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Before CHRIST

1014.

1014.

1011.

my father.

Joab is slain.

CHAP. II.

Shimei is confined to Jerusalem. naiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, there, and go not forth thence any c Heroist fall upon him.

whither.
30 And Benaiah came to the taber 37 For it shall be, that on the day
nacle of the LORD, and said unto him, thou goest out, and passest over the
Thus saith the king, Come forth. And brook Kidron, thou shalt know for
he said, Nay; but I will die here. certain that thou shalt surely die :
And Benaiah brought the king word thy blood shall be upon thine own
again, saying, Thus said Joab, and head.
thus he answered me.

38 And Shimei said unto the king,
31 And the king said unto him, The saying is good: as my lord the
Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, king hath said, so will thy servant do.
and bury him; that thou mayest take And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem

many
away the innocent blood, which Joab days.
shed, from me, and from the house of 39 And it came to pass at the end

of three years, that two of the ser-
32 And the Lord shall return his vants of Shimei ran away unto Achish
blood upon his own head, who fell son of Maachah king of Gath. And
upon two men more righteous and they told Shimei, saying, Behold, thy
better than he, and slew them with servants be in Gath.

the sword, my father David not know 40 And Shimei arose, and saddled 9,2 Sam. 3. ing thereof, to wit, " Abner the son of his ass, and went to Gath to Achish

Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and to seek his servants: and Shimei o 2 Sam. 20 Amasa, the son of Jether, captain of went, and brought his servants from the host of Judah.

Gath.
33 Their blood shall therefore re 41 And it was told Solomon that
turn upon the head of Joab, and upon Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to
the head of his seed for ever : but Gath, and was come again.
upon David, and upon his seed, and 42 And the king sent and called
upon his house, and upon his throne, for Shimei, and said unto him, Did I
shall there be peace for ever from the not make thee to swear by the Lord,
LORD.

and protested unto thee, saying, Know
34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada for a certain, on the day thou goest
went up, and fell upon him, and slew out, and walkest abroad any whither,
him: and he was buried in his own that thou shalt surely die ? and thou
house in the wilderness.

saidst unto me, The word that I have
35 [ And the king put Benaiah heard is good.
the son of Jehoiada in his room over 43 Why then hast thou not kept
the host : and Zadok the priest did the oath of the Lord, and the com-
the king put in the room of "Abiathar. mandment that I have charged thee

36 4 And the king sent and called with ?
for Shimei, and said unto him, Build 44 The king said moreover to
thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell Shimei, Thou knowest all the wicked-

27.

10.

shelter. It is the fashion of our foolish presumption to those parts of the country which were thinly inhabited. look for protection where we have not cared to yield Bp. Patrick. obedience. Bp. Hall.

43. Why then hast thou not kept the oath] If this act 31, - Do as he hath said,], "Kill him at the very al- of Shimei's was small, yet the circumstances were tar where he resolves to die, after which he would not deadly: the commands of sovereign authority make the deny him burial suitable to his quality. Bp. Patrick. slightest duties weighty. If his journey was harmless,

34. So Benaiah-slew him :] The honest simplicity yet his disobedience was far otherwise. It is not for of those times knew not of any infamy in the execution subjects to poise the prince's charge in the scale of their of justice. Benaiah, who was the great marshal under weak constructions. But besides the command, here Solomon, thinks not his hands defiled by that fatalstroke. was a mutual abjuration. Shimei swore that he would In this one act Solomon has approved himself both a not go : Solomon swore his death if he went. If good magistrate and a good son, fulfilling at once the Shimei was false in offending, Solomon will be just in will of a father, and the charge of God; concluding, punishing. Now therefore the tongue that cursed the upon this just execution, that * upon David, and upon Lord's anointed receives its requital. Vengeance against his seed, there shall be peace for ever from the Lord,” rebels may sleep, but it cannot die; a sure, if late, and inferring, that without this there could have been judgment attends those who dare lift up the hand or no peace. Bp. Hall.

tongue against the sacred persons of God's vicegerents. in his own house in the wilderness.] He was pro- How much less will the God of heaven suffer, unreþably buried in some ground belonging to his own venged, the insolencies and blasphemies against his own house: they called by the name of the wilderness” sacred majesty! Bp. Hall. Vol. I.

2 Z

Before

Before CHRIST

1014.

1011.

for ever.

p 2 Chron. 1. 1.

1014. a Chap. 7. 8.

Shimei is put to death.

1. KINGS.

Solomon, preferring wisdom, ness which thine heart is privy to, places, because there was no house CHRIST

that thou didst to David my father : built unto the name of the LORD,
therefore the LORD shall return thy until those days.
wickedness upon thine own head; 3 And Solomon loved the LORD,

45 And king Solomon shall be walking in the statutes of David his
blessed, and the throne of David father: only he sacrificed and burnt
shall be established before the LORD incense in high places.

