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b Ecclus. 45. 9.

Holy garments.


Consecration of priests.
34 A golden bellanda pomegranate, it shall be a statute for ever unto him
a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon and his seed after him.
the hem of the robe round about.

35 And it shall be upon Aaron 1 The sacrifice and ceremonies of consecrating
to minister: and his sound shall be

the priests. 38 The continual burnt offering.
heard when he goeth in unto the 45 God's promise to dwell among the chil-
holy place before the LORD, and dren of Israel.
when he cometh out, that he die not.

is the that thou
36 | And thou shalt make a plate shalt do unto them to hallow
of pure gold, and grave upon it, like them, to minister unto me in the
the engravings of a signet, HOLI- priest's office : a Take one young bul- a Lev. 8. 2.

lock, and two rams without blemish, 37 And thou shalt put it on a

2 And unleavened bread, and blue lace, that it may be upon the cakes unleavened tempered with oil, mitre; upon

the forefront of the and wafers unleavened anointed with mitre it shall be.

oil : of wheaten flour shalt thou make

forehead, that Aaron may bear the 3 And thou shalt put them into
iniquity of the holy things, which the one basket, and bring them in the bas-
children of Israel 'shall hallow in all ket, with the bullock and the two
their holy gifts ; and it shall be rams.
always upon his forehead, that they 4 And Aaron and his sons thou

be accepted before the Lord. shalt bring unto the door of the ta-
39 q And thou shalt embroider the bernacle of the congregation, and
coat of fine linen, and thou shalt shalt wash them with water.
make the mitre of fine linen, and thou 5 And thou shalt take the gar-
shalt make the girdle of needlework. ments, and put upon Aaron the coat,

40 q And for Aaron's sons thou and the robe of the ephod, and the
shalt make coats, and thou shalt make ephod, and the breastplate, and gird
for them girdles, and bonnets shalt him with the curious girdle of the
thou make for them, for glory and ephod :
for beauty.

6 And thou shalt put the mitre
41 And thou shalt put them upon upon his head, and put the holy
Aaron thy brother, and his sons with crown upon the mitre.
him; and shalt anoint them, and 7 Then shalt thou take the anoint-
† consecrate them, and sanctify them, ing oil, and pour it upon his head, b Chap. 30.
that they may minister unto me in and anoint him.
the priest's office.

8 And thou shalt bring his sons, 42 And thou shalt make them and put coats upon them. + Heb. flesh linen breeches to cover + their naked 9 And thou shalt gird them with ness; from the loins even unto the girdles, Aaron and his sons,

and thighs they shall + reach:

† put the bonnets on them; and the + Heb. bind. 43 And they shall be upon Aaron, priest's office shall be theirs for a and upon his sons, when they come perpetual statute : and thou shalt in unto the tabernacle of the congre- † consecrate Aaron and his sons. gation, or when they come near unto 10 And thou shalt cause a bullock c Chap. 28. the altar to minister in the holy place; to be brought before the tabernacle that they bear not iniquity, and die: of the congregation : and Aaron a Lev. 1. 4.

+ Heb. fill their hand.


of their nakedness.

# Heb. be.

+ Heb. fill the hand of.


the ringing of a small bell by the officiating Brahmin. spects it differed from the bonnet (ver. 40.) of the other Maurice.

priests, except that it was more adorned and costly. 38. that Aaron may bear the iniquity &c.] Meaning The Hebrew doctors say that they both consisted of that, if there should happen to be any defects in the sa- folds of linen wrapt several times round, like the turcrifices or gifts presented to God, these defects might bans now worn in the East. Calmet. be pardoned by the intercession of the high priest, when 43. that they bear not iniquity, and die:] That God he appeared before God with this plate as a crown on may not punish them with death, for profaneness in his head. Bp. Patrick. In this the high priest was a fit neglecting to appear before Him with the sacred gartype of Christ, 1 Pet. ii. 26. Bp. Kidder.

ments, which He has appointed. Bp. Patrick. 39. the mitre] The form of the high priest's mitre is not well understood, the descriptions which are given Chap. XXIX. ver. 10. shall put their hands upon of it being very various ; nor is it known in what re- the head] This was to shew that they loaded the victim





e Lev. 3. 3.

