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+ Heb. him thal was orer his house.

Joseph's policy


to stay his brethren. CHAP. XLIV.

he spake unto them these same

1 Joseph's policy to stay his brethren. 14 7 And they said unto him, Where-
Judah's humble supplication to Joseph. fore saith my lord these words? God

should do
ward of his house, saying, Fill according to this thing :
the men's sacks with food, as much 8 Behold, the money which we
as they can carry, and put every found in our sacks' mouths, we
man's money in his sack's mouth. brought again unto thee out of the

2 And put my cup, the silver cup, land of Canaan : how then should we
in the sack's mouth of the youngest, steal out of thy lord's house silver or
and his corn money.

And he did gold ? according to the word that Joseph

9 With whomsoever of thy serhad spoken.

vants it be found, both let him die, 3 As soon as the morning was and we also will be


lord's bond-
light, the men were sent away, they men.
and their asses.

10 And he said, Now also let it be
4 And when they were gone out according unto your words : he with
of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph whom it is found shall be my servant;
said unto his steward, Up, follow and ye shall be blameless.
after the men; and when thou dost 11 Then they speedily took down
overtake them, say unto them, Where- every man his sack to the ground,
fore have ye rewarded evil for good ? and opened every man his sack.

5 Is not this it in which my lord 12 And he searched, and began

drinketh, and whereby indeed he at the eldest, and left at the youngest: ! Or, maketh || divineth ? ye have done evil in so and the cup was found in Benjamin's doing.

6 And he overtook them, and 13 Then they rent their clothes,


one his portion. As a mark of particular esteem for them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the Benjamin, Joseph sent him five dishes to the others' inn :” for if this sack had been a sack of wheat, it would one; or five times as much meat in his mess, as in one follow, that they gave their beasts of burden wheat for of their’s. Bp. Patrick.

food, which is not at all probable. Sir J. Chardin. In Persia, Arabia, and the Indies, a carver parts each 2. — put my cup, &c.] Joseph having before honoured dish, which is set before the master of the house, or the Benjamin, now tries the temper of his brethren, whether principal guest, or in the middle of the hall, into as many moved with envy they would give him up, or help him portions, put into different plates, as there are people to in his danger. Bp. Kidder. eat. The great men of the state are always by them 5. — whereby - he divineth?] This does not signify selves in the feasts that are made for them, and have a that Joseph practised divination, nor does his steward greater profusion; their part of each kind of provision say that he did ; but only asks such a question as might being always double, treble, or a larger proportion of make them think he did." For being a known interpreter each kind of meat. As for Benjamin's mess being five of dreams, people perhaps thought he was skilled in the times as much as any of his brethren’s, it may be under- arts of divination. But the word, rendered “divineth,” .stood to mean, that he had five times as much of every sometimes signifies no more than to make an experiment, thing as they; or that the vessel, in which he was served, as in the words of Laban, chap. xxx, 27. The meaning was five times larger : but the first notion agrees best nen may be, Might you not have considered, that my with the customs and manners of the East. Sir J. master made a trial, (so we interpret it in the margin,) Chardin.

by laying this in your way, whether you were honest

men or thieves ? Bp. Patrick. Chap. XLIV. ver. 1. Fill the men's sacks with food,] The verse may be rendered, “Why have ye stolen the There are two sorts of sacks, noticed in the history of cup, in which my lord drinketh ? He indeed hath conJoseph, which ought not to be confounded: one for jectured rightly concerning it, and you have done the corn, the other for the baggage, &c. Through all wickedly.” The verb rendered “divineth” signifies, Asia, as far as to the Indies, every thing is carried upon not only auguries, but conjecture: and the original adbeasts of burden, in sacks of wool, covered in the middle mits of an application not only to the instrument, which with leather down to the bottom, the better to resist one uses, but also to the subject, concerning which any water. They inclose in them their things, done up in thing is done, judged, or said. The steward means, that large parcels. Of this kind of sacks we are to under his lord had made a certain conjecture concerning his stand what is said here, and through this history; and cup, where it was ; and the words of Joseph, ver. 15, not of the sacks in which they carried their corn. Other have the same meaning: “Wot ye not that such a man wise we must believe that each of the Patriarchs carried as I can certainly divine ?" Knew ye not that such a but one sack of corn out of Egypt, which is not reason man as I could form a right conjecture ? that is, that I, able. The present text confirms this remark; for Joseph who can interpret dreams and foretel future events, ordered the steward to fill the sacks with victuals as much must be able to form an immediate and true conjecture as they could hold ; which presupposes they were not full concerning all things, and that therefore I should suspect of corn. Another proof is in chap. xlii. 27, “One of you? Houbigant.



man his







Judah's humble supplication

to Joseph.
and laded


and ther come down with you, ye shall
turned to the city.

see my face no more.
14 | And Judah and his brethren 24 And it came to pass when we
came to Joseph's house ; for he was came up unto thy servant my father,
yet there : and they fell before him we told him the words of my lord.
on the ground.

