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Joseph meeteth Jacob.
CHAP. XLVI. He prepareth his brethren to meet Pharaoh.
and say unto him, My brethren, and
+ their trade hath been to feed cattle; + Heb. they
33 And it shall come to pass,
we, and also our fathers : that ye may
assures Jacob, that he should die before his son Joseph, pelled by the natives. The other parts of the kingand that he should die in peace, with his children about dom were immediately occupied. But pasturage being him. Bp. Patrick.
contrary to the taste of the Egyptians, this particular 27. — all the souls--which came into Egypt, were region lay, in a great measure, neglected. Hence we threescore and ten.] There is a remarkable difference have a satisfactory reason for the Israelites finding between this verse and the foregoing : there those only such easy access into the country, so as not only to are numbered who came with Jacob into Egypt, amount- dwell in it, but to have the land of Goshen given them ing to no more than threescore and six : but here are for a possession, even the best of the land of Egypt. numbered all that came into Egypt, first and last, com- Bryant. prehending Jacob, Joseph and his two sons, and mak for every shepherd is an abomination &c.] See ing up threescore and ten. Bp. Patrick.
note on chap. xlii. 9. The promise which God had The whole account of Jacob's sons and grandsons, made to Abraham, to give his posterity the land of Cawho went along with him into Egypt, stands thus : hy naan, could not be performed till Abraham's family was Leah, thirty-two; by Zilpah, sixteen; by Rachel, eleven; grown strong enough to take and keep possession of by Bilhah, seven : in all sixty-six, exclusive of Jacob it. In the mean time therefore they were necessitated himself, and of Joseph and his two sons, which make to reside among idolaters, and to reside unmixed; up the seventy: and it was necessary that these genea- but whoever examines their history, will see, that the logies should be exactly registered, not only to distin- Israelites ever had a violent propensity to join themguish each tribe, and thereby discover the Messiah, selves to Gentile nations, and to practise their manners. when He came; but (as it is in the case before us) to God therefore, in his infinite wisdom, brought them make it apparent, that the increase of Israel, even under into Egypt, and kept them there during this period, the oppression, should bear a fair proportion to the pro- only place where they could remain for so long a time mise made to Abraham, concerning the multiplication safe, and unconfounded with the natives : the ancient of his seed. Stackhouse.
Egyptians being, by numerous institutions, forbidden 28. And he sent Judah before him] Who seems by all fellowship with strangers, and bearing besides a parthe whole story to have been the most eminent among ticular aversion to the profession of the Israelites, who Jacob's children, when Joseph was gone; and to have were shepherds. Thus from the Israelites going into given good proof, a little before, how much he was con- Egypt arises a new occasion to adore the footsteps of cerned for his father. Bps. Patrick and Kidder. Eternal Wisdom, in his dispensations to his chosen
- to direct his face unto Goshen ;] To give Joseph people. Bp. Warburton. notice of his coming, and to receive directions in what is an abomination unto the Egyptians.] It was part of Goshen he should remain. Bp. Patrick. an instance of Joseph's great modesty and love of truth,
34. — ye shall say, Thy servants' trade &c. that ye that he was not ashamed of an employment, so vile in may dwell in the land of Goshen ;] There must have the sight of the Egyptians. He might have instructed been shepherds in those parts before ; otherwise Joseph his brethren to conceal their way of life: or he might could not have foreseen, that, on telling their occupa- have told them to lay before Pharaoh the dignity of tion, the land would be necessarily given to his bre- their descent, and the wonderful history of their forethren. And when they are presented before the king, fathers; men, great in their generations, and honoured he at once determines this place of residence for them, with revelations from God Himself
. But by this open chap. xlvii
. 5, 6. They were most probably the Arabian declaration his object seems to have been, to render as of Cuthite shepherds, who had been previously in pos- conspicuous as possible the wonderful chain of the Disession of this land, from whence they had been lately vine counsels, in raising him from so humble a condiejected. The whole kingdom had been in subjection to tion to an elevation of such dignity and power. Stucktheir kings. But they were obliged to retire, being ex- house,
Joseph presenteth his brethren,
and his father, before Pharaoh.
