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and his faith, he confessed all with the utmost frankness. In vain the archbishop, who had known him in better days, in vain the president St. Julian, and other members of the parliament, who had known him intimately during his mission in France, urged him by all sorts of considerations, and repeatedly, to retract; he remained unshaken, saying, he did not wish to believe any thing but what was contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament, and should consider himself happy to seal with his blood the truths which the Lord had taught him. Such was the man whom the crowd were looking for with impatience.

At length the castle-clock struck eleven. At this signal the church bells burst forth, and a long procession, headed by a cross and rich banner, representing St. Victor, first bishop of Turin, defiled along the street issuing from the cathedral to the square: it was the archbishop, his clergy, and a host of monks, who advancing slowly amidst the kneeling multitude, took their places on the upper seats of the amphitheatre. They were hardly seated when the drawbridge of the castle was lowered, and a second procession, composed of persons in black gowns, advanced, and proceeded to occupy the seats below the former; these were the members of the parliament of Turin, who administered justice in the name of the king of France, Henri 11., then holding the greater part of the domains of the house of Savoy.

These two processions increased, rather than calmed the impatience of the spectators, and all eyes were directed with greater earnestness to the drawbridge which remained down, and over which the victim was to come. Suddenly a loud cry resounded, uttered at the same moment by thousands of voices. - The Vaudois ! there's the Vaudois ! death to the Vaudois ! death to the heretic !” while all pointed to a group which had just begun to issue from the door of the castle. This was Varaglia, escorted by some monks, chanting in a low voice the litanies for the dying.

The Vaudois minister, enveloped in a long robe of the colour of sulphur, and his head uncovered, advanced in the midst of the curses of the crowd, as serene and calm as though marching in triumph. When he had reached the pile, and the executioner had fastened him to the stake, the court demanded for the last time, if he would retract and abjure his heresies. “ With the help of God," answered the martyr, “I will not retract, unless it be shown me from the Scriptures that the things I have advanced are untrue.”

Thereupon the notary read aloud the decree of the parliament passing sentence of death on Varaglia. It contained a summary of his answers to his judges, with the addition of a number of other accusations, some spiteful, others simply absurd, all without any foundation in truth. The conclusion wás, that “considering the answers of the said Varaglia, by which he entirely persists in his false and heretical opinions ; considering the conclusions of the king's attorney ; also the sentence of the vicar of the archbishop of Turin, declaring the said Varaglia to be a heretic and schismatic, rejected and separated from the church, and remitted to the secular judge, to be punished according to law; and the king's counsel being again heard, the court condemns the said Varaglia to be strangled, and then burned in the square of the castle of this town, as a heretic and schismatic, a seducer and disturber of the peace of the Christian republic, and an infractor of the royal ordinances and edicts.”

During all this reading, which was very long, Varaglia did not cease praying with the greatest fervour. When it was finished he cast a look full of seriousness and kindness on the crowd surrounding him, and cried out with a firm voice, 6 People of Turin! in the name of the thrice holy God, in whose presence I am about to appear, I beseech you to listen to me. They accuse me of being a heretic; may God keep me from being one.

What I and the Aock, from among whom they have torn me, most firmly believe with all our heart, is all that is contained in the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament; our faith is that of the prophets and apostles, and the first Christians; that of all the saints and confessors who have died for the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. This is our faith, we wish for no other.” Taking up then the fundamental articles of this faith, he unfolded it so convincingly, fortifying it with so great a nuinber of statements from the Scriptures, that his hearers were evidently very much moved. With the same energy he refuted the false accusations contained in the decree of condemnation, namely, that he had sanctioned disorders, that he had treated the saints and the virgin with contempt, and had excited rebellion against the princes. He then continued as follows:

“ People of Turin, lords, priests, citizens, all of whatever station or age present at my death, I conjure you by the holy name of God our Judge, by the safety of your souls, which you should value above all things in the world, cleave to the

gospel, since in it alone are contained the words of eternal life. As to me,” he cried, looking upward with joy and triumph, “I know whom I have believed, and I am persuaded that neither death, nor life, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate me from the tender love with which my Saviour Jesus Christ has loved me.

As he ceased speaking, a murmur of surprise and compassion arose. Many, wondering at what they had just heard, could not refrain from saying aloud, “ What can they say against this man, who speaks so well of God and the virgin Mary, and all things? They are taking his life wrongfully, and for nothing."

The executioner having come close to him, and having, according to custom, asked pardon for his death :-“I not only pardon you,” said Varaglia,“ but those also who imprisoned me at Barge, those who brought me to this town, and those who have condemned me to this death. Be firm, and do your work; my death will not be in vain.” He then prayed to God, and while doing so aloud, the executioner strangled him from behind, and then set the wood on fire.

