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CONTENTS.

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VIII. The Door of Faith opened to the Gentiles-Claudius,

Emperor-Reign of Herod Agrippa-Weakness of

Claudius—Conquest of Britain-Murder of Claudius 45

IX. Reign of Nero-His Character and Conduct-Death of

Seneca—Burning of Rome-Persecution of the Chris-

tians-Close of Nero's Reign.......................... 52

X. History of the Church during the Reign of Nero-Pro-

gress of the Gospel — The Law not binding on the

Gentiles-Epistle of James-Epistle to the Hebrews

-Churches in the Heathen Cities—The Close of

Paul's Labours-Martyrdom of Paul and Peter....... 58

XI. History of the Jews during the Reign of Nero-Govern-

ment of Felix--Porcius Festus-Martyrdom of James

-Government of Albinus-Florus-State of Jeru-

salem and of Judea-Overthrow of Cestius-Escape

of the Christians from Jerusalem...................... 64

XII. Vespasian-Josephus—The Romans in Galilee—Jotapata

-Tarichea-Gamala—John of Gischala-Progress of

the Romans in Judea till the Death of Nero.......... 71

XIII. Galba, Emperor-Otho, Emperor-Vitellius, Emperor-

Vespasian, Emperor—Vespasian's Character-State of

Rome........

...................... 77

XIV. Presages of Evil in Jerusalem-State of Jerusalem --John,

Eleazar, and Simon-Commencement of the Siege-

Fortifications of Jerusalem ........................... 79

XV. Siege of Jerusalem-The Horrors of Famine- The Curses

threatened by the Law-Sufferings of the Jews-

Siege of the Temple-Its Destruction by Fire........ 86

XVI. Taking of Jerusalem— Treatment of the Jews—Behaviour

of Titus-Works of Josephus............ ............. 94

XVII. Reign of Vespasian—Titus, Emperor-Eruption of Mount

Vesuvius-Agricola-Death of Titus.................. 98

XVIII. The Present Dispensation-Contrast between the Jewish

and Christian Dispensations—The Books of the New

Testament-Outlines of the Epistle to the Thessa-

lonians, to the Corinthians, to the Romans, and to the

Ephesians-Last Epistles of Peter, Paul, and Jude.... 101

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XIX. Domitian, Emperor--His Character-His Cruelty-Per-

secutions of the Christians-Murder of Domitian-

Nerva, Emperor-His Character-Death of Nerva.... 108

XX. First Epistle of John-Heresies of the First Century-

Church Government--Second and Third Epistles of

John-The Book of Revelation--Failure of the Church

at large-Meanings of the word Church-Last Days

of the Apostle John.........

.... 112

XXI. Trajan, Emperor-His Character-Conquest of Dacia-

Correspondence between Trajan and Pliny-Trajan's

Eastern Expedition-Intercourse with Ignatius-The

Jews in Egypt and Cyprus ............................. 118

XXII. State of the Church-Epistles of Ignatius–Martyrdom

of Ignatius-Death of Trajan ........................... 123

XXIII. Adrian, Emperor-Adrian's Character and Travels-His

Treatment of the Christians and of the Jews-Bar-

chochab-Second Jewish War- Ælia Capitolina-

Illness and Death of Adrian........................... 127

XXIV. Position of the Church on Earth-Exaltation of the

Clergy--Observance of Days-Leaven of Philosophy

- Justin Martyr..............

........... 134

XXV. Antoninus Pius, Emperor-Character of his Reign-Pro-

tection of the Christians- Marcus Antoninus, Em-

peror-Public Calamities—The Parthian War-The

Plague- Persecution of the Christians-Conduct and

Death of Verus-Literature and Learned Men-State

of the Jews—Death of Marcus--His Character and

Writings .............................................. 139

XXVI. Causes of Error-Jewish Priesthood and Christian Minis-

try-Worship-Liturgies -Accommodations to Pa-

ganism-Public Services—The Meaning, Subjects, and

Form of Baptism — Infant Baptism — Influx of

Error ............. ...........

.............. 147

XXVII. Commodus, Emperor-His Character and Amusements

-Death of Commodus-Pertinax, Emperor-Murder

of Pertinax-Sale of the Empire-History of Septi.

mus Severus ..