5 And Pharaoh spake unto JoCHAP. XLVII.
seph, saying, Thy father and thy
brethren are come unto thee :
6 The land of Egypt is before
7 And Joseph brought in Jacob HEN Joseph came and told his father, and set him before Pha
rulers over my
+ Heb. How many are
and my brethren, and their flocks, 8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob,
grimage are an hundred and thirty a Hebr. 11.
not attained unto the days of the
11 q And Joseph placed his father
Chap. XLVII. ver. 4. to sojourn in the land] Not dwelling only in tents, soon pitched, and as soon reto settle in it; and therefore they desire Goshen as near moved again ; having no ground of their own to set to Canaan. Bp. Kidder.
their foot on, save only a possession of a buryingthe famine is sore in the land of Canaan :] Ca- place, and that purchased of the inhabitants ; where naan was an high country, when compared with Egypt: they might rest from their travels, till they shall pass, and the grass sooner burnt up there than in Goshen, at the resurrection of the just, to their durable inwhich being very low, they found in it pasture for their heritance in the kingdom of God. Such was Jacob's flocks. We are told on the authority of those who notion of human life, expressed in his answer to the knew the country, that there was grass in the marshes Egyptian monarch, who had enquired his age. Bp. Horne. and fenny parts of Egypt, when the Nile did not over few and evil have the days &c.] They had been flow enough to make plenty of corn. Bp. Patrick. few, in comparison with his forefathers; and evil, be
6. — make them rulers over my cattle.] As Doeg was cause full of labour and care, grief and sorrow, on to Saul, 1 Sam. xxi. 7, and those great officers, men many occasions. Bp. Patrick. tioned i Chron. xxvii. 29, were to king David. The Though Jacob in some respects was a prosperous Eastern kings raised part of their revenue from cattle; man, yet he met with many evils. He fled from Esau, as the Egyptians also did : having some principal officers and served Laban twenty years; he was defeated in his to superintend the lower sort of shepherds. Bp. Pa- hope of Rachel, and she was barren also; he fled from trick.
Laban, and feared Esau ; he was afflicted in Dinah, in 9. – pilgrimage! So good men are wont to call their Simeon and Levi, and in Reuben, and upon
the score of life, though they never stir from their native soil: look- Joseph; in the sons of Judah, and in Tamar; besides ing upon it as a passage, not a settlement. But Jacob | the death of Rachel and the sending away of Benjamin. had reason to call his life so, more literally : having been Bp. Kidder. tossed from place to place, ever since he went from his have not attained unto the days &c.] Though father's house to Mesopotamia, and returned from Jacob lived seventeen years after this, he did not attain thence into Canaan : where he dwelt some time at Suc- to “the days of the years of the life of his fathers” coth; then at Shechem: and after that removed to since his father Isaac' lived 180 years, and his grandBeth-el; and so to Hebron, unto his father Isaac; father Abraham 175. Biblioth. Bibl. whence he was now come into Egypt. Bp. Patrick. 11. — in the land of Rameses,] So called perhaps by
If we look into the story of those friends and favour- anticipation: the Israelites built a city of that name for ites of Heaven, the ancestors of the Israelitish nation, Pharaoh in the land of Goshen, and the same name we find them sojourning in a land that was not their's; was given to the country. Bps. Patrick and Kidder,
Nourished. + Heb.
Joseph buyeth the Egyptians' goods, CHAP. XLVII.
and all the land of Egypt. Before father's houshold, with bread, Il + ac- they came unto him the second year, CHRIST cording to their families.
and said unto him, We will not hide 13 | And there was no bread in all it from my lord, how that our money | Or, as a little child is the land; for the famine was very is spent; my lord also hath our herds
sore, so that the land of Egypt and of cattle; there is not ought left in according to all the land of Canaan fainted by the sight of my lord, but our bodies, reason of the famine.
and our lands:
may live, and not die, that the land
the land became Pharaoh's.
the borders of Egypt even to the
+ Heb. led them.
for that year.
14. – into Pharaoh's house.] Into the treasury. Bp. that city; and this he did throughout the whole extent Patrick.
of the country. The lands, thus voluntarily sold by the 18. - second year,] That is, the next year after the people, he farmed to the occupiers again, at the moderate sale of their cattle : this was the last year of the famine. and fixed crown rent of a fifth part of the produce. Bp. Patrick.
Thus did he provide for the liberty and independence 19. Wherefore shall we die—we and our land?] The of the people, while he strengthened the authority of the land is said to die, when it lies untilled and desolate. king, by rendering him sole proprietor of the lands. Bp. Patrick
And to secure the people from further exaction, “ Jowe and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh :) seph made it a law over the land of Egypt, that Pharaoh We, that are free, will become the king's bondmen; and should have only the fifth part;" which law subsisted our land, which was our own, we will hold of him. to the time of Moses, ver. 26. By this wise regulaBp. Patrick
tion, the people had four-fifths of the produce of the give us seed,] They desired corn, not merely lands for their own use, and were exempted from any for food, but also to sow, in hopes of a crop the next further taxes; the king being bound to support his year. For Joseph had told them there should be but civil and military establishment out of the crown rents. seven years of famine. Bp. Patrick.
