, and then kiss him, hosts, or camps, the angels probably appearing in two and bless him, and return to his place; and when we companies : or else it may have respect to the host or behold Esau, who had vowed the death of Jacob, and camp of Jacob, and the other host of the angels. Bp. who went forth to meet him with four hundred men, Kidder. armed, as it should seem for his destruction, yet run to 3. — unto the land of Seir,] Which Esau, it seems, meet him on his approach, and embrace him, and fall had conquered in Jacob's absence, according to the on his neck, and kiss him: it cannot be imagined that blessing of his father, " by thy sword shalt thou live.”. such a stop should be made but by the powerful re- Bp. Patrick. straint of some superiour and over-ruling hand; nor 4. - my lord Esau ;] By the Divine direction Jacob may we doubt, that every such restraint, by what was constituted Esau's lord; nor did he forego that soever second and subordinate means it be furthered, prerogative by calling himself Esau's servant. Lord is yet the proper work of God, as proceeding from and and servant were, as they are now, certain modes of guided by his almighty and irresistible providence. It civility. Jacob therefore might address Esau in this was God, that turned Laban's revengeful thoughts into manner, without derogating from his own spiritual prea friendly expostulation : it was the same God, that eminence: and confining himself to the bounds of turned Esau's inveterate malice into a kind brotherly nature, might reverence him as his elder brother. congratulation. He that “hath set bounds to the sea, Stackhouse. which, though the waves thereof rage horribly, they 9. And Jacob said, O God &c.] This should be the cannot pass,” hath in his hands, and at his command, practice of Christians, to go immediately to God in all
+ Heb. I am
He sendeth a present to Esau. CHAP. XXXII. He wrestleth with an angel at Peniet.
10 + I am not worthy of the least | ing, Whose art thou ? and whither of all the mercies, and of all the truth, goest thou? and whose are these be
which thou hast shewed unto thy ser-fore thee ?
this Jordan; and now I am become thy servant Jacob's; it is a present
sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold,
will come and smite me, and the mo- followed the droves, saying, On this + Heb. upon. ther + with the children.
manner shall ye speak unto Esau,
he said, I will appease him with the
21 So went the present over
22 And he rose up that night, and
and passed over the ford Jabbok. 16 And he delivered them into the 23 And he took them, and tsent Heb. caused hand of his servants, every drove by them over the brook, and sent over themselves; and said unto his ser- that he had. vants, Pass over before me, and put 24 9 And Jacob was left alone; a space betwixt drove and drove. and there wrestled a man with him
17 And he commanded the fore- until the + breaking of the day. most, saying, When Esau my brother 25 And when he saw that he pre- the morning. meeteth'thee, and asketh thee, say- vailed not against him, he touched
+ Heb. my face.
their necessities and dangers : since He will as surely 25. And when he saw that he prevailed not] Jacob, help them, as He did Jacob. Bp. Wilson.
hearing of his brother Esau's power, and dreading his 10. — with my staff I passed over &c.] I had nothing resentment, addresses himself, for protection in this but this staff in my hand, when I left my father's house: distress, to the God of his fathers, with all humility and an humble and very affecting expression of God's mercy confidence. God hears his prayer, and is pleased to to him; and a lesson to the rich, to put them in mind inform him of the happy issue of the adventure by a that it is God alone, to whom they stand obliged for significative action : the following night he has a strugall their wealth and riches. Bp. Wilson.
gle with an angel, with whom he is suffered to make 13. - and took of that which came to his hand] What his part so good, that from thence he collected God had he could first light upon, without any choice : or, it granted his petition. This information by action, conmay be," that which was in his hand;" what he had cerning only the individual concerned in it, who little it in his power to offer ; namely, the cattle, which are needed to be told the meaning of a mode of instruction, afterwards mentioned; though he had no jewels or pre- at that time in vulgar use, hath now an obscurity, cious raiment. Bp. Patrick.
which the Scripture-relations of the same mode of in15. --- milch camels] Which had lately foaled. Bo- formation to the Prophets are free from, by reason of chart observes out of Aristotle, Pliny, and many other their being given for the use of the people, to whom authors, that nothing was more delicious in those they were explained. Bp. Warburton. countries than camel's milk. Bp. Patrick.