25 And our father said, Go again,
15 And Joseph said unto them, and buy us a little food.
What deed is this that ye have done? 26 Ånd we said, We cannot go

wot ye not that such a man as I can down: if our youngest brother be | Or, make certainly || divine ?

with us, then will we go down : for
16 And Judah said, What shall we may not see the man's face, ex-
we say unto my lord ? what shall we cept our youngest brother be with
speak? or how shall we clear our-
selves ? God hath found out the 27 And thy servant my

father said
iniquity of thy servants : behold, we unto us, Ye know that


wife bare
are my

lord's servants, both we, and me two sons :
he also with whom the cup is found. 28 And the one went out from me,

17 And he said, God forbid that I and I said, Surely he is torn in 5 Chap. 37.
should do so: but the man in whose pieces; and I saw him not since:
hand the cup is found, he shall be 29 And if


take this also from
my servant; and as for you, get you me, and mischief befall him, ye shall
up in peace unto your father. bring down my gray hairs with sor-

18 | Then Judah came near unto row to the grave.
him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy 30 Now therefore when I come to
servant, I pray thee, speak a word in thy servant my father, and the lad be
my lord's ears, and let not thine anger not with us; seeing that his life is
burn against thy servant: for thou art bound up in the lad’s life ;
even as Pharaoh.

31 It shall come to pass, when he
19 My lord asked his servants, seeth that the lad is not with us, that
saying, Have ye a father, or a bro- he will die: and thy servants shall

bring down the gray hairs of thy ser-
20 And we said unto my lord, We vant our father with sorrow to the
have a father, an old man, and a child grave.
of his old age, a little one; and his 32 For thy servant became surety
brother is dead, and he alone is left for the lad into my father, saying,
of his mother, and his father loveth If I bring him not unto thee, then I c Chap. 43. 9.

shall bear the blame to my father for
21 And thou saidst unto thy ser-
vants, Bring him down unto me, that 33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let
I may set mine eyes upon

him. thy servant abide instead of the lad a
22 And we said unto my lord, bondman to my lord ; and let the lad
The lad cannot leave his father : for go up with his brethren.
if he should leave his father, his fa 34 For how shall I go up to my
ther would die.

father, and the lad be not with me? 23 And thou saidst unto thy ser- lest peradventure I see the evil that a Chap. 43. 8. vants, * Except your youngest bro- shall – come on my father.


+ Heb. find

my father.


16. — God hath found out the iniquily &c.] He ingen he was dear to his father, is willing, for the very same uously acknowledges that he and his brethren had been reason, to become a bond-slave for Joseph's brother. guilty of many sins, for which God had now brought Bp. Wilson. them hither to suffer punishment. Yet he neither con 34. For how shall I go up to my father,] I must fesses this particular guilt, nor denies it, nor excuses it; abide here too, if thou wilt not dismiss him; for I but acknowledging God's justice, throws himself and his not able to see my father die. brethren upon Joseph's mercy. Bp. Patrick.

Nothing could be said more affecting, than this speech He meant their cruelty to Joseph, whom probably they of Judah, which flowed from such natural passions, as no now named, and began afresh to reproach each other art can imitate. Which makes me wish that they who with, as in chap. xlii. 21, &c. As Josephus thinks. think these historical books of Scripture were written Pyle.

with no spirit, but that with which honest men now write 33. — let thy servant abide &c.] Thus God makes the history of their country, or the lives of any

famous use of afflictions, to humble us, and bring us to a persons, would seriously read and consider this speech sense of our sins : and we see their power in this very of Judah's to Joseph, together with the foregoing diainstance. He who could not endure Joseph, because logue between Jacob and his sons: and I hope it may





for you a remnant.

Josephı maketh himself known

GENESIS. to his brethren, and comforteth them. CHAP. XLV.