Dr. Hales. 21. — he removed them to cities &c.] The people of 22. Only the land of the priests bought he not ;] The Egypt were, before this time, almost entirely scattered Egyptian priests were obliged to provide all sacrifices, over the country; by which means, having fewer op- and to bear all the charges of the national religion; and portunities of conversing together, they were not only, religion was in those days a matter of very great expense upon many occasions, left destitute of friendly help and to them, who were to supply what was requisite for the assistance, but were also rude and unpolished ; and performance of the offices of it. The numerous sacriunacquainted with the arts, necessary to improve life. fices that were appointed to be offered in these times, To persuade men to combine together, and to unite could not be provided, nor the preparations and cereseveral dispersed families, is a most difficult point : and monies in offering them performed, but at a very great those who have succeeded in such attempts, have been charge. The priests of Egypt were the whole body of few. But Joseph, having gained the absolute power of the nobility of the land : they were the king's counselthe country, employed it to promote this useful end. lors, and assistants: they were the professors and Bp. Conybeare.
cultivators of astronomy, without which, even agricul- from one end of the borders of Egypt &c.] Joseph ture itself could not have proceeded: they were the did not, as some persons have imagined, transplant the keepers of the publick registers, memoirs, and chronicles people to cities remote from their residence; but con- of the kingdom : in a word, under the king, they were sulting their convenience, only to the cities adjacent: the the magistrates ; and filled all the prime offices. "If we people round about each store-city he brought into consider them in some or other of these views, Pharaoh
pass in said.
Israel dwelleth in Egypt.
GENESIS. Joseph with his sons visiteth Jacob,
And he said, I will do as thou hast
31 And he said, Swear unto me.
CHAP. XLVIII. for your little ones.
1 Joseph with his sons visiteth his sick father.
3 He repeateth the promise. 5 He taketh
telleth Joseph of his mother's grave. 9 He raoh's servants.
blesselh Ephraim and Manasseh. 17 He 26 And Joseph made it a law over preferreth the younger before the elder. 21 the land of Egypt unto this day, that He prophesieth their return to Canaan.
1 Or, princes, except the land of the || priests Only
; A Slinde
, came to pass after these
hold, thy father is sick : and he took
28 And Jacob lived in the land of thee: and Israel strengthened him-
of Jacob was an hundred 3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, forty and seven years.
God Almighty appeared unto me at 29 And the time drew nigh that a Luz in the land of Canaan, and a Chap. 28. Israel must die: and he called his blessed me, son Joseph, and said unto him, If 4 And said unto me, Behold, I
now I have found grace in thy sight, will make thee fruitful, and multiply b Chap. 24. 2. put, I pray thee, thy hand under thee, and I will make of thee a multi
my tliigh, and deal kindly and truly tude of people; and will give this
+ Heb. the days of the years of his life.
13. & 35. 6.
might think, that they had not too much to support the Pharaoh's compliance with a proceeding, to which Jostations they were to act in, and for that reason he or- seph would lie under so sacred an obligation. Bp. dered, that no tax should be laid upon them. Shuckford. Patrick.
23. — Behold, I have bought you this day] The 31.-Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.] Raised bargain could not be denied; but he would not be so up his head from his pillow, and bowed, either to Joseph, rigid as to insist upon it strictly. He requires only a in thankfulness for his promise; or to God, for the asfifth part of the increase of their ground for the king ; surance he had received, that he should be buried with and tells them the rest shall be their own. Herein he his pious forefathers. Bp. Patrick. Or it may be, he shewed himself both a good man, and a wise states- laid himself down upon his pillow, as weak men are acman; in taking away all matter of complaint from the customed to do, after they have set up some time, for people. Bp. Patrick
the dispatch of business. Stackhouse. 29. If now I have found grace in thy sight,] If thou lovest me. Bp. Patrick.
Chap. XLVIII. ver. 1.-one told Joseph, Behold, thy - put , - thy hand under my thigh, &c.] Swear to father is sick :] On receiving this intelligence, Joseph me, that thou wilt shew me true kindness, in promising delayed not, we find, to leave the court of Pharaoh, the and performing what I desire. Bp. Patrick. "See note cares and greatness of his station in it, in order to pay on chap. xxiv. ver. 2.
the last visit to his dying parent, and to place before him 30. -- I will lie with my fathers, &c.] Besides the de- the hopes of his house and family, in the persons of his sire, natural to men, of being buried with their fore- two sons. Nothing can well be more solemn or interfathers, Jacob had this peculiar reason for his request ; esting than this interview; more honourable or consolnamely, his belief, that the country, where their bodies ing to old age, or more expressive of the dignified piety lay, was his in reversion; and that God, in his due of the best of sons and the greatest of men. Archdeacon time, would put his children into possession of it: for Paley. which time they would long more earnestly, because 2.- Israel strengthened himself,] He exerted his the bodies of their ancestors were there buried. Jacob strength : and possibly, when he had raised himself, he requires an oath of Joseph, not because he doubted of supported himself by bearing on his staff, Heb. xi. 21. Joseph's inclination, but to make it an argument for Bp. Kidder.
