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out strains of tenderest admiration from tuneful poets and weeping sentimentalists.
All this is very conceivable, and it is what Moravians, at this moment, actually experience. They have been much longer in the field of Missionary enterprise, than the most active and conspicuous of their fellow labourers belonging to other societies. They have had time for the production of more gratifying results; and the finished spectacle of their orderly and peaceful establishments, strikes at once upon the eye of many an admirer, who knows not how to relish or to appreciate the principle which gives life and perpetuity to the whole exhibition.
These observations may serve to account for the mistaken principle upon which many admirers of the United Brethren give them the preference over all other missionaries. We are ready to concur in the preference, but not in the principle upon which they found it. They conceive that the Moravians make no attempt towards christianizing the Heathen, till they have gone through the long preparatory work of training them up in the arts of life, and in the various moralities and decencies of social intercourse. This is a very natural supposition; but nothing can be more untrue. It is doing just what every superficial man is apt to do in other departments of observation mistaking the effect for the cause. They go to a missionary establishment of United Brethren among the Ileathen. They pay a visit to one of their villages, whether in Greenland, in s. Africa, or on the coast of Labrador. It is evident that the clean houses, cultivated gardens, and neat specimens of manufacture, will strike the eye much sooner than the unseen principle of this wonderful revolution in the habits of savages, will unfold itself to the discernment of the mind. And thus it is, that in their description of all this, they reverse the actual process. They tell us that these most rational of all missionaries, begin their attempts on the Heathen by the work of civilizing them ; that they teach them to weave, to till, and to store up winter provisions, and to observe justice in their dealings with one another, and then, and not till then, do they, somehow or other, implant upon this preliminary dressing, the mysteries and peculiarities of the Christian Faith. Thus it is that these men of mere spectacle begin to philosophize on the subject, and set up the case of the Moravians as a reproach and an example to all other missionaries.
Now we venture to say that the Moravians at the outset of their conference with savages, keep at as great a distance from any instruction about the arts of weaving, and sewing, and tilling land, as the Apostle Paul did, when he went about among Greeks and Barbarians, charged with the message of salvation to all who would listen and believe. He preached
nothing but “ Jesus Ckrist and him crucified ;” and neither do they; and the faith which attends the word of their testimony, how foolish and fanatical soever it may appear in the eyes of worldly men, proves it to be the power of God and the wisdom of God unto salvation. It is another evidence of the foolishness of God being wiser than men, and the weakness of God being stronger than men. However wonderful it may be, yet such is the fact, that a savage, when spoken to on the subject of his soul, of sin, and of the Saviour, has his attention more easily compelled, and his resistance more effectually subdued, than when he is addressed upon any other subject whether of moral or economical instruction. And this is precisely the way in which Moravians have gone to work. They preached the peculiar tenets of the New Testament at the very outset. They gained converts through that Faith which cometh by hearing. These converts multiplied, and, in many instances, they have settled around them. It is true that they have had unexampled success in the business of civilizing their disciples; but it has arisen from their having stood longer on the vantage ground of the previous knowledge of Christianity with which they had furnished them, than any other missionaries; and the peace, and order, and industry, which are represented by rash and superficial observers, as the antecedents of the business, are, in fact, so many consequents flowing out of the mighty influence which attends the word of their testimony.
It is well that the Moravians have risen into popular admiration. This will surely give weight to their own testimony about their own matters. And when one of their members publishes an account of the manner in which the United Brethren preach the Gospel, and carry on their missions among the Heathen, information from such a quarter will surely be looked upon as of higher authority than the rapid description of a traveller. Now such a treatise tras been published by Spangenberg; and it does not appear that any preparatory civilization is now attempted by their missionaries, who have been engaged in the business for many years, and have been eminent above all others, both for their experience and their success. We shall subjoin a few extracts as being completely decisive upon this point.
• The method of the brethren to bring the heathen to Christ was in the beginning of their attempts, particularly in Green• land, nearly as follows:
• They proved to the heathen that there is a God, and spoke to them of his attributes and perfections. In the next place, they spoke upon the creation ;-how God had made man after
his own image, which, however, was soon lost by the fall. ' They then made the heathen acquainted with the laws which
“God gave by his servant Moses. Hence they proved to them ' that they were sinners, and had deserved temporal and eternal punishment. And from this they drew the consequence, that there must be one who reconciled them to God, &c. ..
• This method of teaching they continued for a long time, .but without any success, for the heathen became tired of such • Jiscourses. If it be asked, how happened it that the brethren • fell upon the said method, I must confess that I am apprehen• sive I was myself the cause of it. The first brethren who were destined for Greenland, went to Copenhagen by way of Halle, where I at that time lived. They tarried a few days with me, and conversed with me relative to their intentions. • Upon this, I gave them a book to read, (for I knew no better at that time,) in which a certain divine treated, among the rest,
of the method to convince and to bring the heathen to Christ. • The good man had probably never seen an heathen in all his
life, much less converted any; but yet he imagined he could "give directions how to set about it. The brethren followed • them, but without success.
