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+ Heb. him thal was orer his house.
to stay his brethren. CHAP. XLIV.
he spake unto them these same
2 And put my cup, the silver cup, land of Canaan : how then should we
And he did gold ? according to the word that Joseph
9 With whomsoever of thy serhad spoken.
vants it be found, both let him die, 3 As soon as the morning was and we also will be
10 And he said, Now also let it be
5 Is not this it in which my lord 12 And he searched, and began
drinketh, and whereby indeed he at the eldest, and left at the youngest: ! Or, maketh || divineth ? ye have done evil in so and the cup was found in Benjamin's doing.
one his portion. As a mark of particular esteem for them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the Benjamin, Joseph sent him five dishes to the others' inn :” for if this sack had been a sack of wheat, it would one; or five times as much meat in his mess, as in one follow, that they gave their beasts of burden wheat for of their’s. Bp. Patrick.
food, which is not at all probable. Sir J. Chardin. In Persia, Arabia, and the Indies, a carver parts each 2. — put my cup, &c.] Joseph having before honoured dish, which is set before the master of the house, or the Benjamin, now tries the temper of his brethren, whether principal guest, or in the middle of the hall, into as many moved with envy they would give him up, or help him portions, put into different plates, as there are people to in his danger. Bp. Kidder. eat. The great men of the state are always by them 5. — whereby - he divineth?] This does not signify selves in the feasts that are made for them, and have a that Joseph practised divination, nor does his steward greater profusion; their part of each kind of provision say that he did ; but only asks such a question as might being always double, treble, or a larger proportion of make them think he did." For being a known interpreter each kind of meat. As for Benjamin's mess being five of dreams, people perhaps thought he was skilled in the times as much as any of his brethren’s, it may be under- arts of divination. But the word, rendered “divineth,” .stood to mean, that he had five times as much of every sometimes signifies no more than to make an experiment, thing as they; or that the vessel, in which he was served, as in the words of Laban, chap. xxx, 27. The meaning was five times larger : but the first notion agrees best nen may be, Might you not have considered, that my with the customs and manners of the East. Sir J. master made a trial, (so we interpret it in the margin,) Chardin.
by laying this in your way, whether you were honest
men or thieves ? Bp. Patrick. Chap. XLIV. ver. 1. — Fill the men's sacks with food,] The verse may be rendered, “Why have ye stolen the There are two sorts of sacks, noticed in the history of cup, in which my lord drinketh ? He indeed hath conJoseph, which ought not to be confounded: one for jectured rightly concerning it, and you have done the corn, the other for the baggage, &c. Through all wickedly.” The verb rendered “divineth” signifies, Asia, as far as to the Indies, every thing is carried upon not only auguries, but conjecture: and the original adbeasts of burden, in sacks of wool, covered in the middle mits of an application not only to the instrument, which with leather down to the bottom, the better to resist one uses, but also to the subject, concerning which any water. They inclose in them their things, done up in thing is done, judged, or said. The steward means, that large parcels. Of this kind of sacks we are to under his lord had made a certain conjecture concerning his stand what is said here, and through this history; and cup, where it was ; and the words of Joseph, ver. 15, not of the sacks in which they carried their corn. Other have the same meaning: “Wot ye not that such a man wise we must believe that each of the Patriarchs carried as I can certainly divine ?" Knew ye not that such a but one sack of corn out of Egypt, which is not reason man as I could form a right conjecture ? that is, that I, able. The present text confirms this remark; for Joseph who can interpret dreams and foretel future events, ordered the steward to fill the sacks with victuals as much must be able to form an immediate and true conjecture as they could hold ; which presupposes they were not full concerning all things, and that therefore I should suspect of corn. Another proof is in chap. xlii. 27, “One of you? Houbigant.
Judah's humble supplication
and ther come down with you, ye shall
see my face no more.