4 And the king went to Gibeon to
46 So the king commanded Benaiah sacrifice there; for that was the great
the son of Jehoiada ; which went out, high place: a thousand burnt offer-
and fell upon him, that he died. And ings did Solomon offer upon that
the P kingdom was established in the altar.
hand of Solomon.

5 9 In Gibeon the LORD appeared

to Solomon in a dream by night: CHAP. III.

and God said, Ask what I shall give
1 Solomon marrieth Pharaoh's daughter. 2 thee.

High places being in use, Solomon sacrificeth 6 And Solomon said, Thou hast
at Gibeon. 5 Solomon at Gibeon, in the
choice which God gave him, preferring wis-

shewed unto thy servant David my
dom, obtaineth wisdom, riches, and honour. father great || mercy, according as he | Or, bounty.
16 Solomon's judgment between the two har- walked before thee in truth, and in
lots maketh him renowned.

righteousness, and in uprightness of A

ND Solomon made affinity with heart with thee; and thou hast kept

Pharaoh king of Egypt, and for him this great kindness, that thou
took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought hast given him a son to sit on his
her into the city of David, until he throne, as it is this day.
had made an end of building his own 7 And now, O LORD my God,
house, and the house of the LORD, thou hast made thy servant king in-
and the wall of Jerusalem round stead of David my father: and I am
about.

but a little child: I know not how to 2 Only the people sacrificed in high go out or come in. Chap. III. ver. 1. - made affinity with Pharaoh king It has been considered a difficulty how such a number of Egypt,] Solomon, having secured his kingdom at of beasts could be consumed upon the altar here spoken home by cutting off the heads of the opposing faction, of, which is the brasen altar, within the period of such now bethought himself to strengthen his interest abroad a festival. This has been solved by supposing that all by foreign alliances. It may seem somewhat strange, the sacrifices were devoted at Gibeon, but that a consithat, from the time of Moses till this of Solomon, no derable part of them were completed afterwards at Jerumention is made, in all the history of the Jews, of the salem. It has also been suggested, that, although a kings of Egypt, for which we must account, by conclud- thousand burnt offerings are mentioned, yet it is only ing that their actions were unconnected with the history necessary to understand by the term, some great and of the chosen people. All these kings bore the name of unusual number, as it is a customary mode of expresPharaoh, which was rather a title of dignity, than a pro- sion in Scripture to denote any extraordinary number per name, for they had each a proper name besides of things by some determinate sum, which often greatly Stackhouse. See note on Gen. xii. 15.

exceeds the real number. Stackhouse, Pyle. - until he had made an end &c.] He first built 6. - Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David--great “the house of the Lord,” and then the house for his mercy,] Solomon here affords an admirable example wife to dwell in ; see i Kings ix. 24; 2 Chron. viii. 11. to those who make petitions to God, that they should Bp. Patrick.

in the first place thank Him for the great benefits they 2. Only the people sacrificed &c.] The only blemish have received. Bp. Patrick. in Solomon's government for a long time was, that he 7. - I am but a little child : &c.] Some persons have indulged the people in their ancient, though now for- concluded from these words that Solomon was not more bidden, custom of sacrificing upon such hills or high than twelve years of age when he mounted the throne; places as were near at hand, to which they were the ra- but this is wrongly inferred. Solomon calls himself ther inclined, from the unsettled condition of the taber- a child, only in respect to his skill in the management nacle, and the continued want of a fixed temple. In of publick affairs, as is signified in the last words, “I this Solomon was the more blamable, because David had, know not how to go out &c.” that is, how to govern 80 during his reign, restrained the people from such prac- great a people, for want of experience. Thus Benjamin tices. Pyle.

is called a child, Gen. xliv. 20; although he was then 4.- went to Gibeon--for that was the great high above thirty years old. Bp. Patrick. See also Jer. i. 6, place :), Gibeon was the proper place of worship, and and the note there. is called “the great high place,” because there the ori to go out or come in.] This is a Hebraism freginal tabernacle and altar, that were made in the wilder- quent in the sacred writings, and seems here to refer to ness, were kept. Solomon shewed a proper sense of the condition of a young child, yet unable to walk firmly, religion

in deeming it his first duty there to address him and ignorant of every thing; such as Solomon proself to God in prayer and sacrifice, in acknowledgment fesses himself to be, as ruler of so great a people. of his kindness in placing him on his father's throne. Houbigant.

Before CHRIST

1014.

10.

obtaineth wisdom, riches, and honour. CHAP. III. His judgment between the two harlots.

Before 8 And thy servant is in the midst 15 And Solomon awoke; and, beCHRIST 1014. of thy people which thou hast chosen, hold, it was a dream.

