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Before CHRIST

1689.

Before CHRIST

1689.

The younger preferred before the elder. GENESIS.

Jacob calleth his sons
a multitude in the midst of the 21 And Israel said unto Joseph,
earth.

Behold, I die: but God shall be
17 And when Joseph saw that his with you, and bring you again unto
father laid his right hand upon the the land of your fathers.
head of Ephraim, it displeased him: 22 Moreover I have given to thee
and he held up his father's hand, to one portion above thy brethren, which
remove it from Ephraim's head unto I took out of the hand of the Amorite
Manasseh's head.

with my sword and with my bow.
18 And Joseph said unto his father,
Not so, my father: for this is the
firstborn; put thy right hand upon

CHAP. XLIX.
his head.

1 Jacob calleth his sons to bless them. 3
19 And his father refused, and said,

Their blessing in particular. 29 He chargeth
I know it my son,

know it: he them about his burial. 33 He dieth.
also shall become a people, and le
brother shall be greater

and , yourselves
le, and his seed shall become a + mul- together, that I may tell you that
fulness.
titude of nations.

which shall befall you in the last
20 And he blessed them that day, days.
saying, In thee shall Israel bless, 2 Gather yourselves together, and
saying, God make thee as Ephraim hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken
and as Manasseh : and he set Eph- unto Israel your father.
raim before Manasseh.

3 Reuben, thou art my firstborn,

alson shall be great but truly his AND Jacob, called unto his sons;

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may tell

having his name named on them, is as much as to be perhaps so ordering it, to prevent all occasion of differone's children. For thus they, that are said to be called ence between them and any other tribe. Dr. Wells. by God's name, became his peculiar people. Bp. Patrick. Let my name, as their father, be named on them as Chap. XLIX. ver. 1. that I

you

that which my sons ; and the name of my fathers Abraham and shall befall you &c.] It is a very ancient opinion, that Isaac be consequently named on them, as if Isaac had the nearer men approach to their dissolution, their souls been their grandfather only, and Abraham their great grow more divine, and discern more of futurity. We grandfather. Dr. Wells.

find this opinion as early as Homer; and testimonies to 17. And when Joseph saw &c.] Joseph, supposing this purpose might be produced from various authorithat his father, through weakness of sight, had com- ties. What might principally give rise to this opinion, mitted a mistake in placing his hands, would have recti was the tradition of some of the Patriarchs being divinely fied it before he began his blessing. Pyle.

inspired in their last moments to foretel the condition of 19. greater] In number, Numb. i. 33. 35; Deut. their descendants, as Jacob on his deathbed summoned xxxiii

. 17. And in dignity : for this is called the tribe his children together, that he might inform them of what of Joseph, Numb. i. 32. 34 ; Rev. vii. 8; and is put for should befal them in the latter or the last days. Bp. the whole kingdom of Israel, Isa. vii. 2. Bp. Kidder. Newton.

his seed shall become a multitude of nations.] How Jacob is the first we read of, who particularly derapidly the tribe of Ephraim increased in its population, clared the future state of every one of his sons, when he we may judge from the pedigree of Joshua, 1 Chron. vii. left the world. These last words of his may be called 20—27, who was in the tenth generation. Dr. Hales. prophecies, rather than benedictions; some of them

20. And he blessed them that day,] He concluded with containing no blessing in them; but all of them prea solemn benediction upon them both. And when he dictions. Bp. Patrick. pronounced it, “worshipped God," as the Apostle tells in the last days.] That is, hereafter. These us, Heb. xi. 21, “leaning upon the top of his staff.” words denote not any one precise time. The predictions This he did to support himself from falling. Bp. Pa- were to be fulfilled in sundry times: and part of them trick.

to extend to the time of the Messiah, which is called In thee shall Israel bless,] When the Israelites, - the last days,” Isa. ii. 2; Acts ii. 17; Heb. i. 2. Bp. my posterity, would wish all happiness to others, they Kidder. shall use this form of speech, « God make thee as 2. Gather yourselves together, &c.] The style, in Ephraim and as Manasseh ;" which is said to continue which Jacob speaks to his sons, is much more lofty among the Jews to this day. Bp. Patrick.