6 For these two years hath the

famine been in the land : and yet
1 Joseph maketh himself known to his bre- there are five years in the which there

thren. 5 He comforleth them in God's pro-
vidence. 9 He sendeth for his father. 16 shall neither be earing nor harvest.
Pharaoh confirmeth it. 21 Joseph furnish-

7 And God sent me before you to
eth them for their journey, and exhorteth + preserve you a posterity in the Heb. to put
them to concord. 25 Jacob is revived with earth, and to save your lives by a
the news.

great deliverance.
THEN Joseph could not refrain 8 So now it was not you that sent

himself before all them that me hither, but God: and he hath
stood by him; and he cried, Cause made me a father to Pharaoh, and
every man to go out from me. And lord of all his house, and a ruler
there stood no man with him, while throughout all the land of Egypt.
Joseph made himself known unto his 9 Haste ye, and go up to my


ther, and say unto him, Thus saith 2 And he † wept aloud: and the thy son Joseph, God hath made me

Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh lord of all Egypt: come down unto weeping. heard.

me, tarry not:
3 And Joseph said unto his bre 10 And thou shalt dwell in the
a Acts 7. 13. thren, a I am Joseph; doth my father land of Goshen, and thou shalt be

yet live? And his brethren could near unto me, thou, and thy children,
not answer him; for they were || trou- and thy children's children, and thy
bled at his presence.

flocks, and thy herds, and all that
4 And Joseph said unto his bre- thou hast :
thren, Come near to me, I pray you.

11 And there will I nourish thee:
And they came near. And he said, for yet there are five years of famine;
I am Joseph your brother, whom ye lest thou, and thy houshold, and all
sold into Egypt.

that thou hast, come to poverty.
5 Now therefore be not grieved, 12 And, behold, your eyes see, and

nor † angry with yourselves, that ye the eyes of my brother Benjamin, in your eyes. sold me hither : b'for God did send that it is my mouth that speaketh me before

you to

+ Heb. gave

forth his toice ir

|| Or, terrified.

+ IIeb. neilher let there be anger

b Chap. 50. 20.

preserve life,

unto you.

make them change their opinions, and be of the mind thought only to be rid of me, God intended another of Dr. Jackson, " That seeing such passages are related thing, which is now come to pass. For He hath made by men who affect no art, and who lived long after the me an instrument of preserving all your lives. A most parties that first uttered them, we cannot conceive how happy event of a most wicked deed. Bp. Patrick. all particulars could be so naturally and fully recorded, God's thoughts are not as men's thoughts, nor his unless they had been suggested by his Spirit, who gives ways like our ways. In our transactions with the world, mouth and speech to men.” Bp. Patrick.

we are too apt to be actuated by some irregular passion,

and to be so far from aiming at the glory of God, or the Chap. XLV. ver. 1. Then Joseph could not refrain welfare of our brethren, that we often grossly neglect himself] The circumstances of this discovery are very them both, and sacrifice them to the gratification of our remarkable, and serve strongly to illustrate the filial own desires. But He, to whom alone belong the propiety of Joseph. He had prepared, we read in the fore- perty and the power to bring good out of evil, so orders going chapter, to detain Benjamin: the rest being per- the unruly wills and affections of sinful men, as to make plexed beyond measure, and distressed by this proposal, them subservient to the fulfilling of his decrees, when Judah, approaching Joseph, presents à most earnest they least intend it. Reading. supplication for the deliverance of the lad; offers him 6. neither be earing nor harvest.]

The word “ self to remain Joseph's prisoner, or slave, in his bro- ing” suggests the idea of gathering ripe ears of corn: ther's place; and in the conclusion touches, unknow- whereas Joseph means to say, “ there shall be neither ingly, upon a string which vibrates with all the affec- ploughing nor harvest during five years.' “Earing" is tions of the person, whom he was addressing. “How an old English word for “ploughing :"the word is used shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? in the same sense in 1 Sam. viii. 12; Exod. xxxiv. 21; lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my Isa. xxx. 24. In Deut. xxi. 4, it occurs in the sense father.The mention of this circumstance and this of tillage, general labour, labour of any kind bestowed person subdued immediately the heart of Joseph; and upon the ground. Fragments to Calmet. produced a sudden, and, as it should seem, an unde 8. --- made me a father to Pharaoh,] Given me the signed premature discovery of himself to his astonished authority of a father with him, so that he honours me, family. Then, that is, upon this circumstance being and does nothing without my advice and counsel. Bp. mentioned, “ Joseph could not refrain himself :” and, Patrick. after a little preparation, “ Joseph_said unto his bre 10.- the land of Goshen,] Part of lower Egypt, next thren, I am Joseph." Archdeacon Paley.

to Arabia and Palestine; abounding with fair pastures, and 5. for God did send me before you] When you watered by many streams from the Nile. Bp. Patrick.







seen; and


Hob. tras


Jacob sendeth for his father, CHAP. XLV, XLVI. who is revived with the news.