It was a common custom among Eastern nations, to 22.- the ford Jabbok.] A small river, which is by convey the knowledge of things by actions, as well as all agreed to flow from the adjacent mountains of words. To this purpose we find Zedekiah“ making him Gilead; but some represent it as running into the sea horns of iron,” thereby to portend victory to Ahab, 1 of Galilee, others into the river Jordan, below or south Kings xxii. 11; and Elisha ordering Joash to "strike the of that sea. Dr. Wells.
ground with arrows,” thence to presignify his triumph 24. And Jacob was left alone ;] He stayed alone, in over the Syrians, 2 Kings xii. 18. Nay even Hannibal all probability, that he might commend himself and his himself, as Livy tells us, perceiving that his soldiers family to God by earnest prayer. Bp. Patrick. were not to be encouraged with words, made a publick
—and there wrestled a man with him] That is, an shew for them, not so much to entertain their sight, angel in the appearance of a man ; called also God. as to give them an image and representation of Comp. ver. 28. 30, with Hos. xii. 3, 4. A fair repre- their own condition. In like manner, God made use sentation of Christ, both God and Man, and the of this expedient to cure Jacob of his dejection. Stackangel of the covenant,” Mal. ii. 1. Bp. Kidder. house.
Jacob is called Israel.
GENESIS. The kind meeting of Jacob and Esaú. the hollow of his thigh; and the hol- he divided the children unto Leah, low of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, and unto Rachel, and unto the two as he wrestled with him.
will not let thee go, except thou bless her children after, and Rachel and
thy name? And he said, Jacob. and bowed himself to the ground c Chap 35. 28 And he said, « Thy name shall seven times, until he came near to his
be called no more Jacob, but Israel: brother.
and kissed him: and they wept.
pray thee, thy name. And saw the women and the children; and he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost said, Who are those + with thee? And - Heb. to ask after
name? And he blessed he said, The children which God hath him there.
graciously given thy servant.
God face to face, and my life is pre- they bowed themselves.
7 And Leah also with her children
chel, and they bowed themselves. 32 Therefore the children of Israel 8 And he said, + What meanest Heb. eat not of the sinew which shrank, thou by all this drove which I met ? this band to which is upon the hollow of the thigh, And he said, These are to find unto this day: because he touched in the sight of my lord. the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the 9 And Esau said, I have enough, sinew that shrank.
my brother; + keep that thou hast Heb CHAP. XXXIII.
10 And Jacob said, Nay, I pray
my hand: for therefore I have seen
be that to thee that is thine.
the hollow of his thigh ;] The upper part of his “wrestling" of Jacob as figurative of spiritual conflicts, thigh, or hip-bone where the joint is. Bp. Kidder. which we are to maintain. Dr. Gray.
out of joint,] Though Jacob prevailed, yet he 30. — my life is preserved.] He either alludes to an met with difficulty and pain to keep him from vaunting opinion, that if men saw one of the heavenly ministers, his own strength, and being " exalted above measure, they should die presently: or the words may refer to 2 Cor. xii. 7. Bp. Kidder. This bodily affliction was the principal scope of the combat, which was to conleft to humble him, and at the same time to testify, that firm Jacob against the fear of Esau. Bp. Patrick. it was not a mere man with whom he strove. Bp. 32. Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the Hall.
sinew which shrank,]. That sinew or tendon, which 28. — thy name shall be called &c.], Not only Jacob; fastens the hip-bone in its socket: comprehending the or not so much Jacob as Israel : which name abolished Alesh of the muscle connected with it. He that ate of the other in his posterity, who were called Israelites, but this was to be beaten, as the Jewish masters tell us, never by any name derived from Jacob. Bp. Patrick. Bp. Patrick.
- Israel:] That is, a prince with God. Bp. Pa The Jews take great care to cut away the sinew of the trick. The latter part of the verse should be thus trans- thigh of such animals as they intend to eat. And in lated : "for thou hast been a prevailer with God; and several places of Germany and Italy they will not eat with men thou shalt also powerfully prevail.”. This is any of the hinder quarter, because great nicety is rethe true verbal translation of the Hebrew words, and is quired in taking away this sinew as it should be done, agreeable to the Chaldee Paraphrase, the Septuagint, and few know how to do it exactly. Calmet. and the Vulgate. Shuckford.
and hast prerailed.] St. Jerome understands the Chap. XXXIII. ver. 10. as though I had seen the
I That is, God the God of Israel,
Jacob cometh to Succoth. CHAP. XXXIII, XXXIV.
