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receive the power of the Holy Ghost coming upon you; or thus, Ye shall receive power, the Holy Ghost coming upon you, that is, when the Holy Ghost comes upon you) and ye shall be witxesses unto me, both in Jerusalem, and in Judea, and in Samaria, and anto the uttermost parts of the Earth, Acts 1. 8. that these words, i say, of our Lord were exactly verified.
Again, St. Peter speaking to those who were amazed at the Effusion of the Miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost, and shewing that it was not the effect of intemperance, as some pretended, but of the Power of God; tells them, that our Savior being by the right hand of God exalted, and kaving received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghoft, he hath fed forth this, which ye now hear and fee, Acts 2. 33. Now the promise of the Holy Ghost mentioned in this place, must needs be that promise which was made, not only by St. John Baptist, and by him exprefly called Baptism with the Holy Ghost, but also by the Prophet Joel, in these Words, And it Mall come to pass afterwards, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all Flesh, and your Sons and your Daughters fhall Prophecy, your old Men shall dream Dreams, your young Men mall see Visions : and also upon the Servants and upon the Handmaids in those daies will I pour out my Spirit, Joel 2. 28, 29. which Prophecy is exprefly applied by St. Peter to this miraculous Effusion of the Holy Ghoft, Acts 2. 17, · 18. in this very Sermon. And consequently that
Effusion of the miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost, which occafioned these words of St. Peter, must be that Baptison with the Holy Ghost which was promised both by St. John the Baptist, and the Prophet Joel. Because St. Peter mentions it as the
performance of the promise made by Joel; and if the promise made by both were not the same, then the promise made by the Baptist was never fulfilled.
The fame Apostle informs us also in another place, that the Effusion of the miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost upon the Disciples, was their being baptized with the Holy Ghost. For speaking of the Effusion of the miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost upon Cornelius, &c. which is related, Afts 10.44,45,46. he saies, And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning. Then remembred I the Word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with Water, but
je fall be baptized with the Holy Ghoft, A As II. 16. Now St. Peter certainly means that Word of the Lord, which he spake, Acts 1. 5. concerning the Apostles being baptized with the Holy Ghost; and consequently in St. Peter's Judgment, that Effusion of the miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles at the day of Pentecost, was the accomplishmenr of the Word of tbe Lord, and the like Effusion of the miraculous Gifts of the Holy Ghost
upon Cornelius and his Friends, related, Acts 10. * 44,45,46. was a baptizing them with the Holy Ghost.
If what has been said be duly considered, I think, nothing can be more plain, than that those persons only, who are indued with the extraordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost, can be said to be baptized with the Holy Ghost in that Sense, in which the Phrase is used in the fix Places above-mentioned, in all which it evidently denotes the same thing,
But I shall mention one thing more, which in my judgment is of great weight, and very much confirms the Exposition of Baptism with the Holy Ghost, which I have given. 'Tis this. I cannot
but conclude from the Texts above recited, that the Baptifm with the Holy Ghost was almost wholly appropriated to our Savior's Disciples. For St. John the Baptist faies, I indeed baptize you with Water unto repentance; but be that cometh after me, is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear. He fall baprize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire, Matt. 3.11. Do not these words plainly imply, that Baptism with the Holy Ghost was a very extraordinary and unusual thing, and that St. John's Disciples were not baptized therewith, and that it was, in a manner at least, appropriated to our Savior's Disciples? For my part, I cannot think o. therwise. And if this be granted, then that Exposition which I have given of Baptism with the Holy Ghost is thereby proved to be most certain and necessary. Because being endued with the Extraordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost was a very extraordinary and unusual thing, nor were the Baptist's Disciples favored with it; but it was (in a manner at least) appropriated to our Savior's Difciples. For tho' some few persons among the Jews had been Prophets, and wrought Miracles, and for that reason might be said to be baptized with the Holy Ghost; yet these instances were very rare, nor could foine particular Men's enjoyment of these privileges be worthy to be compared with that infinitely more frequent and plentiful Effusion of a vastly greater Number of Miraculous Gifts, which our Savior vouchsafed his Disciples in the beginnings of the Gospel. And Baptism with the Holy Ghost might for that reason be justly thought to be almost wholly, and in a manner at least, appropriated to our Savior's Disciples. Whereas, if being endued with the Ordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost'
may be called Baptism with the Holy Ghoff
in that Senfe, in which the Baptist, and consequently our Savior and St. Peter used the Phrase, then Baptism' with the Holy Ghost was far from being a very extraordinary and unusual Thing: For then every good Man whatsoever both under the Law, and amongst the Baptist's Disciples, was baptized with the Holy Ghost; and every good Chriftian was as truly (tho' not as plentifully) baptized with the Holy Ghost, as the Apostles and those who partook of the Extraordinary Gifts, were ; and St. Peter might apply to every true Conyert to Christianity these words of our Savior concerning Baprifm with the Holy Ghost, as properly as to Cornelius and his friends. But this is contrary to the whole Tenor of the Scripture. Language, which alwaies mentions Baptism with the Holy Ghost as some thing peculiar to the Gospel and our Savior's Dira ciples; and never attributes it even to our Savior's Disciples, but when they were certainly endued with the Extraordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost.
Nay, Baptism with the Holy Ghost seems to be not given till after the Ascension of our Lord. For tho' the Disciples had indeed a Commission co Cast out Devils, c. in our Savior's-Life time; yet that seems to have been only a temporary Privilege, and not that Baptism with the Holy Ghost which was promised them. For the Evangelist faics, that the Holy Ghost was not yet given, because that Jesus was not yet glorified, John 7:39. Whereforc the Baptism wiil the Holy Ghost, which was the giving of the Holy Ghost here mentioned, was not to be vouchfased to Believers till after our Savior's Afcenfion. And accordingly our Savior speaks just before his Ascension of their being baptized with the Holy Ghost, as a thing which was even then future. Té Mall be baptized with the Holy
Ghost, saies he, not many dajes hence, Aas 1. s. thereby intimating, that they were not as yet baptized with the Holy Ghost. Whereas, if being endued with the Ordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost were what was meant by Baptifm with the Holy Ghost; then they were at that time, and had been ever since their Conversion,baptized with the Holy Ghost : which seems inconsistent with our Savior's promise thereof, and fixing a set time for it.
Nay farther still, partaking in some small Mea. sure even of the Extraordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost does not seem to be what the Scriptures mean by Baptism with the Holy Ghoft. For then, as I laid before, the Prophets under the Law, and the Disciples when they were sent out in our Savior's Life-time, and who consequently had some Measure of the Spirit given them, were baptized with the Holy Ghost; which notwithstanding the
Scriptures do not affirm of them. Nay, the Scripptures seem to confine Baptism with the Holy Ghost
to the Time after our Savior's Ascension, as has been thewn; and therefore the true import of being baptized with the Holy Ghost seems to be a perfons being endued, not only in some Measure, but in a most plentiful manner, with the Extraordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost.
I must add, that there may be one Argument to prove the absolute Necessity of limiting Baptism with the Holy Ghost to the Extraordinary Gifts of the Holy Ghost, drawn from the express DoErine of our Adversaries, which is also taught by many other Persons, and will (I believe ) upon due Confideration be acknowledged even by those who oppose it.
The Doctrine I mean, is this, that Man may administer the Spirit, or impart the Holy Spirit to ano