............ 156

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XXVIII. Rome-The Capitol --The Amphitheatre of Titus— Tem-

ples — Baths -- Aqueducts — Sewers — Dress of the

Romans— Meals — Marriages – Funerals — Mode of

Administering Justice—The Public Ways ............ 162

XXIX. Caracalla and Geta-Murder of Geta-Cruelty of Cara-

calla-Murder of Caracalla-Macrinus and his Son-

Heliogabalus-His Follies and violent Death-Pro-

tection of the Christians ...............

XXX. The Church in the World Heresy of Montanus-The

Eclectics--Origen--Remarks on Fasting-New Mode

of interpreting Scripture ......... ............ 172

XXXI. Alexander Severus, Emperor - An Example of Devout

Paganism-Protection of the Jews and Christians-

End of Alexander and his Mother-Second Persian

Empire-The Manichean Heresy—Temporary Pros-

perity of the Jews .......... ................ 177

XXXII. Maximin, Emperor-The Gordians-Pupienus, Balbinus,

and Gordian -- Philip, the Arabian -- State of the

Church — Death of Philip-Causes of the Decline

of the Roman Empire ...........

XXXIII. The Nations beyond the Roman World - Independent

Germany--The Goths-Gallus, Emperor--The Decian

Persecution - The Martyrs-Cyprian-Falling away

from the Truth-First Separation of Christians—The

Church at RomeFirst Christian Hermit--Penance

-Confession ................

............ 187

XXXIV. Valerian, Emperor--Labours of Cyprian-Renewed Per-

secution-Captivity of Valerian-Character of Gal-

lienus-The New Platonists--Ravages of the Franks

and Allemanni—Usurpers of the Provinces—General

Calamities–Story of Odenathus and Zenobia ........ 199

XXXV. Claudius, Emperor -- War with the Goths - Aurelian,

Emperor-Victory over Zenobia--Aurelian's Triumph

-Death of Aurelian-No Emperor for Eight Months 208

XXXVI. Roman Roads--Progress of Civilization-Commerce-

Cities of Asia Minor-Roman Slaves-Remarks on

Slavery -- Moral and Intellectual Decay — Ancient

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Italy, Spain, Switzerland, and Britain-Moral State

of the Romans .......

................ 213

XXXVII. Tacitus, Emperor--Probus, Emperor - His labours in

War and Peace-Carus, Emperor-War with Persia

-History of Numerian-- Diocletian, Emperor-New

System of Government- Two Emperors and two

Cæsars ............ ............................. 220

XXXVIII. The Difficulties of a Christian under a Heathen Govern-

ment—The Power of the Expectation of the Lord's

Coming--The Loss of the Hope of the Church-The

increasing Worldliness of Professing Christians-

General Councils—Metropolitans .................... 227

XXXIX. Recovery of Britain-The Persian War- Recommence-

ment of Persecution-Edicts against the Christians

-The Triumph of Diocletian–His Resignation of

the Empire ............................................ 234

XL. The Emperors and Cæsars---Constantine succeeds to his

Father's Dominions-Maxentius and his Father-

Civil Wars-Persecution of the Christians— Terrible

Death of Galerius.............

............ 239

XLI. Constantine and Licinius—Maximin's Attempts against

Christianity-Story of Constantine's Vision -- Real

Power of the Cross — Constantine's Victory – The

Victory of Licinius-Renewal of Civil War-Death

of Licinius ..........

............ 243

XLII. The Church of Christ-Remarks on the Apostasy-The

Fathers-Books of the New Testament-State of the

Church in the Reign of Constantine-The Edicts of

Constantine — The Donatists- Arius — The Nicene

Council - Helena-Progress of Superstition--Spread

of the Gospel-Dominion of Rabbinism .............. 250

XLIII. Seat of Government removed to Byzantium--Churches

- The New City, called Constantinople-Cruelty of

Constantine--Goths and Sarmatians-Death of Arius

-Political and Ecclesiastical Arrangements - Con-

stantine's Appointment of his Successors—Character

of his Religion and Laws.....

............ 258

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