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te infructions of their conftituents. It ing and intention of that great treaty has been maintained, that that is the case were generally known. It palled in the is cor conftitution. Lord Stormont said presence of many of those who had been kwas oot of that opinion; but fuppose, commiffioners on both sides, actors in wa moment, that to be the case, what that great scene; and the journals show rould be the condition of an hereditary that there was not a single protest. It ker, who was also a representative? has been constantly acted under, has stood Cafting duties might arise. His own unquestioned, unshaken, for near four
gebent marks out to him one line of score years. Such a precedent has all the utuê, the orders of his electors ano. weight and authority that can belong to ther. Which is he to follow? But not any precedent whatever; and powerful binift upon an idea of the conftitution, indeed, said he, is the weight and authotrongly maintained by others, but differ rity of such precedents upon the mind of ng from Lord Stormont's own opinion, every confiderate man who knows the keluid, that in this country representa- mischief of fiuctuation, and the numberties were certainly fo far responsible to less benefits which arise from certainty of their constituents in their conduct, that Jaw, and stability and uniformity of de. upon the opinion entertained of that con- cision. dze, their fate at a future eledion was He then observed, that although he ardecided, and the trust repored in them gued from this resolution, though it afcontinued or withdrawn. He observed, forded a very strong, and he thought irthat the fame prerogative that had raised refiltible argument in support of the motro of the fixteen to an hereditary seat, tion, yet the motion itself went to the night, is poffibility at least, extend the fingle point of representation. The pre
me favour to the whole nuinber. What sent question is finply this, Whether the ta would become of the Scotch repre- two noble Lords, by the change in their estation? This way of putting it makes fituation, do or do not cease to be our the absurdity more glaring ; but there is representatives? As in the act of Union,
real difference between the one cale and in the subsequent act of the 6th of and the other. The violation of the Queen Anne, there are no express words risciple of representation is the same in that go directly to the point, it must be uth. He then proceeded to fliew, that a question of construction upon the real the cessation of right, his motion con intent and meaning of that part of the nded for, follows by clear and neceffa. treaty, to be decided by the rules of fair 7 confequence, from the incapacity efta interpretation, and by the general nature Wilhed by a resolation of the House in and principles of representation applied to 1709, in the case of the Duke of Dover's the particular care, etc. It was then refolved, “ That a By an article in the treaty of Union, Peer of Scotland claiming to fit in the the Peers of the two countries now made noafe of Peers by virtue of a patent par. one, are to be comprehended under one
under the great seal of Great Britain, general name. Had it conferred equality W who now bts in the parliament of of right, all line of distinction would have uteat Britain, has no right to vote in the been done away. But British Peerage tation of the Gxteen Peers.”
now conhists of two distinct orders of men, The two noble Lords in question con. having different rights, and standing in dedly stood in that fituation to which very different situations indeed. The one * refolution applies; and he who has retains all the privileges of Peerage, fits wa right to vote, a fortiori, cannot be in parliament, whose authority now exa kind.
tends over the whole united kingdom. This determination was as folemn, as The other has the inferior rights of pris liberate a one as any that stands on the vilege throughout the whole kingdom, fecords of parliament. It rejected the but is abridged of the most valuable right ist of a person intimately connected of all, an hereditary seat in parliament.
a the then Lord Treasurer (Godol. They are therefore, in fact, two diftinct 10). I barely mention this circum. orders of men, though called by the same Bences said be, without laying any stress Dame; the one having individually a share
in the legislature, the other only a virtual The resolution passed at a time when thare by representation. No line of di,
What related to the Union was freih in ftinction can be more strongly drawn. Lottery man's memory, and the true mean- The question then fairly stated is this,