than that hitherto used in this book. The spirit of 22. which I took out of the hand of the Amorite] It prophecy, now coming upon him, probably raised his is probable, that Jacob bought this part, which he here style as well as his understanding; as it did that of gives to Joseph, of Shechem's father, chap. xxxiii. 19: Moses also, who delivered his benedictions in Deut. and that upon Jacob's removal, after the Shechemites xxxiii. in a strain more sublime than his other writings. were destroyed, the Amorite took possession of it, whom Bp. Patrick. Jacob upon his return dispossessed by force of arms, 3. Reuben, thou art my firstborn] The prerogatives and recovered his unquestionable right. Bp. Kidder. of the birthright consisted chiefly in a double portion

This parcel of land he here promised to the posterity of the father's estate ; the priesthood; and the kingof Joseph, though it should not fall to their lot on the dom, that is, the chief authority among his brethren. division of Canaan. It did however lie in that part The first of these was given to Joseph; the second to which fell by lot to Joseph's descendants; Providence Levi; and the third to Judah, to descend to their re

Before CHRIST

1689.

1689.

+ Heb. do not thou excel.

Oxen.

22.

scords are

to bless them.

CHAP. XLIX.

The blessing of Judah. c Befors to my might, and the beginning of my their secret; unto their assembly,

strength, the excellency of dignity, mine honour, be not thou united:
and the excellency of power : for in their anger they slew a man,

4 Unstable as water, † thou shalt and in their selfwill they || digged Or, houghed

not excel; because thou & wentest down a wall. a Chap. 35. up to thy father's bed; then de 7 Cursed be their

anger,

for it was 1 Chron, 5. 1. filedst thou it: || he went up to my fierce; and their wrath, for it was couch is gone. couch.

cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, 5 Simeon and Levi are bre- and scatter them in Israel. Or, their thren; instruments of cruelty are 8 Judah, thou art he whom thy teapons of in their habitations.

brethren shall praise : thy hand shall riolence.

6 O my soul, come not thou into be in the neck of thine enemies; thy spective tribes; whilst the tribe of Reuben, who had prudential reasons against the crime committed by these forfeited his prerogative by his crime, recorded before two brethren, yet we may fairly conclude, from the by Moses, and now alluded to by Jacob, was to con- manly abhorrence which he expresses here, that his continue in obscurity. Bp. Patrick, Štackhouse.

duct in that transaction was altogether free from cenmy might, and the beginning of my strength,] sure. Dr. Durell. Whom I begot, when I was in my full vigour; and the secret ;] A secret place or closet, where cabals firstfruits of my strength. The firstborn is called the are usually held. Bp. Patrick. Their secret cruel de“ beginning of strength” in Deut. xxi. 17; and “the signs. Dr. Wells. chief of strength" in Ps. cv. 36. Bp. Patrick. Or the they slew a man,] The original word, though phrase may signify, not the personal vigour of Jacob, singular in its form, is frequently used for any

number but “the beginning of his strength,” as a tribe. The of men : though it may be matter of indifference, which strength of the Patriarch consisted in the number and of the two numbers we adopt here. The singular anvalour of his sons; and the future greatness of the tribe swers more exactly to Hamor, the chief of the Shechemdepended on their increase. Edit.

ites; but the plural represents in a stronger light the the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of murder of all the males.” Dr. Durell. power :] Who hadst the pre-eminence among thy bre they digged down a wall.] In order to break thren, if thou hadst not lost it by thy folly : and who into Hamor's house, and so kill him and his son. Dr. wast born to the highest authority among them. Bp. Wells. Or, as the inhabitants of Shechem are meant by Patrick.

the former sentence, so is the town of Shechem by " the 4. Unstable as water,] Or, poured out like water. It wall,” which they are here said to have“ digged down.” denotes Reuben's fall from dignity, as water suddenly Locke. Many read, “They slew a bullock," that is, a disappears, when it is poured out on the earth, and prince : meaning the prince of Shechem, chap. xxxiv. sucked up into it. Bp. Patrick. Rather unconfinable, 26. Script. illust. licentious : not to be restrained by mounds and banks, 7.— I will divide them in Jacob, &c.] The tribe of but overflowing all restrictions : "impetuous as a deluge, Simeon had not any inheritance properly of their own, or a cataract." Script. illust.

