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thought, to lay aside the instrument of son in England held the fame opinions as our greatness, and to resign what had those which he had delivered in the been the means of our safety. However course of his speech. He expatiated on volatile and inconftant the French na- the advantages that would result from the tion may be, the French cabinet has been treaty, particularly its tendency to prefor centuries the most steady and uniform serve peace, by rendering the preservain Europe; to raise that monarchy to tion of tranquillity mutually beneficial unlimited power has been their great and to both nations. Tith respect to the unvirying aim ; and will history, or his information defired by the right honour. own experience, warrant any man in able gentleman, relative to the state of saying, that they ever let lip an oppor- our treaties with the other nations he tunity that seemed to have the least ten- mentioned, that, he would tell him, could dency, however remote in appearance, be obtained only by an address of the to promote their favourite object--Lewis House to his Majesty. He would, howXIV. in the meridian blaze of his power, ever, affure him, that care had been tawas much less formidable, he contended, ken not to give just cause of complaint than Lewis XVI. The power of the for. to Portúgal, as the French convention mer, even as described by thore superior would not in the smallest degree diminish geniuses who constituted the glory of his the advantages which that country dereign, was inferior to that of the present rived from the Methuen treaty. monarch, his fucceffor. The former He then charged the right hon. gentleprince openly avowed his designs; the man with inconsistency, the latter part of latter, profcing ail the milder virtures of his speech being in direct contradiction humanity, has it in view to attain the to the beginning. He opened it with fame end by different means. England giving his affirmative to the address, and has prevented, more than any other concluded with Itrongly condemning a power, the accomplishment of their wilhe treaty, for entering into which the address es; and to leffen her weight in the scale had returned thanks to his Majesty. On of European politics, all their attention this occafion he could not help reminding is turned to the increase of their naval the right hon, gentleman, that, if this force ; for this purpose, their army, for- measure were reprehenoble, he was to merly the first, is now but the fourth, in blame for it, who, by signing the late point of numbers, in Europe ; being in- definitive treaty of peace with France, ferior in that respect to those of the Em. had made it absolutely necessary for his peror, of Rufia, and of Pruffia; a cir. Majesty's minifters, in order to preserve cumstance fufficient to give a serious a. the honour of the nation, to form fome larm to this country.-Mr Fox then took system. The right hon. gentleman hima comprehenlive view of our relative fi- felf, when in office, gave the fanction of tuation. This led him to inquire of his approbation to an arrangement, which minifters, in what forwardiefs the trea- now, as a member of parliament, he ties with Spain, Portugal, and Ruffia, loudly reprobated.-A treaty, he obsere were. He then conjured them to consi- ved, was on foot with Spain, which he der, with the attention it deserved, the hoped shortly to have the satisfaction of importance of this treaty to the future laying before the House. prosperity of the people of England, Mr Fox said, when he came into adwhose honour and interest no confidera. miniftration, he found the preliminaries tion Tould induce them to sacrifice ; and of peace figned by his predecesors in concluded with profefling, that the fear office. These articles it was indifpensaof falling under the imputation of en bly necessary to confirm. If they were tertaining vulgar prejudices should never censurable, the blame was not to be aprevent him from delivering his real fen- fcribed to him, or his colleagues in office, timents, when he thought, that by re- but to the ministers who originally agreed vealing them, he might contribute to the to them. The honour of the King, and benefit of his country.

good faith of the nation, had rendered The Chancellor of the Exchequer he: it his duty to ratify the articles of peace. ped that there was nothing to be appre- The address patled unanimously. hended from illiberality in that affembly; The Lords address was presented to the nor had the right hon. gentleman the King on the 24th, and the Commons on the Icast cause to dread the imputation of 25th.-Gracious answers were returoed. harbouring vulgar (which were common) - On the 26th, fome petitions were preprejudices; as be believed no other per- sented, complaining of undue elections. It was then refolved, that no petition and he hoped that, in a few days, he for private bills should be received after should be able to give fome official inforthe gth of March,

mation on this subject. Several others Mr Pitt prefented a copy of the treaty spoke ; and Capt. Minchin finding the of navigation and commerce with his sense of the House was against the mo. Moft Chriftian Majelty; and also a copy tion, withdrew it. of the convention concluded between