Jacob blesseth Ephraim and Manasseh, CHAP. XLVIII.
and their father. 5 4 And now thy btwo sons, Eph 11 And Israel said unto Joseph, I
raim and Manasseh, which were born had not thought to see thy face: and, b Chap. 41.
unto thee in the land of Egypt before lo, God hath shewed me also thy
from between his knees, and he bowed
Israel's left hand, and Manasseh in 7 And as for me, when I came his left hand toward Israel's right e Chap. 35. from Padan, · Rachel died by me in hand, and brought them near unto
the land of Canaan in the way, when him.
left hand upon Manasseh's head,
asseh was the firstborn. 9 And Joseph said unto his father, 15 And dhe blessed Joseph, and a Hebr. 11. They are my sons, whom God hath said, God, before whom my fathers given me in this place. And he said, Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, which fed me all my life long unto and I will bless them.
10 Now the eyes of Israel were 16 The Angel which redeemed me + Heb. heavy. + dim for age, so that he could not see. from all evil, bless the lads; and let
And he brought them near unto him; my name be named on them, and the
Isaac; and let them + grow into
fishes do 5. – thy two sons, -are mine;] They shall be reckoned giving blessings, and appointing men to any office, and as if I had begotten them; and accordingly shall have, in the consecration of publick and solemn sacrifices. each of them, an inheritance, equal with the rest of my This is the first time we find it mentioned; but in aftersons, and be distinct tribes. Thus he gives Joseph the times it occurs often : particularly when Moses constiright of primogeniture, who was indeed the firstborn of tuted Joshua his successor, God orders him to do it, by his intended wife; and bestows a double portion on him, laying his hands on him, Numb. xxvii. 18. 23; Deut. by making his two sons equal to the rest of Jacob's xxxiv. 9. Thus children were brought to our blessed children. Bp. Patrick.
Saviour, that He might lay his hands on them, and 6. And thy issue, which thou begettest after them, &c.] bless them; which He did, Matt. xix. 13. 15. Bp. But as to whatever sons you shall hereafter have, I give Patrick. them no such privilege as this. They shall not be the who was the younger,] God chose from the beheads of tribes, but shall be sorted and comprehended ginning in several instances to prefer the younger before in those of Ephraim and Manasseh. Pyle.
the elder; as Abel before Cain; Shem before Japheth ; 7.- Rachel died by me] He intimates, that in memory Isaac before Ishmael ; Jacob before Esau ; Judah and of his most beloved wife Rachel, and to testify his affec- Joseph before Reuben; and here Ephraim before Mantion for her, he adopted her grandsons to be, as it were, asseh ; and afterwards, Moses before Aaron; and David, his sons by her; that so three of the tribes of his family the youngest of all, before his elder brethren : to shew might be descended and denominated from her offspring. that the Divine benefits were not limited to the order of Dr. Wells.
nature, but dispensed freely according to God's most 8. And Israel beheld Joseph's sons,] But could not wise goodness. Bp. Patrick. see distinctly who they were, on account of the dimness -guiding his hands wittingly:] He did it of choice, of his sight. Bp. Patrick.
not by chance. Bp. Kidder. 12. - his knees,] That is, Jacob's. When Jacob had - for] Or, although, as the Hebrew particle sigceased caressing them, Joseph, fearing his two sons nifies. Bp. Kidder. might press too long or too hard on their grandfather by
- he blessed Joseph,] In the blessing he bestowed reason of his feebleness, took his sons from between his on his children. Bp. Patrick. father's legs, and in the most reverent manner thanked 16. The Angel which redeemed &c.] That is, Christ, him for the kindness he had expressed to his children. the Angel of the covenant, Mal. iii
. 1, who led the IsraelPyle, Dr. Wells.
ites, and whom they tempted, Exod. xiv. 19; and xxiii. 13.- toward Israel's right hand,] Joseph so placed 20; and 1 Cor. x. 9. To whom the title of Redeemer them, that his father might lay his right hand on Man- belongs, Isai. lix. 20. Who is called “the Angel of asseh the eldest. The right hand being esteemed a God," chap. xxxi. 11; and the “God of Beth-el,” chap. token of the greater honour, 1 Kings ii, 19; Matt. xxv. xxxi. 13. Bp. Kidder. 33. Bp. Kidder.
let my name be named on them,] Here he plainly 14. -- laid it upon Ephraim's head,] Laying hands on adopts them for his children, as he before said he would. the head of any person was always used in this nation in For to be called by one's name, which is the same as