but only a portion in the midst of the tribe of Judah, thou shall noi excel :] Nothing great or excel- Josh. xix. 1–9; whence several of them afterwards lent is recorded of this tribe. In number and power went in quest of new habitations, i Chron. iv. 39. 42, they were inferiour to several other tribes. Less nu and so were divided from the rest of their brethren. As merous, by a third part, than the tribe of Judah, to to the tribe of Levi, they had no inheritance allotted to whom God gave part of Reuben's prerogative, Numb. them, but were dispersed among all the tribes, having i. 21. 27. Bps. Newton and Patrick.

certain cities assigned to them, with a little land adthou wentest up] At one end of each chamber joining. This indeed did not prove a curse to them, there is a little gallery, raised four or five feet above the they having the tenth of all the increase of the land : floor, with a balustrade in the front of it. Here they for this curse seems to have been taken off, by reason place their beds: a situation frequently alluded to in of their eminent service in falling on the worshippers of the holy Scriptures; Gen. xlix. 4; 2 Kings i. 6, and the golden calf, and so consecrating themselves to the 16; Ps. cxxxii. 3. Dr. Shaw.

Lord, Exod. xxxii. 26. 29; on which account Moses 5. Simeon and Levi are brethren ;] That is, not only blesses this tribe a little before his death, Deut. xxxiii. born of the same father and mother, for so were Reuben 9: whereas he gives no blessing to the tribe of Simeon, and Judah also ; but as they conspired against Joseph, but leaves them under the curse here pronounced by whose life Reuben and Judah studied to preserve ; and Jacob. Bp. Palrick. especially because of their conspiracy against the She 8. Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise :] chemites, chap. xxxiv. 25; the swords, there mentioned, Or, confess. The rest of the nation shall be called being the instruments of cruelty mentioned here. In the Jews, and their whole country Judea, from Judah. See Scripture phrase, brethren are those who are alike in Esth. iii. 6; Matt. xxvii. 37. This tribe was famous manners, and agree in the same design. Compare Job also for their conquests over their enemies, Judges i. 2, XXX. 29; Ps. cii. 6; Prov. xviii. 9. Bp. Kidder. and the dominion, which it enjoyed over their bre

6. O my soul, come not thou &c.] He utterly disclaims thren. It was famous for the kingdom of the house all knowledge of their wicked deed beforehand; and all of David; but especially, because the Messiah was approbation of it afterwards. By soul is meant himself: born of this tribe, whose kingdom is everlasting. Bp. and the word honour seems to mean the same; or else Kidder. it signifies the tongue, as in other places of Scripture, The name of Judah signifies praise : it was given him particularly Ps. xxx. 12. The meaning then is, He by his mother, in gratitude to God for him ; and his never in thought, much less in word, assented to what father here alludes to it, with a view to the applause, they did. Bp. Patrick. Though Jacob seems, from which Judah should receive from his brethren. Bp. what is recorded in chap. xxxiv, to have urged only Patrick.

Zebulun,

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Before CHRIST

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The blessing of Judah,

GENESIS.
father's children shall bow down be- and unto him shall the gathering of
fore thee.

the people be.
9 Judah is a lion's whelp: from 11 Binding his fole unto the vine,
the prey, my son, thou art gone up: and his ass's colt unto the choice vine;
he stooped down, he couched as a he washed his garments in wine, and
lion, and as an old lion ; who shall his clothes in the blood of grapes :
rouse him

12 His eyes shall be red with wine,
10 The sceptre shall not depart and his teeth white with milk.
from Judah, nor a lawgiver from be 13 Zebulun shall dwell at the
tween his feet, until Shiloh come; haven of the sea; and he shall be for

up?