CONVENTION between his BRITANNIC Great Britain and Spain. 'He observed, that as they had already been printed by


King, Signed at Versailles, the 15th of authority, [vol. 48. p. 417. 493.), it would not be neceffary to reprint them' - January 1707.

ni January 1787. under the fanction of the House; he THE King of Great Britain and the would therefore move, only, that a fuf- Most Christian King, being willing. ficient number of copies be circulated in conformity to the 6th and 43d articles among the members. The motion be. of the treaty of navigation and coining carried without oppofition, he said, merce, figned at Verfailles the 26th of that he would shortly give notice of the September 1786, to explain and tecile day on which he fnould move to have certain points which had been reserved, these papers taken into conlideration. their Britannic and Most Christian Ma.

Some conversation then took place bec jefties, always dispofed more particulartween Mr Sheridan and Mr Pist, respect. ly to confirm the good underftanding in ing the business of Mr Hastings.

which they are happily united, have na. Capt. Minchin, on Jan. 29. conceiving med for that purpose, their respective that a motion which he proposed to make Plenipotentiaries, to wit, on the part of would be of great moment in the discuss his Britannic Majesty, Villiam Eden. fion of the French treaty, moved, That Esq; Privy Counsellor in Great Britain an account of the imports from Portugal, and Ireland, Member of the British Par. and the exports to that kingdom and its liament, and his Envoy Extraordinary dependencies, for the last ten years, be and Minifter Plenipotentiary to his laid before the House. His object, in Moft Chriftian Majesty; and on the this motion was, to procure an accurate part of his Most Christian Majesty, the fate of the trade between the two coun. Count de Vergennes, Minister and Setries; without which it was, in his opi. cretary of State for the department of fo. nion, impoffible for gentlemen to be reign affairs, and Chief of the Royal Counprepared to lower the duties on French cil of Finances; who, after having comwines to a proper relative degree, so as minicated verch other their relpective not to injure our commercial connexions full powers, have agreed upon the fol. with Portugal.

lowing articles : Mr Pitt was of opinion, that if the Art. I. Their Majeities having ftipu. information which the motion was in lated in the 6th article of the said treaty, tended to procure were as ample as gen. “ That the duties on hardware, cutlery, ilemen could with, it would not be ne cabinet.ware and turnery, and on all ceffary for directing their judgement in works, both heavy and light, of iron, deciding upon the French treaty. By steel, copper, and brats, Thall be clafied; that treats, we were at liberty to make and that the highest duty thall not exceed what terms we pleased with Portugal, ten per cent. ad vnloreni," it is agreed, and to treat her, if we thought proper, that cabinet-ware and turnery, and eve. as the geus amicillim; and therefore, ry thing that is included under those de. thoogh parliament should make a confi. nominations, as also mufical instruments, derable reduction in the duties on French Thall puy ten per cent. nd vaturen. wines, it would be still at liberty to re. All articles made of iron or steel, pure duce those on the wines of Portugal yet or inised, or worked or mounted with lower; for which reason the treaty with other substances, not exceeding in value one conotry might be discuffed independ. fixty livres tournois, or fifty Thillings per ently of that with the other. In oppofing quintal, thall pay only five per cent. ad the motion, therefore, he did not act from valorem; and all other wares, as buitons, a defire of with-boiding ioformation from buckles, knives, feistars, and all the dithe House; bis only motive was, the pro- ferent articles included under the depriety of waiting until the result of the scription of hardware and cutlery, as ala negotiations now pending between lis fo all other works of iron, steel, copper, and Portugal could be laid before them;


