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Before CHRIST

1491.

1491.

take for me.

ing.
a Chap. 35. 5.

c Chap 28. 15.

CHRIST mount, and be there : and I will give Asaying, he continueth forty days.

CHAP. XXIV, XXV. The offerings for the tabernacle.

AND the Lord spake unto Moses, of stone, and a , and commandments which I have 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, written; that thou mayest teach them. that they + bring me an || offering: Heb. 13 And Moses rose up, and his

sa of every man that giveth it willingly i or, minister Joshua: and Moses went up with his heart

heare offershall take ye

offer

my
into the mount of God.

ing.
14 And he said unto the elders, 3 And this is the offering which ye
Tarry ye here for us, until we come shall take of them; gold, and silver,
again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and brass,
and Hur are with

you :

if
any man

4 And blue, and purple, and scar-
have any matters to do, let him come let, and || fine linen, and goats' hair, 1 Or, silk.
unto them.

5 And rams' skins dyed red, and 15 And Moses went up into the badgers' skins, and shittim wood, mount, and a cloud covered the 6° Oil for the light, spices for anmount.

ointing oil, and for sweet incense, 16 And the glory of the LORD 7 Onyx stones, and stones to be abode upon mount Sinai, and the set in the b ephod, and in the ' breast- b Chap. 28. 4. cloud covered it six days: and the plate. seventh day he called unto Moses 8 And let them make me a sancout of the midst of the cloud.

tuary; that I may dwell among them. 17 And the sight of the glory of 9 According to all that I shew the Lord was like devouring fire on thee, after the pattern of the taberthe top of the mount in the eyes of nacle, and the pattern of all the inthe children of Israel.

struments thereof, even so shall

ye 18 And Moses went into the midst make it.

of the cloud, and gat him up into the 10 q & And they shall make an ark a Chap. 37. 1. d Chap. 34. mount: and a Moses was in the mount of shittim wood : two cubits and a half forty days and forty nights.

shall be the length thereof, and a cubit CHAP. XXV.

and a half the breadth thereof, and a

cubit and a half the height thereof.
1 What the Israelites must offer for the making 11 And thou shalt overlay it with

of the tabernacle. 10 The form of the ark.
17. The mercy seat, with the cherubims. 23 pure gold, within and without shalt
The table, with the furniture thereof. 31 thou overlay it, and shalt make upon

The candlestick, with the instruments thereof it a crown of gold round about. Chap. XXV. ver. 4. - blue, and purple, &c.] These while thorn; that it is of an admirable beauty, solidity, were probably woollen or yarn cloths; not made of silk, strength, and smoothness. It is thought he means the which, it is thought, was not discovered in those early Black Acacia, which, they say, is the only tree found in times; of fine linen there was a peculiar kind among the the deserts of Arabia. Calmei. The Acacia being by far Egyptians called Byssus. It is supposed that the Is- the largest and the most common tree of these deserts, raelites either brought the materials here mentioned with (Arabia Petrea,) we have some reason to conjecture that them from Egypt, or else obtained them by trafficking the shittim wood, of which the utensils, &c. of the taberwith some neighbouring tribes, and giving in exchange nacle (Exod. xxv.) were made, was the wood of the Acaother valuables which they had brought with them. Bp. cia. This tree abounds with flowers of a globular figure Patrick.

and of an excellent smell, which may further induce us -goats' hair,] Many ancient and modern writers to take it for the same with the shittah tree, which, in describe the goats of Asia, Phrygia, and Cilicia : their Isa. xli. 19, is joined with the myrtle and other sweethair is very long, white, bright, and fine, and hangs to smelling plants. Dr. Shaw. The Acacia Vera seems to the ground; in beauty, it almost equals silk, and it is be the only indigenous tree in Upper Egypt. From it never sheared, but combed off. The shepherds carefully proceeds the gum-Arabick, which chiefly comes from wash their goats often in the rivers. The women spin Arabia Petrea, where these trees are most numerous : the hair, and it is carried to Angora, where it is worked but it is the most common tree of all the deserts from and finely dyed. It affords at this day a great trade at the northernmost part of Arabia to the extremity of Angora and Aleppo. Calmet.