9. Judah is a lion's whelp :) He sets forth in this from Judah, it was implied that it should depart from verse the warlike temper of this tribe, their undaunted the other tribes : accordingly the tribe of Benjamin becourage, and the terrour they inspired into their ene came an appendage to the kingdom of Judah, and the mies. Bps. Patrick and Kidder.

other ten tribes were carried into Assyria, whence they This tribe gave early proofs of its valour, being the never returned. The Jews also were carried captive to first that went to fight against the Canaanites after Babylon, but returned after seventy years. During Joshua's death. Bp. Patrick.

their captivity they had lived as a distinct people; had -- from the prey, my son, thou art yone up:] He rulers and governours of their own; and a “prince of speaks as if he saw them returning in triumph with the Judah,” Ezra i. 8. These princes and rulers managed spoils of their enemies : alluding to lions, who, having their return and settlement afterwards. After the Bagotten their prey in the plain, returned satiated to the bylonish captivity, they lived under the dominion of the mountains. Bp. Patrick

Persians, Greeks, and Romans, not so free as before ; he stooped down, he couched as a lion,] The but still as a distinct people under their own laws. The Hebrew word signifies a grown lion, come to his full authority of their rulers and governours subsisted under strength : by whose stooping down, and couching to these foreign masters ; afterwards under the Asmonean take his rest, Jacob sets forth the ease and quiet, that princes; and even in our Saviour's time. Their power Judah should enjoy after their victories, without any indeed in capital causes, especially those relating to the fear of disturbance. Bp. Patrick.

state, was abridged. The sceptre was then departing ; - who shall rouse him up ?] That is, as all other and in about forty years it totally departed. Their city creatures are afraid to disturb a full-grown lion, so was taken; their temple was destroyed; and they themshall all the neighbouring nations be afraid to assault selves were either slain with the sword, or sold for the tribe of Judah or any of the Israelites, during the slaves. And from that time to this, they have never great power which that tribe shall possess in the days formed one body or society, but have been dispersed of David and Solomon. And this shall be fulfilled in a among all nations; their tribes and genealogies have much higher manner, when the kingdoms of the earth been all confounded ; and they have lived without a shall become the kingdom of Christ, who is expressly ruler, without a lawgiver, and without supreme authoand emphatically styled “the Lion of the tribe of Juda," rity and government in any part of the earth. And this as He in whom this prophecy is to receive its utmost a captivity not for seventy years, but for seventeen huncompletion. Dr. Wells.

dred. Bp. Newton. 10. The sceptre shall not depart from Judah,] The unto him shall the gathering of the people be.] word, translated sceptre, signifies a rod or staff of any That is, of the Gentiles. This is foretold in many other kind; and particularly the rod or staff, which belonged Scriptures. It began to be fulfilled in Cornelius the to each tribe as an ensign of their authority. What is centurion, Acts x. and in a few years the Gospel was here meant is, that such authority as Judah then had, disseminated in the most considerable parts of the then was to remain with his posterity; that is, that he should known world. We ourselves were of the Gentiles, but not cease from being a tribe, or body politick, having are now gathered unto Christ. Bp. Newton. rulers and governours of his own, till a certain period 11. Binding his fole unto the vine, &c.] The expreshere foretold. Bp. Newton.

sions in this verse are somewhat hyperbolical ; for they nor a lawgiver from between his feet,] The imply that vines in this country were as common as word, rendered lawgiver, signifies, not only one who thorns in other places, so that they might tie asses with makes laws, but likewise one who exercises jurisdiction. their colts to them; and wine as plentiful as water, so The meaning is, there should not be wanting a judge of that they might wash their clothes in it. They were the race and posterity of Judah, according to the He- however in a great measure fulfilled in that fertile land, brew phrase of children's coming from between the feet, which fell to the tribe of Judah: for here was the valley until the time here foretold. Bp. Newton.

of Eshcol, from which a bunch of grapes was brought until Shiloh come ;] That is, until the coming by the spies as a specimen of the fruitfulness of the land, of the Messiah. For howsoever the word Shiloh be Numb. xiii. 23. And here was a brook, or torrent of explained, whether it signify He who is to be sent, or the the same name, along the banks of which were the most Peacemaker, or any other of the senses usually given by delicious pasture grounds for cattle. Modern travellers interpreters, the Messiah is the person plainly intended. tell us of the large grapes and rich pasture grounds,

