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CONTENTS.
COMMUNICATIONS. page.

page. Thomas Jefferson 413 || Welsh fairies described

450 Milton's religion 414 Sketch of an Italian city

451 Cowper's religion

ibid. On the earthquakes and volcanoes Origin of gazettes 415 of the United States

452 Nature of virtue ibid. Anecdotes of Putnam

453 The Jewish high priest 416 | Story of Mrs. Howe

459 The winter's day ibid. The Neapolitan baron

461 A bear fight

418 | Biographical sketch of Gen. Bowles 464 On double endings in rhyme

419 A Romish convent in England 465 Economy of light 420 | Account of the Mal'aria

467 On coal as a fuel in America 422 Is marriage or celibacy most eligible? 468 Means of judging of the air and Sicard's niode of teaching the deaf weather 424 and dumb

470 POETRY... ORIGINAL. Modern state of Tempe and OlymElegy

427
pus

471 Verses from the French 428 Sketch of Amsterdam

472 SELECTED. Harry Paulet

476 The exile from France ibid. Account of Long Island

477 SELECTIONS. Soil and climate of Syria

479 Anecdotes of Edward Drinker 429 Amadis de Gaul

431 Disastrous tale of lady Grange ibid. On female education

482 Instances of horned men and wo On the memoirs of a lady of quality 483 men, concluded

430 On the memoirs of Constantia PhiDescription of the falls of Niagara 432 lips

484 Natural bridge

441 || Thoughts on the opening of the American fisheries 442 nineteenth century

ibid. Pictures in Wales

443 | On volcanic and Neptunian moun. A musical ear explained 444 tains

487 Rotation of the sun .

445 | On the Roman stage, and the chaOn embracing a party in politics ibid. racter of Plautus

ibid. On telescopes

449 Female swindier at Vienna 489 Death ibid. List of new publications

490 Rabies Felina ibid. To correspondents

ibid.

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THE biography of such a man as best, the brightest or darkest, acThomas Jefferson can only be drawn cording to the medium through up by his own hand, and a true judge which the gazer examines it. As ment of his merits can only be form- our passions and interests dictate, ed by future generations. When our competitors are transformed in the animosities of the present age to monsters and demons, and our have been laid asleep by time, his partizans or champions into angels character and actions may rise to and divinities : every faulty speck the view in their native and proper in the character of the former colours, and the meed of blame or spreads a deep and horrid black of praise will be conferred on him, over the whole surface, while the in the degree to which he is justly dark spots in the disk of the latter entitled to it.

are wholly overpowered and lost in In consequence of living in a coun the blaze of surrounding brightness. try, where civil liberty is enjoyed All this has been eminently true with fewer curbs and restraints than of our present subject. No man has were ever before known; where the been more applauded or more cenhonours and riches of the state are sured, because no man's situation open to unbounded competition; has been connected in a more intiwhere the voluntary suffrages of mate manner with the hopes and mankind are the only passport to fears of his fellow citizens. A large political power, and their suffrages number have laboured for his eleva. are influenced by the esteem which tion, with all the zeal which our own individuals may be able to acquire interest is sure to inspire ; while a for their wisdom and virtue, the in- number, scarcely less considerable, tellectual and moral character of have laboured to degrade him, with the candidates for public favour be. all the perseverance and anxiety come objects of universal and rigid which men usually display to prescrutiny: and such is the influence vent their own fall. of the passions, that the same man, In this state of things, it would be and the same conduct, is the worst or highly absurd, in a publication like VOL. II. NO. XII.

1

the present, to enter into investiga. Mr. Jefferson possesses for its own tions of the character and conduct sale, his life has been too intimately of this eminent personage. It would connected with the history of his be equally impossible to escape the country, not to be particularly worindignation of his friends or enemies, thy of being recorded by his own and nobody is neuter in this contro- hand. versy, or to destroy that bias in the writer's own mind, which, whether favourable or unpropitious to the person in view, is necessarily ad For the Literary Magazine. verse and destructive to candour and truth. The general events of his MILTON'S RELIGION. life might be detailed; but they form a barren catalogue, when they con NOBODY pays much regard to sist of mere dates and names, and a poet's creed. Men of thought, and besides are too universally known particularly men of imagination, to justify their formal repetition. when they become thinkers, are That Mr. Jefferson is a native of prone to changes : they must not, Virginia ; that, though born to afflu- however, be said to veer about like ence, he studied the law as his pro- weathercocks, at the mercy of the fession; that he took an active and winds; but through the ordinary important part in the early scenes progress of human existence and of the revolution, was a member of human intellect, they rather vary the state and national legislatures, like the seasons of the year. It is and assisted in the formation of laws the order of thought, producing a and constitutions; that he has been variety of sentiment. successively ambassador, minister of Milton was at first a calvinist, state, vice-president, and finally and readers of his life will recollect president, of the United States, are that he was a baptist. Toland, in all events in his life familiarly his life of him, says, that he also beknown, among foreigners and his narininian, if not an arian. own countrymen: that he has been Perhaps he at last became a kind of distinguished by his attachment to quaker, his confidential amanuensis the sciences and arts, and has built being of that persuasion. He went up a noble monument to his own li- to no place of worship, nor, though terary glory, and to the honour of well acquainted with the scriptures, his native state, in his description and a student in them, had he any faof Virginia, are equally well known mily worship. to the studious part of mankind. Bishop Newton says, that no such