Dinah is ravished. 11 Take, I pray thee, my blessing 18 I And Jacob came to Shalem, that is brought to thee; because God a city of || Shechem, which is in the hath dealt graciously with me, and land of Canaan, when he came from because I have enough. And he Padan-aram; and pitched his tent Acts 7. 16,
Sychem. urged him, and he took it.
before the city.
at the hand of the children of || Ha- | Called, 13 And he said unto him, My mor, Shechem's father, for an hun- Emmor. lord knoweth that the children are dred || pieces of money.
1 Or, lambs.
to marry her.
13 The sons of Jacob offer + Heb. lead on softly, according + as the
the condition of circumcision to the Sheaccording to
chemites. 20 Hamor and Shechem persuade the foot of cattle that goeth before me and the the work, &c. children be able to endure, until I
them to uccept it. 25 The sons of Jacob
upon that advantage slay them. 27 and ing to the foot of the come unto my lord unto Seir.
spoil their city. 30 Jacob reproveth Simeon 15 And Esau said, Let me now
and Levi. + Heb. sel, + leave with thee some of the folks that A Di Dinab the daughter of Leah; about 1783. or, place. are with me.
which she , Wherefore is needeth it? let find
grace in the out to see the daughters of the land. sight of my lord.
2 And when Shechem the son of
country, saw her, he took her, and
made booths for his cattle : therefore the daughter of Jacob, and he loved 1 That is, the name of the place is called || Suc- the damsel, and spake + kindly unto + Heb. coth,
way unto Seir.
+ Heb. humbled her,
to her heart.
face of God,] He regarded Esau's kind reception of him Succoth.] So the place was afterwards called : as a token of the Divine favour. Bp. Patrick.
it is situated not far from the Jordan, to the East. Dr. 11. — my blessing] That is, my present : as we ex Wells. pound it in the margin of 1 Sam. xxv. 27. Bp. Patrick. 19. an hundred pieces of money.] In the margin it
15. — let me find grace in the sight of my lord.] In is "lambs.” It was probably some sort of coin, which this also be so kind as to gratify my desires. Bp. Pa- had a lamb stamped upon it, and was originally of the trick.
real value of a lamb: and may have been called by that 16. — Esau returned that day) All things consi- name, as we used to call a certain coin an angel from the dered, Esau was not that very bad man, which some stamp which it bore. Stackhouse, Bp. Wilson. would make him. His generous and open temper ap 20. And he erected there an altar,] At the same place, pears in his affectionate deportment towards his bro- where Abraham had built his first altar, chap. xii. 7. ther, and his speedy and utter oblivion of the treat- Abraham dedicated his “unto the Lord, who appeared ment he had received from him. And though St. Paul unto him;" Jacob his, unto “God the God of Israel," calls him a "profane person,” and says that he was which was the new name that God had given him. The “hated by God;" yet all that he means by the word place was at or near Shechem: so that the woman of haled is no more than that God did not shew him the Samaria might well say as she did to our Saviour, that same mark of distinction which he did Jacob: for the “their fathers worshipped God in that mount.” SheApostle's purpose is to shew, that God had, all along, chem seems to have been one of the oldest cities in all bestowed the favours, which led to the Messiah, on Canaan. Dr. Wall. The first thing that good men do, whom He pleased; on Abraham, not on Lot; on Ja- is to provide for the honour and service of God. Bp. cob, not on Esau; as at the time he wrote, the Gentiles Wilson. were made the people of God, and not the Jews. And he calls him profane for this reason; not because he Chap. XXXIV. The fatal history of Dinah is rewas more wicked than other men of his age; but be- corded to convince future ages of this truth; that the cause he seems to have been not so mindful of the spi- sins of impurity are so hateful to God, that they seldom ritual promises made to his family, as Jacob was; and go unpunished in this world; if they do, worse will be consequently was not so fit to be the heir of the mercies their punishment in the next. Bp. Wilson. peculiar to it. Shuckford, Stackhouse.
- Dinah - went out to see &c.] When this 17. And Jacob journeyed to Succoth,] Esau invited happened, the Scripture does not inform us. From the Jacob to Seir, and offered to conduct him thither; but exploit of her brothers, she was probably fifteen or sixJacob had no design to accept the invitation, and yet teen years of age. The occasion of the calamity, Josewas afraid directly to refuse it. Shuckford,
phus tells us, was a great festival, held at Shechem, which