25 And our father said, Go again,
wot ye not that such a man as I can down: if our youngest brother be | Or, make certainly || divine ?
with us, then will we go down : for
lord's servants, both we, and me two sons :
17 And he said, God forbid that I and I said, Surely he is torn in 5 Chap. 37.
take this also from
18 | Then Judah came near unto row to the grave.
31 It shall come to pass, when he
bring down the gray hairs of thy ser-
shall bear the blame to my father for
him. thy servant abide instead of the lad a
father, and the lad be not with me? 23 And thou saidst unto thy ser- lest peradventure I see the evil that a Chap. 43. 8. vants, * Except your youngest bro- shall – come on my father.
+ Heb. find
16. — God hath found out the iniquily &c.] He ingen he was dear to his father, is willing, for the very same uously acknowledges that he and his brethren had been reason, to become a bond-slave for Joseph's brother. guilty of many sins, for which God had now brought Bp. Wilson. them hither to suffer punishment. Yet he neither con 34. For how shall I go up to my father,] I must fesses this particular guilt, nor denies it, nor excuses it; abide here too, if thou wilt not dismiss him; for I but acknowledging God's justice, throws himself and his not able to see my father die. brethren upon Joseph's mercy. Bp. Patrick.
Nothing could be said more affecting, than this speech He meant their cruelty to Joseph, whom probably they of Judah, which flowed from such natural passions, as no now named, and began afresh to reproach each other art can imitate. Which makes me wish that they who with, as in chap. xlii. 21, &c. As Josephus thinks. think these historical books of Scripture were written Pyle.
with no spirit, but that with which honest men now write 33. — let thy servant abide &c.] Thus God makes the history of their country, or the lives of any
famous use of afflictions, to humble us, and bring us to a persons, would seriously read and consider this speech sense of our sins : and we see their power in this very of Judah's to Joseph, together with the foregoing diainstance. He who could not endure Joseph, because logue between Jacob and his sons: and I hope it may
for you a remnant.
Josephı maketh himself known
GENESIS. to his brethren, and comforteth them. CHAP. XLV.
6 For these two years hath the
famine been in the land : and yet
thren. 5 He comforleth them in God's pro-
7 And God sent me before you to
himself before all them that me hither, but God: and he hath
ther, and say unto him, Thus saith 2 And he † wept aloud: and the thy son Joseph, God hath made me
Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh lord of all Egypt: come down unto weeping. heard.
me, tarry not:
yet live? And his brethren could near unto me, thou, and thy children,
flocks, and thy herds, and all that
11 And there will I nourish thee:
that thou hast, come to poverty.
nor † angry with yourselves, that ye the eyes of my brother Benjamin, in your eyes. sold me hither : b'for God did send that it is my mouth that speaketh me before
+ Heb. gave
forth his toice ir
|| Or, terrified.
+ IIeb. neilher let there be anger
b Chap. 50. 20.
make them change their opinions, and be of the mind thought only to be rid of me, God intended another of Dr. Jackson, " That seeing such passages are related thing, which is now come to pass. For He hath made by men who affect no art, and who lived long after the me an instrument of preserving all your lives. A most parties that first uttered them, we cannot conceive how happy event of a most wicked deed. Bp. Patrick. all particulars could be so naturally and fully recorded, God's thoughts are not as men's thoughts, nor his unless they had been suggested by his Spirit, who gives ways like our ways. In our transactions with the world, mouth and speech to men.” Bp. Patrick.
we are too apt to be actuated by some irregular passion,
and to be so far from aiming at the glory of God, or the Chap. XLV. ver. 1. Then Joseph could not refrain welfare of our brethren, that we often grossly neglect himself] The circumstances of this discovery are very them both, and sacrifice them to the gratification of our remarkable, and serve strongly to illustrate the filial own desires. But He, to whom alone belong the propiety of Joseph. He had prepared, we read in the fore- perty and the power to bring good out of evil, so orders going chapter, to detain Benjamin: the rest being per- the unruly wills and affections of sinful men, as to make plexed beyond measure, and distressed by this proposal, them subservient to the fulfilling of his decrees, when Judah, approaching Joseph, presents à most earnest they least intend it. Reading. supplication for the deliverance of the lad; offers him 6. neither be earing nor harvest.]