Ethiopia. Bruce. 5. badgers' skins,] There are doubts respecting the 8. a sanctuary :] A tabernacle or tent, called a meaning of the Hebrew word, translated badgers' skins. sanctuary or holy place, because it was appropriated to The most ancient interpreters think that it does not sig- God, and because no uncircumcised or unclean person nify any skin, but a colour. Bp. Patrick, Pyle. might enter into it without profanation: there God was

shittim wood,] The shittim wood, of which very to dwell or to manifest his presence in a peculiar manfrequent mention is made in Scripture, grew in the ner by a cloud or visible glory. Bp. Patrick. neighbourhood of mount Sinai, as well as in other places, 10. — an ark] A chest or coffer. Bp. Patrick. A being exceedingly durable, smooth, and strong. Bp. cubit, according to Bp. Cumberland, was about twentyPatrick.

one inches of our measure. See the Tables. St. Jerome says that the shittim wood resembles the 11. — a crown of gold round about.] A mixed border

28.
Deut. 9. 9.

Before CHRIST

1491.

Before CHRIST

1491.

e Numb. 7.

The mercy seat.
EXODUS.

The furniture
12 And thou shalt cast four rings between the two cherubims which
of gold for it, and put them in the are upon the ark of the testimony,
four corners thereof, and two rings of all things which I will give thee
shall be in the one side of it, and two commandment unto the children of 89.
rings in the other side of it.

Israel.
13 And thou shalt make staves of 23 q 'Thou shalt also make a table [Chap. 37.10.
shittim wood, and overlay them with of shittim wood : two cubits shall be
gold.

the length thereof, and a cubit the
14 And thou shalt put the staves breadth thereof, and a cubit and a
into the rings by the sides of the ark, half the height thereof.
that the ark may be borne with them. 24 And thou shalt overlay it with

15 The staves shall be in the rings pure gold, and make thereto a crown
of the ark : they shall not be taken of gold round about.
from it.

25 And thou shalt make unto it a
16 And thou shalt put into the ark border of an hand breadth round
the testimony which I shall give thee. about, and thou shalt make a golden

17 And thou shalt make a mercy crown to the border thereof round
seat of pure gold : two cubits and a about.
half shall be the length thereof, and a 26 And thou shalt make for it four
cubit and a half the breadth thereof. rings of gold, and put the rings in the

18 And thou shalt make two cheru- four corners that are on the four feet
bims of gold, of beaten work shalt thereof.
thou make them, in the two ends of 27 Over against the border shall
the mercy seat.

the rings be for places of the staves
19 And make one cherub on the to bear the table.

one end, and the other cherub on the 28 And thou shalt make the staves 10r, of the other end: even || of the mercy seat of shittim wood, and overlay them mattersealhe shall ye make the cherubims on the with gold, that the table may be two ends thereof.

borne with them. 20 And the cherubims shall stretch 29 And thou shalt make the dishes forth their wings on high, covering thereof, and spoons thereof, and the mercy seat with their wings, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, their faces shall look one to another; || to cover withal: of pure gold shalt 10r, to pour toward the mercy seat shall the faces thou make them. of the cherubims be.

30 And thou shalt set upon the 21 And thou shalt put the mercy table shewbread before me alway. seat above upon the ark; and in the 31 1 6 And thou shalt make a can- g Chap. 37.17. ark thou shalt put the testimony that dlestick of pure gold: of beaten work I shall give thee.

shall the candlestick be made : his 22 And there I will meet with shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his thee, and I will commune with thee knops, and his flowers, shall be of the from above the mercy seat, from same.

ont wilhal.

which went round the top of it. Bp. Patrick. A cornice on the holy ark under the shape of winged boys. Archor rim of massy gold. Pyle.

deacon Sharp. It was between the cherubim, over the 16. — put into the ark the testimony] The two tables lid of the ark, that the glory of the Lord resided. Hence of stone, containing the Ten Commandments, which tes- God is said to dwell between the cherubims, Ps. lxxx, tified what the will of God was, which the Israelites con 1, and the ark is called his footstool, Ps. xcix. 5. Here sented to observe. Hence the ark itself is frequently He displayed the token of his immediate presence, and called the ark of the testimony, chap. xl. 21. Bp. Patrick. hence He delivered out his orders and commands. Pyle. 17.— thou shalt make a mercy seat] The lid or cover 29. — the dishes

spoons covers bowls] It is ing of the ark was called the mercy seat, or propitiatory, thought that in the “dishes” the shewbread was placed. because God here shewed Himself to be propitious, The "spoons,” vials or cups as some translate, used in being appeased by the blood of the sacrifices which was conveying the incense. The “covers,” with which the sprinkled on this place. Bp. Patrick.