Hebrew doctors, to be

The consecration

of the priests. Before

and his sons shall put their hands | their right foot, and sprinkle the blood
upon the head of the bullock.

upon the altar round about.
11 And thou shalt kill the bul 21 And thou shalt take of the
lock before the Lord, by the door of blood that is upon the altar, and of
the tabernacle of the congregation. the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon

12 And thou shalt take of the Aaron, and upon his garments, and
blood of the bullock, and put it upon upon his sons, and upon the garments
the horns of the altar with thy finger, of his sons with him: and he shall be
and pour all the blood beside the hallowed, and his garments, and his
bottom of the altar.

sons, and his sons' garments with 13 And e thou shalt take all the fat him. || It seemeth that covereth the inwards, and || the 22 Also thou shalt take of the by Anatomy, caul that is above the liver, and the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat

two kidneys, and the fat that is upon that covereth the inwards, and the the midrif. them, and burn them upon the altar. caul above the liver, and the two

14 But the flesh of the bullock, kidneys, and the fat that is upon
and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou them, and the right shoulder; for it
burn with fire without the camp: it is a ram of consecration:
is a sin offering:

23 And one loaf of bread, and one
15 4 Thou shalt also take one ram; cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out
and Aaron and his sons shall put their of the basket of the unleavened bread

the head of the ram. that is before the LORD:
16 And thou shalt slay the ram, 24 And thou shalt put all in the
and thou shalt take his blood, and hands of Aaron, and in the hands of
sprinkle it round about upon the his sons; and shalt || wave them for | Or, shake

to and fro. a wave offering before the Lord. 17 And thou shalt cut the ram in 25 And thou shalt receive them of pieces, and wash the inwards of him, their hands, and burn them upon the

and his legs, and put them unto his altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet || Or, upon. pieces, and || unto his head.

savour before the LORD: it is an of-
18 And thou shalt burn the whole fering made by fire unto the Lord.
ram upon the altar : it is a burnt of 26 And thou shalt take the breast
fering unto the Lord: it is a sweet of the ram of Aaron's consecration,
savour, an offering made by fire unto and wave it for a wave offering be-
the LORD.

fore the Lord: and it shall be thy
19 And thou shalt take the part.
other ram; and Aaron and his sons 27 And thou shalt sanctify the
shall put their hands upon the head breast of the wave offering, and the
of the ram.

shoulder of the heave offering, which
20 Then shalt thou kill the ram, is waved, and which is heaved up, of
and take of his blood, and put it upon the ram of the consecration, even of
the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and that which is for Aaron, and of that
upon the tip of the right ear of his which is for his sons :
sons, and upon the thumb of their 28 And it shall be Aaron's and
right hand, and upon the great toe of his sons' by a statute for ever from

with their iniquities, and confessed that they deserved or twelve pounds, and according to the reports of trathe death whích he was about to suffer. And he that vellers, some of them weigh upwards of fifty pounds. did not repent and thus confess his sins, was not Bochart. This broad fattish tail is mostly covered cleansed by this sacrifice. Bp. Wilson.

with long wool : it is entirely composed of a substance 14. — it is a sin offering.] An offering made for the between marrow and fat, being used instead of butter, sins of Aaron and his sons, which sins it was necessary and serving as an ingredient in several kinds of food. should be expiated before they were qualified to make When the animal is young, it is little inferiour to the offerings for the sins of others. Bp. Patrick,

best marrow. When the animal has been pampered, 20. the right ear &c.] It is thought that the blood the tail has been known to weigh seventy and eighty was put upon their right ears, to denote their hearkening pounds; but usually they weigh from ten to twenty to the Divine precepts; and on their thumbs and toes, pounds. Dr. Russell. to denote their strenuous performance of all that was 26. it shall be thy part.] Moses being at this time required of them. Bp. Patrick.

in the stead of the High Priest, ver. 22. Bp. Kidder. 22. - take of the ram the fat and the rump,] The 27. wave offering, heave offering,] There is no tails of the sheep in Eastern countries are extremely difference between the wave offering and the heave large and loaded with fat. The least of them weigh ten offering, except that the latter was only heaved or lifted





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his sons.