13 And ye shall tell my father of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for
all my glory in Egypt, and of all that. the way.


shall haste and 22 To all of them he gave each bring down my father hither. man changes of raiment; but to Ben

17 And he fell upon his brother jamin he gave three hundred pieces of Benjamin's neck, and wept; and Ben- silver, and five changes of raiment. jamin wept upon his neck.

23 And to his father he sent after 15 Moreover he kissed all his bre- this manner; ten asses + laden with + Heh. thren, and wept upon them: and the good things of Egypt, and ten after that his brethren talked with she asses laden with corn and bread him.

and meat for his father by the way. 16 4 And the fame thereof was 24 So he sent his brethren away, heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, Jo- and they departed : and he said unto seph's brethren are come and it them, see that ye fall not out by the

+ pleased Pharaoh well, and his ser- way.
good in the
eyes of Pha- vants.

25 | And they went up out of
17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Egypt, and came into the land of
Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; Canaan unto Jacob their father,
lade your beasts, and go, get you

26 And told him, saying, Joseph
unto the land of Canaan;

is yet alive, and he is governor over
18 And take your father and your all the land of Egypt. And + Jacob's + Heb. his.
housholds, and come unto me: and I heart fainted, for he believed them
will give you the good of the land of not.
Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the 27 And they told him all the words

of Joseph, which he had said unto
19 Now thou art commanded, this them: and when he saw the wagons
do ye; take you wagons out of the which Joseph had sent to carry him,
land of Egypt for your little ones, the spirit of Jacob their father re-
and for your wives, and bring your vived:
father, and come.

28 And Israel said, It is enough; 20 Also + regard not your stuff; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will speremove one for the good of all the land of Egypt go and see him before I die.

is your's.
21 And the children of Israel did

so: and Joseph gave them wagons, 1 Jacob is comforted by God at Beer-sheba :
according to the + commandment of 5 Thence he with his company goeth into

+ Heb. let

+ Heb. mouth.

14. - he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck, &c.] silver,] Sir John Chardin observes on this occasion, Among the Bedoweens, those who are more intimately that the kings of Asia almost always make presents of acquainted, or are of equal age and dignity, mutually this kind to ambassadors, and to other strangers of conkiss the hand, head, or shoulder of each other. Dr. sideration, who have brought them presents. So the Sharo.

khalif Mahadi, according to D'Herbelot, gave an Arab, Those passages in the Bible, which speak of falling that had entertained him in the desert, a vest and a on the neck and kissing a person, seem to have a refe- purse of silver. Harmer. rence to this Eastern way of kissing the shoulder in an


See that ye fall not out by the way.] About embrace. Harmer.

what you have formerly done to me; or any thing else 15. Moreover he kissed all his brethren,] Here is that I have said to you. But when you reflect on your noble matter of instruction. The affectionate brother selling me, adore the providence of God, which by that forgets his past sufferings, and is so far from endeavour- means brought about your happiness and mine. Bp. ing to avenge himself, and to afflict the authors of his Patrick. wrongs, that he employs his whole power to comfort Considering the bad disposition of mankind in geand relieve them. A behaviour this, different from neral, and the bad disposition, which he knew by expewhat most men would be inclined to discover on the rience had formerly appeared in some of them, he gave like occasion : the sense of injuries is apt to bear too them a charge, not to fall out by the way; but to travel hard on the mind; and men are transported into mea- peaceably like brethren, and make their journey as comsures both mischievous and unreasonable. Bp. Cony- fortable to each other as they could. Gilpin. beare.

28. It is enough ; Joseph my son is yet alive :] Two 19. Now thou art commanded, this do] Now that thou things his sons told him ; namely, that Joseph was alive, hast received my warrant for it, go about it immediately. and that he was governour of Egypt. And the latter of Bp. Patrick

the two Joseph required them to tell his father. But for 20. — regard not your stuff :) Your furniture, or Joseph's glory and dominion Jacob does not rejoice, as moveables. If you are not able to bring it all, do not one greatly affected with it.