leaves and the incense were covered. The “bowls," for 18. — cherubims] These were winged figures : and the wine used in the sacrifices. Bp. Patrick, Dr. Wells. the circumstance of their being placed in the Holy of "To cover withal,” the most probable meaning is, that Holies, (a type of the highest heaven, Heb. ix. 24,) the above-mentioned utensils were to cover or furnish makes it probable that they represent the angels which out the table. Bp. Kidder. stand before God continually, Matt. xviii. 10, ready to 30. — shewbread] In Hebrew, the bread of the face or do God's will, Heb. i. 14. Bp. Kidder. It is uncertain presence, because it was set before the ark of the coveof what shape they were. Bp. Patrick, Dr. Wells. The nant, where God was present. Bp. Patrick. See it Jewish doctors have always represented the cherubim described at Levit. xxiv. 5. 7.

Before CHRIST

1491.

Before CHRIST

1491.

for the tabernacle.

CHAP. XXV, XXVI. The curtains of goats' hair. 32 And six branches shall come 3 The five curtains shall be couout of the sides of it; three branches pled together one to another; and of the candlestick out of the one side, other five curtains shall be coupled and three branches of the candlestick one to another. out of the other side :

4 And thou shalt make loops of 33 Three bowls made like unto al- blue upon the edge of the one curmonds, with a knop and a flower in one tain from the selvedge in the coubranch; and three bowls made like al- pling; and likewise shalt thou make monds in the other branch, with a knop in the uttermost edge of another and a flower: so in the six branches curtain, in the coupling of the second. that come out of the candlestick. 5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in

34 And in the candlestick shall be the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt
four bowls made like unto almonds, thou make in the edge of the curtain
with their knops and their flowers. that is in the coupling of the second;

35 And there shall be a knop under that the loops may take hold one of
two branches of the same, and a knop another.
under two branches of the same, and 6 And thou shalt make fifty taches
a knop under two branches of the of gold, and couple the curtains to-
same, according to the six branches gether with the taches : and it shall
that proceed out of the candlestick. be one tabernacle.

36 Their knops and their branches 7 9 And thou shalt make curtains
shall be of the same : all of it shall be of goats' hair to be a covering upon
one beaten work of pure gold. the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt

37 And thou shalt make the seven thou make. 1.0r, cause to lamps thereof: and they shall || light 8 The length of one curtain shall

the lamps thereof, that they may give be thirty cubits, and the breadth of + Heb. the light over against tit.

one curtain four cubits: and the face of it.

38 And the tongs thereof, and eleven curtains shall be all of one the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of measure.

9 And thou shalt couple five cur-
39 Of a talent of pure gold shall tains by themselves, and six curtains
he make it, with all these vessels. by themselves, and shalt double the

40 And A look that thou make sixth curtain in the forefront of the
them after their pattern, † which was tabernacle.
shewed thee in the mount.

10 And thou shalt make fifty loops

on the edge of the one curtain that is CHAP. XXVI.

outmost in the coupling, and fifty
1 The ten curtains of the tabernacle, 7 The loops in the edge of the curtain which

eleven curtains of goats' hair. 14 The cover-
ing of rams' skins. 15 The boards of the coupleth the second.
tabernacle, with their sockets and bars. 31 11. And thou shalt make fifty
The vail for the ark. 36 The hanging for taches of brass, and put the taches
the door.

into the loops, and couple the || tent 10r, OREOVER thou shalt make together, that it may be one.

the tabernacle with ten cur 12 And the remnant that remaineth tains of fine twined linen, and blue, of the curtains of the tent, the half and purple, and scarlet : with cheru- curtain that remaineth, shall hang

bims + of cunning work shalt thou over the backside of the tabernacle. work of a make them.

13 And a cubit on the one side, 2 The length of one curtain shall and a cubit on the other side + of Heb, in the embroiderer.

be eight and twenty cubits, and the that which remaineth in the length of surplusase.
breadth of one curtain four cubits: the curtains of the tent, it shall hang
and every one of the curtains shall over the sides of the tabernacle on
have one measure.

this side and on that side, to cover it.

pure gold.

h Acts 7. 44.
Hebr. 8. 5.
+ Heb. tehich
thou wast
caused to see.

covering

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| Heb. the

cunning workman, or,

Chap. XXVI. ver. 1 the tabernacle] The Hebrew hair, ver. 7, and the two coverings mentioned at ver. word properly signifies any habitation or place to dwell 14, to preserve and shelter it from the weather. Bp. in; and here denotes a tent, or dwelling which might Patrick. be moved from place to place.