Consecration of priests.


The continual burnt offering. the children of Israel : for it is an for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to heave offering: and it shall be an sanctify it. heave offering from the children of 37 Seven days thou shalt make an Israel of the sacrifice of their peace atonement for the altar, and sancofferings, even their heave offering tify it; and it shall be an altar most unto the LORD.

holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar 29 4 And the holy garments of shall be holy. Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to 38 Now this is that which thou be anointed therein, and to be con- shalt offer upon the altar; &two lambs & Numb. 28. secrated in them.

of the first year day by day continu+ Heb. he of 30 And † that son that is priest in ally.

his stead shall put them on seven 39 The one lamb thou shalt offer
days when he cometh into the taber- in the morning; and the other lamb
nacle of the congregation to minister thou shalt offer at even :
in the holy place.

40 And with the one lamb a tenth
31 1 And thou shalt take the ram deal of flour mingled with the fourth
of the consecration, and seethe his part of an hin of beaten oil; and the
flesh in the holy place.

fourth part of an hin of wine for a 32 And Aaron and his sons shall drink offering.

eat the flesh of the ram, and the 41 And the other lamb thou shalt (Lev. 8. 31. f bread that is in the basket, by the offer at even, and shalt do thereto

door of the tabernacle of the congre- according to the meat offering of the

morning, and according to the drink
33 And they shall eat those things offering thereof, for a sweet savour,
wherewith the atonement was made, an offering made by fire unto the
to consecrate and to sanctify them: Lord.
but a stranger shall not eat thereof, 42 This shall be a continual burnt
because they are holy.

offering throughout your generations
34 And if ought of the flesh of at the door of the tabernacle of the
the consecrations, or of the bread, re- congregation before the Lord: where
main unto the morning, then thou I will meet you, to speak there unto
shalt burn the remainder with fire: thee.
it shall not be eaten, because it is 43 And there I will meet with the

children of Israel, and || the tabernacle | Or, Israel.
35 And thus shalt thou do unto shall be sanctified by my glory.
Aaron, and to his sons, according to 44 And I will sanctify the taber-
all things which I have commanded nacle of the congregation, and the
thee: seven days shalt thou conse- altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron
crate them.

and his sons, to minister to me in the 36 And thou shalt offer every day priest's office. a bullock for a sin offering for atone 45 And h I will dwell among the ḥ Lev. 26. 12. ment: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, children of Israel, and will be their 2 Cor. 6. 16. when thou hast made an atonement God.

Matt. 12. 4.



up, but the former waved in all manner of directions, to that office : bold men might not intrude into it; nor unshew that He, to whom it was offered, was Lord of the qualified men be imposed upon it by any authority whole earth, and of all that therein is. Bp. Patrick. whatsoever. And the next care that God took, after

28. sacrifice of their peace offerings,] The peace He had adorned the place of his worship with all posoffering betokened that they were now in a state of sible lustre and magnificence, was, to provide such friendship and reconciliation with God. Bp. Patrick. ornaments and habits for the persons of those who

33, - - a stranger] Meaning here any one not of the served, as might make them remarkable above other family of Aaron.

“And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron - a tenth deal an hin &c.] See these explained thy brother, for glory and for beauty," chap. xxviii. 2. in the Tables.

And God vouchsafed to be as particular and punctual 44.- I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons,] in his directions for the matter and form of those garGod had no sooner directed a particular place for his ments, as well for the sons, the inferiour priests, as for service; He had no sooner caused an altar to be erected, Aaron the High Priest himself, as He had been for the where his people should more peculiarly serve and ark, the tabernacle, and the altar. worship Him, and offer their sacrifices to Him; but He All which, methinks, should be a sufficient argument, set apart a chosen people, who, and who alone, might or at least a sufficient motive, that particular places perform the priests office in his service. Aaron and should be set aside, and adorned too, for the publick his sons, and they who descended from them, might do service of God: and for the distinction between the





tween the two cvens.