And he came a great people, that cannot be num- to Jerusalem, and stood before the

bered nor counted for multitude. ark of the covenant of the Lord, and b 2 Chron. 1. 9 Give therefore thy servant an offered up burnt offerings, and offered + Heb. + understanding heart to judge thy peace offerings, and made a feast to hearing. people, that I may discern between all his servants.

good and bad: for who is able to 16 9 Then came there two women,
judge this thy so great a people ? that were harlots, unto the king, and

10 And the speech pleased the stood before him.
Lord, that Solomon had asked this 17 And the one woman said, O
thing.

my lord, I and this woman dwell in
11 And God said unto him, Be- one house; and I was delivered of a

cause thou hast asked this thing, and child with her in the house.
+ Heb. hast not asked for thyself + long 18 And it came to pass the third

life; neither hast asked riches for thy- day after that I was delivered, that
self, nor hast asked the life of thine this woman was delivered also: and
enemies; but hast asked for thyself we were together; there was no stran-

understanding † to discern judgment; ger with us in the house, save we two to lear.

12 Behold, I have done according in the house.
to thy words: lo, I have given thee a 19 And this woman's child died in
wise and an understanding heart; so the night; because she overlaid it.
that there was none like thee before 20 And she arose at midnight, and
thee, neither after thee shall any took my son from beside me, while
arise like unto thee.

thine handmaid slept, and laid it in e Matt. 6. 33. 13 And I have also given thee her bosom, and laid her dead child in Wisd. 7. 11. that which thou hast not asked, both my bosom.

riches, and honour : so that there 21 And when I rose in the morn1 Or, hath || shall not be any among the kings ing to give my child suck, behold, it not been. like unto thee all thy days.

was dead: but when I had considered 14 And if thou wilt walk in my it in the morning, behold, it was not

ways, to keep my statutes and my my son, which I did bear.
4 Chap. 15.3. commandments, as thy father David 22 And the other woman said,

did walk, then I will lengthen thy Nay; but the living is my son, and
days.

the dead is thy son.

And this said,

+ Heb.

9. - an understanding heart to judge thy people,] moral to us, namely, that he, who applies his heart to Hereupon some Jewish annotators have observed, that, wisdom, does at the same time take the most proper though Solomon in his great modesty might request of method of gaining long life, riches, and reputation, God no more than the gift of government, yet God out which are very often not only the rewards, but the of his abundant grace gave him a general knowledge of effects of wisdom. Addison. After the example of Soall other things. Still, though his knowledge was thus lomon, we should all learn to labour after, and beg of infused by immediate inspiration from God, yet we can- God, in the first place, true wisdom, which consists in not suppose that he neglected the ordinary means of fearing Him, and the gifts and graces of the Spirit knowledge, study, and observation. We are told indeed necessary to that end. Ostervald. at Eccles. i. 13, that “he gave his heart to seek and 15. -- and, behold, it was a dream.] He found the search out all things under heaven,” so that he endea- impressions he had felt in his sleep to be so clear and voured by application and experience to perfect what he strong, as to convince him it was a Divine vision, and had so advantageously received at the hands of God. not a mere ordinary dream; accordingly he renewed Bp. Patrick, Calmet. "If Solomon had not been wise his thankfulness to God, in feasting and sacrifices, on before, he would not have known the worth of wisdom. his return to Jerusalem. Pyle. He was a great king, and saw that he had power enough; It was no discomfort to Solomon that he awaked and but withal he found that royalty without wisdom was found it a dream : for he knew this dream was Divine but eminent dishonour. Because Solomon made so and oracular; and he already found, on his first wakprudent a choice, God will give him both that which he ing, the real performance of what was promised to him asked, and that which he asked not; riches and honour sleeping ; such inward illumination did he sensibly find will be given him in addition. God so loves a good in his soul. No wonder that, on returning from the choice, that He recompenses it with overgiving. Had tabernacle to the ark, he testified his joy and thankfulSolomon made wealth his boon, he would have failed ness by burnt offerings and publick feastings. Bp. both of honour and wisdom. Now he asks the best, Hall. and all speeds well. They are in a fair way of happi 16. -- that were harlots,] See the notes respecting ness who can pray aright. Bp. Hall.

Rahab, Josh. ii. 1. They probably kept houses of pubThe story of Solomon's choice not only instructs us lick entertainment; the Jews suppose they were not in that point of history, but furnishes out a very fine Israelites, but strangers. Bp. Patrick.

His princes.

Before CHRIST

1014.

CHRIST

1014.

| Heb. in the midst of him.

Solomon's wisdom renowned.