The promise then to Judah means, that his tribe about Jerusalem and the valley of Hebron. Stackhouse. should continue a distinct tribe with rulers and judges 13. Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea ;] Had and governours of its own, until the coming of the Jacob been present at the division of the land of Messiah. In early times the tribe of Judah made as Canaan, he could hardly have described Zebulun’s lot considerable a figure as any other. The second king of more exactly, than he did two hundred and fifty years Israel was of the tribe of Judah; and from that time before it happened. It extended from the Mediterto the Babylonish captivity, Judah had not only the ranean sea on the west, to the lake of Gennesaret on sceptre of a tribe, but the sceptre of a kingdom. When the east, and was very commodious for trade and naviit was promised, that the sceptre should not depart gation. Such particularities as these must have con

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Before CHRIST

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Issachar, Dan,

CHAP. XLIX. Gad, Asher, Naphtali, and Joseph.
an haven of ships; and his border 19 9 Gad, a troop shall overcome
shall be unto Zidon.

him : but he shall overcome at the
14 9 Issachar is a strong ass couch- last.
ing down between two burdens : 20 Out of Asher his bread shall

15 And he saw that rest was good, be fat, and ye shall yield royal dain-
and the land that it was pleasant; and ties.
bowed his shoulder to bear, and be 21 | Naphtali is a hind let loose:
came a servant unto tribute.

he giveth goodly words.
16 9 Dan shall judge his people, 22 9 Joseph is a fruitful bough,
as one of the tribes of Israel.

even a fruitful bough by a well;
17 Dan shall be a serpent by the whose + branches run over the wall :
+ Heb. an way, tan adder in the path, that 23 The archers have sorely grieved

daughters. arrow-snake. biteth the horse heels, so that his him, and shot at him, and hated

rider shall fall backward.

18 I have waited for thy salvation, 24 But his bow abode in strength, O LORD.

and the arms of his hands were made

+ Heb.

him :

vinced the Israelites, that it was not chance, nor power, they were a fierce and valiant people, Deut. xxxiii. 20; nor policy, that gave them the land of Canaan; but in time they overcame them, Judg. xi. 33; 1 Chron. v. God's right hand, and his arm, and the light of his 18-22. Bp. Kidder, Pyle. countenance, because He had a favour unto them. Stack 20. Out of Asher] That is, out of his country. Bp. house.

Patrick. Asher's tribe shall be situated in a plentiful -unto Zidon.] Not the city of Zidon, for the tract, abounding not only with excellent provisions of all tribe of Zebulun did not extend beyond mount Carmel, kinds for human life; but some part of it, namely, the forty miles from thence; but the country of Zidon, or delicious valley about Carmel, producing the hoicest Phenicia, which Zebulun touched. Bp. Patrick. fruit, fit to be served up to the table of kings, Josh. xix.

14. Issachar is a strong ass] The description of 26. Bp. Patrick, Pyle. Issachar is no less remarkable: since, though a labo 21 Naphtali is a hind let loose :] And like it, will rious people in rural employments, they had no inclina- be great lovers of liberty. To preserve the peace and tion to war; and were therefore frequently subjected by freedom of their country, they will use great smoothness strangers, especially in the time of the Judges. Stack- and address in treating with the neighbouring people. house.

But when urged by necessity, will prove as swift and As he compares Judah to a lion, for his valour ; so valiant in defending their country, as any other tribe. he compares Issachar to an ass, which was principally As in the instance of Barak’s expedition, Judg. iv. and v, employed for hard labour in those countries. Bp. Pa- Pyle. trick.

The prophecy relating to Naphtali may be thus trans15.- he saw that rest was good,] He should prefer lated, “Naphtali is a spreading oak, which produceth husbandry to war or merchandise, and love peace and beautiful boughs:” Jacob probably meant hereby to dequiet as husbandmen do. Bp. Patrick.

note the flourishing condition of the land, which this tribe - and the land that it was pleasant ;] The famous should possess. Dr. Durell. Or, it may be translated, valley of Jezreel was in this tribe ; the border of which “ Naphtali is a deer roaming at liberty: he shooteth forth extended as far as Jordan, where was a very pleasant noble branches,” that is, majestick antlers. The horns country, Josh. xix. 18. 22. Bp. Patrick.