The altar of incense.

The ransom of souls.
46 And they shall know that I lamps tat even, he shall burn incense
am the Lord their God, that brought upon it, a perpetual incense before
them forth out of the land of Egypt, the Lord throughout your genera- + Heb. be-
that I may dwell among them: I am tions.
the Lord their God.

9 Ye shall offer no strange incense CHAP. XXX.

thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat

offering ; neither shall ye pour drink
1 The altar of incense. 11 The ransom of

souls. 17 The brasen laver. 22 The holy offering thereon.
anointing oil. 34 The composition of the 10 And Aaron shall make an

atonement upon

the horns of it once ND thou shalt make an altar to in a year with the blood of the sin


the walls.
+ Hleb, the

1 Heb. ribs.

wood shalt thou make it.

year shall he make atonement upon it 2 A cubit shall be the length throughout your generations : it is thereof, and a cubit the breadth most holy unto the LORD. thereof; foursquare shall it be: and 11 q And the LORD spake unto two cubits shall be the height thereof: Moses, saying, the horns thereof shall be of the 12 a When thou takest the sum of a Numb. 1.

the children of Israel after their 1 Heb. them 3 And thou shalt overlay it with number, then shall they give every numbered. + Heb. the pure gold, the + top thereof, and the man a ransom for his soul unto the roof and

+ sides thereof round about, and the LORD, when thou numberest them;
horns thereof; and thou shalt make that there be no plague among them,
unto it a crown of gold round about. when thou numberest them.

4 And two golden rings shalt thou 13 This they shall give, every one
make to it under the crown of it, by that passeth among them that are
the two + corners thereof, upon the numbered, half a shekel. after the
two sides of it shalt thou make it; shekel of the sanctuary : ("a shekel Lev: 27: 25.
and they shall be for places for the is twenty gerahs :) an half shekel Ezek. 45. 12
staves to bear it withal.

shall be the offering of the Lord.
5 And thou shalt make the staves 14 Every one that passeth among
of shittim wood, and overlay them them that are numbered, from twenty
with gold.

years old and above, shall give an
6 And thou shalt put it before the offering unto the Lord.
vail that is by the ark of the testi 15 The rich shall not give more, Heb.

before the mercy seat that is and the poor shall not + give
over the testimony, where I will half a shekel, when they give an
meet with thee.

offering unto the Lord, to make an
7 And Aaron shall burn thereon atonement for your

souls. cense of

sweet incense every morning: when 16 And thou shalt take the atonepor, settelh he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn ment money of the children of Israel, incense


and shalt appoint it for the service of
8 And when || + Aaron lighteth the the tabernacle of the congregation;

less than multiply.

+ Heb. diminish.

+ Heb, in


+ Heb.
causelh to

persons dedicated to his particular service, and qualified or else the solemn expiation performed once a year, for that purpose, and the very habits appropriated to Levit. xvi. 29—34, which was the most holy rite in their them, and the general ranks and classes of other men, religion. Bp. Patrick. who are not under the same obligations. Lord Cla 11. And the Lord spake] This is often repeated in rendon.

this chapter, ver. 17. 22. 34, and the succeeding chapter,

to shew that God did not deliver his precepts to Moses Chap. XXX. ver. 1. - an altar to burn incense] without intermission, but that He gave him time to rest, Thence called the altar of incense; distinct from the and then spake to him again. Bp. Patrick. altar of burnt offerings, described at chap. xxvii. 1-8. 12. -- a ransom for his soul] As a homage, whereby

6 -- where I will meet with thee.] It seems from this, they acknowledged that they had been redeemed by that though Aaron and his successors could go into the God, and also confessed his goodness in having multiHoly of Holies only once a year, yet God gave to Moses plied their nation according to his promise. Dr. the privilege of coming there as often as there was occa- Wells. sion to consult the Divine Majesty. Bp. Patrick. 13. after the shekel of the sanctuary :] The shekel

9.--no strange incense] None but that which is (nearly half a crown of our money) was called "after prescribed at ver. 34-37 of this chapter.

the shekel of the sanctuary,” because the standard, ac10. it is most holy unto the Lord.] Either the altar cording to which the money was tried, was kept in the itself, being consecrated to God's service, is so called, sanctuary. Lewis.

that it may





ye make



The holy anointing oil.