The word “ self to remain Joseph's prisoner, or slave, in his bro- ing” suggests the idea of gathering ripe ears of corn: ther's place; and in the conclusion touches, unknow- whereas Joseph means to say, “ there shall be neither ingly, upon a string which vibrates with all the affec- ploughing nor harvest during five years.' “Earing" is tions of the person, whom he was addressing. “How an old English word for “ploughing :"the word is used shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? in the same sense in 1 Sam. viii. 12; Exod. xxxiv. 21; lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my Isa. xxx. 24. In Deut. xxi. 4, it occurs in the sense father.” The mention of this circumstance and this of tillage, general labour, labour of any kind bestowed person subdued immediately the heart of Joseph; and upon the ground. Fragments to Calmet. produced a sudden, and, as it should seem, an unde 8. --- made me a father to Pharaoh,] Given me the signed premature discovery of himself to his astonished authority of a father with him, so that he honours me, family. Then, that is, upon this circumstance being and does nothing without my advice and counsel. Bp. mentioned, “ Joseph could not refrain himself :” and, Patrick. after a little preparation, “ Joseph_said unto his bre 10.- the land of Goshen,] Part of lower Egypt, next thren, I am Joseph." Archdeacon Paley.
to Arabia and Palestine; abounding with fair pastures, and 5. — for God did send me before you] When you watered by many streams from the Nile. Bp. Patrick.
Jacob sendeth for his father, CHAP. XLV, XLVI. who is revived with the news.
13 And ye shall tell my father of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for
shall haste and 22 To all of them he gave each bring down my father hither. man changes of raiment; but to Ben
17 And he fell upon his brother jamin he gave three hundred pieces of Benjamin's neck, and wept; and Ben- silver, and five changes of raiment. jamin wept upon his neck.
23 And to his father he sent after 15 Moreover he kissed all his bre- this manner; ten asses + laden with + Heh. thren, and wept upon them: and the good things of Egypt, and ten after that his brethren talked with she asses laden with corn and bread him.
and meat for his father by the way. 16 4 And the fame thereof was 24 So he sent his brethren away, heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, Jo- and they departed : and he said unto seph's brethren are come and it them, see that ye fall not out by the
+ pleased Pharaoh well, and his ser- way.
25 | And they went up out of
26 And told him, saying, Joseph
is yet alive, and he is governor over
of Joseph, which he had said unto
28 And Israel said, It is enough; 20 Also + regard not your stuff; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will speremove one for the good of all the land of Egypt go and see him before I die.
+ Heb. let
+ Heb. mouth.
14. - he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck, &c.] silver,] Sir John Chardin observes on this occasion, Among the Bedoweens, those who are more intimately that the kings of Asia almost always make presents of acquainted, or are of equal age and dignity, mutually this kind to ambassadors, and to other strangers of conkiss the hand, head, or shoulder of each other. Dr. sideration, who have brought them presents. So the Sharo.
khalif Mahadi, according to D'Herbelot, gave an Arab, Those passages in the Bible, which speak of falling that had entertained him in the desert, a vest and a on the neck and kissing a person, seem to have a refe- purse of silver. Harmer. rence to this Eastern way of kissing the shoulder in an
See that ye fall not out by the way.] About embrace. Harmer.
what you have formerly done to me; or any thing else 15. Moreover he kissed all his brethren,] Here is that I have said to you. But when you reflect on your noble matter of instruction. The affectionate brother selling me, adore the providence of God, which by that forgets his past sufferings, and is so far from endeavour- means brought about your happiness and mine. Bp. ing to avenge himself, and to afflict the authors of his Patrick. wrongs, that he employs his whole power to comfort Considering the bad disposition of mankind in geand relieve them. A behaviour this, different from neral, and the bad disposition, which he knew by expewhat most men would be inclined to discover on the rience had formerly appeared in some of them, he gave like occasion : the sense of injuries is apt to bear too them a charge, not to fall out by the way; but to travel hard on the mind; and men are transported into mea- peaceably like brethren, and make their journey as comsures both mischievous and unreasonable. Bp. Cony- fortable to each other as they could. Gilpin. beare.