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other respectively, shall have at the two the mean time the Consuls General, Conends of each piece a particular mark, fuls, and Vice-Confuls shall conform to woven in the piece, to be settled in con- the usages which are now observed rela. cert by the two governments, of which tive to the consulfhip, in the respective mark the respective governments shall dominions of the two Sovereigns; and give oine months previous notice to the that they hall enjoy all the privileges, manufacturers; and the faid mark shall rights, and immunities belonging to their be altered from time to time, as the case office, and which are allowed to the may require. It is further agreed, that Consuls General, Consuls, and Vice-Con: until the said precaution can be put in suls of the moft favoured nation. execution, the said callicoes mutually VII. It shall be lawful for the subjects exported, shall be accompanied by a of his Britannic Majefty to prosecute their certificate of the officers of the customs, debtors in France, for the recovery of or of such other officer -as shall be ap. debts contracted in the dominions of his pointed for that purpose, declaring said Majesty, or elsewhere, in Europe, that they were fabricated in the coun- and there to bring a&ions against them, try from whence they were exported; in conformity to the practice of law in and also that they are furnished with the use in the kingdom; provided that there marks already prescribed in the respec- fhall be the like usage in favour of French tive countries, to diftinguish such calli. fubjects, in the European dominions of coes from those which come from other his Britannic Majesty. countries.

Vill. The articles of the present conIV. In settling the duties upon cam- vention shall be ratified and confirmed brics and lawns, it is underftood, that by his Britannic Majefty, and by his the breadth should not exceed, for the Most Chriftian Majesty, in one month, cambrics, seven-eighths of a yard Eng. or sooner, if it can be done, after the exlifh measure (about three quarters of an change of fignatures between the pleniell of France), and for the lawns, one potentiaries. yard and a quarter English measure (one In witness whereof, we the Ministers ell of France), and if any shall hereafter Plenipotentiary have figned the present be made of a greater breadth than what is convention, and have caused the seals of above mentioned, they shall pay a duty our arms to be fut thereto. of 10 per cent, ad valorem.

Done at Versailles, the 15th of JanuV. It is also agreed, that the ftipula ary 1787. tions in the 18th article of the treaty WM EDEN, (L, S.) Thall not be construed to derogate from GRAVIER DE VERGENNES, (L. S:) the privileges, regulations, and usages already eftablished in the cities or ports

Hints for the Regulation of Porterage. of the respective dominions of the two SIR,

Dec. 14. Sovereigos; and further, that the 25th H Aving occasion lately to inquire inarticle of the said treaty shall be construed to the improvements which are ma. to relate only to ships suspected of car. king at Paris, I find one which is very rying, in time of war, to ihe enemies of much wanting in our enormous rambling either of the high contracting parties, town of London, where seif-interest is any prohibited articles, denominated so predominant, that the greater part contraband; and the said article is not think of nothing but how they shall get to hinder the examinations of the offi. as much as they can for themselves. cers of the customs, for the purpose of The improvement I allude to is an of. preventing illicit trade in the respective fice for the internal carriage, "or porter. di minions,

age, of goods about the city: it is un. V. Their Majefties having stipulated, dertaken by a company, authorised by by the 43d article of the said treaty, that government; and they carry parcels, the nature and extent of the functions of baggage, goods, effects, and merchanthe consuls Mould be determined, « and dife, of all sorts, at the following ratez. that a convention relative to this point For every parcel, &c. should be concluded immediately after From I pound to 10 for 5 sols. the 6gnature of the present treaty, of

10 pounds to 20 for 6 sols. which it should be deemed to contitute

20 pounds to 40 for 7 fols. a part," it is agreed, that the said ulte.

40 pounds to 60 for 8 fols. rior convention shall be settled within

60 pounds to 80 for 9 fols. the space of two months; and that in

80 pounds to 100 for 10 fols.


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