The composition of the perfume. a memorial unto the 30 And thou shalt anoint Aaron Before

CHRIST children of Israel before the Lord, and his sons, and consecrate them, to make an atonement for your souls. that they may minister unto me in

17 [ And the Lord spake unto the priest's office. Moses, saying,

31 And thou shalt speak unto the 18 Thou shalt also make a laver of children of Israel, saying, This shall brass, and his foot also of brass, to be an holy anointing oil unto me wash withal: and thou shalt put it throughout your generations. between the tabernacle of the congre 32 Upon man's flesh shall it not gation and the altar, and thou shalt be poured, neither shall

any put water therein.

other like it, after the composition of
19 For Aaron and his sons shall it: it is holy, and it shall be holy
wash their hands and their feet there- unto you.

33 Whosoever compoundeth any
20 When they go into the taber- like it, or whosoever putteth any of it
nacle of the congregation, they shall upon a stranger, shall even be cut off
wash with water, that they die not; from his people.
or when they come near to the altar 34 And the LORD said unto
to minister, to burn offering made by Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices,
fire unto the LORD:

stacte, and onycha, and galbanum;
21 So they shall wash their hands these sweet spices with pure frank-
and their feet, that they die not: and incense : of each shall there be a like
it shall be a statute for ever to them, weight :
even to him and to his seed through 35 And thou shalt make it a per-
out their generations.

fume, a confection after the art of
22 9 Moreover the Lord spake the apothecary, + tempered together, Heb.
unto Moses, saying,

pure and holy :
23 Take thou also unto thee prin 36 And thou shalt beat some of it
cipal spices, of pure myrrh five hun- very small, and put of it before the
dred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon testimony in the tabernacle of the
half so much, even two hundred and congregation, where I will meet with
fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus thee: it shall be unto you most holy.
two hundred and fifty shekels,

37 And as for the perfume which
24 And of cassia five hundred thou shalt make, ye shall not make to

shekels, after the shekel of the sanc- yourselves according to the composic Chap. 29. tuary, and of oil olive an Chin: tion thereof: it shall be unto thee

25 And thou shalt make it an oil holy for the Lord.
of holy ointment, an ointment com 38 Whosoever shall make like unto

pound after the art of the || apothe-that, to smell thereto, shall even be perfumer.

cary: it shall be an holy anointing cut off from his people.
26 And thou shalt anoint the

tabernacle of the congregation there- 1 Bezaleel and Aholiab are called and made
with, and the ark of the testimony, meet for the work of the tabernacle. 12 The

27 And the table and all his ves observation of the sabbath is again comsels, and the candlestick and his ves

manded. 18 Moses receiveth the two tables. sels, and the altar of incense,

AND the Lord spake unto Moses,
28 And the altar of burnt offering

with all his vessels, and the laver and 2 See, I have called by name Be-
his foot.

zaleel the son of Uri, the son of a 1 Chron. 2.
29 And thou shalt sanctify them, Hur, of the tribe of Judah :
that they may be most holy : what 3 And I have filled him with the

soever toucheth them shall be holy. spirit of God, in wisdom, and in 31. — This shall be an holy anointing oil] It was to priest or a king. Bp. Kidder. Any other than a priest, be set apart to the use of God's ministry, and therefore or one specially appointed to be anointed with it. Dr. not to be employed on any other; not to be “poured Wells. on man's flesh," that is, not on the flesh of a common man, but only on the priests, and on such as were spe Chap. XXXI. ver. 3. I have filled him with the spirit cially appointed. Bp. Patrick.

of God,] It was necessary that he should be superna33. upon a stranger,] Upon one who is not a turally endowed with skill in these ingenious arts, since




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