28. It is enough ; Joseph my son is yet alive :] Two 19. Now thou art commanded, this do] Now that thou things his sons told him ; namely, that Joseph was alive, hast received my warrant for it, go about it immediately. and that he was governour of Egypt. And the latter of Bp. Patrick
the two Joseph required them to tell his father. But for 20. — regard not your stuff :) Your furniture, or Joseph's glory and dominion Jacob does not rejoice, as moveables. If you are not able to bring it all, do not one greatly affected with it.
It was his life that gave care for it: you shall have better here. Bp. Patrick. him the joy : he said, “It is enough; Joseph my son is 22. – to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of yet alive." Bp. Kidder. VOL. I.
Jacob is comforted by God at Beer-sheba. GENESIS. The number of Jacob's family.
Egypt. 8 The number of his family that and Zarah : but Er and Onan died
of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
13 9 6 And the sons of Issachar; g 1 Chron. ND Israel took his journey with Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and *.1. Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices 14 | And the sons of Zebulun ; unto the God of his father Isaac. Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.
2 And God spake unto Israel in 15 These be the sons of Leah,
3 And he said, I am God, the God the souls of his sons and his daugh-
phion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon,
Beriah, and Serah their sister : and
cven sixteen souls.
the land of Canaan, and came into 20 And unto Joseph in the land a Josh. 24. 4. Egypt, * Jacob, and all his seed with of Egypt were born Manasseh and him :
Ephraim, i which Asenath the daugh- iChap. 41.50. 7 His
sons, and his sons' sons with ter of Poti-pherah || priest of On bare | Or, prince. him, his daughters, and his sons' unto him. daughters, and all his seed brought 21 q * And the sons of Benjamin ķ1 Chron. he with him into Egypt.
were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, 8 9 And b these are the names of Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Numb: 26. 8. the children of Israel, which came Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.
into Egypt, Jacob and his sons : 22 These are the sons of Rachel,
which were born to Jacob : all the
25 These are the sons of Bilhah,
daughter, and she bare these unto 12 9 And the sons off Judah; Er, Jacob : all the souls were seven. Chap. 38. 3. and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, 26 1 All the souls that came with 1 Deut. 10. 22.
Ps. 105. 23.
7. 6. & 8. 1.
b Exod. 1. 1.
d Exod. 6. 15. 1 Chron. 4. 24.
e 1 Chron. 6.1.
& 4. .
Chap: XLVI. ver. 3. — fear not to go down into journey, and preserve thee and thy family there. Bp. Egypt;] On several accounts Jacob might fear to go, Patrick. with his whole family especially, into Egypt. Abraham bring thee up again :] His body was brought into had been injured there : it had been foretold that his Canaan, and (what seems principally intended) his posseed should be afflicted by the Egyptians : Isaac had terity also returned thither. Bp. Kidder. been warned not to go into Egypt: the Egyptians were put his hand upon thine eyes.] Be with thee, men of
very different usages and manners from the He- when thou leavest the world, and take care of thy fubrews : they were also of a different religion, and Jacob neral when thou art dead. The first thing done, when þesides might fear lest by this means his posterity should one expired, was to close his eyes, which was performed, be deprived of the land of Canaan. Bp. Kidder. both among Greeks and Romans, by the nearest rela4. I will
down with thee] Take care of thee in thy tions or dearest friends. In short, by these words God