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Those who are neither theoretically nor practically versed in methods of development, who have been accustomed to mistake mere instruction for education, will probably inquire: To what purpose all the preliminary steps, the exercises, the questions, the descriptions, the minute observations recommended in former numbers, and the many preparations for arithmetic in this? Can we do better than have our children taught to read as early as possible, in order not only to furnish them with an independent amusement, (which we find extremely convenient,) but one also which will enable them to learn much by themselves in a short period? To such inquiries, it may be briefly answered, that the Pestalozzian system, taking nature for its guide, professes gradually to unfold, patiently yet vigilantly to watch, tenderly to support and assist; not prematurely to force, far less to stifle: which it may be feared will be the effect of an eager and rapid perusal of the books now so unsparingly provided for youthful instruction. These, it is admitted, are infinitely superior to the mere stories and fairy tales formerly composing the juvenile library; and being often upon useful and scientific subjects, they may furnish valuable hints to Parents; but they should seldom be put into the hands of their pupils ; as, instead of developing the child's faculties, and giving him a consciousness of growing ^rewg^//, they will weaken, if not destroy, the powers they were intended to cultivate.
Many adults are utterly at a loss to explain themselves, either verbally or in writing, with accuracy and precision, upon the most familiar subjects: this difficulty arises from the want of proper early attention and exercise, and can only be guarded against by constant, judicious, gradual development of all the powers from infancy.
These powers will be found, under Right administration, to give the child distinct ideas of numerical relations, at the same time they are calculated to form habits of attention; to create a spirit of inquiry; to develop his faculty of observing, of comparing, of describing: to unfold his power of internal intuition, and to cultivate and strengthen the faculty of speech.
When once the Pestalozzian Spirit is imbibed, Mothers will no longer consider their ^ children as clogs upon their business or their pleasures; nor, in order to rid themselves of the irksome restraint, will they wish merely to provide them with a solitary and an independent employment—they will no longer unnaturally consider time devoted to their infants as lost to pleasure; but they will desire to associate them with every thought, every action, and every scene, which they will delight in rendering conducive to the real improvement, and to the present and future usefulness and genuine happiness, of their little ones *.
They will despise and reject the authority of that world by which they are now enslaved and debased; they will no longer condescend to use its language f, or blindly yield to its dictates; they will cast off the prejudices
* "Every hour in the society of a parent who understands education, and pays proper attention to it, is an hour gained to moral improvement."
"Every hour which a Christian Mother spends with her children, has balm on its wings.—Babinglon.
+ Duty . .. Doing as other people do.
Religion.. . Occupying a seat in some church or chapel.
Courage . . Fear of man.
Cowardice . Fear of God.
Spirit .... Contempt of decorum and conscience.
Fashionable World displayed.—Rev. J. Owen.
which they have imbibed in it; they will be "jealous of every thing which keeps them from the bosom of their family;" they will hold themselves responsible to God, to their children, to their country, for the use they make of the mighty power that is intrusted to their hands; they will return to their most sacred duty; they will deem it a great honour to be the faithful, watchful guardians of their children; consider it a high calling .to train them in knowledge and virtue, to bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. They will create a home of confidence, of joy, of gratitude, of love; and prove themselves Christian Mothers, "not in name only, but in deed and in truth."
"Happy if full of days—but happier far,
Mothers who have thus overcome the world, and renounced the errors of their own education, who have become capable of creating and enjoying a Happy Home—" how much is comprised in this single expression; the high