“Many persons," adds the simple-minded historian Crespin, “ relate as a remarkable occurrence that a pigeon flew round the fire, and this was regarded as a sign of the martyr's innocence; but we have rather to do with the chief event than to pause too inquisitively on extraneous and unusual circumstances.”

LET US ALONE. “Let us alone,” Mark i. 24. This was a prayer of devils, a prayer well befitting the character and circumstances of those who offered it: the door of mercy had been closed for ever against them, a sentence of perpetual banishment from the heavenly city had gone forth, never to be revoked; and though they may be said to believe, it was to “ believe and tremble,” not to “ believe and be saved.”'

But what a sad truth it is that this prayer, “ Let us alone,” is not confined to devils; it is a rayer

which has been echoed, and is re-echoed continually in many a poor sinner's breast; the language of the unrenewed heart is, “O conscience, let me alone; yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep; rouse me if you will when death knocks at my door, but let me alone now." Such a prayer may not have been expressed in words, but has it not been conceived

6. It is a

in the heart? If so, be entreated, O sinner, to pause,

and for a moment think how you would like to be classed with devils. Their present home is a region of despair, where not one ray of the sunshine of hope can ever penetrate; there it is all blackness and darkness for ever. But is it so with you? No, you live in a region of hope, the hope set before you in the blessed gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, an open door by which you may enter the kingdom of heaven, if you are only willing ; and it is the Holy Spirit's office to make you' willing, and one method which he employs is by the word, and through conscience. And when you ask to be let alone, it is just bidding the Holy Spirit depart, and quenching the light which can alone guide you to heaven. The answer to such a prayer may come at a time when

you look not for it; ere you are aware, God may pronounce the fatal sentence, “ My spirit shall not always strive” with that sinner; he “is joined to idols : let him alone.” fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” It is a fearful thing to live and die unblessed, unpardoned, unsaved, unsanctified ; and oh! it is a fearful thing to be let alone, to be allowed to sin on without one feeling of compunction, or sorrow, or repentance; to be, in short, without God and without hope in the world.

A poor traveller in an Alpine country, where perpetual snows cover the face of nature, overcome by drowsiness, would gladly lay himself down to sleep; but would it be safe, would it be kind in such circumstances to let him alone? Certainly not, for his sleep would be a never-waking one; it would be a fatal slumber, and however harsh might be the voice that awoke him, or rough the arm that laid hold of him, the sound and the action would both be recognised as most friendly. We are all travellers in the journey of life; there is many a snowy region through which we must pass, and yet cold and dreary as this world's atmosphere is in reality, it has so many attractions, that fain would we be let alone, that we might take up our rest in it and sleep on in sin, forgetting that

sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.”

Be entreated, then, fellow traveller, to keep awake, listen to the still small voice within, listen to God in his word, for he gives you that to be “a lamp to your feet, and a light to your path ;" listen to God in his providence, the voice may be a rousing, startling one. Hear too the rod, and Him who hath appointed it-appointed it, without doubt, in love to your soul; for what is the word, what are providences, what are


afflictions, but means to an end, and that end your life, your salvation, and the glory of the Lord your God?. May the life-giving Spirit of all grace move every reader's heart to offer this prayer,

“ Lord, leave me not alone ;” and may He so convince each one of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment, as to compel hinı by his grace and love, to flee from the wrath to come, and to lay hold on eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord,

“Let us alone,” the devils cry
Why must we be tormented thus ?
The door of hope is shut on high,
All mercy is denied to us.
Let me alone, man's heart will say
When tender conscience softly chides;
Let me alone this year, this day,
For fame, wealth, pleasure are my guides.
False guides! They only lead the way
To folly, sin, and selfish care ;
And tempt their victim to delay
Repentance, faith, and humble pray’r.
Days, years pass on, no conscience now,
The still small voice is surely dead,
The heart to idols yet may bow:
“Let him alone,” the Lord hath said.
Lord, leave us not alone we pray,
Nor let our conscience silent be;
Oh, take the idol sin away,
And let us worship only Thee.

S, T.

THE TEST. " Their rock is not as cur Rock,” DEUT. xxxii. 31. All is not gold that glitters.” Many a bright ornament, when put to the test, is found to be intrinsically valueless. It is just so with human actions. How few of the splendid performances of men will bear putting to the test! In the sight of Him who “ seeth not as man seeth,” they are as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal,” i Cor. xiii. 1.

Professions and principles will not always stand the test. It is easy to talk of friendship when the sun of prosperity shines, and of courage when no danger is to be apprehended; but

6. The friends who in our sunshine live,

When winter comes, are flown; And he who has but tears to give,

Must weep those tears alone.”

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