. Meanwhile, it pleased the Lord our Saviour to give the congregation at Herrnhut more insight into the word of atone$ment through the offering of Jesus. Nor were the brethren wanting in declaring to those in Greenland, that they must preach Jesus Christ, if they meant to produce any blessing among the heathen. Upon this, the brethren began to translate soine parts of the Gospel, especially what relates to the
sufferings and death of Jesus, and read that to the heathen, “This gave an opportunity to speak with them farther on that "head. Then God opened their hearts that they attended to the • word, and it proved to them also the power of God. They
became desirous of hearing more about it, and the fire which bad been kindled in them by the Holy Ghost, spread farther ! and farther. And thus many were converted to God; since · which time the brethren were frequently asked by the heathen, • why they did not preach sooner to them of Jesus ; that they . bad been quite tired of hearing the discourses about God, and the two first parents, &c. • Above thirty years ago, when I lived in North America, I sometimes got the brethren that were used occasionally in the service of our Lord to come together, in order that I might converse with them about their labours. Johannes, an Indian of the Mabikander nation, who had formerly been a very
wicked man, but was now thoroughly converted, and was our • fellow labourer in the congregation gathered from among the - heathens at that time dwelling in Chekomekah, happened to • be just then on a visit with us, and also came to our little meet
‘ing. He was a man that had excellent gifts, was a bold con'fessor of what he knew to be true, and understood the German language so as to express himself with sufficient clearness. As we were speaking with one another about the heathen, he said, among other things -- Brethren, I have been an heathen, and
am grown old among them; I know, therefore, very well how • it is with the heathen. A preacher came once to us, desiring 'to instruct us, and began by proving to us that there was a 'God. On which we said to him, “ Well, and dost thou think
we are ignorant of that? now go again whence thou camest.” ' Another preacher came another time and would instruct us,
saying, Ye must not steal, pot drink too much, not lie, &c.-"We answered him, “ Fool, that thou art! dost thou think that we do not know that? go and learn it first thyself, and teach the people thou belongest to not to do these things. For who are greater drunkards, or thieves, or liars, than thine own people?” Thus we sent him away also. Some time after this Christian Henry, one of the brethren, came to me into my hut, (and sat down by me. The contents of his discourse to me were
nearly these :- I come to thee in the name of the Lord of "heaven and earth. He acquaints thee that he would gladly
save thee, and rescue thee from the miserable state in which * thou liest. To this end he became a man, hath given his life ' for mankind, and shed his blood for them, &c. Upon this be
lay down upon a board in my hut and fell a-sleep, being * fatigued with his journey. I thought within myself,---what manner of man is this? there he lies and sleeps so sweetly; I might kill him immediately, and throw him out into the forest, who would care for it? but he is unconcerned. However, I could not get rid of his words: they continually recurred to me; and
though I went to sleep, yet I dreamed of the blood which • Christ had shed for us. I thought--this is very strange, and went to interpret to the other Indians the words which Christian Henry spake farther to us. Thus, through the grace of
God, the awakening among us took place. I tell you, there, 'fore, brethren, preach to the heathen Christ and his blood, and
bis death, if ye would wish to produce a blessing among them.! • Such was the exhortation of Johannes, the Mahikander, to us.,
But the brethren were already, before that time, convinced that Jesus Christ must be the marrow and substance of the preaching • of the Gospel among the heathen, even as he is in general called,
with justice, the marrow and substance of the whole Bible. • The ground of this position is coutained in sect. 9, and followring, where we treated of the Apostles' labours among the Gen
tiles, Nor shall we do amiss if we follow the method of the Apostles, who, in their office, were under the peculiar leadings of the Holy Spirit, as far as it is applicable to us. Hence what
Paul writes to the Corinthians" I determined not to know any thing among you save Jesus Christ, and him crucified,”-' is a firmly established rule for us in preaching to the heathen.' (Spangenberg's account of the manner in which the United Brethren carry on their missions among the Heathens. Section 44, 45, 46.)
Before we give any more extracts from Spangenberg, we cannot help remarking on the efficacy of the simple word upon minds totally unfurnished by any previous discipline whatever. This is something more than matter of faith; it is matter of experience: it is the result of many an actual experiment upon human nature. And how comes it, therefore, that philosophers of the day are so often found to flinch from their favourite evidence on every question connected with the truth and the progress of Christianity? The efficacy of the Bible alone, upon simple and unfurnished minds, is a fact; and the finest examples of it are to be found in almost every page of the annals of Moravianism. The worthy men of this denomination have long laboured in the field of missionary exertion, and Greenland was one scene of their earliest enterprises. In their progress thither, they were furnished with a cloistered speculation on the likeliest method of obtaining access to the mind of a savage for the truths of Christianity. These men had gone out of Germany without any other instruments for their work than the Word of God in their hands, and a believing prayer in their hearts. But the author of this speculation had thought, and thought profoundly on the subject; and the humble brethren bowed for once to the wisdom of this world, when his synthetic process for the conversion of savages was put into their hands, and they took it along with them. Thus furnished, they entered upon the field of exertion ; and never was human nature subjected to experiment under circumstances more favourable. Never did it come in a more simple and elementary state under the treatment of a foreign application. There was no disturbing cause to affect the result of this interesting trial; no bias of education to embarrass our conclusions; no mixture of any previous ingredient to warp and to darken the phenomena, or to throw a disguise over that clear and decisive principle which was on the eve of emerging from them. The rationalising process of the divine was first put into operation and it failed. Year after year did they take their departure from the simplicity of his first principles, and try to conduct the Greenlanders with them along the pathway which he had constructed for leading them to Christ. The Greenlanders refused to move a single step, and with as great obstinacy as the world of matter refuses to conform her processes to the fanciful theories of men. The brethren, disheartened at the result of an operation so fatiguing and so fruitless, resolved to vary the experi