of a stag are ample or stinted in their growth, in propor16. Dan shall judge his people, &c.] Though Dan tion to the richness or penury of his pasture. The prewas the son of a bondwoman, yet his posterity shall be diction then of Jacob means : Naphtali shall inhabit a governed by a ruler of his own tribe, as well as the de- country, so rich, fertile, and quiet, that after having fed scendants of Rachel and Leah. Bps. Patrick and Wilson. to the full on the most nutricious pasturage, he shall

17. Dan shall be a serpent by the way, &c.] This is sup- shoot out branches, or antlers, of the most majestick posed to be a description of Samson, who was of that magnitude. Thus the Patriarch indirectly denotes the tribe, and, by pulling down the temple on the Philistines, happy lot of Naphtali. And in fact the lot of this tribe overthrew them by craft and subtilty. Perhaps it rather was rich in pasture, and his soil was very fruitful in corn belongs to the tribe of Dan in general, as the foregoing and oil. Script. illust. prophecies to the other tribes : Jacob foreseeing that 22. Joseph is a fruitful bough, &c.] See Ps. i. 3; they would manage their wars rather by cunning and de- Jer. xvii. 8. Joseph is very fitly compared to a fruitful ceit than by open hostility. An example of this occurs, bough, by reason of his numerous offspring. He was Judg. xvii. 27. Stackhouse, Bp. Patrick.

the head of two tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh, and they 18. I have waited for thy salvation, O Lord.] In these were both very numerous, Numb. i. 33, 35; Josh. xvii. words, Jacob, foreseeing the distresses of his chil- 14–17; Deut. xxxii. 17. Bp. Kidder. dren, prays that God would help them, and teach them 23. The archers &c.] Joseph was, as it were, aimed to look up to Him in their necessities, especially to wait and shot at, and greatly oppressed by his enemies. His for the Messiah, Or, perceiving his approaching death, own brethren reviled him, shooting at him with the arand his spirits beginning to fail him, he interrupts his rows of bitter words: they contrived his death. He was speech to his sons with this exclamation, signifying, I sold into Egypt through envy, and imprisoned by a lie. wait, O Lord, for a happy deliverance out of this world His chastity was assaulted by his mistress ; his patience into a better place. Bp. Patrick.

exercised by his master and the ingratitude of Pharaoh's 19. Gad, a troop shall overcome him : &c.] The in- butler. Bp. Kidder. heritance of Gad being in a frontier country, they were 24. But his bow abode in strength, &c.] The Divine often invaded and harassed by their neighbours, the help and mercy did not forsake him: he was preserved Ammonites, Moabites, &c. Judg. x. 7, 8, 17. But as and relieved by the mighty God of Israel. By Him he.

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30.

Jacob blesseth Joseph and Benjamin. GENESIS.

His charge about his burial. strong by the hands of the mighty 28 All these are the twelve tribes God of Jacob; (from thence is the of Israel: and this is it that their shepherd, the stone of Israel :) father spake unto them, and blessed

25 Even by the God of thy father, them; every one according to his who shall help thee; and by the Al- blessing he blessed them. mighty, who shall bless thee with 29 And he charged them, and said blessings of heaven above, blessings unto them, I am to be gathered unto of the deep that lieth under, blessings my people: b bury me with my fa- 5 Chap. 47. of the breasts, and of the womb: thers in the cave that is in the field of

26 The blessings of thy father Ephron the Hittite,
have prevailed above the blessings of 30 In the cave that is in the field
my progenitors unto the utmost bound of Machpelah, which is before Mamre,
of the everlasting hills: they shall be in the land of Canaan, which Abra- < Chap. 23. 6.
on the head of Joseph, and on the ham bought with the field of Ephron
crown of the head of him that was the Hittite for a possession of a
separate from his brethren.

buryingplace.
27 Benjamin shall ravin as a 31 There they buried Abraham
wolf: in the morning he shall devour and Sarah his wife; there they
the prey, and at night he shall divide buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife';

and there I buried Leah,

the spoil.