It was his life that gave care for it: you shall have better here. Bp. Patrick. him the joy : he said, “It is enough; Joseph my son is 22. – to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of yet alive." Bp. Kidder. VOL. I.






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7. 30.

Jacob is comforted by God at Beer-sheba. GENESIS. The number of Jacob's family.

Egypt. 8 The number of his family that and Zarah : but Er and Onan died
went into Egypt. 29 Joseph meeteth Jacob. in the land of Canaan. And the sons
31 He instructeth his brethren how to an-

of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
swer to Pharaoh.

13 9 6 And the sons of Issachar; g 1 Chron. ND Israel took his journey with Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and *.1. Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices 14 | And the sons of Zebulun ; unto the God of his father Isaac. Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.

2 And God spake unto Israel in 15 These be the sons of Leah,
the visions of the night, and said, Ja- which she bare unto Jacob in Padan-
cob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I. aram, with his daughter Dinah : all

3 And he said, I am God, the God the souls of his sons and his daugh-
of thy father : fear not to go down ters were thirty and three.
into Egypt; for I will there make of 16 ( And the sons of Gad; Zi-
thee a great nation:

phion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon,
4 I will go down with thee into Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.
Egypt; and I will also surely bring 17 9 h And the sons of Asher; h 1 Chron.
thee up again: and Joseph shall put Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and
his hand upon thine eyes.

Beriah, and Serah their sister : and
5 And Jacob rose up from Beer- the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Mal-
sheba : and the sons of Israel carried chiel.
Jacob their father, and their little 18 These are the sons of Zilpah,
ones, and their wives, in the wagons whom Laban gave to Leah his daugh-
which Pharaoh had sent to carry ter, and these she bare unto Jacob,

cven sixteen souls.
6 And they took their cattle, and 19 The sons of Rachel Jacob's
their goods, which they had gotten in wife; Joseph, and Benjamin.

the land of Canaan, and came into 20 And unto Joseph in the land a Josh. 24. 4. Egypt, * Jacob, and all his seed with of Egypt were born Manasseh and him :

Ephraim, i which Asenath the daugh- iChap. 41.50. 7 His

sons, and his sons' sons with ter of Poti-pherah || priest of On bare | Or, prince. him, his daughters, and his sons' unto him. daughters, and all his seed brought 21 q * And the sons of Benjamin ķ1 Chron. he with him into Egypt.

were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, 8 9 And b these are the names of Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Numb: 26. 8. the children of Israel, which came Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.

into Egypt, Jacob and his sons : 22 These are the sons of Rachel,
Reuben, Jacob's firstborn.

which were born to Jacob : all the
9 And the sons of Reuben; Ha- souls were fourteen.
noch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and 23 And the sons of Dan; Hu-

10 4 And d the sons of Simeon; 24 q And the sons of Naphtali;
Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and
Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the Shillem.
son of a Canaanitish woman.

25 These are the sons of Bilhah,
11 | And the sons of e Levi; Ger- which Laban gave unto Rachel his
shon, Kohath, and Merari.

daughter, and she bare these unto 12 9 And the sons off Judah; Er, Jacob : all the souls were seven. Chap. 38. 3. and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, 26 1 All the souls that came with 1 Deut. 10. 22.

Ps. 105. 23.
Is. 52. 4.

7. 6. & 8. 1.

b Exod. 1. 1.
& 1 Chron.
5. 1.
c Numb. 26.

с 5.

d Exod. 6. 15. 1 Chron. 4. 24.

e 1 Chron. 6.1.

fi Chron.

& 4. .

Chap: XLVI. ver. 3. — fear not to go down into journey, and preserve thee and thy family there. Bp. Egypt;] On several accounts Jacob might fear to go, Patrick. with his whole family especially, into Egypt. Abraham bring thee up again :] His body was brought into had been injured there : it had been foretold that his Canaan, and (what seems principally intended) his posseed should be afflicted by the Egyptians : Isaac had terity also returned thither. Bp. Kidder. been warned not to go into Egypt: the Egyptians were put his hand upon thine eyes.] Be with thee, men of

very different usages and manners from the He- when thou leavest the world, and take care of thy fubrews : they were also of a different religion, and Jacob neral when thou art dead. The first thing done, when þesides might fear lest by this means his posterity should one expired, was to close his eyes, which was performed, be deprived of the land of Canaan. Bp. Kidder. both among Greeks and Romans, by the nearest rela4. I will


down with thee] Take care of thee in thy tions or dearest friends. In short, by these words God

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