I. KINGS.
No; but the dead is thy son, and the and they feared the king: for they chefore
living is my son. Thus they spake saw that the wisdom of God was + in
before the king

him, to do judgment.
23 Then said the king, The one
saith, This is my son that liveth, and

CHAP. IV.
thy son is the dead : and the other 1 Solomon's princes. 7 His twelve officers for
saith, Nay; but thy son is the dead, provision. 20, 24 The peace and largeness
and my son is the living.

of his kingdom. 22 His daily provision. 26

His stables. 29 His wisdom.
24 And the king said, Bring me a
sword.

O king
before the king.

all Israel,
25 And the king said, Divide the 2 And these were the princes which
living child in two, and give half to he had ; Azariah the son of Zadok
the one, and half to the other. the || priest,

26 Then spake the woman whose 3 Elihoreph and Ahiah, the song afficer.

the living child was unto the king, of Shisha, || scribes; Jehoshaphat the lor, + Heb. were hot.

for her bowels yearned upon her son of Ahilud, the || recorder.
son, and she said, O my lord, give 4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada membrancer.
her the living child, and in no wise was over the host: and Zadok and
slay it. But the other said, Let it be Abiathar were the priests :
neither mine nor thine, but divide it. 5 And Azariah the son of Nathan

27 Then the king answered and was over the officers: and Zabud the
said, Give her the living child, and son of Nathan was principal officer,
in no wise slay it: she is the mother and the king's friend:
thereof.

6 And Ahishar was over the hous-
28 And all Israel heard of the hold : and a Adoniram the son of a Chap. 5. 14.
judgment which the king had judged; Abda was over the || tribute.

| Or, lery.

1 Or, the chief

secretaries. | Or, re

23. Then said the king, The one saith, &c.] What is if he die, his mother loses a son : while he lives, it shall there now to lead the judge, since there is nothing, be my comfort that I have a son, though I may not call either in the act, or circumstances, or evidence, which him so: if he were to die, he would perish to both of can sway the sentence ? Solomon well saw that, when us : it is better he should live to a wrong mother than all outward proofs failed, there was an inward affection, to neither.” On the contrary, her envious competitor, which, if it could be brought out, would certainly betray as holding herself well satisfied that her neighbour the real mother. He knew that sorrow could be more should be as childless as herself, can say, “Let it be easily dissembled than natural love. Both sorrowed neither mine nor thine, but divide it." Well might for their own; both could not love one, as their own. Solomon and every hearer conclude, that either she was To draw forth, therefore, this true proof of motherhood, no mother, or a monster, that could be content with Solomon calls for a sword. Doubtless, some of the the murder of her child; and that, if she could have wiser hearers smiled upon each other, and thought in been the true mother, and yet have desired the blood themselves, what will the young king smite at hazard, of her infant, she would have deserved as much to have without conviction ? The actions of wise kings are been stripped of her child for her unnatural disposition, riddles to vulgar constructions. Neither is it for the as the other would have deserved to possess him for shallow capacities of the multitude to fathom the deep her honest compassion. Not more justly, therefore, projects of sovereign authority. That sword, which had than wisely, doth Solomon trace the true mother by the served for execution, will now serve for trial. “Divide footsteps of love and pity, and adjudge the child to those the living child in two, and give half to the one, and bowels that had yearned at his danger. Bp. Hall. half to the other." O divine oracle of justice, commanding that which it would not have done, that it Chap. IV. ver. 2.- Azariah the son of Zadok the might find out that which could not be discovered ! Bp. priest,] He was the son of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, Hall.

and therefore was grandson of Zadok, 1 Chron. vi. 8, 26. Then spake the woman &c.] On Solomon's order-9, but such are frequently called sons in Scripture. It ing the child to be divided in two, the real mother begs is not here distinctly said what office Azariah held; but that the child may be saved, even though it be given to it seems probable that he, Elihoraph, and Ahiah were her adversary; but the pretended mother is clearly for all three scribes or secretaries. Bp. Patrick. dividing it: this gave Solomon a full conviction that 4. — Zadok and Abiathar were the priests :} It is she who expressed tenderness and compassion for the matter of doubt with commentators whether this is the child, was its true mother, and accordingly he ordered same Abiathar whom Solomon ejected from the office it to be given to her. Stackhouse. This sword has al- of high priest, chap. ii. 35. If it is the same, he was ready pierced the breast of the true mother, and divided probably suffered to retain the name and title of high her heart with fear and grief at so killing a sentence. priest, while Zadok enjoyed the office, and perhaps ocThere needs no other rack to discover nature; and now, casionally to minister ; or perhaps he is here mentioned, while she thinks on the cruelty of such a sentence, she because in the beginning of Solomon's reign, he did sues to that suspected mercy of her just judge, “O my discharge the office of high priest. Bp. Patrick. Or it lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it;" is meant that Zadok was the high priest, and Abiathar as thinking, " If he live, he will but change his mother; his deputy. Pyle.

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