To these few remarks we shall man as Milton ever became an unonly add our fervent wish, that Mr. believer. Johnson speaks more like Jefferson, who is so well acquainted an accurate man. It is much easier with the pen, may exercise it in re to say what he was not, than what cording the events of his own life. he was. We are not always proper judges of our relative merit, nor can we see ourselves as others see us; but since a man is best acquainted with For the Literary Magazine. his own motives to action, and since the most important information re. COWPER'S RELIGION. lative to any one is connected with the light in wh he views himself, COWPER'S religion was either it seems to be the duty of every emi- altogether methodism, or strongly nent person to be his own biogra- tinctured with the peculiarities of this pher. Independently of these claims sect. In outward show and practice, to curiosity which the history of he was, however, an adherent to the

caine an

ORIGIN OF GAZETTES.

name.

church of England, and perhaps car For the Literary Magazine. ried his rigours no further than many the most eminent of that persuasion have done.

Cowper's intimate con ction THEOPHRASTUS RENAUDOT, a with the Throgmorton family, as physician of Paris, picked up news mentioned in his life by Hayley, and from all quarters, to amuse his pahis even platonic attachment toʻthe tients; he presently became more lady of this family, is a striking in request than any of his brethren; proof of the charity and candour of but as a whole city is not ill, or at the poet's mind, as well, indeed, as least don't imagine itself to be so, he of the minds of his friends, who began to reflect at the end of some were rigid Roman catholics. years, that he might gain a more

Cowper's religious creed, indeed, considerable income by giving a pais a point of very small importance, per every week, containing the news since he may justly be considered as of different countries. A permission a maniac, and his example and pre was necessary; he obtained it, with cepts, instead of being favourable to an exclusive privilege, in 1632. Such true piety, may be deemed adverse papers had been in use for a consito it, since, in his case, it was the derable time at Venice, and were parent of exquisite though fantastic called gazettes, because a small piece misery, and appears, at no time, to of money, called gazetta, was paid have stimulated him to active and for the reading of them. This is manly usefulness. With him, reli- the origin of our gazette, and its gion was matter of sentiment and

About ten years after, they feeling rather than an active prin- were common in England, by the ciple, prolific of felicity, fortitude, name of mercuries. and perseverance. Happiness may be regarded as the test of piety and virtue (for virtue is only piety in action), for though men are some For the Literary Magazine. times joyous or serene without virtue and piety, it is impossible to be virtuous and pious without being joyous or serene. They who pass THE celebrated Jonathan Edfor pious and good, and yet are a wards wrote a profound treatise on prey to sorrow, impatience, and re the nature of true virtue. The fol. pining, afford an incontestible proof lowing anecdote from Joinville, the that either their principles or prac- historian, of the last great expedii. tices are vicious and erroneous. tion of the Frencli to Syria and

The following lines of Cowper Egypt, before that of the present occur no where in his works, but imperator Gallorum, will show that are perhaps more descriptive of his the same sentiment and doctrine mental situation than any thing of may occur to the most dissi nilar his we meet with in print :

minds and in the most opposite situ

ations. Cæsus amor meus est, et nostro crimine,

Joinville says,

• Friar Yves, of cujus,

Brittany, being skilled in the lanAh! cujus posthinc potero latitare sub guage of the Saracens, was employalis ?

ed as interpreter between St. Louis

and the ambassadors from the king Whether do these lines refer to of Damascus. St. Louis Wils then an earthly or a heavenly love? It is in Acre, and the ambassadors had true in both senses, since the idol of come there to treat with him. The his youthful affections met an un- friar, in passing between the king's timely death for his sake, though lodging and that of the ambassanot for his fault.

dors, was one day encountered in

NATURE OF VIRTUE.

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