was kept alive, when his death was designed; preserved pent, Naphtali to an hind let loose, Joseph to a fruitful chaste, when he was greatly tempted to lewdness; ren- bough, or tree planted by the waters; so Benjamin is dered prosperous in his lowest circumstances; and from fitly compared to a ravenous wolf, for his warlike courage them advanced to great dignity, and made an instrument and success against his enemies. Bp. Kidder. It was a of very great good to others. From thence, that is, from fierce and warlike tribe, as appears from several inthe same Divine power and mercy, Joseph, who had been stances, and especially in the case of the Levite's wife, sold, tempted, maligned, and imprisoned, and greatly Judg. xx. when they alone waged war against all the oppressed, became the feeder, and stay, and support, (call other tribes, and overcame them in two battles. Bp. ed here stone, compare Gen, xxviii

. 11,) or rock of defence Newton. of his father and his family. “Neither was there a man in the morning he shall devour the prey, &c.] The born like unto Joseph, a governour of his brethren, a morning and night here are the morning and night of the stay of the people," Ecclus. xlix. 15. Bp. Kidder. Jewish state, which is the subject of all Jacob's prophecy:

25. Even by] Or rather, from the God, &c. These as in Moses's prophecy, which is an exposition of this of blessings light upon Joseph, but they come from the Jacob, “ Benjamin shall dwell in safety; the Lord shall God of Israel, who will help him; and from the Almighty, cover him all the day long," Deut. xxxiii. 12. This imwho will bless him with all temporal blessings. Such ports that Benjamin should continue longer than the are seasonable weather, Lev. xxvi. 4; Deut. xxviii. 12 ; other tribes, even to the very last times of the Jewish xxxiii. 14; and consequently a fruitful land ; a numerous state. And this was most exactly fulfilled. As the tribe offspring, and power to bring them up. Bp. Kidder. of Benjamin annexed itself to the tribe of Judah as its

26 The blessings of thy father hure prevailed &c.] The head, so it ran the same fortune with it: they went toblessings, which I have received, and with which I gether into captivity; they returned home together; bless thee and thy brethren, are greater than the blessings and were both in being when Shiloh came, Bps. Sherof my progenitors, Abraham and Isaac. Jacob blessed lock and Newton. Joseph's two sons; whereas Abraham suffered Ishmael 28. All these are the twelve tribes of Israel:] From to be cast out; and Isaac bestowed the blessing on Jacob, these sprang the twelve tribes of Israel; or these are the rejecting Esau. Besides, Jacob was blessed with many blessings of the twelve tribes. Levi not inheriting as sons, none of which were excluded from inheritance, but the rest did, they are said to be twelve: or they are so all were heads of their several tribes, and continued reckoned, according to Jacob's words; for though he among God's peculiar people. “Unto the utmost bound expressly mentions Levi, he does not mention Ephraim of the everlasting hills” may imply either, the plenty of and Manasseh, but blesses them in Joseph. Bps. Pathat part of Canaan, which was the lot of Joseph's chil- trick and Kidder. dren, comprehending the mountains of Ephraim, Sa blessed them ;] Reuben, Simeon, and Levi, though maria, and Bashan, Deut. xxxiii. 15; or, the eminence reprehended by their father, yet received a blessing and long duration of these blessings, metaphorically ex- in being reckoned as heads of their tribes, and inheritors pressed by the height and duration of ancient hills, Isa. of the promised land. Bp. Kidder. liv. 10. Bp. Kidder.

according to his blessing] That is, Jacob told of him that was separate from his brethren.] The each of his sons what would happen in aftertimes to his Hebrew word nazir, translated separate, signifies crowned; posterity respectively, as we are told in the introduction it appears to be here used in allusion to the superinten- to this prophecy. The word “ bless” may signify here dents of the king's household in Eastern countries, who to take leave or bid farewell : as it appears to be used in were called Nazirs, and probably wore some kind of dia- 2 Sam. xix. 39; or it is meant, as Calmet says, to dedem on their heads, by way of distinction. Stackhouse. note the last words of a dying parent to his children. Separated from others, either by a vow or by dignity: Jo- Dr. Durell. seph is called so in the latter sense, as viceroy of Egypt. 29. I am to be gathered unto my people :] I must Bp. Patrick.

die shortly. Bp. Patrick. 27. Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf:] As Judah is 30. In the cave that is in the field &c.] He describes likened to a lion, Issachar to a strong ass, Dan to a ser- the place so particularly, because he would not have.

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