- with cherubims of cunning work] Meaning that This tabernacle had four separate coverings, the ten figures of cherubims should be curiously wrought on curtains mentioned in this verse, the curtains of goats' | the curtains. Bp. Patrick,

Before CHRIST

1491.

Before CHRIST

1491.

Hebr. 8. 5.

The tabernacle

EXODUS.

and its appurtenances. 14 And thou shalt make a cover- | midst of the boards shall reach from ing for the tent of rams' skins dyed end to end. red, and a covering above of badgers' 29 And thou shalt overlay the skins.

boards with gold, and make their 15 9 And thou shalt make boards rings of gold for places for the bars ; for the tabernacle of shittim wood and thou shalt overlay the bars with standing up

gold. 16 Ten cubits shall be the length 30 And thou shalt rear up the taof a board, and a cubit and a half bernacle « according to the fashion 4 Chap. 25. 9,

shall be the breadth of one board. thereof which was shewed thee in the Acts 7. 44. Heb. hands. 17 Two + tenons shall there be in mount.

one board, set in order one against 31 | And thou shalt make a vail
another: thus shalt thou make for all of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and
the boards of the tabernacle.

fine twined linen of cunning work :
18 And thou shalt make the boards with cherubims shall it be made :
for the tabernacle, twenty boards on 32 And thou shalt hang it upon
the south side southward."

four pillars of shittim wood overlaid
19 And thou shalt make forty with gold: their hooks shall be of
sockets of silver under the twenty gold, upon the four sockets of silver.
boards; two sockets under one board 33 | And thou shalt hang up the
for his two tenons, and two sockets vail under the taches, that thou may-
under another board for his two est bring in thither within the vail
tenons.

the ark of the testimony: and the
20 And for the second side of the vail shall divide unto you between
tabernacle on the north side there the holy place and the most holy.
shall be twenty boards:

34 Ånd thou shalt put the mercy
21 And their forty sockets of sil- seat upon the ark of the testimony in
ver; two sockets under one board, the most holy place.
and two sockets under another board. 35 And thou shalt set the table

22 And for the sides of the taber- without the vail, and the candlestick
nacle westward thou shalt make six over against the table on the side of
boards.

the tabernacle toward the south : and
23 And two boards shalt thou thou shalt put the table on the north
make for the corners of the tabernacle side.
in the two sides.

36 And thou shalt make an hang24 And they shall be + coupled ing for the door of the tent, of blue, twined.

together beneath, and they shall be and purple, and scarlet, and fine
coupled together above the head of it twined linen, wrought with needle-
unto one ring: thus shall it be for work.
them both; they shall be for the two 37 And thou shalt make for the
corners.

hanging five pillars of shittim wood,
25 And they shall be eight boards, and overlay them with gold, and their
and their sockets of silver, sixteen hooks shall be of gold : and thou
sockets; two sockets under one board, shalt cast five sockets of brass for
and two sockets under another board. them.
26 9 And thou shalt make bars of

CHAP. XXVII.
shittim wood; five for the boards of
the one side of the tabernacle,

i The altar of burnt offering, with the vessels

thereof. 9 The court of the tabernacle en-
27 And five bars for the boards of

closed with hangings and pillars. 18 The
the other side of the tabernacle, and measure of the court. 20 The oil for the
five bars for the boards of the side of the lamp.
tabernacle, for the two sides westward.
28 And the middle bar in the AND thou shalt make an altar of

shittim wood, five cubits long, 31. — cunning work :] Work ingeniously and curi- into which none but the high priest could enter, and ously wrought: this seems to be more curious work he only once a year, on the great day of expiation. than the “needle-work” mentioned ver. 36. Bp. Pa- Stackhouse. trick.

33. - between the holy place and the most holy.] The Chap. XXVII. ver. 1. thou shalt make an allar] Holy place, into which none but the priests could en- The altar of burnt offerings, as is explained at Exod. ter; the most Holy, the Sanctuary or Holy of Holies, chap. xxxviii. ver. 1.

+ Heb.

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